Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Oriolidae > Sphecotheres > Sphecotheres viridis

Sphecotheres viridis (Green Figbird; Timor Figbird)

Wikipedia Abstract

The green figbird or Timor figbird (Sphecotheres viridis) is a species of bird in the Oriolidae family. It is endemic to forest, woodland, mangrove and scrub on the south-east Asian islands of Timor and Roti. It is moderately common, and therefore considered to be of Least Concern by BirdLife International and the IUCN. It has sometimes included the two other figbirds as subspecies, in which case the combined species simply was known as "figbird", but today all major authorities consider them as separate species. It resembles the more widespread Australasian figbird, but is smaller and, except for the paler crissum (around the cloaca), the male is entirely yellow-olive below (including the throat).
View Wikipedia Record: Sphecotheres viridis

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 8.36533
EDGE Score: 2.23701


Adult Weight [1]  122 grams
Diet [2]  Frugivore
Diet - Fruit [2]  100 %
Forages - Canopy [2]  80 %
Forages - Mid-High [2]  20 %
Clutch Size [3]  4
Maximum Longevity [1]  18 years


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Arnhem Land tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Brigalow tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Cape York Peninsula tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Carpentaria tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Einasleigh upland savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kimberly tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Queensland tropical rain forests Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Timor and Wetar deciduous forests East Timor, Indonesia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Kakadu National Park II 4744348 Northern Territory, Australia
Lamington National Park II 50970 Queensland, Australia
Prince Regent River Nature Reserve Ia 1428602 Western Australia, Australia  
Shoalwater and Corio Bays Area Ramsar Site   Queensland, Australia

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Be Malae-Atabae Timor-Leste A2  
Lore Timor-Leste A1, A2
Maubara Timor-Leste A2
Monte Paitchau (proposed Conis Santana National Park) Timor-Leste A1, A2
Mount Curi Timor-Leste A2  
Mount Mak Fahik and Mount Sarim Timor-Leste A1, A2
Sungai Clere Timor-Leste A1, A2
Tilomar Timor-Leste A1, A2

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Wallacea East Timor, Indonesia No

Prey / Diet

Ficus asperiuscula[4]
Ficus fraseri (White Sandpaper Fig)[4]
Ficus leptoclada[4]
Ficus leucotricha (desert fig)[4]
Ficus macrophylla (Moreton Bay Fig)[4]
Ficus macrophylla subsp. macrophylla[4]
Ficus superba (Sea Fig)[4]
Ficus thonningii (Chinese banyan)[4]
Ficus tinctoria (fig)[4]
Ficus trachypison[4]
Ficus watkinsiana (Ficus watkinsiana)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Aceros cassidix (Knobbed Hornbill)1
Ailuroedus crassirostris (Green Catbird)6
Alisterus scapularis (Australian King Parrot)2
Anthreptes malacensis (Brown-throated Sunbird)1
Aplonis metallica (Metallic Starling)2
Aplonis panayensis (Asian Glossy Starling)1
Cacatua galerita (Sulphur-crested Cockatoo)1
Cacatua leadbeateri (Major Mitchell's Cockatoo)1
Cacatua sulphurea (Yellow-crested Cockatoo)1
Cacomantis variolosus (Brush Cuckoo)1
Casuarius casuarius (Southern Cassowary)1
Chalcophaps indica (Common Emerald Dove)1
Charmosyna placentis (Red-flanked Lorikeet)2
Chlamydera maculata (Spotted Bowerbird)1
Chlamydera nuchalis (Great Bowerbird)1
Columba leucomela (White-headed Pigeon)2
Columba vitiensis (Metallic Pigeon)1
Coracina novaehollandiae (Black-faced Cuckooshrike)2
Corvus macrorhynchos (Large-billed Crow)1
Corvus orru (Torresian Crow)1
Cracticus nigrogularis (Pied Butcherbird)1
Cyclopsitta diophthalma (Double-eyed Fig Parrot)3
Dicaeum agile (Thick-billed Flowerpecker)1
Dicrurus hottentottus (Hair-crested Drongo)1
Dobsonia minor (lesser naked-backed fruit bat)2
Dobsonia moluccensis (Moluccan naked-backed fruit bat)2
Ducula bicolor (Pied Imperial Pigeon)2
Echymipera rufescens (Long-nosed Echymipera)3
Entomyzon cyanotis (Blue-faced Honeyeater)1
Eolophus roseicapilla (Galah)1
Eudynamys scolopaceus (Asian Koel)5
Gracula religiosa (Hill Myna)1
Gymnophaps albertisii (Papuan Mountain Pigeon)1
Lalage atrovirens (Black-browed Triller)1
Lalage leucomela (Varied Triller)1
Lichenostomus keartlandi (Grey-headed Honeyeater)1
Lichenostomus versicolor (Varied Honeyeater)1
Lopholaimus antarcticus (Topknot Pigeon)6
Macroglossus minimus (lesser long-tongued fruit bat)3
Macropygia amboinensis (Brown Cuckoo-Dove)3
Macropygia unchall (Barred Cuckoo-Dove)1
Manorina melanocephala (Noisy Miner)2
Meliphaga lewinii (Lewin's Honeyeater)6
Monarcha cinerascens (Island Monarch)1
Nyctimene albiventer (common tube-nosed fruit bat)3
Ocyphaps lophotes (Crested Pigeon)1
Oriolus sagittatus (Olive-backed Oriole)3
Parus major (Great Tit)1
Phalanger orientalis (Northern Common Cuscus)3
Phaps chalcoptera (Common Bronzewing)1
Philemon buceroides (Helmeted Friarbird)3
Platycercus elegans (Crimson Rosella)3
Pseudochirops archeri (Green Ringtail)1
Pteropus alecto (black flying fox)1
Pteropus conspicillatus (spectacled flying fox)3
Pteropus neohibernicus (great flying fox)1
Pteropus poliocephalus (gray-headed flying fox)5
Ptilinopus cinctus (Banded Fruit Dove)2
Ptilinopus magnificus (Wompoo Fruit Dove)7
Ptilinopus regina (Rose-crowned Fruit Dove)5
Ptilinopus superbus (Superb Fruit Dove)1
Ptilonorhynchus violaceus (Satin Bowerbird)5
Ptiloris magnificus (Magnificent Riflebird)3
Ptiloris paradiseus (Paradise Riflebird)1
Pycnonotus eutilotus (Puff-backed Bulbul)1
Pycnonotus goiavier (Yellow-vented Bulbul)1
Pycnonotus plumosus (Olive-winged Bulbul)1
Rhyticeros plicatus (Papuan Hornbill)2
Rousettus amplexicaudatus (Geoffroy's rousette)3
Scythrops novaehollandiae (Channel-billed Cuckoo)4
Sericulus chrysocephalus (Regent Bowerbird)6
Strepera graculina (Pied Currawong)4
Streptopelia chinensis (Spotted Dove)1
Syconycteris australis (southern blossom bat)3
Treron pompadora (Pompadour Green Pigeon)1
Treron vernans (Pink-necked Green Pigeon)1
Trichoglossus haematodus (Coconut Lorikeet)4
Turdus obscurus (Eyebrowed Thrush)1
Zosterops lateralis (Silvereye)3

Range Map



Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3A comparative analysis of some life-history traits between cooperatively and non-cooperatively breeding Australian passerines, ALDO POIANI and LARS SOMMER JERMIIN, Evolutionary Ecology, 1994, 8, 471-488
4"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access