Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Cardinalidae > Saltator > Saltator coerulescens
 

Saltator coerulescens (Greyish Saltator; Grayish Saltator)

Language: Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The Greyish Saltator (Saltator coerulescens) is a seed-eating songbird that is widespread in the tropical Americas. Traditionally placed in the cardinal family (Cardinalidae), the saltators actually seem to be closer to the tanagers (Thraupidae). In El Salvador, it is well known as dichosofui after the "elaborate" version of its call, which sounds like a drawn-out ¡dichoso fui!, Spanish for "I was happy!"
View Wikipedia Record: Saltator coerulescens

Infraspecies

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  55 grams

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Map Climate Land
Use
Alta Paraná Atlantic forests Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Apure-Villavicencio dry forests Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Araucaria moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Araya and Paria xeric scrub Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Belizean pine forests Belize Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Beni savanna Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Bolivian montane dry forests Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Caatinga Brazil Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Catatumbo moist forests Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central American Atlantic moist forests Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central American dry forests Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Central American montane forests Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central American pine-oak forests Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Cerrado Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Chiapas montane forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Chimalapas montane forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Chiquitano dry forests Bolivia, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Chocó-Darién moist forests Colombia, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cordillera La Costa montane forests Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cordillera Oriental montane forests Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Costa Rican seasonal moist forests Costa Rica Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Dry Chaco Bolivia, Paraguay, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Cordillera real montane forests Ecuador, Colombia, Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Panamanian montane forests Colombia, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Espinal Argentina Neotropic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Guajira-Barranquilla xeric scrub Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Guianan Freshwater swamp forests Suriname, Guyana, French Guiana Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan Highlands moist forests Venezuela, Brazil, Guyana, Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan moist forests Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Brazil, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan savanna Brazil, Guyana, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Gurupa varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Humid Chaco Argentina, Paraguay, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Humid Pampas Argentina Neotropic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Iquitos varzea Brazil, Peru, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Isthmian-Atlantic moist forests Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests    
Isthmian-Pacific moist forests Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Jalisco dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Juruá-Purus moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
La Costa xeric shrublands Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Lara-Falcón dry forests Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Llanos Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Madeira-Tapajós moist forests Brazil, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Magdalena Valley dry forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Magdalena-Urabá moist forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Marañón dry forests Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Maracaibo dry forests Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Marajó varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Maranhao Babatu forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mato Grosso seasonal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Miskito pine forests Honduras, Nicaragua Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Monte Alegre varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Napo moist forests Colombia, Venezuela, Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Oaxacan montane forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Orinoco Delta swamp forests Venezuela, Guyana Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Orinoco wetlands Venezuela Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Panamanian dry forests Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Pantanal Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Pantanos de Centla Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Pantepuis Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Paraguana xeric scrub Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Paraná flooded savanna Argentina Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Peruvian Yungas Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Petén-Veracruz moist forests Mexico, Guatemala, Belize Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Purus varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Purus-Madeira moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Santa Marta montane forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sierra de los Tuxtlas Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Sierra Madre de Chiapas moist forest Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sierra Madre de Oaxaca pine-oak forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sinaloan dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Sinú Valley dry forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Solimões-Japurá moist forest Brazil, Colombia, Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southern Andean Yungas Bolivia, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southern Cone Mesopotamian savanna Argentina Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Southern Pacific dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Southwest Amazon moist forests Peru, Brazil, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Talamancan montane forests Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tapajós-Xingu moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tocantins/Pindare moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Uatuma-Trombetas moist forests Brazil, Guyana, Suriname Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Ucayali moist forests Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Venezuelan Andes montane forests Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Veracruz dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Veracruz moist forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Veracruz montane forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Xingu-Tocantins-Araguaia moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Yucatán dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Yucatán moist forests Mexico, Guatemala, Belize Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Map Climate Land Use
Bahuaja-Sonene National Park II 2716956 Madre de Dios (Puerto Maldonado), Peru  
Caaguazú National Park II 33073 Paraguay  
Cerro Corá National Park II 31326 Paraguay  
Cinaruco-Capanaparo National Park II 1664173 Venezuela  
Cockscomb Basin Wildlife Sanctuary IV 122962 Belize
Columbia River Forest Reserve VI 149053 Belize  
Cordillera Azul National Park 3367365 Huanuco, Peru  
Cordillera Volcanica Central Forest Reserve VI 150571 Costa Rica  
Defensores del Chaco National Park II 1792493 Paraguay  
Dzilam de Bravo Wetland Reserve 149170 Yucatan, Mexico    
El Palmar National Park II   Entre Rios, Argentina  
El Parque Estatal Lagunas de Yalahau Wetland Reserve   Yucatan, Mexico  
El Rey National Park II 110298 Salta, Argentina
Estación Biológica El Frío 57221 Venezuela  
Estacion Biologica Beni Biosphere Reserve VI 335178 Bolivia  
Estancia el Trebol   Paraguay        
Estancia Fortín Patria   Paraguay        
Imataca Forest Reserve VI 13252422 Venezuela  
La Selva Biological Station Protective Zone VI 6052 Costa Rica
Macizo Acahay Natural Monument III 6320 Paraguay  
Madidi National Park II 3194501 Bolivia  
Mamirauá Sustainable Development Reserve State Sustainable Development Reserve VI 3260792 Amazonas, Brazil  
Manú National Park II 4213523 Cusco, Peru  
Maya Multiple Use Area 1156412 Guatemala  
Mburucuyá National Park II   Corrientes, Argentina  
Megantoni National Sanctuary 536005 Cusco, Peru  
Montecristo National Park IV 9237 El Salvador  
Montes Azules Biosphere Reserve VI 814711 Chiapas, Mexico  
Morrocoy National Park 63672 Venezuela  
Noel Kempff Mercado National Park II 4006523 Bolivia  
Parque Nacional Henri Pittier National Park 218030 Venezuela  
Parque Nacional Sierra de San Luis National Park II 50473 Venezuela  
Parque Nacional Yacambu National Park II 43025 Venezuela  
Podocarpus National Park II 364096 Ecuador  
Proyecto Ecologico Quetzal   Guatemala      
Ralleigh Falls - Voltzberg Nature Reserve 191114 Suriname  
Río Negro National Park II 73775 Paraguay  
Río Pilcomayo National Park II 123699 Formosa, Argentina
Reserva Cuzco Amazonico   Peru        
Reserva de la Biosfera de Sian Ka'an Biosphere Reserve VI 1312618 Mexico  
Reserva de la Biosfera de Yasuni Biosphere Reserve 4156313 Ecuador  
Reserva de la Biosfera El Cielo Biosphere Reserve 353161 Mexico  
Reserva de la Biosfera Sierra Gorda Biosphere Reserve VI 955579 Queretaro, Mexico  
Reserva Natural Otamendi Strict Nature Reserve Ia   Buenos Aires, Argentina  
San Rafael, Reserva de Recursos Manejados Managed Resource Reserve VI 165840 Paraguay  
Sarstoon Temash National Park II 42082 Belize  
Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta (incl. Tayrona NP) National Park II 1031303 Colombia  
Tatí Yupí Biological Refuge IV 5052 Paraguay  
Tikal National Park II 142943 Guatemala
Tinfunqué National Park 607935 Paraguay  
Ypacaraí National Park II 38504 Paraguay  
Ypoa National Park 303997 Paraguay  
Yvytyruzu Managed Resources Reserve Managed Resource Reserve VI 63491 Paraguay  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website Map
Atlantic Forest Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay No
Cerrado Brazil No
Madrean Pine-Oak Woodlands Mexico, United States No
Mesoamerica Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama No
Tropical Andes Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela No
Tumbes-Choco-Magdalena Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Peru No

Prey / Diet

Calyptocarpus biaristatus[2]
Combretum lanceolatum[3]
Cupania vernalis[2]
Eugenia uniflora (Surinam cherry)[2]
Ficus cotinifolia[4]
Ligustrum sinense (Chinese privet)[2]
Schinus terebinthifolius (Florida holly)[2]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Alouatta palliata (mantled howler monkey)1
Amazona albifrons (White-fronted Parrot)1
Amazona finschi (Lilac-crowned Parrot)1
Amazona ochrocephala (Yellow-crowned Parrot)1
Aratinga aurea (Peach-fronted Parakeet)1
Aratinga canicularis (Orange-fronted Parakeet)1
Aratinga leucophthalma (White-eyed Parakeet)1
Aratinga nana (Olive-throated Parakeet)1
Artibeus hirsutus (hairy fruit-eating bat)1
Bassariscus sumichrasti (Cacomistle)1
Brotogeris chiriri (Yellow-chevroned Parakeet)1
Brotogeris jugularis (Orange-chinned Parakeet)1
Callithrix penicillata (black-pencilled marmoset)1
Calocitta formosa (White-throated Magpie-Jay)1
Cardinalis cardinalis (Northern Cardinal)1
Caryothraustes poliogaster (Black-faced Grosbeak)1
Catharus ustulatus (Swainson's Thrush)1
Cebus capucinus (white-faced capuchin)1
Ctenosaura similis (Black Iguana)1
Cyanerpes cyaneus (Red-legged Honeycreeper)1
Cyanocompsa parellina (Blue Bunting)1
Cyanocorax morio (Brown Jay)1
Cyanocorax yncas (Inca Jay)1
Cyanocorax yucatanicus (Yucatan Jay)1
Dendroica coronata (Yellow-rumped Warbler)1
Dendroica tigrina (Cape May Warbler)1
Didelphis marsupialis (Common Opossum)1
Diopsittaca nobilis (Red-shouldered Macaw)1
Dives dives (Melodious Blackbird)1
Dumetella carolinensis (Grey Catbird)1
Eumomota superciliosa (Turquoise-browed Motmot)1
Euphonia affinis (Scrub Euphonia)1
Euphonia hirundinacea (Yellow-throated Euphonia)1
Euphonia luteicapilla (Yellow-crowned Euphonia)1
Geotrygon montana (Ruddy Quail-Dove)1
Hylocichla mustelina (Wood Thrush)1
Icterus auratus (Orange Oriole)1
Icterus cayanensis (Epaulet Oriole)1
Icterus cucullatus (Hooded Oriole)1
Icterus galbula (Northern Oriole)1
Icterus gularis (Altamira Oriole)1
Icterus spurius (Orchard Oriole)1
Lipaugus lanioides (Cinnamon-vented Piha)1
Megarynchus pitangua (Boat-billed Flycatcher)1
Melanerpes aurifrons (Golden-fronted Woodpecker)1
Melanoptila glabrirostris (Black Catbird)1
Mimus gilvus (Tropical Mockingbird)1
Mimus graysoni (Socorro Mockingbird)1
Mimus saturninus (Chalk-browed Mockingbird)1
Molothrus aeneus (Bronzed Cowbird)1
Momotus momota (Blue-crowned Motmot)1
Myiarchus nuttingi (Nutting's Flycatcher)1
Myiarchus tyrannulus (Brown-crested Flycatcher)1
Myiozetetes similis (Social Flycatcher)1
Nasua nasua (South American Coati)1
Ortalis vetula (Plain Chachalaca)1
Pachyramphus aglaiae (Rose-throated Becard)1
Paroaria capitata (Yellow-billed Cardinal)1
Parula pitiayumi (Tropical Parula)1
Passerina cyanea (Indigo Bunting)1
Patagioenas flavirostris (Red-billed Pigeon)1
Patagioenas nigrirostris (Short-billed Pigeon)1
Patagioenas picazuro (Picazuro Pigeon)1
Penelope obscura (Dusky-legged Guan)1
Penelope purpurascens (Crested Guan)1
Phyllostomus hastatus (greater spear-nosed bat)1
Piranga bidentata (Flame-colored Tanager)1
Piranga ludoviciana (Western Tanager)1
Piranga olivacea (Scarlet Tanager)1
Piranga rubra (Summer Tanager)1
Pitangus sulphuratus (Great Kiskadee)2
Procnias nudicollis (Bare-throated Bellbird)1
Psarocolius montezuma (Montezuma Oropendola)1
Pseudoseisura cristata (Caatinga Cacholote)1
Pteroglossus torquatus (Collared Aracari)1
Pyrrhura frontalis (Reddish-bellied Parakeet)1
Quiscalus mexicanus (Great-tailed Grackle)1
Ramphastos sulfuratus (Keel-billed Toucan)1
Ramphocelus carbo (Silver-beaked Tanager)1
Saltator atriceps (Black-headed Saltator)1
Sciurus deppei (Deppe's squirrel)1
Tangara preciosa (Chestnut-backed Tanager)1
Thraupis abbas (Yellow-winged Tanager)1
Thraupis episcopus (Blue-grey Tanager)1
Thraupis sayaca (Sayaca Tanager)2
Tiaris olivaceus (Yellow-faced Grassquit)1
Tityra semifasciata (Masked Tityra)1
Trogon citreolus (Citreoline Trogon)1
Trogon melanocephalus (Black-headed Trogon)1
Turdus amaurochalinus (Creamy-bellied Thrush)1
Turdus grayi (Clay-colored Thrush)1
Turdus leucomelas (Pale-breasted Thrush)1
Turdus rufiventris (Rufous-bellied Thrush)2
Tyrannus couchii (Couch's Kingbird)1
Tyrannus dominicensis (Grey Kingbird)1
Tyrannus forficatus (Scissor-tailed Flycatcher)1
Tyrannus tyrannus (Eastern Kingbird)1
Tyrannus verticalis (Western Kingbird)1
Vireo bellii (Bell's Vireo)1
Vireo olivaceus (Red-eyed Vireo)2

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Geopetitia aspiculata <Unverified Name>[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Barranquilla Zoo
Zoologico Nacional La Aurora

Range Map

Link to Map

Audio

Play / PauseVolume
Provided by Xeno-canto under a Creative Commons BY-NC-ND 2.5 License Author: Sjoerd Mayer

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Peterson A.P., 11-Oct-2007, ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1Thomas, BT 1982. Weights of some Venezuelan birds. Bull. Brit. Orn. Cl. 102: 48-52 2DIET OF THE GRAYISH SALTATOR (SALTATOR COERULESCENS) IN NORTHEASTERN ARGENTINA, Mario L. Chatellenaz, ORNITOLOGIA NEOTROPICAL 19: 617–625, 2008 3The sweet jelly of Combretum lanceolatum flowers (Combretaceae): a cornucopia resource for bird pollinators in the Pantanal, western Brazil, M. Sazima, S. Vogel, A. L. do Prado, D. M. de Oliveira, G. Franz, and I. Sazima, Plant Syst. Evol. 227: 195-208 (2001) 4"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572 5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Biodiversity Hotspots, Conservation International
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Range map provided by Ridgely, R. S., T. F. Allnutt, T. Brooks, D. K. McNicol, D. W. Mehlman, B. E. Young, and J. R. Zook. 2007. Digital Distribution Maps of the Birds of the Western Hemisphere, version 3.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA.
Data provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Robert Ridgely, James Zook, The Nature Conservancy - Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International - CABS, World Wildlife Fund - US, and Environment Canada - WILDSPACE.
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011
Audio software provided by SoundManager 2