Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Pycnonotidae > Pycnonotus > Pycnonotus melanicterus
 

Pycnonotus melanicterus (Black-crested Bulbul)

Wikipedia Abstract

The black-capped bulbul, (Pycnonotus melanicterus), is a member of the bulbul family of passerine birds. Once thought it is found in Indian Subcontinent, but now it is accepted that endemic to the island of Sri Lanka.This is a bird of forest and dense scrub. It builds its nest in a bush; two to four eggs is a typical clutch. The black-capped bulbul feeds on fruit and insects. Found in forests, wooded areas and in gardens. Usually found in pairs.
View Wikipedia Record: Pycnonotus melanicterus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
13
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
32
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 10.3124
EDGE Score: 2.4259

Attributes

Clutch Size [1]  3

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Andaman Islands rain forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Borneo montane rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Brahmaputra Valley semi-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cardamom Mountains rain forests Cambodia, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central Indochina dry forests Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Chao Phraya lowland moist deciduous forests Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Chhota-Nagpur dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Chin Hills-Arakan Yoma montane forests Myanmar, India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern highlands moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Himalayan broadleaf forests India, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Java-Bali montane rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Java-Bali rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Himalayan subtropical broadleaf forests India, Bhutan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Himalayan subtropical pine forests India, Bhutan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Irrawaddy dry forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Irrawaddy moist deciduous forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Jian Nan subtropical evergreen forests China Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Kayah-Karen montane rain forests Myanmar, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Kinabalu montane alpine meadows Malaysia Indo-Malayan Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Lower Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests Bangladesh, India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Luang Prabang montane rain forests Laos, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Meghalaya subtropical forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mizoram-Manipur-Kachin rain forests Myanmar, India, Bangladesh Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Narmada Valley dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
North Western Ghats moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
North Western Ghats montane rain forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northeast India-Myanmar pine forests India, Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Northern Annamites rain forests Laos, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Northern Indochina subtropical forests China, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Khorat Plateau moist deciduous forests Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Thailand-Laos moist deciduous forests Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Triangle subtropical forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Triangle temperate forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Orissa semi-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Peninsular Malaysian montane rain forests Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Peninsular Malaysian peat swamp forests Malaysia, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Peninsular Malaysian rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South China-Vietnam subtropical evergreen forests China, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Western Ghats moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Western Ghats montane rain forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southeastern Indochina dry evergreen forests Viet Nam, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Southern Annamites montane rain forests Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sri Lanka dry-zone dry evergreen forests Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Sri Lanka lowland rain forests Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sri Lanka montane rain forests Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran freshwater swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran lowland rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran montane rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran peat swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tenasserim-South Thailand semi-evergreen rain forests Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Terai-Duar savanna and grasslands Bhutan, India, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Western Java montane rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Java rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Yunnan Plateau subtropical evergreen forests China Palearctic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Bach Ma National Park II 54733 Viet Nam
Betung Kerihun National Park II 1945086 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Blue Mountain (Phawngpui) National Park II 13648 Mizoram, India  
Buxa Tiger Reserve Sanctuary IV 23685 West Bengal, India  
Cat Tien National Park II 188942 Viet Nam
Chae Son National Park II 194441 Thailand
Chaloem Rattanakosin National Park II 14328 Thailand  
Corbett National Park II 141853 Uttaranchal, India
Daweishan Nature Reserve V 122415 Yunnan, China  
Doi Inthanon National Park II 115326 Thailand  
Doi Khun Tan National Park II 61680 Thailand  
Doi Luang National Park II 325736 Thailand  
Doi Pha Chang Wildlife Sanctuary IV 144177 Thailand  
Doi Pha Hom Pok Watershed Area National Park II 133848 Thailand  
Doi Pha Muang Wildlife Sanctuary IV 146468 Thailand  
Doi Phu Kha National Park II 472119 Thailand  
Doi Suthep-pui National Park II 70007 Thailand  
Eravikulam National Park II 39436 Kerala, India
Erawan National Park II 131204 Thailand
Gunung Leuser National Park II 2203368 Sumatra, Indonesia
Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuary IV 699629 Thailand  
Kaeng Krachan National Park II 753452 Thailand
Kerinci Seblat National Park II 3463483 Sumatra, Indonesia  
Khao Ang Ru Nai Wildlife Sanctuary IV 248699 Thailand  
Khao Banthat Wildlife Sanctuary IV 309428 Thailand  
Khao Chamao-Khao Wong National Park II 20311 Thailand
Khao Khieo-Khao Chomphu Wildlife Sanctuary IV 36570 Thailand  
Khao Laem Ya - Mu Ko Samet National Park Marine National Park II 31421 Thailand
Khao Lam Pi - Hat Thai Muang National Marine Park II 17646 Thailand
Khao Luang National Park II 143331 Thailand
Khao Phanom Bencha National Park II 12840 Thailand
Khao Phra Thaeo Non-hunting Area No or Non Hunting Area   Thailand      
Khao Pra Bang Kram Wildlife Sanctuary IV 30009 Thailand  
Khao Prathap Chang Non-hunting Area No or Non Hunting Area   Thailand      
Khao Pu - Khao Ya National Park II 176398 Thailand
Khao Sam Roi Yot National Park II 39512 Thailand
Khao Soi Dao Wildlife Sanctuary IV 182353 Thailand  
Khao Sok National Park II 159284 Thailand
Khao Yai National Park II 542694 Thailand
Khaoen Si Nakarin National Park II 459154 Thailand
Khlong Lan National Park II 104466 Thailand
Khlong Nakha Wildlife Sanctuary IV 117887 Thailand  
Khlong Phraya Wildlife Sanctuary IV 36624 Thailand  
Khlong Saeng Wildlife Sanctuary IV 243425 Thailand  
Krau Wildlife Reserve IV 149823 Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Kudremukh National Park II 202772 Karnataka, India  
Kutai National Park II 560076 East Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Lan Sang National Park II 26007 Thailand
Lum Nam Pai Wildlife Sanctuary IV 298416 Thailand  
Mae Ping National Park II 259897 Thailand
Mae Sa-Kog Ma Reserve   Thailand      
Mae Tuen Wildlife Sanctuary IV 307947 Thailand  
Mae Wong National Park II 221459 Thailand
Mae Yom National Park II 123569 Thailand
Manas National Park II 135025 Assam, India
Mu Ko Chang National Park Marine National Park II 168511 Thailand
Nam Ha National Biodiversity Conservation Area VI 539941 Laos  
Nam Nao National Park II 240993 Thailand
Namtok Huai Yang National Park II 39461 Thailand
Namtok Mae Surin National Park II 104414 Thailand
Namtok Phlew National Park II 29909 Thailand  
Om Koi Wildlife Sanctuary IV 299357 Thailand  
Pang Sida National Park II 211956 Thailand
Phra Budda Chaya National Park II 11157 Thailand  
Phu Chong - Na Yoi National Park II 171322 Thailand
Phu Hin Rong Kla National Park II 75377 Thailand
Phu Khieo Wildlife Sanctuary IV 391278 Thailand  
Phu Kradung National Park II 63197 Thailand
Phu Luang Wildlife Sanctuary IV 227671 Thailand  
Phu Phan National Park II 176082 Thailand
Phu Rua National Park II 29733 Thailand
Phu Wua Wildlife Sanctuary IV 46934 Thailand  
Prince Chumphon Park (North) Wildlife Sanctuary IV 152683 Thailand  
Pu Mat National Park IV 239739 Viet Nam  
Rajaji National Park II 196637 Uttaranchal, India  
Ramkhamhaeng National Park II 71016 Thailand
Royal Chitwan National Park II 292637 Nepal  
Sai Thong National Park II 82313 Thailand
Sai Yok National Park II 235556 Thailand
Sakaerat Environmental Research Station Biosphere Reserve 19294 Thailand  
Salak Phra Wildlife Sanctuary IV 241622 Thailand  
Salawin National Park II 400497 Thailand
Si Phang Nga National Park II 60672 Thailand
Simlipal Tiger Reserve National Park II 103465 Orissa, India  
Sinharaja Forest Reserve IV 16201 Sri Lanka  
Sri Satchanalai National Park II 54041 Thailand
Sub-lungka Wildlife Sanctuary IV 35543 Thailand  
Tabin Wildlife Reserve IV 275051 Sabah, Malaysia  
Thale Noi Non-hunting Area No or Non Hunting Area III   Thailand  
Thaleban National Park Marine National Park II 49715 Thailand
Than Boke Khoranee National Park Marine National Park II 24553 Thailand
Thap Lan National Park II 550979 Thailand
Thung Salaeng Luang National Park II 315222 Thailand
Thung Yai Naresuan Wildlife Sanctuary IV 918234 Thailand  
Ton Nga Chang Wildlife Sanctuary IV 45094 Thailand  
Ujung Kulon National Park II 313466 Java, Indonesia    
Umphang Wildlife Sanctuary IV 619152 Thailand  
Wiang Kosai National Park II 108737 Thailand
Xishuangbanna Nature Reserve V 567531 Yunnan, China  
Yod Dom Wildlife Sanctuary IV 59912 Thailand  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Himalaya Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan No
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Sundaland Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand No
Western Ghats and Sri Lanka India, Sri Lanka No

Emblem of

Goa

Prey / Diet

Ficus altissima (false banyan)[2]
Ficus amplissima[2]
Ficus benjamina (weeping fig)[2]
Ficus crassiramea[2]
Ficus drupacea (brown-woolly fig)[2]
Ficus geniculata[2]
Ficus glaberrima[2]
Ficus globosa[2]
Ficus kurzii[2]
Ficus superba (Sea Fig)[2]
Ficus thonningii (Chinese banyan)[2]
Ficus virens[2]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Aceros corrugatus (Wrinkled Hornbill)3
Acridotheres tristis (Common Myna)3
Acritillas indica (Yellow-browed Bulbul)3
Alophoixus pallidus (Puff-throated Bulbul)8
Anorrhinus galeritus (Bushy-crested Hornbill)3
Anorrhinus tickelli (Brown Hornbill)6
Anthracoceros albirostris (Oriental Pied Hornbill)6
Anthracoceros malayanus (Black Hornbill)4
Arctictis binturong (Binturong)4
Buceros bicornis (Great Hornbill)7
Buceros rhinoceros (Rhinoceros Hornbill)4
Callosciurus erythraeus (Pallas's squirrel)3
Callosciurus finlaysonii (Finlayson's squirrel)4
Callosciurus prevostii (Prevost's squirrel)3
Caloramphus fuliginosus (Brown Barbet)6
Calyptomena viridis (Green Broadbill)6
Chloropsis aurifrons (Golden-fronted Leafbird)5
Chloropsis cochinchinensis (Blue-winged Leafbird)9
Chloropsis cyanopogon (Lesser Green Leafbird)4
Chloropsis sonnerati (Greater Green Leafbird)5
Corvus macrorhynchos (Large-billed Crow)3
Dicaeum agile (Thick-billed Flowerpecker)3
Dicaeum chrysorrheum (Yellow-vented Flowerpecker)5
Dicaeum concolor (Plain Flowerpecker)3
Dicaeum trigonostigma (Orange-bellied Flowerpecker)3
Dinopium benghalense (Lesser Goldenback)3
Ducula badia (Mountain Imperial Pigeon)7
Ducula bicolor (Pied Imperial Pigeon)3
Eudynamys scolopaceus (Asian Koel)5
Garrulax leucolophus (White-crested Laughingthrush)4
Gracula religiosa (Hill Myna)11
Hylobates lar (white-handed gibbon)10
Hylobates moloch (silvery gibbon)3
Iole olivacea (Buff-vented Bulbul)4
Iole propinqua (Grey-eyed Bulbul)8
Irena puella (Asian Fairy-bluebird)12
Ixos malaccensis (Streaked Bulbul)3
Loriculus galgulus (Blue-crowned Hanging Parrot)4
Loriculus vernalis (Vernal Hanging Parrot)8
Macaca fascicularis (long-tailed macaque)4
Macaca nemestrina (pigtail macaque)7
Macaca silenus (liontail macaque)3
Megalaima australis (Blue-eared Barbet)11
Megalaima chrysopogon (Golden-whiskered Barbet)6
Megalaima faiostricta (Green-eared Barbet)8
Megalaima haemacephala (Coppersmith Barbet)4
Megalaima henricii (Yellow-crowned Barbet)3
Megalaima lineata (Lineated Barbet)5
Megalaima mystacophanos (Red-throated Barbet)5
Megalaima rafflesii (Red-crowned Barbet)3
Megalaima viridis (White-cheeked Barbet)4
Ocyceros griseus (Malabar Grey Hornbill)3
Oriolus oriolus (Eurasian Golden Oriole)3
Oriolus xanthonotus (Dark-throated Oriole)3
Oriolus xanthornus (Black-hooded Oriole)3
Pongo pygmaeus (orangutan)6
Prionochilus percussus (Crimson-breasted Flowerpecker)4
Psittacula columboides (Blue-winged Parakeet)3
Psittacula cyanocephala (Plum-headed Parakeet)3
Pteropus giganteus (Indian flying fox)3
Pycnonotus atriceps (Black-headed Bulbul)4
Pycnonotus brunneus (Asian Red-eyed Bulbul)4
Pycnonotus cyaniventris (Grey-bellied Bulbul)3
Pycnonotus eutilotus (Puff-backed Bulbul)4
Pycnonotus jocosus (Red-whiskered Bulbul)3
Ratufa bicolor (black giant squirrel)10
Rhinoplax vigil (Helmeted Hornbill)4
Rhyticeros undulatus (Wreathed Hornbill)4
Tamiops rodolphii (Cambodian striped squirrel)3
Trachypithecus francoisi (François's leaf monkey)3
Treron capellei (Large Green Pigeon)5
Treron curvirostra (Thick-billed Green Pigeon)11
Treron pompadora (Pompadour Green Pigeon)3
Trichoglossus haematodus (Coconut Lorikeet)3
Turdus merula (Eurasian Blackbird)3
Zosterops palpebrosus (Oriental White-eye)3

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Hong Kong Zool. & Botanical Gardens
Jurong Birdpark, Singapore
 johnsoni
Khao Kheow Open Zoo
Miami Metrozoo
San Diego Zoodispar
Schoenbrunner Tiergarten GmbH
Wilhelma Zoo
Zoo Dvur Kralove, a.s.dispar
Zoological Garden Praguedispar
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzendispar

Distribution

Ang Kep Nam Bang Phra Non-hunting Area; Doi Ang Khang Nature Reserve; Doi Chiang Dao Wildlife Sanctuary;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 2"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access