Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Cotingidae > Procnias > Procnias nudicollis

Procnias nudicollis (Bare-throated Bellbird)

Wikipedia Abstract

The bare-throated bellbird (Procnias nudicollis) is a species of bird in the family Cotingidae. It is found in moist subtropical and tropical forests in Argentina, Brazil, and Paraguay. The male has white plumage and bristly bluish-black bare skin around its eye, beak and throat. The female is more drab, being olive-brown above with streaked yellow underparts. The male has one of the loudest bird calls known, producing a metallic sound similar to a hammer striking an anvil. This bird feeds on fruit and plays a part in dispersing the seeds of forest trees. It is considered a vulnerable species because of loss of its forest habitat and collection for the pet bird trade.
View Wikipedia Record: Procnias nudicollis

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 9.27541
EDGE Score: 3.71605


Female Weight [2]  148 grams
Diet [1]  Frugivore
Diet - Fruit [1]  100 %
Forages - Mid-High [1]  50 %
Forages - Understory [1]  50 %
Clutch Size [3]  1
Migration [4]  Intracontinental


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Bahia coastal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Bahia interior forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Pernambuco coastal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Pernambuco interior forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Serra do Mar coastal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Augusto Ruschi Biological Reserve Ia 8848 Espirito Santo, Brazil  
Bosque Mbaracayú Biosphere Reserve V 691895 Paraguay  
Cerro Corá National Park II 31326 Paraguay  
Itabó Biological Reserve IV 34092 Paraguay  
Itatiaia National Park II 69730 Minas Gerais, Brazil  
Limoy Biological Reserve IV 33774 Paraguay  
Mata Atlântica Biosphere Reserve 72830565 Brazil  
Mbaracayú Biological Refuge IV 4039 Paraguay  
Parque Nacional Iguazú National Park II 115949 Argentina  
Parque Nacional Serranía San Luis National Park II 29816 Paraguay  
San Rafael, Reserva de Recursos Manejados Managed Resource Reserve VI 165840 Paraguay  
Tatí Yupí Biological Refuge IV 5052 Paraguay  
Ybycu'í National Park II 13915 Paraguay  

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Arroyo Blanco Paraguay A1, A3
Arroyo Tagatiya Paraguay A1, A3
Área de Proteção Ambiental de Guaratuba Brazil A1, A2, A3
Baixo-Sul Brazil A1, A2
Boa Nova / Serra da Ouricana Brazil A1, A2, A3
Bosque Mbaracayú Paraguay A1, A2, A3
Campos Gerais do Paraná Brazil A1, A2, A3
Cerrados de Concepción Paraguay A1, A3
Cerro Guazú Paraguay A1, A3
Complexo Pedra Azul / Forno Grande Brazil A1, A2, A3
Engenho Coimbra (Usina Serra Grande) Brazil A1, A2
Estação Ecológica de Juréia-Itatins Brazil A1, A2, A3
Estação Veracruz Brazil A1
Estancia Felicidad Paraguay A1
Estancia Itabó Paraguay A1, A2, A3
Estancia Sombrero Paraguay A1
Fazenda Pindobas IV e Arredores Brazil A1, A2, A3
Guaraqueçaba / Jacupiranga / Cananéia Brazil A1, A2, A3
Ilha Grande Brazil A1
Ilhas Comprida e Cananéia Brazil A1, A4i
Itanagra Brazil A1, A2, A3
Ka'aguy Rory Paraguay A1, A3
Limoy Paraguay A1, A3
Maciço Florestal de Paranapiacaba Brazil A1, A2, A3
Maciços da Tijuca e Pedra Branca Brazil A1
Mata da Campina e Fragmentos Adjacentes Brazil A1
Morombi Paraguay A1, A2, A3
Murici Brazil A1, A2, A3
Parque Estadual da Serra do Brigadeiro Brazil A1, A3
Parque Estadual da Serra do Mar (entre Caraguatatuba e Picinguaba) Brazil A1, A2, A3
Parque Estadual da Serra do Mar (entre Santos e São Sebastião) Brazil A1, A2, A3
Parque Estadual da Serra do Tabuleiro Brazil A1, A3
Parque Estadual de Ilhabela Brazil A1
Parque Nacional da Chapada Diamantina Brazil A1, A2, A3
Parque Nacional do Caparaó Brazil A1, A2
Parque Nacional do Iguaçu Brazil A1, A3
Parque Nacional Iguazú y alrededores Argentina A1, A2, A3
Parque Nacional San Rafael Paraguay A1, A2, A3, A4ii
Parque Provincial Cruce Caballero Argentina A1, A2
Parque Provincial Uruzú y Reserva Forestal San Jorge Argentina A1, A2, A3
Paso Curuzú Paraguay A1
Região de Blumenau Brazil A1, A3
Região dos Aparados da Serra Brazil A1, A2, A3
Reserva Biológica de Duas Bocas Brazil A1
Reserva Biológica de Poço das Antas Brazil A1
Reserva Biológica União Brazil A1
Reserva Itabó: Itaipú Paraguay A1, A3
San Pedro Argentina A1, A2, A3
Santa Teresa Brazil A1, A2, A3
Serra Bonita Brazil A1, A2
Serra da Bocaina / Paraty / Angra dos Reis Brazil A1, A2, A3
Serra da Cantareira Brazil A1
Serra do Marumbi Brazil A1, A2, A3
Serra do Tinguá Brazil A1, A2, A3
Serra dos Órgãos Brazil A1, A2, A3
Serranías de San Joaquín Paraguay A1, A3
Serras das Lontras e do Javi Brazil A1, A2, A3
Sooretama / Linhares Brazil A1, A2, A3
Tapyta Paraguay A1, A2, A3, A4ii
Ypané Medio Paraguay A1, A3
Ypeti Paraguay A1, A2, A3

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Atlantic Forest Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay Yes

Emblem of


Prey / Diet

Cupania vernalis[5]
Euterpe edulis[5]
Matayba elaeagnoides[5]
Nectandra megapotamica (sweetwood)[5]
Virola bicuhyba[5]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Aburria jacutinga (Black-fronted piping guan)2
Amazona vinacea (Vinaceous-breasted Amazon)2
Artibeus lituratus (great fruit-eating bat)1
Baillonius bailloni (saffron toucanet)1
Brotogeris tirica (Plain Parakeet)2
Carpornis cucullata (Hooded Berryeater)2
Carpornis melanocephala (Black-headed Berryeater)2
Catharus ustulatus (Swainson's Thrush)1
Celeus flavescens (Blond-crested Woodpecker)1
Cerdocyon thous (Crab-eating Fox)1
Crax blumenbachii (Red-knobbed Curassow)1
Euryoryzomys russatus (intermediate rice rat)1
Lipaugus lanioides (Cinnamon-vented Piha)4
Myiodynastes maculatus (Streaked Flycatcher)1
Orthogonys chloricterus (Olive-green Tanager)1
Oxyruncus cristatus (Sharpbill)1
Penelope obscura (Dusky-legged Guan)1
Penelope superciliaris (Rusty-margined Guan)2
Pyroderus scutatus (Red-ruffed Fruitcrow)3
Pyrrhura frontalis (Reddish-bellied Parakeet)1
Ramphastos dicolorus (Green-billed Toucan)1
Ramphastos vitellinus (Channel-billed Toucan)2
Saltator coerulescens (Greyish Saltator)1
Selenidera maculirostris (Spot-billed Toucanet)2
Tapirus terrestris (South American tapir)1
Tersina viridis (Swallow Tanager)1
Tityra cayana (Black-tailed Tityra)1
Trogon viridis (White-tailed Trogon)1
Turdus albicollis (White-necked Thrush)1
Turdus flavipes (Yellow-legged Thrush)1


Parasitized by 
Zonorchis confusus <Unverified Name>[6]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Copenhagen Zoo
Fundacao Parque Zoologico de Sao Paulo
Fundacao Zoo-Botan. de Belo Horizonte
Jurong Birdpark, Singapore
Parc Paradisio S.A.
Parc Zoologic de Barcelona

Range Map



Attributes / relations provided by
1Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
2Snow, D. W. 1982. The Cotingas. Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press
3Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
4Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
5Frugivory in cotingas of the Atlantic Forest of southeast Brazil, Marco A. Pizo, Wesley R. Silva, Mauro Galetti, Rudi Laps, Ararajuba 10 (2): 177-185
6Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access