Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Thraupidae > Thraupis > Thraupis episcopus
 

Thraupis episcopus (Blue-grey Tanager; Blue-gray Tanager)

Language: Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The blue-gray tanager (Thraupis episcopus) is a medium-sized South American songbird of the tanager family, Thraupidae. Its range is from Mexico south to northeast Bolivia and northern Brazil, all of the Amazon Basin, except the very south. It has been introduced to Lima (Peru). On Trinidad and Tobago, this bird is called blue jean.
View Wikipedia Record: Thraupis episcopus

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
3
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
15
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 3.14302
EDGE Score: 1.42143

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  35 grams
Birth Weight [2]  3.1 grams
Clutch Size [1]  2
Incubation [1]  13 days
Maximum Longevity [1]  10 years

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Apure-Villavicencio dry forests Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Araya and Paria xeric scrub Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Caqueta moist forests Brazil, Columbia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Catatumbo moist forests Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cauca Valley dry forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Cauca Valley montane forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central American Atlantic moist forests Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central American dry forests Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Central American montane forests Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Chiapas montane forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Chimalapas montane forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Chocó-Darién moist forests Colombia, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cordillera La Costa montane forests Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cordillera Oriental montane forests Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Costa Rican seasonal moist forests Costa Rica Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Cordillera real montane forests Ecuador, Colombia, Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Panamanian montane forests Colombia, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Ecuadorian dry forests Ecuador Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Guajira-Barranquilla xeric scrub Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Guayaquil flooded grasslands Ecuador Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Guianan Freshwater swamp forests Suriname, Guyana, French Guiana Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan Highlands moist forests Venezuela, Brazil, Guyana, Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan moist forests Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Brazil, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan savanna Brazil, Guyana, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Gurupa varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Iquitos varzea Brazil, Peru, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Isthmian-Atlantic moist forests Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests    
Isthmian-Pacific moist forests Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Japurá-Solimoes-Negro moist forests Brazil, Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Juruá-Purus moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
La Costa xeric shrublands Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Lara-Falcón dry forests Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Lesser Antillean dry forests Grenada, St. Lucia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Llanos Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Madeira-Tapajós moist forests Brazil, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Magdalena Valley dry forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Magdalena Valley montane forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Magdalena-Urabá moist forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Marañón dry forests Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Maracaibo dry forests Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Marajó varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Maranhao Babatu forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Monte Alegre varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Napo moist forests Colombia, Venezuela, Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Negro-Branco moist forests Colombia, Venezuela, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northeastern Brazil restingas Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northwestern Andean montane forests Colombia, Ecuador Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Orinoco Delta swamp forests Venezuela, Guyana Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Orinoco wetlands Venezuela Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Panamanian dry forests Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Pantanos de Centla Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Pantepuis Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Paraguana xeric scrub Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Patía Valley dry forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Petén-Veracruz moist forests Mexico, Guatemala, Belize Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Purus varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Purus-Madeira moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Rio Negro campinarana Brazil, Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Santa Marta montane forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sierra de los Tuxtlas Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Sierra Madre de Chiapas moist forest Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sinú Valley dry forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Solimões-Japurá moist forest Brazil, Colombia, Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southwest Amazon moist forests Peru, Brazil, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Talamancan montane forests Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tapajós-Xingu moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tocantins/Pindare moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Trinidad and Tobago moist forests Trinidad and Tobago Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tumbes-Piura dry forests Ecuador, Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Uatuma-Trombetas moist forests Brazil, Guyana, Suriname Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Ucayali moist forests Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Venezuelan Andes montane forests Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Veracruz dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Western Ecuador moist forests Colombia, Ecuador Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Xingu-Tocantins-Araguaia moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Bahuaja-Sonene National Park II 2716956 Madre de Dios (Puerto Maldonado), Peru  
Cayambe-Coca Ecological Reserve VI 921676 Ecuador  
Cinaruco-Capanaparo National Park II 1664173 Venezuela  
Cockscomb Basin Wildlife Sanctuary IV 122962 Belize
Columbia River Forest Reserve VI 149053 Belize  
Cordillera Azul National Park 3367365 Huanuco, Peru  
Cordillera Volcanica Central Forest Reserve VI 150571 Costa Rica  
El Caura Forest Reserve VI 12722815 Venezuela  
Estación Biológica El Frío 57221 Venezuela  
Estacion Biologica Beni Biosphere Reserve VI 335178 Bolivia  
Imataca Forest Reserve VI 13252422 Venezuela  
La Amistad International Park National Park II 541617 Panama, Costa Rica  
La Reserva de la Planada   Colombia      
La Selva Biological Station Protective Zone VI 6052 Costa Rica
Las Palmas Cloud Forest Reserve   Ecuador      
Macarao National Park II 44345 Venezuela  
Madidi National Park II 3194501 Bolivia  
Mamirauá Sustainable Development Reserve State Sustainable Development Reserve VI 3260792 Amazonas, Brazil  
Manú National Park II 4213523 Cusco, Peru  
Maya Multiple Use Area 1156412 Guatemala  
Megantoni National Sanctuary 536005 Cusco, Peru  
Montecristo National Park IV 9237 El Salvador  
Montes Azules Biosphere Reserve VI 814711 Chiapas, Mexico  
Morrocoy National Park 63672 Venezuela  
Palo Verde National Park II 46190 Costa Rica  
Parque Nacional Henri Pittier National Park 218030 Venezuela  
Parque Nacional Yacambu National Park II 43025 Venezuela  
Podocarpus National Park II 364096 Ecuador  
Ralleigh Falls - Voltzberg Nature Reserve 191114 Suriname  
Rara Avis Rainforest Reserve 3163 Costa Rica
Río Plátano Biosphere Reserve   Honduras      
Refugio de Vida Silvestre Reserva Karen Mogensen F. Nature Reserve 1866 Costa Rica  
Reserva Cuzco Amazonico   Peru      
Reserva de la Biosfera de Sian Ka'an Biosphere Reserve VI 1312618 Mexico  
Reserva de la Biosfera de Yasuni Biosphere Reserve 4156313 Ecuador  
Reserva de la Biosfera Sierra Gorda Biosphere Reserve VI 955579 Queretaro, Mexico  
Reserva del Noroeste Biosphere Reserve 571807 Peru  
Reserva Natural Tambito   Colombia      
Sarstoon Temash National Park II 42082 Belize  
Sierra del Divisor Reserve Zone 3652986 Peru      
Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta (incl. Tayrona NP) National Park II 1031303 Colombia  
Tikal National Park II 142943 Guatemala

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Caribbean Islands Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Cayman Islands, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Jamaica, Martinique, Montserrat, Netherlands Antilles, Puerto Rico, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent And The Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks And Caicos Islands, Virgin Islands - British, Virgin Islands - U.S. No
Mesoamerica Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama No
Tropical Andes Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela No
Tumbes-Choco-Magdalena Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Peru No

Prey / Diet

Acnistus arborescens (hollowheart)[3]
Cecropia obtusifolia (guarumo)[3]
Cecropia polystachya (Trumpet tree)[4]
Cordia bicolor[4]
Coussarea paniculata[4]
Doliocarpus dentatus[4]
Ficus americana subsp. guianensis[5]
Ficus cotinifolia[5]
Ficus elastica (indian rubber fig)[4]
Ficus pertusa[5]
Protium heptaphyllum[4]
Schefflera morototoni[4]
Trema micrantha (Jamaican nettletree)[4]
Varronia curassavica (Liane mounton)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Alouatta palliata (mantled howler monkey)3
Artibeus jamaicensis (Jamaican fruit-eating bat)4
Artibeus lituratus (great fruit-eating bat)2
Ateles chamek (Chamek spider monkey)2
Aulacorhynchus prasinus (Emerald Toucanet)4
Brotogeris jugularis (Orange-chinned Parakeet)2
Catharus ustulatus (Swainson's Thrush)3
Cebus capucinus (white-faced capuchin)3
Chiroxiphia linearis (Long-tailed Manakin)3
Chlorophanes spiza (Green Honeycreeper)7
Coereba flaveola (Bananaquit)5
Cyanerpes caeruleus (Purple Honeycreeper)3
Cyanerpes cyaneus (Red-legged Honeycreeper)6
Dacnis cayana (Blue Dacnis)5
Dives dives (Melodious Blackbird)2
Elaenia frantzii (Mountain Elaenia)3
Euphonia affinis (Scrub Euphonia)3
Euphonia hirundinacea (Yellow-throated Euphonia)3
Euphonia luteicapilla (Yellow-crowned Euphonia)2
Euphonia musica (Antillean Euphonia)2
Euphonia violacea (Violaceous Euphonia)4
Hylocichla mustelina (Wood Thrush)2
Icterus galbula (Northern Oriole)2
Icterus gularis (Altamira Oriole)2
Iguana iguana (Common Green Iguana)2
Lagothrix lagothricha (Humboldt's woolly monkey)2
Loxigilla portoricensis (Puerto Rican Bullfinch)2
Margarops fuscatus (Pearly-eyed Thrasher)2
Megarynchus pitangua (Boat-billed Flycatcher)3
Melanerpes aurifrons (Golden-fronted Woodpecker)2
Momotus momota (Blue-crowned Motmot)2
Myiozetetes similis (Social Flycatcher)4
Nesospingus speculiferus (Puerto Rican Tanager)2
Patagioenas fasciata (Band-tailed Pigeon)2
Penelope purpurascens (Crested Guan)2
Psilorhinus morio (Brown Jay)3
Pteroglossus torquatus (Collared Aracari)2
Pyrrhura molinae (Green-cheeked Parakeet)3
Ramphastos sulfuratus (Keel-billed Toucan)2
Ramphocelus carbo (Silver-beaked Tanager)5
Saguinus leucopus (silvery-brown bare-face tamarin)2
Saguinus oedipus (cotton-top tamarin)3
Saimiri sciureus (South American squirrel monkey)2
Sapajus apella (brown capuchin)2
Tachyphonus rufus (White-lined Tanager)7
Tangara guttata (Speckled Tanager)4
Tangara gyrola (Bay-headed Tanager)7
Tangara mexicana (Turquoise Tanager)8
Thraupis palmarum (Palm Tanager)8
Tityra semifasciata (Masked Tityra)3
Trogon citreolus (Citreoline Trogon)2
Turdus assimilis (White-throated Thrush)2
Turdus grayi (Clay-colored Thrush)2
Turdus plebejus (Mountain Thrush)3
Turdus plumbeus (Red-legged Thrush)2
Tyrannus dominicensis (Grey Kingbird)2
Vireo altiloquus (Black-whiskered Vireo)2
Vireo olivaceus (Red-eyed Vireo)2

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Geopetitia aspiculata <Unverified Name>[6]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Akron Zoological Park
Assiniboine Park Zoo
Barranquilla Zoo
 quaesita
Bergen County Zoological Park
Biodome de Montreal
Bronx Zoo/Wildlife Conservat'n Society
Central Park Zoo
Chicago Zoological Park
Dallas World Aquarium
Denver Zoological Gardens
Detroit Zoological Society
Gladys Porter Zoo
Houston Zoo, Inc.
Jurong Birdpark, Singapore
Lincoln Park Zoological Gardens
Louisville Zoological Garden
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Warsaw
Miller Park Zoo
Milwaukee County Zoological Gardens
Minnesota Zoological Garden
Montgomery Zoo
Nashville Zoo at Grassmere
National Aquarium in Baltimore Inc
National Aviary in Pittsburgh
North Carolina Zoological Park
Ogrod Zoobotaniczny Torun
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
Parc des Oiseaux
Parque Zoologico Jaime Duque - Bogota
Phoenix Zoo
Pueblo Zoo
San Antonio Zoological Gardens & Aquar
Schoenbrunner Tiergarten GmbH
Sedgwick County Zoo
Sequoia Park Zoo
Smithsonian National Zoological Park
St. Paul's Como Zoo
Steinhart Aquarium (CA Acad of Science
Tampa's Lowry Park Zoo
The Philadelphia Zoo
Toledo Zoological Gardens
Topeka Zoological Park
Toronto Zoo
Tracy Aviary
Woodland Park Zoological Gardens

Range Map

Patfa Valley dry forests;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605 3Tropical Fruit-Eating Birds and Their Food Plants: A Survey of a Costa Rican Lower Montane Forest, Nathaniel T. Wheelwright, William A. Haber, K. Greg Murray, Carlos Guindon, Biotropica Vol. 16, No. 3 (Sep., 1984), pp. 173-192 4The Feeding Ecology of Tanagers and Honeycreepers in Trinidad, Barbara K. Snow and D. W. Snow, The Auk Vol. 88, No. 2 (Apr., 1971), pp. 291-322 5"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572 6Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access