Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Pycnonotidae > Pycnonotus > Pycnonotus squamatus
 

Pycnonotus squamatus (Scaly-breasted Bulbul)

Wikipedia Abstract

The scaly-breasted bulbul (Pycnonotus squamatus) is a species of songbird in the Pycnonotidae family.It is found in Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Burma, and Thailand.Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests.It is threatened by habitat loss.
View Wikipedia Record: Pycnonotus squamatus

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
12
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
42
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 9.50285
EDGE Score: 3.04479

Attributes

Diet [1]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Frugivore
Diet - Fruit [1]  80 %
Diet - Invertibrates [1]  20 %
Forages - Canopy [1]  80 %
Forages - Mid-High [1]  20 %
Clutch Size [2]  2

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Borneo lowland rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Borneo peat swamp forests Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Java-Bali rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Indochina mangroves Thailand, Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Peninsular Malaysian rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southwest Borneo freshwater swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran freshwater swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran montane rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran peat swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sundaland heath forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tenasserim-South Thailand semi-evergreen rain forests Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Java rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Betung Kerihun National Park II 1945086 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park II 836773 Sumatra, Indonesia  
Gunung Leuser National Park II 2203368 Sumatra, Indonesia
Gunung Palung National Park II 271203 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Kerinci Seblat National Park II 3463483 Sumatra, Indonesia  
Khao Banthat Wildlife Sanctuary IV 309428 Thailand  
Khao Lam Pi - Hat Thai Muang National Marine Park II 17646 Thailand
Khao Luang National Park II 143331 Thailand
Khao Phanom Bencha National Park II 12840 Thailand
Khao Pra Bang Kram Wildlife Sanctuary IV 30009 Thailand  
Khao Pu - Khao Ya National Park II 176398 Thailand
Khao Sok National Park II 159284 Thailand
Khlong Phraya Wildlife Sanctuary IV 36624 Thailand  
Krau Wildlife Reserve IV 149823 Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Namtok Yong National Park II 52286 Thailand
Si Phang Nga National Park II 60672 Thailand
Sungai Lalang Forest Reserve Virgin Jungle Reserve Ia   Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Thaleban National Park Marine National Park II 49715 Thailand
Ton Nga Chang Wildlife Sanctuary IV 45094 Thailand  
Tropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra World Heritage Site 6412694 Indonesia      

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Sundaland Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand No

Prey / Diet

Callicarpa candicans[3]
Ficus crassiramea subsp. crassiramea[4]
Ficus sumatrana[4]
Ficus thonningii (Chinese banyan)[4]
Ficus virens[4]
Trema orientalis (oriental trema)[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Alophoixus pallidus (Puff-throated Bulbul)2
Alophoixus phaeocephalus (Yellow-bellied Bulbul)2
Anorrhinus galeritus (Bushy-crested Hornbill)3
Anthracoceros malayanus (Black Hornbill)3
Arctictis binturong (Binturong)2
Buceros rhinoceros (Rhinoceros Hornbill)3
Callosciurus erythraeus (Pallas's squirrel)2
Callosciurus prevostii (Prevost's squirrel)3
Caloramphus fuliginosus (Brown Barbet)4
Calyptomena viridis (Green Broadbill)3
Chloropsis cochinchinensis (Blue-winged Leafbird)3
Chloropsis cyanopogon (Lesser Green Leafbird)4
Chloropsis sonnerati (Greater Green Leafbird)4
Copsychus saularis (Oriental Magpie-Robin)2
Dicaeum chrysorrheum (Yellow-vented Flowerpecker)2
Dicaeum trigonostigma (Orange-bellied Flowerpecker)2
Ducula bicolor (Pied Imperial Pigeon)2
Eudynamys scolopaceus (Asian Koel)3
Garrulax perspicillatus (Masked Laughingthrush)2
Gracula religiosa (Hill Myna)2
Gracupica nigricollis (Black-collared Starling)2
Hemixos flavala (Ashy Bulbul)3
Hylobates lar (white-handed gibbon)3
Hylobates moloch (silvery gibbon)2
Iole olivacea (Buff-vented Bulbul)3
Irena puella (Asian Fairy-bluebird)4
Ixos malaccensis (Streaked Bulbul)3
Loriculus galgulus (Blue-crowned Hanging Parrot)2
Macaca fascicularis (long-tailed macaque)3
Megalaima australis (Blue-eared Barbet)4
Megalaima chrysopogon (Golden-whiskered Barbet)4
Megalaima haemacephala (Coppersmith Barbet)2
Megalaima henricii (Yellow-crowned Barbet)4
Megalaima mystacophanos (Red-throated Barbet)4
Megalaima rafflesii (Red-crowned Barbet)4
Megalaima zeylanica (Brown-headed Barbet)2
Oriolus xanthornus (Black-hooded Oriole)2
Parus major (Great Tit)2
Passer montanus (Eurasian Tree Sparrow)2
Pericrocotus igneus (Fiery Minivet)2
Pongo pygmaeus (orangutan)4
Prionochilus percussus (Crimson-breasted Flowerpecker)2
Prionochilus thoracicus (Scarlet-breasted Flowerpecker)2
Prionochilus xanthopygius (Yellow-rumped Flowerpecker)2
Pycnonotus atriceps (Black-headed Bulbul)4
Pycnonotus aurigaster (Sooty-headed Bulbul)2
Pycnonotus brunneus (Asian Red-eyed Bulbul)2
Pycnonotus cyaniventris (Grey-bellied Bulbul)3
Pycnonotus eutilotus (Puff-backed Bulbul)3
Pycnonotus jocosus (Red-whiskered Bulbul)2
Pycnonotus melanicterus (Black-crested Bulbul)2
Pycnonotus sinensis (Light-vented Bulbul)2
Ratufa affinis (pale giant squirrel)2
Ratufa bicolor (black giant squirrel)2
Spodiopsar sericeus (Red-billed Starling)2
Streptopelia chinensis (Spotted Dove)2
Symphalangus syndactylus (siamang)2
Trachypithecus francoisi (François's leaf monkey)2
Trachypithecus obscurus (dusky leaf monkey)2
Treron capellei (Large Green Pigeon)2
Treron curvirostra (Thick-billed Green Pigeon)4
Trichoglossus haematodus (Coconut Lorikeet)2
Turdus hortulorum (Grey-backed Thrush)2
Turdus merula (Eurasian Blackbird)2
Turdus pallidus (Pale Thrush)2
Zosterops japonicus (Japanese White-eye)2

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Hong Kong Zool. & Botanical Gardens
Jurong Birdpark, Singapore
Miami Metrozoo
Schoenbrunner Tiergarten GmbH
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzen

Distribution

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
2Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
3del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
4"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Le Saout, S., Hoffmann, M., Shi, Y., Hughes, A., Bernard, C., Brooks, T.M., Bertzky, B., Butchart, S.H.M., Stuart, S.N., Badman, T. & Rodrigues, A.S.L. (2013) Protected areas and effective biodiversity conservation. Science, 342, 803–805
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access