Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Pycnonotidae > Pycnonotus > Pycnonotus eutilotus

Pycnonotus eutilotus (Puff-backed Bulbul)

Wikipedia Abstract

The puff-backed bulbul (Pycnonotus eutilotus) is a species of songbird in the Pycnonotidae family.It is found in Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Burma, Singapore, and Thailand.Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests.It is threatened by habitat loss.
View Wikipedia Record: Pycnonotus eutilotus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 10.9818
EDGE Score: 3.17653


Adult Weight [1]  36 grams
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Frugivore
Diet - Fruit [2]  50 %
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  50 %
Forages - Canopy [2]  20 %
Forages - Mid-High [2]  60 %
Forages - Understory [2]  20 %
Clutch Size [3]  2


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Borneo lowland rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Borneo peat swamp forests Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Indochina mangroves Thailand, Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Peninsular Malaysian peat swamp forests Malaysia, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Peninsular Malaysian rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southwest Borneo freshwater swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sulawesi lowland rain forests Indonesia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran freshwater swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran montane rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran peat swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sundaland heath forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tenasserim-South Thailand semi-evergreen rain forests Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Batang Ai National Park II 62638 Sarawak, Malaysia
Berbak National Park II 423927 Sumatra, Indonesia
Betung Kerihun National Park II 1945086 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Gunung Gading National Park II 10840 Sarawak, Malaysia
Gunung Leuser National Park II 2203368 Sumatra, Indonesia
Gunung Niut Wildlife Reserve Nature Reserve IV 409109 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Gunung Palung National Park II 271203 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Kerinci Seblat National Park II 3463483 Sumatra, Indonesia  
Khao Lam Pi - Hat Thai Muang National Marine Park II 17646 Thailand
Khao Luang National Park II 143331 Thailand
Khao Phanom Bencha National Park II 12840 Thailand
Khao Pra Bang Kram Wildlife Sanctuary IV 30009 Thailand  
Khao Pu - Khao Ya National Park II 176398 Thailand
Khlong Phraya Wildlife Sanctuary IV 36624 Thailand  
Krau Wildlife Reserve IV 149823 Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Kutai National Park II 560076 East Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Pasoh Virgin Jungle Reserve Ia   Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Tanjung Puting National Park II 987160 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Thaleban National Park Marine National Park II 49715 Thailand
Way Kambas National Park II 306926 Sumatra, Indonesia

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Sundaland Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand No
Wallacea East Timor, Indonesia No

Prey / Diet

Ficus benjamina (weeping fig)[4]
Ficus binnendykii[4]
Ficus callophylla[4]
Ficus caulocarpa[4]
Ficus consociata[4]
Ficus crassiramea[4]
Ficus crassiramea subsp. stupenda[4]
Ficus delosyce[4]
Ficus grewiifolia[4]
Ficus inaequifolia[4]
Ficus obscura[4]
Ficus parietalis[4]
Ficus pellucidopunctata[4]
Ficus pisocarpa[4]
Ficus stricta[4]
Ficus subcordata[4]
Ficus subgelderi[4]
Ficus sumatrana[4]
Ficus sundaica[4]
Ficus thonningii (Chinese banyan)[4]
Ficus trichocarpa[4]
Ficus virens[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Aceros corrugatus (Wrinkled Hornbill)8
Aegithina viridissima (Green Iora)3
Alcippe brunneicauda (Brown Fulvetta)8
Alophoixus bres (Grey-cheeked Bulbul)13
Alophoixus finschii (Finsch's Bulbul)7
Alophoixus pallidus (Puff-throated Bulbul)3
Alophoixus phaeocephalus (Yellow-bellied Bulbul)14
Anorrhinus galeritus (Bushy-crested Hornbill)12
Anthracoceros albirostris (Oriental Pied Hornbill)4
Anthracoceros malayanus (Black Hornbill)18
Arctictis binturong (Binturong)6
Berenicornis comatus (White-crowned Hornbill)4
Buceros bicornis (Great Hornbill)3
Buceros rhinoceros (Rhinoceros Hornbill)13
Callosciurus adamsi (ear-spot squirrel)5
Callosciurus nigrovittatus (black-striped squirrel)6
Callosciurus notatus (plantain squirrel)12
Callosciurus prevostii (Prevost's squirrel)19
Caloramphus fuliginosus (Brown Barbet)20
Calyptomena viridis (Green Broadbill)20
Chalcophaps indica (Common Emerald Dove)3
Chloropsis cochinchinensis (Blue-winged Leafbird)13
Chloropsis cyanopogon (Lesser Green Leafbird)16
Chloropsis sonnerati (Greater Green Leafbird)19
Copsychus saularis (Oriental Magpie-Robin)3
Corvus enca (Slender-billed Crow)3
Dicaeum agile (Thick-billed Flowerpecker)4
Dicaeum chrysorrheum (Yellow-vented Flowerpecker)11
Dicaeum concolor (Nilgiri Flowerpecker)4
Dicaeum trigonostigma (Orange-bellied Flowerpecker)8
Ducula badia (Mountain Imperial Pigeon)4
Ducula bicolor (Pied Imperial Pigeon)4
Eudynamys scolopaceus (Asian Koel)5
Gracula religiosa (Hill Myna)12
Hemixos flavala (Ashy Bulbul)4
Hylobates lar (white-handed gibbon)11
Hylobates moloch (silvery gibbon)3
Iole olivacea (Buff-vented Bulbul)15
Iole propinqua (Grey-eyed Bulbul)3
Irena puella (Asian Fairy-bluebird)19
Ixos malaccensis (Streaked Bulbul)9
Loriculus galgulus (Blue-crowned Hanging Parrot)8
Macaca fascicularis (long-tailed macaque)16
Macaca nemestrina (pigtail macaque)4
Macaca nigra (Celebes crested macaque)3
Megalaima australis (Blue-eared Barbet)19
Megalaima chrysopogon (Golden-whiskered Barbet)17
Megalaima haemacephala (Coppersmith Barbet)4
Megalaima henricii (Yellow-crowned Barbet)14
Megalaima lineata (Lineated Barbet)3
Megalaima mystacophanos (Red-throated Barbet)22
Megalaima rafflesii (Red-crowned Barbet)12
Oriolus xanthonotus (Dark-throated Oriole)8
Oriolus xanthornus (Black-hooded Oriole)3
Platysmurus leucopterus (Black Magpie)3
Pongo pygmaeus (orangutan)16
Prionochilus maculatus (Yellow-breasted Flowerpecker)9
Prionochilus percussus (Crimson-breasted Flowerpecker)13
Prionochilus thoracicus (Scarlet-breasted Flowerpecker)7
Prionochilus xanthopygius (Yellow-rumped Flowerpecker)7
Psittacula longicauda (Long-tailed Parakeet)3
Ptilinopus jambu (Jambu Fruit Dove)5
Pycnonotus atriceps (Black-headed Bulbul)11
Pycnonotus brunneus (Asian Red-eyed Bulbul)19
Pycnonotus cyaniventris (Grey-bellied Bulbul)13
Pycnonotus erythropthalmos (Spectacled Bulbul)15
Pycnonotus goiavier (Yellow-vented Bulbul)5
Pycnonotus melanicterus (Black-crested Bulbul)4
Pycnonotus plumosus (Olive-winged Bulbul)7
Pycnonotus simplex (Cream-vented Bulbul)10
Pycnonotus squamatus (Scaly-breasted Bulbul)3
Ratufa affinis (pale giant squirrel)4
Ratufa bicolor (black giant squirrel)9
Rhinoplax vigil (Helmeted Hornbill)8
Rhyticeros undulatus (Wreathed Hornbill)7
Sundasciurus tenuis (slender squirrel)5
Symphalangus syndactylus (siamang)7
Trachypithecus obscurus (dusky leaf monkey)5
Treron capellei (Large Green Pigeon)12
Treron curvirostra (Thick-billed Green Pigeon)18
Treron olax (Little Green Pigeon)8
Trichoglossus haematodus (Coconut Lorikeet)3
Tricholestes criniger (Hairy-backed Bulbul)8
Tupaia glis (Common Treeshrew)5
Tupaia minor (Pygmy Treeshrew)7

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Parc Zoologique De Cleres (MNHN)




Attributes / relations provided by
1del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
4"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access