Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Pycnonotidae > Pycnonotus > Pycnonotus simplex
 

Pycnonotus simplex (Cream-vented Bulbul)

Wikipedia Abstract

The cream-vented bulbul (Pycnonotus simplex) is a species of songbird in the Pycnonotidae family. It is found in Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, and Thailand. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests.
View Wikipedia Record: Pycnonotus simplex

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
10
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
29
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 8.74179
EDGE Score: 2.27642

Attributes

Diet [1]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Frugivore
Diet - Fruit [1]  50 %
Diet - Invertibrates [1]  50 %
Forages - Canopy [1]  20 %
Forages - Mid-High [1]  60 %
Forages - Understory [1]  20 %
Clutch Size [2]  2

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Borneo lowland rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Borneo montane rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Borneo peat swamp forests Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Java-Bali rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Indochina mangroves Thailand, Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Kinabalu montane alpine meadows Malaysia Indo-Malayan Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Mentawai Islands rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Peninsular Malaysian montane rain forests Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Peninsular Malaysian peat swamp forests Malaysia, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Peninsular Malaysian rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southwest Borneo freshwater swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran freshwater swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran montane rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran peat swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sundaland heath forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tenasserim-South Thailand semi-evergreen rain forests Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Java rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Bako National Park II 9035 Sarawak, Malaysia  
Batang Ai National Park II 62638 Sarawak, Malaysia
Berbak National Park II 423927 Sumatra, Indonesia
Betung Kerihun National Park II 1945086 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Bukit Tigah Puluh National Park 360578 Sumatra, Indonesia
Bukit Timah Nature Reserve II 411 Singapore
Danau Sentarum National Park 347674 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Gunung Leuser National Park II 2203368 Sumatra, Indonesia
Gunung Palung National Park II 271203 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Kerinci Seblat National Park II 3463483 Sumatra, Indonesia  
Khao Banthat Wildlife Sanctuary IV 309428 Thailand  
Khao Lam Pi - Hat Thai Muang National Marine Park II 17646 Thailand
Khao Luang National Park II 143331 Thailand
Khao Phanom Bencha National Park II 12840 Thailand
Khao Pra Bang Kram Wildlife Sanctuary IV 30009 Thailand  
Khao Sok National Park II 159284 Thailand
Khlong Phraya Wildlife Sanctuary IV 36624 Thailand  
Khlong Saeng Wildlife Sanctuary IV 243425 Thailand  
Krau Wildlife Reserve IV 149823 Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Kubah National Park II 6735 Sarawak, Malaysia  
Kutai National Park II 560076 East Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Pasoh Virgin Jungle Reserve Ia   Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Prince Chumphon Park (North) Wildlife Sanctuary IV 152683 Thailand  
Sungai Lalang Forest Reserve Virgin Jungle Reserve Ia   Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Tanjung Puting National Park II 987160 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Tasek Bera Forest Reserve   Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Thale Noi Non-hunting Area No or Non Hunting Area III   Thailand  
Thaleban National Park Marine National Park II 49715 Thailand
Ujung Kulon National Park II 313466 Java, Indonesia    
Way Kambas National Park II 306926 Sumatra, Indonesia

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Sundaland Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand No

Prey / Diet

Cyrtophyllum fragrans (Tembusu)[3]
Ficus benjamina (weeping fig)[4]
Ficus binnendykii[4]
Ficus caulocarpa[4]
Ficus grewiifolia[4]
Ficus kerkhoveni[4]
Ficus obscura[4]
Ficus pellucidopunctata[4]
Ficus pisocarpa[4]
Ficus sagittata[4]
Ficus sundaica[4]
Ficus thonningii (Chinese banyan)[4]
Ficus trichocarpa[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Aceros corrugatus (Wrinkled Hornbill)5
Agropsar sturninus (Daurian Starling)2
Alcippe brunneicauda (Brown Fulvetta)7
Alophoixus bres (Grey-cheeked Bulbul)9
Alophoixus finschii (Finsch's Bulbul)6
Alophoixus pallidus (Puff-throated Bulbul)2
Alophoixus phaeocephalus (Yellow-bellied Bulbul)11
Anorrhinus galeritus (Bushy-crested Hornbill)6
Anthracoceros albirostris (Oriental Pied Hornbill)4
Anthracoceros malayanus (Black Hornbill)8
Aplonis panayensis (Asian Glossy Starling)2
Berenicornis comatus (White-crowned Hornbill)2
Buceros bicornis (Great Hornbill)2
Buceros rhinoceros (Rhinoceros Hornbill)7
Callosciurus adamsi (ear-spot squirrel)4
Callosciurus nigrovittatus (black-striped squirrel)4
Callosciurus notatus (plantain squirrel)6
Callosciurus prevostii (Prevost's squirrel)9
Caloramphus fuliginosus (Brown Barbet)10
Calyptomena viridis (Green Broadbill)11
Chalcophaps indica (Common Emerald Dove)2
Chloropsis aurifrons (Golden-fronted Leafbird)2
Chloropsis cochinchinensis (Blue-winged Leafbird)6
Chloropsis cyanopogon (Lesser Green Leafbird)10
Chloropsis sonnerati (Greater Green Leafbird)9
Copsychus saularis (Oriental Magpie-Robin)2
Cynopterus brachyotis (lesser short-nosed fruit bat)2
Cynopterus sphinx (greater short-nosed fruit bat)2
Dicaeum agile (Thick-billed Flowerpecker)3
Dicaeum chrysorrheum (Yellow-vented Flowerpecker)8
Dicaeum concolor (Nilgiri Flowerpecker)2
Dicaeum trigonostigma (Orange-bellied Flowerpecker)5
Ducula bicolor (Pied Imperial Pigeon)3
Eudynamys scolopaceus (Asian Koel)2
Gracula religiosa (Hill Myna)5
Hemixos flavala (Ashy Bulbul)2
Hylobates lar (white-handed gibbon)5
Hylobates moloch (silvery gibbon)2
Iole olivacea (Buff-vented Bulbul)11
Iole propinqua (Grey-eyed Bulbul)2
Irena puella (Asian Fairy-bluebird)11
Ixos malaccensis (Streaked Bulbul)4
Loriculus galgulus (Blue-crowned Hanging Parrot)4
Loriculus vernalis (Vernal Hanging Parrot)2
Macaca fascicularis (long-tailed macaque)7
Megalaima australis (Blue-eared Barbet)10
Megalaima chrysopogon (Golden-whiskered Barbet)11
Megalaima faiostricta (Green-eared Barbet)2
Megalaima haemacephala (Coppersmith Barbet)3
Megalaima henricii (Yellow-crowned Barbet)8
Megalaima lineata (Lineated Barbet)2
Megalaima mystacophanos (Red-throated Barbet)11
Megalaima rafflesii (Red-crowned Barbet)4
Oriolus chinensis (Black-naped Oriole)2
Oriolus xanthonotus (Dark-throated Oriole)5
Oriolus xanthornus (Black-hooded Oriole)2
Platysmurus leucopterus (Black Magpie)3
Pongo pygmaeus (orangutan)10
Prionochilus maculatus (Yellow-breasted Flowerpecker)8
Prionochilus percussus (Crimson-breasted Flowerpecker)10
Prionochilus thoracicus (Scarlet-breasted Flowerpecker)5
Prionochilus xanthopygius (Yellow-rumped Flowerpecker)3
Psittacula longicauda (Long-tailed Parakeet)3
Pteropus giganteus (Indian flying fox)2
Ptilinopus jambu (Jambu Fruit Dove)2
Pycnonotus atriceps (Black-headed Bulbul)7
Pycnonotus brunneus (Asian Red-eyed Bulbul)10
Pycnonotus cyaniventris (Grey-bellied Bulbul)10
Pycnonotus erythropthalmos (Spectacled Bulbul)10
Pycnonotus eutilotus (Puff-backed Bulbul)10
Pycnonotus finlaysoni (Stripe-throated Bulbul)2
Pycnonotus goiavier (Yellow-vented Bulbul)7
Pycnonotus melanicterus (Black-crested Bulbul)2
Pycnonotus plumosus (Olive-winged Bulbul)6
Pycnonotus zeylanicus (Straw-headed Bulbul)2
Ratufa affinis (pale giant squirrel)2
Ratufa bicolor (black giant squirrel)4
Rhinoplax vigil (Helmeted Hornbill)5
Rhyticeros undulatus (Wreathed Hornbill)4
Sundasciurus tenuis (slender squirrel)5
Symphalangus syndactylus (siamang)4
Treron capellei (Large Green Pigeon)6
Treron curvirostra (Thick-billed Green Pigeon)9
Treron olax (Little Green Pigeon)7
Treron vernans (Pink-necked Green Pigeon)2
Trichoglossus haematodus (Coconut Lorikeet)2
Tricholestes criniger (Hairy-backed Bulbul)6
Tupaia glis (Common Treeshrew)3
Tupaia minor (Pygmy Treeshrew)3

Distribution

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
2Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
3del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
4"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access