Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Thraupidae > Tangara > Tangara mexicana
 

Tangara mexicana (Turquoise Tanager)

Wikipedia Abstract

The turquoise tanager (Tangara mexicana) is a medium-sized passerine bird. This tanager is a resident bird from Trinidad, Colombia and Venezuela south to Bolivia and much of Brazil (despite its scientific name, it is not found in Mexico). It is restricted to areas with humid forest, with its primary distribution being the Amazon, while a disjunct population occurs in the Atlantic Forest of eastern Brazil.
View Wikipedia Record: Tangara mexicana

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
4
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
19
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 4.26017
EDGE Score: 1.66016

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  20.9 grams
Clutch Size [2]  2

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Beni savanna Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Caqueta moist forests Brazil, Columbia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cerrado Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Chiquitano dry forests Bolivia, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Cordillera La Costa montane forests Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Dry Chaco Bolivia, Paraguay, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Guianan Freshwater swamp forests Suriname, Guyana, French Guiana Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan Highlands moist forests Venezuela, Brazil, Guyana, Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan moist forests Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Brazil, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan savanna Brazil, Guyana, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Gurupa varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Iquitos varzea Brazil, Peru, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Japurá-Solimoes-Negro moist forests Brazil, Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Juruá-Purus moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Lesser Antillean dry forests Grenada, St. Lucia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Madeira-Tapajós moist forests Brazil, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Marajó varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mato Grosso seasonal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Monte Alegre varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Napo moist forests Colombia, Venezuela, Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Negro-Branco moist forests Colombia, Venezuela, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Orinoco Delta swamp forests Venezuela, Guyana Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Orinoco wetlands Venezuela Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Pantepuis Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Purus varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Purus-Madeira moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Rio Negro campinarana Brazil, Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Solimões-Japurá moist forest Brazil, Colombia, Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southwest Amazon moist forests Peru, Brazil, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tapajós-Xingu moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tocantins/Pindare moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Trinidad and Tobago moist forests Trinidad and Tobago Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Uatuma-Trombetas moist forests Brazil, Guyana, Suriname Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Ucayali moist forests Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Xingu-Tocantins-Araguaia moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Bahuaja-Sonene National Park II 2716956 Madre de Dios (Puerto Maldonado), Peru  
Cayambe-Coca Ecological Reserve VI 921676 Ecuador  
Cordillera Azul National Park 3367365 Huanuco, Peru  
El Caura Forest Reserve VI 12722815 Venezuela  
Estacion Biologica Beni Biosphere Reserve VI 335178 Bolivia  
Imataca Forest Reserve VI 13252422 Venezuela  
Jaú National Park II 5890355 Amazonas, Brazil  
Madidi National Park II 3194501 Bolivia  
Mamirauá Sustainable Development Reserve State Sustainable Development Reserve VI 3260792 Amazonas, Brazil  
Manú National Park II 4213523 Cusco, Peru  
Mata Atlântica Biosphere Reserve 72830565 Brazil  
Megantoni National Sanctuary 536005 Cusco, Peru  
Noel Kempff Mercado National Park II 4006523 Bolivia  
Podocarpus National Park II 364096 Ecuador  
Ralleigh Falls - Voltzberg Nature Reserve 191114 Suriname  
Reserva Cuzco Amazonico   Peru      
Reserva de la Biosfera de Yasuni Biosphere Reserve 4156313 Ecuador  
Sierra del Divisor Reserve Zone 3652986 Peru      

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Murici Brazil A1, A2, A3
Serra do Tinguá Brazil A1, A2, A3
Serra dos Órgãos Brazil A1, A2, A3

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Caribbean Islands Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Cayman Islands, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Jamaica, Martinique, Montserrat, Netherlands Antilles, Puerto Rico, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent And The Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks And Caicos Islands, Virgin Islands - British, Virgin Islands - U.S. No
Cerrado Brazil No
Tropical Andes Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela No

Prey / Diet

Cecropia polystachya (Trumpet tree)[3]
Chiococca alba (West Indian milkberry)[3]
Cordia bicolor[3]
Ficus americana subsp. guianensis[4]
Ficus citrifolia (shortleaf fig)[4]
Ficus elastica (indian rubber fig)[3]
Ficus pertusa[5]
Ficus yoponensis[3]
Hieronyma alchorneoides var. alchorneoides[3]
Lacistema aggregatum (Cemp wood)[3]
Laetia procera (cuero de rana)[3]
Protium heptaphyllum[3]
Trema micrantha (Jamaican nettletree)[3]
Varronia curassavica (Liane mounton)[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Alouatta palliata (mantled howler monkey)2
Artibeus jamaicensis (Jamaican fruit-eating bat)5
Artibeus lituratus (great fruit-eating bat)2
Ateles geoffroyi (Central American spider monkey)2
Ateles paniscus (black spider monkey)2
Aulacorhynchus prasinus (Emerald Toucanet)2
Cebus capucinus (white-faced capuchin)5
Chlorophanes spiza (Green Honeycreeper)9
Coereba flaveola (Bananaquit)6
Cyanerpes caeruleus (Purple Honeycreeper)3
Cyanerpes cyaneus (Red-legged Honeycreeper)4
Dacnis cayana (Blue Dacnis)7
Dermanura phaeotis (pygmy fruit-eating bat)2
Dermanura tolteca (Toltec fruit-eating bat)2
Elaenia frantzii (Mountain Elaenia)2
Euphonia violacea (Violaceous Euphonia)6
Iguana iguana (Common Green Iguana)2
Lagothrix lagothricha (Humboldt's woolly monkey)2
Loxigilla portoricensis (Puerto Rican Bullfinch)2
Margarops fuscatus (Pearly-eyed Thrasher)2
Myiozetetes similis (Social Flycatcher)2
Nesospingus speculiferus (Puerto Rican Tanager)2
Potos flavus (Kinkajou)2
Pyrrhura molinae (Green-cheeked Parakeet)2
Ramphocelus carbo (Silver-beaked Tanager)5
Saguinus oedipus (cotton-top tamarin)2
Saimiri sciureus (South American squirrel monkey)3
Sapajus apella (brown capuchin)3
Tachyphonus rufus (White-lined Tanager)7
Tangara guttata (Speckled Tanager)5
Tangara gyrola (Bay-headed Tanager)10
Thraupis episcopus (Blue-grey Tanager)8
Thraupis palmarum (Palm Tanager)7
Turdus plumbeus (Red-legged Thrush)2
Tyrannus dominicensis (Grey Kingbird)2
Uroderma bilobatum (tent-making bat)2
Vampyressa pusilla (little yellow-eared bat)2
Vampyriscus nymphaea (striped yellow-eared bat)2
Vireo altiloquus (Black-whiskered Vireo)2

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Biodome de Montreal
 mexicana
Brevard Zoomexicana
Cheyenne Mtn Zoological Park
Chicago Zoological Park
 mexicana
Dallas World Aquarium
Denver Zoological Gardens
Jurong Birdpark, Singapore
Miller Park Zoomexicana
Milwaukee County Zoological Gardens
National Aquarium in Baltimore Inc
North Carolina Zoological Park
 mexicana
Parc des Oiseaux
Reid Park Zoo
San Diego Zoomexicana
St. Paul's Como Zoo
Steinhart Aquarium (CA Acad of Science
Toledo Zoological Gardens
Tracy Aviary
Universeum Science Center
Woodland Park Zoological Gardens
Zoological Society of Trinidad &Tobagovieilloti
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzenbrasiliensis
Zoologischer Garten Leipzig

Range Map

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1THE FEEDING ECOLOGY OF TANAGERS AND HONEYCREEPERS IN TRINIDAD, Barbara K. Snow and D. W. Snow, The Auk, 88: 291-322 (1971) 2Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 3The Feeding Ecology of Tanagers and Honeycreepers in Trinidad, Barbara K. Snow and D. W. Snow, The Auk Vol. 88, No. 2 (Apr., 1971), pp. 291-322 4"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572 5Frugivores at a fruiting Ficus in south-eastern Peru, Jose G. Tello, Journal of Tropical Ecology (2003) 19:717–721.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access