Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Turdidae > Turdus > Turdus albicollis
 

Turdus albicollis (White-necked Thrush)

Wikipedia Abstract

The White-necked Thrush (Turdus albicollis) is a songbird found in forest and woodland in South America. The taxonomy is potentially confusing, and it sometimes includes the members of the T. assimilis group as subspecies, in which case the "combined species" is referred to as the White-throated Thrush (a name limited to T. assimilis when the two are split). On the contrary, it may be split into two species, the Rufous-flanked Thrush (T. albicollis) and the Grey-flanked Thrush (T. phaeopygos).
View Wikipedia Record: Turdus albicollis

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
6
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
22
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 5.31898
EDGE Score: 1.84356

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  68 grams
Clutch Size [2]  2

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Map Climate Land
Use
Alta Paraná Atlantic forests Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Apure-Villavicencio dry forests Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Araucaria moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Araya and Paria xeric scrub Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Bahia coastal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Bahia interior forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Beni savanna Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Bolivian Yungas Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Campos Rupestres montane savanna Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Caqueta moist forests Brazil, Columbia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Catatumbo moist forests Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central Andean puna Argentina, Bolivia, Peru Neotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Cerrado Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Cordillera La Costa montane forests Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cordillera Oriental montane forests Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Dry Chaco Bolivia, Paraguay, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Cordillera real montane forests Ecuador, Colombia, Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guajira-Barranquilla xeric scrub Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Guianan Freshwater swamp forests Suriname, Guyana, French Guiana Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan Highlands moist forests Venezuela, Brazil, Guyana, Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan moist forests Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Brazil, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Gurupa varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Humid Chaco Argentina, Paraguay, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Iquitos varzea Brazil, Peru, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Japurá-Solimoes-Negro moist forests Brazil, Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Juruá-Purus moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
La Costa xeric shrublands Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Madeira-Tapajós moist forests Brazil, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Maracaibo dry forests Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Marajó varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Monte Alegre varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Napo moist forests Colombia, Venezuela, Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Negro-Branco moist forests Colombia, Venezuela, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Pantepuis Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Pernambuco coastal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Pernambuco interior forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Peruvian Yungas Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Purus varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Purus-Madeira moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Santa Marta montane forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Serra do Mar coastal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Solimões-Japurá moist forest Brazil, Colombia, Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southern Andean Yungas Bolivia, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southern Cone Mesopotamian savanna Argentina Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Southwest Amazon moist forests Peru, Brazil, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tapajós-Xingu moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tocantins/Pindare moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Uatuma-Trombetas moist forests Brazil, Guyana, Suriname Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Ucayali moist forests Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Xingu-Tocantins-Araguaia moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Map Climate Land Use
Augusto Ruschi Biological Reserve Ia 8848 Espirito Santo, Brazil  
Bañados del Este Wetland Reserve 986054 Uruguay  
Bahuaja-Sonene National Park II 2716956 Madre de Dios (Puerto Maldonado), Peru  
Bosque Mbaracayú Biosphere Reserve V 691895 Paraguay  
Caaguazú National Park II 33073 Paraguay  
Carapá Biological Refuge IV 9071 Paraguay  
Cayambe-Coca Ecological Reserve VI 921676 Ecuador  
Corcovado National Park 115845 Costa Rica  
Cordillera Azul National Park 3367365 Huanuco, Peru  
Estacion Biologica Beni Biosphere Reserve VI 335178 Bolivia  
Imataca Forest Reserve VI 13252422 Venezuela  
Itabó Biological Reserve IV 34092 Paraguay  
Itatiaia National Park II 69730 Minas Gerais, Brazil  
Jaú National Park II 5890355 Amazonas, Brazil  
Kuri'y National Reserve Natural Monument III 4972 Paraguay  
Limoy Biological Reserve IV 33774 Paraguay  
Madidi National Park II 3194501 Bolivia  
Manú National Park II 4213523 Cusco, Peru  
Mata Atlântica Biosphere Reserve 72830565 Brazil  
Mbaracayú Biological Refuge IV 4039 Paraguay  
Mburucuyá National Park II   Corrientes, Argentina  
Megantoni National Sanctuary 536005 Cusco, Peru  
Moisés Bertoni Natural Monument 488 Paraguay
Noel Kempff Mercado National Park II 4006523 Bolivia  
Otishi National Park 760925 Peru  
Parque Nacional Henri Pittier National Park 218030 Venezuela  
Parque Nacional Iguazú National Park II 115949 Argentina  
Parque Nacional Serranía San Luis National Park II 29816 Paraguay  
Ralleigh Falls - Voltzberg Nature Reserve 191114 Suriname  
Reserva Cuzco Amazonico   Peru        
Reserva de la Biosfera de Yasuni Biosphere Reserve 4156313 Ecuador  
San Rafael, Reserva de Recursos Manejados Managed Resource Reserve VI 165840 Paraguay  
Sierra del Divisor Reserve Zone 3652986 Peru      
Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta (incl. Tayrona NP) National Park II 1031303 Colombia  
Tatí Yupí Biological Refuge IV 5052 Paraguay  
Ybycu'í National Park II 13915 Paraguay  
Yvytyruzu Managed Resources Reserve Managed Resource Reserve VI 63491 Paraguay  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website Map
Atlantic Forest Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay No
Cerrado Brazil No
Tropical Andes Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela No

Prey / Diet

Eugenia umbelliflora[3]
Euterpe edulis[4]
Ficus pertusa[5]
Ocotea notata[6]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Artibeus lituratus (great fruit-eating bat)2
Elaenia flavogaster (Yellow-bellied Elaenia)2
Myiozetetes similis (Social Flycatcher)2
Procnias nudicollis (Bare-throated Bellbird)2
Turdus amaurochalinus (Creamy-bellied Thrush)2
Turdus flavipes (Yellow-legged Thrush)2

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Zoological Society of Trinidad &Tobago

Range Map

Link to Map

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Peterson A.P., 2013-11-04, in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1BODY MASSES AND MEASUREMENTS OF BIRDS FROM SOUTHERN ATLANTIC FOREST, BRAZIL, Bianca L. Reinert, Julio C. Pinto, Marcos R. Bornschein, Mauro Pichorim, Miguel A. Marini, Revta bras. Zool. 13 (4): 815 - 820, 1996 2Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 3Linking frugivore activity to early recruitment of a bird dispersed tree, Eugenia umbelliflora (Myrtaceae) in the Atlantic rainforest, MARINA CORRÊA CÔRTES, ELIANA CAZETTA, VANESSA GRAZIELE STAGGEMEIER AND MAURO GALETTI, Austral Ecology (2009) 34, 249–258 4FRUITING PHENOLOGY AND FRUGIVORY ON THE PALM EUTERPE EDULIS IN A LOWLAND ATLANTIC FOREST IN BRAZIL, Mauro Galetti, Valesca B. Zipparro & Patricia C. Morellato, ECOTROPICA 5: 115-122, 1999 5Frugivores at a fruiting Ficus in south-eastern Peru, Jose G. Tello, Journal of Tropical Ecology (2003) 19:717–721. 6Potential role of frugivorous birds (Passeriformes) on seed dispersal of six plant species in a restinga habitat, southeastern Brazil, Verônica Souza da Mota Gomes, Maria Célia Rodrigues Correia, Heloisa Alves de Lima & Maria Alice S. Alves, Rev. Biol. Trop. (Int. J. Trop. Biol.) Vol. 56 (1): 205-216, March 2008
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Biodiversity Hotspots, Conservation International
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
EDGE analysis provided by EDGE of Existence programme, Zoological Society of London
Range map provided by Ridgely, R. S., T. F. Allnutt, T. Brooks, D. K. McNicol, D. W. Mehlman, B. E. Young, and J. R. Zook. 2007. Digital Distribution Maps of the Birds of the Western Hemisphere, version 3.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA.
Data provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Robert Ridgely, James Zook, The Nature Conservancy - Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International - CABS, World Wildlife Fund - US, and Environment Canada - WILDSPACE.
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011