Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Pycnonotidae > Pycnonotus > Pycnonotus atriceps
 

Pycnonotus atriceps (Black-headed Bulbul)

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
13
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
32
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 10.3112
EDGE Score: 2.42579

Attributes

Clutch Size [1]  2

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Map Climate Land
Use
Andaman Islands rain forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Borneo lowland rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cardamom Mountains rain forests Cambodia, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central Indochina dry forests Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Chao Phraya lowland moist deciduous forests Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Chin Hills-Arakan Yoma montane forests Myanmar, India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Java-Bali rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Irrawaddy dry forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Irrawaddy moist deciduous forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Kayah-Karen montane rain forests Myanmar, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Lower Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests Bangladesh, India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Luang Prabang montane rain forests Laos, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Meghalaya subtropical forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mentawai Islands rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Mizoram-Manipur-Kachin rain forests Myanmar, India, Bangladesh Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northeast India-Myanmar pine forests India, Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Northern Annamites rain forests Laos, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Indochina subtropical forests China, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Khorat Plateau moist deciduous forests Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Thailand-Laos moist deciduous forests Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Triangle subtropical forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Triangle temperate forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Palawan rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Peninsular Malaysian peat swamp forests Malaysia, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Peninsular Malaysian rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South China-Vietnam subtropical evergreen forests China, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southeastern Indochina dry evergreen forests Viet Nam, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Southern Annamites montane rain forests Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southwest Borneo freshwater swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran freshwater swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran montane rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran peat swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sunda Shelf mangroves Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Sundaland heath forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tenasserim-South Thailand semi-evergreen rain forests Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Java rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Map Climate Land Use
Batang Ai National Park II 62638 Sarawak, Malaysia
Berbak National Park II 423927 Sumatra, Indonesia
Betung Kerihun National Park II 1945086 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Bukit Tigah Puluh National Park 360578 Sumatra, Indonesia
Bukit Timah Nature Reserve II 411 Singapore
Bung Kroeng Kavia Non-hunting Area   Thailand        
Cat Tien National Park II 188942 Viet Nam
Chae Son National Park II 194441 Thailand
Chaloem Rattanakosin National Park II 14328 Thailand  
Cibodas Biosphere Reserve (Gunung Gede-Pangrango) 142165 Java, Indonesia      
Danau Sentarum National Park 347674 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Doi Chiang Dao Wildlife Sanctuary   Thailand        
Doi Inthanon National Park II 115326 Thailand  
Doi Khun Tan National Park II 61680 Thailand  
Doi Luang National Park II 325736 Thailand  
Doi Pha Chang Wildlife Sanctuary IV 144177 Thailand  
Doi Pha Hom Pok Watershed Area National Park II 133848 Thailand  
Doi Pha Muang Wildlife Sanctuary IV 146468 Thailand  
Doi Phu Kha National Park II 472119 Thailand  
Doi Suthep-pui National Park II 70007 Thailand  
Erawan National Park II 131204 Thailand
Gunung Gading National Park II 10840 Sarawak, Malaysia
Gunung Leuser National Park II 2203368 Sumatra, Indonesia
Gunung Niut Wildlife Reserve Nature Reserve IV 409109 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Gunung Palung National Park II 271203 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Hat Nopharat Thara - Mu Ko Phi Phi National Park Marine National Park II 98578 Thailand
Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuary IV 699629 Thailand  
Kaeng Krachan National Park II 753452 Thailand
Kerinci Seblat National Park II 3463483 Sumatra, Indonesia  
Khao Ang Ru Nai Wildlife Sanctuary IV 248699 Thailand  
Khao Banthat Wildlife Sanctuary IV 309428 Thailand  
Khao Chamao-Khao Wong National Park II 20311 Thailand
Khao Khieo-Khao Chomphu Wildlife Sanctuary IV 36570 Thailand  
Khao Khitchakut National Park II 14722 Thailand
Khao Laem Ya - Mu Ko Samet National Park Marine National Park II 31421 Thailand
Khao Lam Pi - Hat Thai Muang National Marine Park II 17646 Thailand
Khao Luang National Park II 143331 Thailand
Khao Phanom Bencha National Park II 12840 Thailand
Khao Pra Bang Kram Wildlife Sanctuary IV 30009 Thailand  
Khao Prathap Chang Non-hunting Area No or Non Hunting Area   Thailand        
Khao Pu - Khao Ya National Park II 176398 Thailand
Khao Soi Dao Wildlife Sanctuary IV 182353 Thailand  
Khao Sok National Park II 159284 Thailand
Khao Tha Phet Non-hunting Area No or Non Hunting Area   Thailand        
Khao Yai National Park II 542694 Thailand
Khlong Nakha Wildlife Sanctuary IV 117887 Thailand  
Khlong Phraya Wildlife Sanctuary IV 36624 Thailand  
Khlong Saeng Wildlife Sanctuary IV 243425 Thailand  
Krau Wildlife Reserve IV 149823 Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Kubah National Park II 6735 Sarawak, Malaysia  
Kutai National Park II 560076 East Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Lan Sang National Park II 26007 Thailand
Mae Ping National Park II 259897 Thailand
Mae Sa-Kog Ma Reserve   Thailand        
Mae Wong National Park II 221459 Thailand
Mae Yom National Park II 123569 Thailand
Mu Ko Chang National Park Marine National Park II 168511 Thailand
Mu Ko Lanta National Park Marine National Park II 33637 Thailand
Mu Ko Libong Non-hunting Area No or Non Hunting Area   Thailand        
Mu Ko Surin National Park Marine National Park II 39278 Thailand    
Nam Ha National Biodiversity Conservation Area VI 539941 Laos  
Nam Nao National Park II 240993 Thailand
Namtok Huai Yang National Park II 39461 Thailand
Namtok Mae Surin National Park II 104414 Thailand
Namtok Phlew National Park II 29909 Thailand  
Namtok Yong National Park II 52286 Thailand
Nong Plak Phraya - Khao Raya Bang Sa Non-hunting Area No or Non Hunting Area   Thailand        
Palawan Biosphere Reserve 2843689 Philippines  
Pang Sida National Park II 211956 Thailand
Phra Budda Chaya National Park II 11157 Thailand  
Phu Chong - Na Yoi National Park II 171322 Thailand
Phu Hin Rong Kla National Park II 75377 Thailand
Phu Khieo Wildlife Sanctuary IV 391278 Thailand  
Phu Luang Wildlife Sanctuary IV 227671 Thailand  
Phu Phan National Park II 176082 Thailand
Phu Wua Wildlife Sanctuary IV 46934 Thailand  
Prince Chumphon Park (North) Wildlife Sanctuary IV 152683 Thailand  
Ramkhamhaeng National Park II 71016 Thailand
Sakaerat Environmental Research Station Biosphere Reserve 19294 Thailand  
Salak Phra Wildlife Sanctuary IV 241622 Thailand  
Si Phang Nga National Park II 60672 Thailand
Sri Satchanalai National Park II 54041 Thailand
Sub-lungka Wildlife Sanctuary IV 35543 Thailand  
Sungai Lalang Forest Reserve Virgin Jungle Reserve Ia   Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Tabin Wildlife Reserve IV 275051 Sabah, Malaysia  
Tanjung Puting National Park II 987160 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Tasek Bera Forest Reserve   Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Thale Noi Non-hunting Area No or Non Hunting Area III   Thailand  
Thaleban National Park Marine National Park II 49715 Thailand
Thap Lan National Park II 550979 Thailand
Thung Salaeng Luang National Park II 315222 Thailand
Thung Yai Naresuan Wildlife Sanctuary IV 918234 Thailand  
Ton Nga Chang Wildlife Sanctuary IV 45094 Thailand  
Ujung Kulon National Park II 313466 Java, Indonesia    
Ulu Temburong National Park II 123279 Brunei Darussalam  
Umphang Wildlife Sanctuary IV 619152 Thailand  
Way Kambas National Park II 306926 Sumatra, Indonesia
Wiang Kosai National Park II 108737 Thailand
Xishuangbanna Nature Reserve V 567531 Yunnan, China  
Yod Dom Wildlife Sanctuary IV 59912 Thailand  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website Map
Himalaya Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan No
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Philippines Philippines No
Sundaland Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand No

Prey / Diet

Ficus altissima (false banyan)[2]
Ficus benjamina (weeping fig)[2]
Ficus binnendykii[2]
Ficus caulocarpa[2]
Ficus delosyce[2]
Ficus disticha subsp. disticha[2]
Ficus kerkhoveni[2]
Ficus obscura[2]
Ficus parietalis[2]
Ficus pisocarpa[2]
Ficus stricta[2]
Ficus sumatrana[2]
Ficus thonningii (Chinese banyan)[2]
Ficus virens[2]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Aceros corrugatus (Wrinkled Hornbill)5
Alcippe brunneicauda (Brown Fulvetta)4
Alophoixus bres (Grey-cheeked Bulbul)9
Alophoixus finschii (Finsch's Bulbul)6
Alophoixus pallidus (Puff-throated Bulbul)4
Alophoixus phaeocephalus (Yellow-bellied Bulbul)9
Anorrhinus galeritus (Bushy-crested Hornbill)8
Anthracoceros albirostris (Oriental Pied Hornbill)5
Anthracoceros malayanus (Black Hornbill)10
Arctictis binturong (Binturong)3
Buceros bicornis (Great Hornbill)3
Buceros rhinoceros (Rhinoceros Hornbill)7
Callosciurus adamsi (ear-spot squirrel)4
Callosciurus nigrovittatus (black-striped squirrel)4
Callosciurus notatus (plantain squirrel)7
Callosciurus prevostii (Prevost's squirrel)11
Caloramphus fuliginosus (Brown Barbet)14
Calyptomena viridis (Green Broadbill)13
Chloropsis cochinchinensis (Blue-winged Leafbird)8
Chloropsis cyanopogon (Lesser Green Leafbird)10
Chloropsis sonnerati (Greater Green Leafbird)11
Copsychus saularis (Oriental Magpie-Robin)3
Dicaeum agile (Thick-billed Flowerpecker)3
Dicaeum chrysorrheum (Yellow-vented Flowerpecker)9
Dicaeum trigonostigma (Orange-bellied Flowerpecker)5
Ducula badia (Mountain Imperial Pigeon)3
Ducula bicolor (Pied Imperial Pigeon)3
Eudynamys scolopaceus (Asian Koel)4
Gracula religiosa (Hill Myna)9
Hemixos flavala (Ashy Bulbul)4
Hylobates lar (white-handed gibbon)9
Hylobates moloch (silvery gibbon)4
Hylobates syndactylus (siamang)4
Iole olivacea (Buff-vented Bulbul)10
Iole propinqua (Grey-eyed Bulbul)3
Irena puella (Asian Fairy-bluebird)12
Ixos malaccensis (Streaked Bulbul)6
Loriculus galgulus (Blue-crowned Hanging Parrot)7
Loriculus vernalis (Vernal Hanging Parrot)3
Macaca fascicularis (long-tailed macaque)11
Megalaima australis (Blue-eared Barbet)11
Megalaima chrysopogon (Golden-whiskered Barbet)12
Megalaima faiostricta (Green-eared Barbet)3
Megalaima haemacephala (Coppersmith Barbet)3
Megalaima henricii (Yellow-crowned Barbet)9
Megalaima lineata (Lineated Barbet)3
Megalaima mystacophanos (Red-throated Barbet)13
Megalaima rafflesii (Red-crowned Barbet)6
Oriolus xanthonotus (Dark-throated Oriole)4
Oriolus xanthornus (Black-hooded Oriole)3
Pongo pygmaeus (orangutan)9
Prionochilus maculatus (Yellow-breasted Flowerpecker)7
Prionochilus percussus (Crimson-breasted Flowerpecker)8
Prionochilus thoracicus (Scarlet-breasted Flowerpecker)5
Prionochilus xanthopygius (Yellow-rumped Flowerpecker)4
Psittacula longicauda (Long-tailed Parakeet)3
Pycnonotus brunneus (Asian Red-eyed Bulbul)12
Pycnonotus cyaniventris (Grey-bellied Bulbul)11
Pycnonotus erythropthalmos (Spectacled Bulbul)7
Pycnonotus eutilotus (Puff-backed Bulbul)11
Pycnonotus goiavier (Yellow-vented Bulbul)4
Pycnonotus melanicterus (Black-crested Bulbul)4
Pycnonotus plumosus (Olive-winged Bulbul)6
Pycnonotus simplex (Cream-vented Bulbul)7
Pycnonotus squamatus (Scaly-breasted Bulbul)3
Ratufa affinis (pale giant squirrel)3
Ratufa bicolor (black giant squirrel)8
Rhinoplax vigil (Helmeted Hornbill)4
Rhyticeros undulatus (Wreathed Hornbill)3
Sundasciurus tenuis (slender squirrel)3
Trachypithecus obscurus (dusky leaf monkey)4
Treron capellei (Large Green Pigeon)9
Treron curvirostra (Thick-billed Green Pigeon)12
Treron olax (Little Green Pigeon)6
Trichoglossus haematodus (Coconut Lorikeet)3
Tricholestes criniger (Hairy-backed Bulbul)6
Tupaia glis (Common Treeshrew)4
Tupaia minor (Pygmy Treeshrew)5

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Hong Kong Zool. & Botanical Gardens
Jurong Birdpark, Singapore
Khao Kheow Open Zoo
Zoological Garden Prague
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzen
Zoologischer Garten Leipzig

Distribution

Doi Ang Khang Nature Reserve; Khao Nam Phrai Non-hunting Area; Mae Yuam Wildlife Sanctuary; Pasoh Virgin Jungle Reserve;

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Peterson A.P., 2013-11-04, in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 2"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Biodiversity Hotspots, Conservation International
Images provided by Google Image Search
EDGE analysis provided by EDGE of Existence programme, Zoological Society of London
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011