Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Pycnonotidae > Pycnonotus > Pycnonotus luteolus
 

Pycnonotus luteolus (White-browed Bulbul)

Wikipedia Abstract

The white-browed bulbul (Pycnonotus luteolus) is a member of the bulbul family of passerine birds. It is a resident breeder in Sri Lanka and peninsular India. Largely olive coloured above with whitish underparts, it has a pale supercilium and a yellow vent. They are found in dense scrub habitats, where they skulk within vegetation and can be difficult to see although their loud and distinct burst of calls is distinctive.
View Wikipedia Record: Pycnonotus luteolus

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
8
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
26
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 6.92397
EDGE Score: 2.06989

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  35 grams
Clutch Size [2]  2

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Central Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Deccan thorn scrub forests India, Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
East Deccan dry-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Eastern highlands moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Goadavari-Krishna mangroves India Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Khathiar-Gir dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Malabar Coast moist forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
North Western Ghats moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
North Western Ghats montane rain forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Orissa semi-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
South Western Ghats moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Western Ghats montane rain forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sri Lanka dry-zone dry evergreen forests Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Sri Lanka lowland rain forests Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sri Lanka montane rain forests Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Eravikulam National Park II 39436 Kerala, India
Simlipal Tiger Reserve National Park II 103465 Orissa, India  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Western Ghats and Sri Lanka India, Sri Lanka No

Prey / Diet

Ficus benghalensis (Indian banyan)[3]
Ficus magnoliifolia[3]
Ficus religiosa (peepul tree)[3]
Ficus thonningii (Chinese banyan)[3]
Ficus virens[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acridotheres fuscus (Jungle Myna)1
Acridotheres ginginianus (Bank Myna)2
Acridotheres tristis (Common Myna)3
Acritillas indica (Yellow-browed Bulbul)1
Alcippe poioicephala (Brown-cheeked Fulvetta)1
Amaurornis phoenicurus (White-breasted Waterhen)1
Anthracoceros albirostris (Oriental Pied Hornbill)1
Arctonyx collaris (Hog Badger)1
Axis axis (chital)3
Boselaphus tragocamelus (nilgai)2
Buceros bicornis (Great Hornbill)2
Chloropsis aurifrons (Golden-fronted Leafbird)1
Chloropsis cochinchinensis (Blue-winged Leafbird)2
Columba livia (Rock Pigeon)1
Copsychus saularis (Oriental Magpie-Robin)2
Coracina novaehollandiae (Black-faced Cuckooshrike)2
Corvus macrorhynchos (Large-billed Crow)3
Corvus splendens (House Crow)1
Cuculus varius (common hawk-cuckoo)1
Cynopterus brachyotis (lesser short-nosed fruit bat)1
Cynopterus sphinx (greater short-nosed fruit bat)3
Dendrocitta leucogastra (White-bellied Treepie)1
Dendrocitta vagabunda (Rufous Treepie)2
Dicaeum agile (Thick-billed Flowerpecker)2
Dicrurus adsimilis (Fork-tailed Drongo)1
Dicrurus hottentottus (Hair-crested Drongo)1
Dicrurus paradiseus (Greater Racket-tailed Drongo)1
Dinopium benghalense (Lesser Goldenback)1
Ducula badia (Mountain Imperial Pigeon)1
Eudynamys scolopaceus (Asian Koel)4
Galloperdix spadicea (Red Spurfowl)1
Geokichla citrina (Orange-headed Thrush)1
Gracula religiosa (Hill Myna)1
Gracupica contra (Pied Myna)1
Irena puella (Asian Fairy-bluebird)2
Loriculus vernalis (Vernal Hanging Parrot)1
Macaca mulatta (rhesus monkey)2
Macaca radiata (bonnet macaque)2
Macaca silenus (liontail macaque)2
Megalaima haemacephala (Coppersmith Barbet)4
Megalaima lineata (Lineated Barbet)1
Megalaima rubricapillus (Crimson-fronted Barbet)1
Megalaima viridis (White-cheeked Barbet)3
Megalaima zeylanica (Brown-headed Barbet)4
Melursus ursinus (Sloth Bear)3
Monticola solitarius (Blue Rock Thrush)2
Ocyceros birostris (Indian Grey Hornbill)2
Ocyceros gingalensis (Sri Lankan Grey Hornbill)1
Ocyceros griseus (Malabar Grey Hornbill)2
Oriolus oriolus (Eurasian Golden Oriole)3
Oriolus xanthonotus (Dark-throated Oriole)1
Oriolus xanthornus (Black-hooded Oriole)3
Parus major (Great Tit)2
Passer domesticus (House Sparrow)1
Passer montanus (Eurasian Tree Sparrow)2
Pastor roseus (Rosy Starling)2
Psittacula columboides (Blue-winged Parakeet)1
Psittacula cyanocephala (Plum-headed Parakeet)1
Psittacula eupatria (Alexandrine Parakeet)1
Psittacula krameri (Rose-ringed Parakeet)2
Pteropus giganteus (Indian flying fox)3
Pycnonotus cafer (Red-vented Bulbul)3
Pycnonotus jocosus (Red-whiskered Bulbul)4
Pycnonotus melanicterus (Black-crested Bulbul)2
Pycnonotus xantholaemus (Yellow-throated Bulbul)1
Rousettus leschenaultii (Leschenault's rousette)2
Semnopithecus entellus (Hanuman langur)2
Streptopelia chinensis (Spotted Dove)2
Streptopelia orientalis (Oriental Turtle-Dove)1
Sturnia malabarica (Chestnut-tailed Starling)1
Sturnia pagodarum (Brahminy Starling)1
Sturnia sinensis (White-faced Starling)1
Sus scrofa (wild boar)1
Tephrodornis pondicerianus (Common Woodshrike)1
Treron curvirostra (Thick-billed Green Pigeon)2
Treron phoenicopterus (Yellow-footed Green Pigeon)2
Treron pompadora (Pompadour Green Pigeon)1
Turdoides striata (Bengal jungle babbler)3
Turdus merula (Eurasian Blackbird)2
Viverricula indica (Small Indian Civet)1
Vulpes bengalensis (Bengal Fox)1
Zosterops palpebrosus (Oriental White-eye)1

Distribution

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1ALI, S. & S.D. RIPLEY (1983): Handbook of Birds of India and Pakistan. Oxford University Press, New Delhi. 2Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 3"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access