Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Pycnonotidae > Pycnonotus > Pycnonotus plumosus
 

Pycnonotus plumosus (Olive-winged Bulbul)

Wikipedia Abstract

The olive-winged bulbul (Pycnonotus plumosus) is a species of songbird in the Pycnonotidae family.It is found in Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Burma, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam.Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests. The ashy-fronted bulbul was previously considered a subspecies.
View Wikipedia Record: Pycnonotus plumosus

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
8
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
26
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 7.2779
EDGE Score: 2.11359

Attributes

Diet [1]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Frugivore, Granivore
Diet - Fruit [1]  60 %
Diet - Invertibrates [1]  20 %
Diet - Seeds [1]  20 %
Forages - Mid-High [1]  33 %
Forages - Understory [1]  33 %
Forages - Ground [1]  33 %
Clutch Size [2]  2

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Borneo lowland rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Borneo peat swamp forests Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Java-Bali rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Indochina mangroves Thailand, Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Lesser Sundas deciduous forests Indonesia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests  
Mentawai Islands rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Palawan rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Peninsular Malaysian peat swamp forests Malaysia, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Peninsular Malaysian rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southwest Borneo freshwater swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran freshwater swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran montane rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran peat swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sundaland heath forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tenasserim-South Thailand semi-evergreen rain forests Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Java rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Ao Phang Nga National Park Marine National Park II 103730 Thailand
Bako National Park II 9035 Sarawak, Malaysia  
Batang Ai National Park II 62638 Sarawak, Malaysia
Berbak National Park II 423927 Sumatra, Indonesia
Betung Kerihun National Park II 1945086 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Bukit Tigah Puluh National Park 360578 Sumatra, Indonesia
Bukit Timah Nature Reserve II 411 Singapore
Danau Sentarum National Park 347674 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Gunung Gading National Park II 10840 Sarawak, Malaysia
Gunung Leuser National Park II 2203368 Sumatra, Indonesia
Kerinci Seblat National Park II 3463483 Sumatra, Indonesia  
Khao Lam Pi - Hat Thai Muang National Marine Park II 17646 Thailand
Khao Luang National Park II 143331 Thailand
Khao Phra Thaeo Non-hunting Area No or Non Hunting Area   Thailand      
Khao Pra Bang Kram Wildlife Sanctuary IV 30009 Thailand  
Khao Pu - Khao Ya National Park II 176398 Thailand
Khlong Phraya Wildlife Sanctuary IV 36624 Thailand  
Khlong Saeng Wildlife Sanctuary IV 243425 Thailand  
Krau Wildlife Reserve IV 149823 Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Kutai National Park II 560076 East Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Laem Talumphuk Non-hunting Area No or Non Hunting Area   Thailand      
Mu Ko Lanta National Park Marine National Park II 33637 Thailand
Mu Ko Libong Non-hunting Area No or Non Hunting Area   Thailand      
Palawan Biosphere Reserve 2843689 Philippines  
Sungei Buloh Wetlands Reserve Nature Reserve IV 325 Singapore  
Tanjung Puting National Park II 987160 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Tasek Bera Forest Reserve   Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Thale Noi Non-hunting Area No or Non Hunting Area III   Thailand  
Thaleban National Park Marine National Park II 49715 Thailand
Than Boke Khoranee National Park Marine National Park II 24553 Thailand
Ujung Kulon National Park II 313466 Java, Indonesia    
Way Kambas National Park II 306926 Sumatra, Indonesia

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Philippines Philippines No
Sundaland Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand No
Wallacea East Timor, Indonesia No

Prey / Diet

Ficus acamptophylla[3]
Ficus aurata[3]
Ficus benjamina (weeping fig)[3]
Ficus fulva[3]
Ficus kerkhoveni[3]
Ficus obscura[3]
Ficus pisocarpa[3]
Ficus sinuata[3]
Ficus stricta[3]
Ficus subcordata[3]
Ficus thonningii (Chinese banyan)[3]
Ficus trichocarpa[3]
Ficus uniglandulosa[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acerodon jubatus (golden-capped fruit bat)3
Aceros cassidix (Knobbed Hornbill)2
Aceros corrugatus (Wrinkled Hornbill)4
Aceros waldeni (Walden's Hornbill)4
Alcippe brunneicauda (Brown Fulvetta)2
Alophoixus bres (Grey-cheeked Bulbul)11
Alophoixus finschii (Finsch's Bulbul)3
Alophoixus pallidus (Puff-throated Bulbul)2
Alophoixus phaeocephalus (Yellow-bellied Bulbul)7
Anorrhinus galeritus (Bushy-crested Hornbill)4
Anorrhinus tickelli (Brown Hornbill)2
Anthracoceros albirostris (Oriental Pied Hornbill)5
Anthracoceros malayanus (Black Hornbill)7
Arctictis binturong (Binturong)2
Berenicornis comatus (White-crowned Hornbill)2
Buceros bicornis (Great Hornbill)3
Buceros rhinoceros (Rhinoceros Hornbill)6
Callosciurus adamsi (ear-spot squirrel)6
Callosciurus finlaysonii (Finlayson's squirrel)2
Callosciurus nigrovittatus (black-striped squirrel)2
Callosciurus notatus (plantain squirrel)8
Callosciurus prevostii (Prevost's squirrel)8
Caloramphus fuliginosus (Brown Barbet)8
Calyptomena viridis (Green Broadbill)9
Chalcophaps indica (Common Emerald Dove)2
Chloropsis aurifrons (Golden-fronted Leafbird)2
Chloropsis cochinchinensis (Blue-winged Leafbird)4
Chloropsis cyanopogon (Lesser Green Leafbird)6
Chloropsis sonnerati (Greater Green Leafbird)7
Copsychus saularis (Oriental Magpie-Robin)2
Cynopterus sphinx (greater short-nosed fruit bat)3
Dicaeum agile (Thick-billed Flowerpecker)2
Dicaeum chrysorrheum (Yellow-vented Flowerpecker)6
Dicaeum trigonostigma (Orange-bellied Flowerpecker)7
Ducula badia (Mountain Imperial Pigeon)2
Ducula bicolor (Pied Imperial Pigeon)2
Eudynamys scolopaceus (Asian Koel)2
Gracula religiosa (Hill Myna)5
Hylobates lar (white-handed gibbon)6
Hylobates moloch (silvery gibbon)2
Iole olivacea (Buff-vented Bulbul)6
Iole propinqua (Grey-eyed Bulbul)3
Irena puella (Asian Fairy-bluebird)8
Ixos malaccensis (Streaked Bulbul)6
Loriculus galgulus (Blue-crowned Hanging Parrot)4
Loriculus vernalis (Vernal Hanging Parrot)2
Macaca fascicularis (long-tailed macaque)7
Macaca nemestrina (pigtail macaque)2
Megalaima australis (Blue-eared Barbet)6
Megalaima chrysopogon (Golden-whiskered Barbet)7
Megalaima faiostricta (Green-eared Barbet)2
Megalaima haemacephala (Coppersmith Barbet)2
Megalaima henricii (Yellow-crowned Barbet)5
Megalaima lineata (Lineated Barbet)3
Megalaima mystacophanos (Red-throated Barbet)8
Megalaima rafflesii (Red-crowned Barbet)5
Oriolus chinensis (Black-naped Oriole)2
Oriolus xanthonotus (Dark-throated Oriole)3
Oriolus xanthornus (Black-hooded Oriole)2
Pongo pygmaeus (orangutan)7
Prionochilus maculatus (Yellow-breasted Flowerpecker)4
Prionochilus percussus (Crimson-breasted Flowerpecker)8
Prionochilus thoracicus (Scarlet-breasted Flowerpecker)6
Prionochilus xanthopygius (Yellow-rumped Flowerpecker)7
Psittacula longicauda (Long-tailed Parakeet)3
Pteropus giganteus (Indian flying fox)2
Pteropus vampyrus (large flying fox)2
Pycnonotus atriceps (Black-headed Bulbul)6
Pycnonotus brunneus (Asian Red-eyed Bulbul)10
Pycnonotus cyaniventris (Grey-bellied Bulbul)6
Pycnonotus erythropthalmos (Spectacled Bulbul)10
Pycnonotus eutilotus (Puff-backed Bulbul)7
Pycnonotus finlaysoni (Stripe-throated Bulbul)2
Pycnonotus goiavier (Yellow-vented Bulbul)10
Pycnonotus melanicterus (Black-crested Bulbul)2
Pycnonotus simplex (Cream-vented Bulbul)6
Pycnonotus zeylanicus (Straw-headed Bulbul)2
Ratufa affinis (pale giant squirrel)3
Ratufa bicolor (black giant squirrel)5
Rhinoplax vigil (Helmeted Hornbill)5
Rhyticeros undulatus (Wreathed Hornbill)4
Rousettus amplexicaudatus (Geoffroy's rousette)2
Rusa unicolor (sambar)2
Sundasciurus tenuis (slender squirrel)2
Trachypithecus obscurus (dusky leaf monkey)2
Treron capellei (Large Green Pigeon)6
Treron curvirostra (Thick-billed Green Pigeon)7
Treron olax (Little Green Pigeon)4
Treron vernans (Pink-necked Green Pigeon)2
Trichoglossus haematodus (Coconut Lorikeet)2
Tricholestes criniger (Hairy-backed Bulbul)6
Tupaia glis (Common Treeshrew)3
Tupaia minor (Pygmy Treeshrew)6

Distribution

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
2Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
3"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access