Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Pycnonotidae > Pycnonotus > Pycnonotus goiavier
 

Pycnonotus goiavier (Yellow-vented Bulbul)

Wikipedia Abstract

The yellow-vented bulbul (Pycnonotus goiavier) is a member of the bulbul family of passerine birds. It is resident breeder in southeast Asia from southern Thailand and Cambodia south to Borneo and the Philippines. It is found in a wide variety of open habitats, but not deep forest. It is one of the most common birds in cultivated areas. They appear to be nomadic, roaming from place to place regularly. The yellow-vented bulbuls eats berries and small fruits. They also sip nectar, nibble on young shoots, and take some insects.
View Wikipedia Record: Pycnonotus goiavier

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
8
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
25
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 6.8174
EDGE Score: 2.05635

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  28 grams
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Frugivore, Nectarivore, Granivore
Diet - Fruit [2]  50 %
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  10 %
Diet - Nectar [2]  20 %
Diet - Seeds [2]  20 %
Forages - Mid-High [2]  20 %
Forages - Understory [2]  40 %
Forages - Ground [2]  40 %
Clutch Size [4]  3
Incubation [3]  12 days

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Borneo lowland rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Borneo montane rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Borneo peat swamp forests Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cardamom Mountains rain forests Cambodia, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central Indochina dry forests Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Chao Phraya freshwater swamp forests Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Java-Bali montane rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Java-Bali rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Greater Negros-Panay rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Indochina mangroves Thailand, Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Irrawaddy freshwater swamp forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Lesser Sundas deciduous forests Indonesia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests  
Luzon montane rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Luzon rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Luzon tropical pine forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Mindanao montane rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mindanao-Eastern Visayas rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mindoro rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Myanmar Coast mangroves India, Myanmar, Malaysia, Thailand Indo-Malayan Mangroves  
Northern Vietnam lowland rain forests Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Peninsular Malaysian montane rain forests Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Peninsular Malaysian peat swamp forests Malaysia, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Peninsular Malaysian rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southern Vietnam lowland dry forests Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Southwest Borneo freshwater swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sulu Archipelago rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran freshwater swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran lowland rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran montane rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran peat swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sundaland heath forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tenasserim-South Thailand semi-evergreen rain forests Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tonle Sap freshwater swamp forests Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tonle Sap-Mekong peat swamp forests Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Java montane rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Java rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Ang Kep Nam Bang Phra Non-hunting Area No or Non Hunting Area   Thailand  
Ao Phang Nga National Park Marine National Park II 103730 Thailand
Bako National Park II 9035 Sarawak, Malaysia  
Batang Ai National Park II 62638 Sarawak, Malaysia
Berbak National Park II 423927 Sumatra, Indonesia
Bukit Timah Nature Reserve II 411 Singapore
Bung Boraphet Non-hunting Area No or Non Hunting Area III   Thailand  
Can Gio Mangrove Biosphere Reserve 123722 Viet Nam  
Cibodas Biosphere Reserve (Gunung Gede-Pangrango) 142165 Java, Indonesia      
Danau Sentarum National Park 347674 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Erawan National Park II 131204 Thailand
Gunung Gading National Park II 10840 Sarawak, Malaysia
Gunung Leuser National Park II 2203368 Sumatra, Indonesia
Gunung Niut Wildlife Reserve Nature Reserve IV 409109 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Gunung Palung National Park II 271203 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Kaeng Krachan National Park II 753452 Thailand
Kerinci Seblat National Park II 3463483 Sumatra, Indonesia  
Khao Ang Ru Nai Wildlife Sanctuary IV 248699 Thailand  
Khao Banthat Wildlife Sanctuary IV 309428 Thailand  
Khao Chi On Non-hunting Area No or Non Hunting Area   Thailand      
Khao Khieo-Khao Chomphu Wildlife Sanctuary IV 36570 Thailand  
Khao Laem Ya - Mu Ko Samet National Park Marine National Park II 31421 Thailand
Khao Lam Pi - Hat Thai Muang National Marine Park II 17646 Thailand
Khao Luang National Park II 143331 Thailand
Khao Phanom Bencha National Park II 12840 Thailand
Khao Pra Bang Kram Wildlife Sanctuary IV 30009 Thailand  
Khao Prathap Chang Non-hunting Area No or Non Hunting Area   Thailand      
Khao Pu - Khao Ya National Park II 176398 Thailand
Khao Sam Roi Yot National Park II 39512 Thailand
Khao Soi Dao Wildlife Sanctuary IV 182353 Thailand  
Khao Sok National Park II 159284 Thailand
Khao Tha Phet Non-hunting Area No or Non Hunting Area   Thailand      
Khao Yai National Park II 542694 Thailand
Khlong Nakha Wildlife Sanctuary IV 117887 Thailand  
Khlong Phraya Wildlife Sanctuary IV 36624 Thailand  
Khlong Saeng Wildlife Sanctuary IV 243425 Thailand  
Kora National Park II 409762 Kenya
Krau Wildlife Reserve IV 149823 Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Kutai National Park II 560076 East Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Laem Talumphuk Non-hunting Area No or Non Hunting Area   Thailand      
Mae Wong National Park II 221459 Thailand
Mu Ko Chang National Park Marine National Park II 168511 Thailand
Mu Ko Lanta National Park Marine National Park II 33637 Thailand
Mu Ko Libong Non-hunting Area No or Non Hunting Area   Thailand      
Mu Ko Surin National Park Marine National Park II 39278 Thailand    
Nong Plak Phraya - Khao Raya Bang Sa Non-hunting Area No or Non Hunting Area   Thailand      
Nong Thung Thong Non-hunting Area No or Non Hunting Area   Thailand      
Pang Sida National Park II 211956 Thailand
Prince Chumphon Park (North) Wildlife Sanctuary IV 152683 Thailand  
Queen Elizabeth National Park II 522052 Uganda
Si Phang Nga National Park II 60672 Thailand
Sungei Buloh Wetlands Reserve Nature Reserve IV 325 Singapore  
Tabin Wildlife Reserve IV 275051 Sabah, Malaysia  
Tanjung Puting National Park II 987160 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Tasek Bera Forest Reserve   Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Thale Noi Non-hunting Area No or Non Hunting Area III   Thailand  
Thale Sap Non-hunting Area No or Non Hunting Area III   Thailand  
Thaleban National Park Marine National Park II 49715 Thailand
Thung Yai Naresuan Wildlife Sanctuary IV 918234 Thailand  
Tonle Sap Biosphere Reserve VI 688326 Cambodia  
Ujung Kulon National Park II 313466 Java, Indonesia    
Way Kambas National Park II 306926 Sumatra, Indonesia

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Philippines Philippines No
Sundaland Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand No
Wallacea East Timor, Indonesia No

Prey / Diet

Bischofia javanica (Javanese bishopwood)[5]
Ficus acamptophylla[6]
Ficus aurata[6]
Ficus benjamina (weeping fig)[6]
Ficus fulva[6]
Ficus grewiifolia[5]
Ficus grossularioides (Punjab fig)[6]
Ficus kerkhoveni[6]
Ficus obscura[6]
Ficus sagittata[6]
Ficus sinuata[6]
Ficus thonningii (Chinese banyan)[6]
Ficus tinctoria subsp. gibbosa[6]
Ficus trichocarpa[6]
Ficus uniglandulosa[6]
Grewia multiflora[5]
Guioa pleuropteris[5]
Homalanthus fastuosus[5]
Homalanthus macradenius[5]
Macaranga bicolor[5]
Macaranga tanarius (parasol leaf tree)[5]
Mallotus molissima[5]
Strebus glaber[5]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acerodon jubatus (golden-capped fruit bat)2
Aceros cassidix (Knobbed Hornbill)2
Aceros corrugatus (Wrinkled Hornbill)2
Aceros waldeni (Walden's Hornbill)4
Alcippe brunneicauda (Brown Fulvetta)3
Alophoixus bres (Grey-cheeked Bulbul)8
Alophoixus finschii (Finsch's Bulbul)3
Alophoixus pallidus (Puff-throated Bulbul)2
Alophoixus phaeocephalus (Yellow-bellied Bulbul)7
Anorrhinus galeritus (Bushy-crested Hornbill)3
Anthracoceros albirostris (Oriental Pied Hornbill)3
Anthracoceros malayanus (Black Hornbill)4
Buceros bicornis (Great Hornbill)2
Buceros rhinoceros (Rhinoceros Hornbill)4
Callosciurus adamsi (ear-spot squirrel)5
Callosciurus nigrovittatus (black-striped squirrel)2
Callosciurus notatus (plantain squirrel)7
Callosciurus prevostii (Prevost's squirrel)5
Caloramphus fuliginosus (Brown Barbet)5
Calyptomena viridis (Green Broadbill)7
Chalcophaps indica (Common Emerald Dove)10
Chloropsis aurifrons (Golden-fronted Leafbird)2
Chloropsis cochinchinensis (Blue-winged Leafbird)2
Chloropsis cyanopogon (Lesser Green Leafbird)5
Chloropsis sonnerati (Greater Green Leafbird)4
Copsychus saularis (Oriental Magpie-Robin)2
Cynopterus brachyotis (lesser short-nosed fruit bat)3
Cynopterus sphinx (greater short-nosed fruit bat)3
Dicaeum chrysorrheum (Yellow-vented Flowerpecker)4
Dicaeum trigonostigma (Orange-bellied Flowerpecker)5
Ducula bicolor (Pied Imperial Pigeon)5
Ducula poliocephala (Pink-bellied Imperial Pigeon)2
Eudynamys scolopaceus (Asian Koel)2
Gracula religiosa (Hill Myna)2
Hylobates lar (white-handed gibbon)4
Hylobates moloch (silvery gibbon)4
Hypsipetes philippinus (Philippine Bulbul)5
Iole olivacea (Buff-vented Bulbul)6
Iole propinqua (Grey-eyed Bulbul)2
Irena puella (Asian Fairy-bluebird)7
Ixos malaccensis (Streaked Bulbul)3
Loriculus galgulus (Blue-crowned Hanging Parrot)2
Loriculus vernalis (Vernal Hanging Parrot)2
Macaca fascicularis (long-tailed macaque)6
Macaca nigra (Celebes crested macaque)2
Megalaima australis (Blue-eared Barbet)5
Megalaima chrysopogon (Golden-whiskered Barbet)6
Megalaima faiostricta (Green-eared Barbet)2
Megalaima haemacephala (Coppersmith Barbet)4
Megalaima henricii (Yellow-crowned Barbet)3
Megalaima lineata (Lineated Barbet)2
Megalaima mystacophanos (Red-throated Barbet)6
Megalaima rafflesii (Red-crowned Barbet)3
Oriolus chinensis (Black-naped Oriole)9
Oriolus xanthonotus (Dark-throated Oriole)3
Oriolus xanthornus (Black-hooded Oriole)2
Penelopides panini (Tarictic Hornbill)4
Phapitreron leucotis (White-eared Brown Dove)8
Pongo pygmaeus (orangutan)10
Prionochilus maculatus (Yellow-breasted Flowerpecker)3
Prionochilus percussus (Crimson-breasted Flowerpecker)7
Prionochilus thoracicus (Scarlet-breasted Flowerpecker)4
Prionochilus xanthopygius (Yellow-rumped Flowerpecker)6
Psittacula longicauda (Long-tailed Parakeet)3
Ptenochirus jagori (greater musky fruit bat)2
Pteropus giganteus (Indian flying fox)2
Ptilinopus occipitalis (Yellow-breasted Fruit Dove)2
Pycnonotus atriceps (Black-headed Bulbul)4
Pycnonotus brunneus (Asian Red-eyed Bulbul)8
Pycnonotus cyaniventris (Grey-bellied Bulbul)6
Pycnonotus erythropthalmos (Spectacled Bulbul)10
Pycnonotus eutilotus (Puff-backed Bulbul)5
Pycnonotus finlaysoni (Stripe-throated Bulbul)3
Pycnonotus melanicterus (Black-crested Bulbul)2
Pycnonotus plumosus (Olive-winged Bulbul)10
Pycnonotus simplex (Cream-vented Bulbul)7
Pycnonotus zeylanicus (Straw-headed Bulbul)2
Ratufa bicolor (black giant squirrel)3
Rhabdornis mystacalis (Stripe-headed Creeper)8
Rhinoplax vigil (Helmeted Hornbill)4
Rhyticeros undulatus (Wreathed Hornbill)3
Rousettus amplexicaudatus (Geoffroy's rousette)2
Rusa unicolor (sambar)2
Sarcops calvus (Coleto)10
Streptopelia chinensis (Spotted Dove)7
Sundasciurus tenuis (slender squirrel)2
Symphalangus syndactylus (siamang)2
Treron capellei (Large Green Pigeon)3
Treron curvirostra (Thick-billed Green Pigeon)4
Treron olax (Little Green Pigeon)4
Treron vernans (Pink-necked Green Pigeon)2
Trichoglossus haematodus (Coconut Lorikeet)2
Tricholestes criniger (Hairy-backed Bulbul)4
Tupaia glis (Common Treeshrew)2
Tupaia minor (Pygmy Treeshrew)4
Zosterops nigrorum (Yellowish White-eye)9

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Al Ain Zoo
Audubon Zoo
Bronx Zoo/Wildlife Conservat'n Society
El Paso Zoo
Jurong Birdpark, Singapore
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzenanalis

Distribution

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Rand, LA & Rabor, DS (1960) Birds of the Philippine islands: Siquijor, Mount Malindang, Bohol, and Samar. Fieldiana: Zoology, 35, 221–441
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
4Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
5Interactions among Frugivores and Fleshy Fruit Trees in a Philippine Submontane Rainforest, Andreas Hamann and Eberhard Curio, Conservation Biology Volume 13, No. 4, August 1999, Pages 766–773
6"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access