Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Charadriiformes > Charadriidae > Thinornis > Thinornis novaeseelandiae

Thinornis novaeseelandiae (Shore Dotterel; Shore Plover)

Synonyms: Charadrius novaeseelandiae

Wikipedia Abstract

The shore dotterel or shore plover (Thinornis novaeseelandiae) is a small species (20 cm in length, 60g) of plover endemic to New Zealand. Its Māori name is tuturuatu. It is a brown and white bird with a white-edged black mask and a brown crown.The shore dotterel is an endangered species with a world population of around 200 birds. It once was found across the South Island and North Island in New Zealand but became extinct there, probably due to the predations of introduced cats and rats.
View Wikipedia Record: Thinornis novaeseelandiae

Endangered Species

Status: Endangered
View IUCN Record: Thinornis novaeseelandiae

EDGE Analysis

The Shore Plover is thought to be one of the rarest and most threatened waders on the planet. It is endemic to New Zealand and was once widespread along the coast of the South Island. The decrease in plover numbers correlates with the introduction and spread of non-native predators. Biologists suggest that cats and Norway rats caused this decline prior to the arrival of ship rats and predators like ferrets and weasels. Today the Shore Plover is found only on a small number of offshore islands.
Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 17.8832
EDGE Score: 5.01771
View EDGE Record: Thinornis novaeseelandiae


Adult Weight [1]  61 grams
Birth Weight [2]  12.6 grams
Clutch Size [2]  3
Maximum Longevity [3]  21 years


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Chatham Island temperate forests New Zealand Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests  

Alliance for Zero Extinction (AZE) Sites

Name  Location   Map   Climate   Land Use 
Chatham Islands New Zealand  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
New Zealand New Zealand Yes

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Pukaha Mount Bruce National Wildlife Centre




Attributes / relations provided by 1Marchant, S.; Higgins, PJ (eds.) 1993. The handbook of Australian, New Zealand and Antarctic birds, Vol. 2., raptors to lapwings. Oxford University Press, Melbourne 2Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605 3BirdLife International (2012) Species factsheet: Thinornis novaeseelandiae. Downloaded from on 10/09/2012
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
AZE sites provided by Alliance for Zero Extinction (2010). 2010 AZE Update.
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access