Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Turdidae > Turdus > Turdus olivaceus
 

Turdus olivaceus (Olive Thrush)

Wikipedia Abstract

The olive thrush (Turdus olivaceus) is, in its range, one of the most common members of the thrush family (Turdidae). It occurs in east African highlands from Eritrea and Ethiopia in the north to the Cape of Good Hope in south. It is a bird of forest and woodland, but has locally adapted to parks and large gardens in suburban areas.It can reach a length of 24 cm and a mass of at least 101 grams. The tail and the upperparts are coloured dull olive brown.
View Wikipedia Record: Turdus olivaceus

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
7
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
25
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 6.44486
EDGE Score: 2.00752

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  72 grams
Birth Weight [1]  7.4 grams
Clutch Size [2]  2

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Albany thickets South Africa Afrotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Albertine Rift montane forests Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi,Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central Zambezian Miombo woodlands Tanzania, Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola, Zambia, Malawi Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Drakensberg alti-montane grasslands and woodlands South Africa Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Drakensberg montane grasslands, woodlands and forests South Africa, Swaziland, Lesotho Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
East African montane forests Sudan, Kenya, Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
East African montane moorlands Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Eastern Arc forests Tanzania, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Zimbabwe montane forest-grassland mosaic Zimbabwe, Mozambique Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Ethiopian montane forests Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia, Sudan Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Ethiopian montane grasslands and woodlands Ethiopia, Eritrea Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Ethiopian montane moorlands Ethiopia Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Highveld grasslands South Africa Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Itigi-Sumbu thicket Tanzania, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kalahari xeric savanna Botswana, Namibia, South Africa Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Knysna-Amatole montane forests South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
KwaZulu-Cape coastal forest mosaic South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Lowland fynbos and renosterveld South Africa Afrotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Maputaland-Pondoland bushland and thickets South Africa Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Montane fynbos and renosterveld South Africa Afrotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Nama Karoo Namibia, South Africa Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Namibian savanna woodlands Angola, Namibia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Northern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Rwenzori-Virunga montane moorlands Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda, Rwanda Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Sahelian Acacia savanna Senegal, Mauritania, Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger, Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad, Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Serengeti volcanic grasslands Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Somali Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
South Malawi montane forest-grassland mosaic Malawi, Mozambique Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Southern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Tanzania, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Miombo woodlands Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Malawi, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Rift montane forest-grassland mosaic Malawi, Tanzania Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Succulent Karoo Namibia, South Africa Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Zambezian and Mopane woodlands South Africa, Mozambique, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, Namibia, Malawi Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Addo Elephant National Park II 348463 Eastern Cape, South Africa
Amboseli National Park National Reserve II 99624 Kenya
Augrabies Falls National Park II 137301 Northern Cape, South Africa
Bontebok National Park II 8315 Western Cape, South Africa
Burko Catchment Forest Reserve 1342 Tanzania  
Chome Catchment Forest Reserve IV 34897 Tanzania  
East Usambara Biosphere Reserve 222395 Tanzania  
Golden Gate Highlands National Park II 28689 Free State, South Africa
Gombe National Park II 8799 Tanzania
Hlane Royal National Park VI 30892 Swaziland  
Kahuzi-Biéga National Park II 1647768 Democratic Republic of the Congo  
Kalahari Gemsbok National Park II 2382284 Northern Cape, South Africa
Karoo National Park II 190300 Western Cape, South Africa
Kenneth Stainbank Nature Reserve Provincial Nature Reserve IV 554 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
Kitumbeine Local Authority Forest Reserve   Tanzania      
Kogelberg Biosphere Reserve II 256073 Western Cape, South Africa  
Krantzkloof Nature Reserve Provincial Nature Reserve IV 1452 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa
Lake Nakuru National Park II 46472 Kenya  
Longido Local Authority Forest Reserve 5128 Tanzania  
Losiminguri Forest Reserve 14815 Tanzania  
Malolotja Nature Reserve IV 42044 Swaziland  
Marakele National Park II 163507 Limpopo, South Africa
Minziro Forest Reserve 76954 Tanzania  
Monduli Forest Reserve 21687 Tanzania  
Mount Elgon National Park II 276135 Uganda
Mount Kenya Biosphere Reserve II 146694 Kenya
Mount Kulal Biosphere Reserve 1729738 Kenya  
Mountain Zebra National Park II 60944 Eastern Cape, South Africa
Nairobi National Park II 16444 Kenya
New Germany Nature Reserve 272 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa
Northern Works   South Africa      
Palmiet Nature Reserve   Kwazulu Natal, South Africa
Pigeon Valley Nature Reserve 25 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa      
Richtersveld National Park II 399195 Northern Cape, South Africa
Roosfontein Nature Reserve 519 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
Serengeti-Ngorongoro Biosphere Reserve 5696026 Tanzania  
Shongweni Resources Reserve 42008 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
Table Mountain (Cape Peninsula) National Park II 70141 Western Cape, South Africa
Tsitsikamma National Park II 34343 Southern Cape, South Africa  
Uluguru Forest Reserves   Tanzania      
Umbogavango Nature Reserve 89 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
Umgeni River Provincial Nature Reserve 2372 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
Virginia Bush Nature Reserve 94 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
West Coast National Park II 59916 Western Cape, South Africa
Wilderness National Park II 5929 Western Cape, South Africa  

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Mafinga Mountains Zambia  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Cape Floristic Region South Africa No
Eastern Afromontane Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe No
Horn of Africa Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Oman, Somalia, Yemen No
Maputaland-Pondoland-Albany Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland No
Succulent Karoo Namibia, South Africa No

Prey / Diet

Ficus burtt-davyi (Veld Fig)[3]
Ficus thonningii (Chinese banyan)[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acridotheres tristis (Common Myna)1
Andropadus importunus (Sombre Greenbul)2
Arizelocichla milanjensis (Stripe-cheeked Greenbul)1
Arizelocichla tephrolaema (Western Greenbul)1
Bycanistes brevis (Silvery-cheeked Hornbill)1
Bycanistes bucinator (Trumpeter Hornbill)1
Cercopithecus mitis (blue monkey)1
Cinnyricinclus leucogaster (Violet-backed Starling)1
Cinnyris afer (Greater double-collared sunbird)1
Cinnyris chalybeus (Southern double-collared sunbird)1
Colius striatus (Speckled Mousebird)1
Columba larvata (Lemon Dove)1
Columba livia (Rock Pigeon)1
Coracina caesia (Grey Cuckooshrike)1
Cossypha caffra (Cape Robin-Chat)1
Crithagra gularis (Streaky-headed Seedeater)1
Crithagra mozambica (Yellow-fronted Canary)1
Dicrurus adsimilis (Fork-tailed Drongo)1
Eidolon helvum (straw-colored fruit bat)1
Gorilla gorilla (gorilla)1
Hedydipna collaris (Collared sunbird)1
Lamprotornis nitens (Cape Starling)1
Lanius collaris (Common Fiscal)1
Lybius torquatus (Black-collared Barbet)2
Megalaima mystacophanos (Red-throated Barbet)1
Monticola rupestris (Cape Rock Thrush)1
Notopholia corrusca (Black-bellied Starling)1
Onychognathus morio (Red-winged Starling)1
Onychognathus walleri (Waller's Starling)1
Oriolus larvatus (Black-headed Oriole)2
Oriolus oriolus (Eurasian Golden Oriole)1
Pan troglodytes (chimpanzee)1
Parus niger (Southern Black Tit)1
Passer domesticus (House Sparrow)1
Pica pica (Eurasian Magpie)1
Ploceus bicolor (Dark-backed Weaver)1
Pogoniulus pusillus (Red-fronted Tinkerbird)2
Prinia maculosa (Karoo Prinia)1
Procavia capensis (Rock Hyrax)1
Psittacula krameri (Rose-ringed Parakeet)1
Pycnonotus barbatus (Common Bulbul)2
Rhabdomys pumilio (Four-striped grass mouse)1
Rousettus aegyptiacus (Egyptian rousette)1
Rousettus amplexicaudatus (Geoffroy's rousette)1
Tauraco corythaix (Knysna Turaco)2
Tauraco livingstonii (Livingstone's Turaco)1
Tauraco schalowi (Schalow's Turaco)1
Telophorus zeylonus (Bokmakierie)1
Treron calvus (African Green Pigeon)1
Zosterops pallidus (Cape White-eye)2
Zosterops senegalensis (African Yellow White-eye)1

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Cotswold Wildlife Park and Gardens
Emerald Safari Resort

Range Map

Cape Peninsula National Park;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605 2Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 3"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access