Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Pycnonotidae > Pycnonotus > Pycnonotus aurigaster
 

Pycnonotus aurigaster (Sooty-headed Bulbul)

Wikipedia Abstract

The sooty-headed bulbul (Pycnonotus aurigaster) is a species of songbird in the Pycnonotidae family.It is found in Cambodia, China, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Laos, Burma, Thailand, and Vietnam.Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests.
View Wikipedia Record: Pycnonotus aurigaster

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
7
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
25
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 6.52801
EDGE Score: 2.01863

Attributes

Clutch Size [1]  4

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Cardamom Mountains rain forests Cambodia, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central Indochina dry forests Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Changjiang Plain evergreen forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Chao Phraya lowland moist deciduous forests Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Java-Bali montane rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Java-Bali rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guizhou Plateau broadleaf and mixed forests China Palearctic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Hengduan Mountains subalpine conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Irrawaddy dry forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Irrawaddy moist deciduous forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Jian Nan subtropical evergreen forests China Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Kayah-Karen montane rain forests Myanmar, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Luang Prabang montane rain forests Laos, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Annamites rain forests Laos, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Indochina subtropical forests China, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Khorat Plateau moist deciduous forests Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Thailand-Laos moist deciduous forests Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Triangle subtropical forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Vietnam lowland rain forests Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Nujiang Langcang Gorge alpine conifer and mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Qionglai-Minshan conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
South China-Vietnam subtropical evergreen forests China, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southeast Tibet shrub and meadows China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Southeastern Indochina dry evergreen forests Viet Nam, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Southern Annamites montane rain forests Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southern Vietnam lowland dry forests Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Tonle Sap freshwater swamp forests Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tonle Sap-Mekong peat swamp forests Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Java montane rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Java rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Yunnan Plateau subtropical evergreen forests China Palearctic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Ang Kep Nam Bang Phra Non-hunting Area No or Non Hunting Area   Thailand  
Bach Ma National Park II 54733 Viet Nam
Berbak National Park II 423927 Sumatra, Indonesia
Betung Kerihun National Park II 1945086 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Bung Boraphet Non-hunting Area No or Non Hunting Area III   Thailand  
Bung Kroeng Kavia Non-hunting Area   Thailand      
Cat Tien National Park II 188942 Viet Nam
Chae Son National Park II 194441 Thailand
Daweishan Nature Reserve V 122415 Yunnan, China  
Dinghushan Nature Reserve V 2320 Guangdong, China  
Doi Ang Khang Nature Reserve   Thailand      
Doi Chiang Dao Wildlife Sanctuary   Thailand      
Doi Inthanon National Park II 115326 Thailand  
Doi Khun Tan National Park II 61680 Thailand  
Doi Luang National Park II 325736 Thailand  
Doi Pha Chang Wildlife Sanctuary IV 144177 Thailand  
Doi Pha Hom Pok Watershed Area National Park II 133848 Thailand  
Doi Pha Muang Wildlife Sanctuary IV 146468 Thailand  
Doi Phu Kha National Park II 472119 Thailand  
Doi Suthep-pui National Park II 70007 Thailand  
Erawan National Park II 131204 Thailand
Fujian Wuyishan Nature Reserve V 206754 Fujian, China  
Gaoligong Mountain National Nature Reserve V 1245925 Yunnan, China  
Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuary IV 699629 Thailand  
Kaeng Krachan National Park II 753452 Thailand
Kerinci Seblat National Park II 3463483 Sumatra, Indonesia  
Khao Chi On Non-hunting Area No or Non Hunting Area   Thailand      
Khao Khieo-Khao Chomphu Wildlife Sanctuary IV 36570 Thailand  
Khao Laem Ya - Mu Ko Samet National Park Marine National Park II 31421 Thailand
Khao Prathap Chang Non-hunting Area No or Non Hunting Area   Thailand      
Khao Yai National Park II 542694 Thailand
Khaoen Si Nakarin National Park II 459154 Thailand
Lum Nam Pai Wildlife Sanctuary IV 298416 Thailand  
Mae Ping National Park II 259897 Thailand
Mae Sa-Kog Ma Reserve   Thailand      
Mae Tuen Wildlife Sanctuary IV 307947 Thailand  
Mae Wong National Park II 221459 Thailand
Mae Yom National Park II 123569 Thailand
Mae Yuam Wildlife Sanctuary   Thailand      
Maolan Biosphere Reserve V 79467 Guizhou, China  
Nam Ha National Biodiversity Conservation Area VI 539941 Laos  
Nam Nao National Park II 240993 Thailand
Namtok Mae Surin National Park II 104414 Thailand
Om Koi Wildlife Sanctuary IV 299357 Thailand  
Pang Sida National Park II 211956 Thailand
Phra Budda Chaya National Park II 11157 Thailand  
Phu Chong - Na Yoi National Park II 171322 Thailand
Phu Hin Rong Kla National Park II 75377 Thailand
Phu Kao - Phu Phan Kham National Park II 73247 Thailand
Phu Khieo Wildlife Sanctuary IV 391278 Thailand  
Phu Kradung National Park II 63197 Thailand
Phu Luang Wildlife Sanctuary IV 227671 Thailand  
Phu Rua National Park II 29733 Thailand
Pu Mat National Park IV 239739 Viet Nam  
Ramkhamhaeng National Park II 71016 Thailand
Sai Thong National Park II 82313 Thailand
Sai Yok National Park II 235556 Thailand
Sakaerat Environmental Research Station Biosphere Reserve 19294 Thailand  
Salak Phra Wildlife Sanctuary IV 241622 Thailand  
Salawin National Park II 400497 Thailand
Shankou Mangrove Wetland Reserve 19768 Guangxi, China  
Sri Satchanalai National Park II 54041 Thailand
Sub-lungka Wildlife Sanctuary IV 35543 Thailand  
Thale Sap Nong Bong Khai Non-hunting Area No or Non Hunting Area   Thailand      
Tham Pha Tha Phon Non-hunting Area No or Non Hunting Area   Thailand      
Thap Lan National Park II 550979 Thailand
Thung Salaeng Luang National Park II 315222 Thailand
Thung Yai Naresuan Wildlife Sanctuary IV 918234 Thailand  
Ujung Kulon National Park II 313466 Java, Indonesia    
Umphang Wildlife Sanctuary IV 619152 Thailand  
Way Kambas National Park II 306926 Sumatra, Indonesia

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Attapu Plain Laos A1, A3
Chhep Cambodia A1, A3, A4i
Dong Ampham Laos A2, A3
Dong Khanthung Laos A1, A3, A4i
Kirirom Cambodia A3
Mondulkiri / Kratie Lowlands Cambodia A1, A3, A4i
Nakai Plateau Laos A1, A3, A4i
Nakai-Nam Theun Laos A1, A2, A3
Nam Et Laos A3
Nam Ha Laos A3
Nam Xam Laos A1, A3
Phou Dendin Laos A1
Phou Louey Laos A1, A3
Phou Xiang Thong Laos A1, A2, A3
Siphandon Laos A1, A2, A4i
Tien Hai Vietnam A1, A4i
Tien Lang Vietnam A1, A4i
Western Siem Pang Cambodia A1, A3, A4i
Xuan Thuy Vietnam A1, A3, A4i, A4iii

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Mountains of Southwest China China, Myanmar No
Sundaland Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand No

Prey / Diet

Ficus benghalensis (Indian banyan)[2]
Ficus thonningii (Chinese banyan)[2]
Ficus tsjahela[2]
Ficus virens[2]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acridotheres tristis (Common Myna)2
Alophoixus pallidus (Puff-throated Bulbul)2
Buceros bicornis (Great Hornbill)2
Cacatua sulphurea (Yellow-crested Cockatoo)2
Callosciurus erythraeus (Pallas's squirrel)2
Caloramphus fuliginosus (Brown Barbet)2
Calyptomena viridis (Green Broadbill)2
Chloropsis cochinchinensis (Blue-winged Leafbird)3
Chloropsis cyanopogon (Lesser Green Leafbird)2
Chloropsis sonnerati (Greater Green Leafbird)3
Copsychus saularis (Oriental Magpie-Robin)2
Coracina novaehollandiae (Black-faced Cuckooshrike)2
Corvus macrorhynchos (Large-billed Crow)2
Cynopterus sphinx (greater short-nosed fruit bat)3
Dicaeum chrysorrheum (Yellow-vented Flowerpecker)2
Ducula bicolor (Pied Imperial Pigeon)2
Eudynamys scolopaceus (Asian Koel)3
Garrulax perspicillatus (Masked Laughingthrush)2
Gracupica nigricollis (Black-collared Starling)2
Hemixos flavala (Ashy Bulbul)2
Iole olivacea (Buff-vented Bulbul)2
Irena puella (Asian Fairy-bluebird)3
Ixos malaccensis (Streaked Bulbul)2
Loriculus galgulus (Blue-crowned Hanging Parrot)2
Megalaima australis (Blue-eared Barbet)2
Megalaima chrysopogon (Golden-whiskered Barbet)2
Megalaima haemacephala (Coppersmith Barbet)4
Megalaima henricii (Yellow-crowned Barbet)2
Megalaima mystacophanos (Red-throated Barbet)2
Megalaima rafflesii (Red-crowned Barbet)2
Megalaima zeylanica (Brown-headed Barbet)3
Melursus ursinus (Sloth Bear)2
Oriolus xanthornus (Black-hooded Oriole)3
Parus major (Great Tit)2
Passer montanus (Eurasian Tree Sparrow)2
Pongo pygmaeus (orangutan)2
Psittacula krameri (Rose-ringed Parakeet)2
Psittacula longicauda (Long-tailed Parakeet)2
Pteropus giganteus (Indian flying fox)2
Pycnonotus atriceps (Black-headed Bulbul)2
Pycnonotus cafer (Red-vented Bulbul)2
Pycnonotus cyaniventris (Grey-bellied Bulbul)2
Pycnonotus eutilotus (Puff-backed Bulbul)2
Pycnonotus jocosus (Red-whiskered Bulbul)4
Pycnonotus melanicterus (Black-crested Bulbul)2
Pycnonotus sinensis (Light-vented Bulbul)2
Pycnonotus squamatus (Scaly-breasted Bulbul)2
Spodiopsar sericeus (Red-billed Starling)2
Streptopelia chinensis (Spotted Dove)2
Trachypithecus francoisi (François's leaf monkey)2
Treron curvirostra (Thick-billed Green Pigeon)2
Trichoglossus haematodus (Coconut Lorikeet)2
Turdus hortulorum (Grey-backed Thrush)2
Turdus merula (Eurasian Blackbird)2
Turdus pallidus (Pale Thrush)2
Zosterops japonicus (Japanese White-eye)2

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Birdland Park & Gardens
Jurong Birdpark, Singapore
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
Tiergarten Heidelberg

Range Map

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 2"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access