Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Ptilonorhynchidae > Ptilonorhynchus > Ptilonorhynchus violaceus

Ptilonorhynchus violaceus (Satin Bowerbird)

Wikipedia Abstract

The satin bowerbird (Ptilonorhynchus violaceus) is a bowerbird endemic to eastern Australia. A rare natural intergeneric hybrid between the satin bowerbird and the regent bowerbird is known as Rawnsley's bowerbird.
View Wikipedia Record: Ptilonorhynchus violaceus


EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 22.4451
EDGE Score: 3.15466


Birth Weight [1]  20 grams
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Frugivore, Nectarivore, Granivore, Herbivore
Diet - Fruit [2]  30 %
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  40 %
Diet - Nectar [2]  10 %
Diet - Plants [2]  10 %
Diet - Seeds [2]  10 %
Forages - Canopy [2]  50 %
Forages - Mid-High [2]  20 %
Forages - Understory [2]  30 %
Clutch Size [4]  2
Incubation [3]  21 days


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Brigalow tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Cape York Peninsula tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Australian temperate forests Australia Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Queensland tropical rain forests Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Southeast Australia temperate forests Australia Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Bald Rock National Park II 21998 New South Wales, Australia
Croajingolong National Park II 217067 Victoria, Australia
Dunggir National Park II 6402 New South Wales, Australia
Girraween National Park II 28978 Queensland, Australia
Lamington National Park II 50970 Queensland, Australia
Maria National Park II 5735 New South Wales, Australia
Shoalwater and Corio Bays Area Ramsar Site   Queensland, Australia

Prey / Diet

Ficus asperiuscula[5]
Ficus leucotricha (desert fig)[5]
Ficus macrophylla (Moreton Bay Fig)[5]
Ficus superba (Sea Fig)[5]
Ficus watkinsiana (Ficus watkinsiana)[5]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Ailuroedus crassirostris (Green Catbird)5
Alisterus scapularis (Australian King Parrot)2
Cacatua galerita (Sulphur-crested Cockatoo)1
Cacatua leadbeateri (Major Mitchell's Cockatoo)1
Cacomantis variolosus (Brush Cuckoo)1
Casuarius casuarius (Southern Cassowary)1
Chalcophaps indica (Common Emerald Dove)1
Chlamydera maculata (Spotted Bowerbird)1
Chlamydera nuchalis (Great Bowerbird)1
Columba leucomela (White-headed Pigeon)2
Coracina novaehollandiae (Black-faced Cuckooshrike)1
Corvus orru (Torresian Crow)1
Cracticus nigrogularis (Pied Butcherbird)1
Cyclopsitta diophthalma (Double-eyed Fig Parrot)2
Ducula bicolor (Pied Imperial Pigeon)1
Entomyzon cyanotis (Blue-faced Honeyeater)1
Eolophus roseicapilla (Galah)1
Eudynamys scolopaceus (Asian Koel)3
Lalage leucomela (Varied Triller)1
Lopholaimus antarcticus (Topknot Pigeon)5
Macropygia amboinensis (Brown Cuckoo-Dove)2
Manorina melanocephala (Noisy Miner)2
Meliphaga lewinii (Lewin's Honeyeater)5
Ocyphaps lophotes (Crested Pigeon)1
Oriolus sagittatus (Olive-backed Oriole)2
Phaps chalcoptera (Common Bronzewing)1
Platycercus elegans (Crimson Rosella)3
Pseudochirops archeri (Green Ringtail)1
Pteropus alecto (black flying fox)1
Pteropus conspicillatus (spectacled flying fox)1
Pteropus poliocephalus (gray-headed flying fox)4
Ptilinopus magnificus (Wompoo Fruit Dove)4
Ptilinopus regina (Rose-crowned Fruit Dove)4
Ptilinopus superbus (Superb Fruit Dove)1
Ptiloris paradiseus (Paradise Riflebird)1
Scythrops novaehollandiae (Channel-billed Cuckoo)3
Sericulus chrysocephalus (Regent Bowerbird)5
Sphecotheres viridis (Green Figbird)5
Strepera graculina (Pied Currawong)3
Trichoglossus haematodus (Coconut Lorikeet)1
Zosterops lateralis (Silvereye)3


Parasitized by 
Myrsidea ptilonorhynchi <Unverified Name>[6]
Philopterus grandiceps[6]
Picicola nitzschii[6]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Adelaide Zoo
Australia Zoo
Blackbutt Reserve
Currumbin Wildlife Sanctuary
Dreamworld Pty Ltd
Healesville Sanctuary
Melbourne Museum
Melbourne Zoo
National Zoo & Aquarium
Taronga Zoo





Attributes / relations provided by
1Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
4Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
5"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
6Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access