Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Sylviidae > Sylvia > Sylvia melanothorax

Sylvia melanothorax (Cyprus Warbler)

Wikipedia Abstract

The Cyprus warbler (Sylvia melanothorax) is a typical warbler which breeds only on Cyprus. This small passerine bird is a short-distance migrant, and winters in Israel, Jordan and Egypt. Like most Sylvia species, it has distinct male and female plumages. The adult male is a small typical warbler with a grey back, black head, white malar streaks ("moustaches"), and, uniquely among typical warblers, underparts heavily streaked with black. The female is mainly grey above, with a greyer head, and whitish with only light spotting. The Cyprus warbler's song is fast and rattling, and is similar to that of the Sardinian warbler.
View Wikipedia Record: Sylvia melanothorax

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 5.75272
EDGE Score: 1.90995


Adult Weight [1]  11 grams
Birth Weight [1]  1.7 grams
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Frugivore
Diet - Fruit [2]  20 %
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  80 %
Forages - Mid-High [2]  20 %
Forages - Understory [2]  60 %
Forages - Ground [2]  20 %
Clutch Size [3]  5


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Arabian Desert and East Sahero-Arabian xeric shrublands Saudi Arabia, Oman, United Arab Emirates, Yemen, Egypt , Iraq, Jordan, Syria Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Cyprus Mediterranean forests Cyprus Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mesopotamian shrub desert Iraq, Syria, Jordan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Nile Delta flooded savanna Egypt Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Red Sea coastal desert Egypt, Sudan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Red Sea Nubo-Sindian tropical desert and semi-desert Egypt, Jordan, Saudia Arabia, Yemen, Oman Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Mujib Nature Reserve Wildlife Reserve IV   Jordan
Wadi Rum Protected Area National Park V   Jordan  

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Achna dam Cyprus A2  
Adelfoi forest Cyprus A1, A2, A3, B2
Akamas Peninsula Cyprus A2, A3, A4i, B1i, B1iv
Akrotiri salt-lake including Bishop's Pool Cyprus A1, A2, A4i, B1i, B1iv, B2
Episkopi Cliffs Cyprus A2, B2
Karpas Peninsula Cyprus A2, B2
Larnaca salt-lakes Cyprus A1, A2, A4i, B1i, B2
Pafos Forest Cyprus A1, A2, A3, B2  
Pafos plain Cyprus A2, B2
Pentadaktylos Mountains Cyprus A2  
Phasouri reedbeds Cyprus A2, B2
Xeros Valley: Asprokremmos dam Cyprus A2, B2

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No




Attributes / relations provided by
1Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access