Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Estrildidae > Uraeginthus > Uraeginthus ianthinogaster

Uraeginthus ianthinogaster (Purple Grenadier)

Wikipedia Abstract

The purple grenadier (Uraeginthus ianthinogaster) is a common species of estrildid finch found in eastern Africa.
View Wikipedia Record: Uraeginthus ianthinogaster

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 5.44725
EDGE Score: 1.86365


Adult Weight [1]  14 grams
Birth Weight [1]  1.2 grams
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Granivore
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  30 %
Diet - Seeds [2]  70 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Clutch Size [3]  4
Incubation [3]  13 days


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Masai xeric grasslands and shrublands Kenya Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Northern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern Zanzibar-Inhambane coastal forest mosaic Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Somali Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Tanzania, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Amboseli National Park National Reserve II 99624 Kenya
Katavi National Park II 1054210 Tanzania
Kora National Park II 409762 Kenya
Lake Nakuru National Park II 46472 Kenya  
Longido Local Authority Forest Reserve 5128 Tanzania  
Nairobi National Park II 16444 Kenya
Serengeti-Ngorongoro Biosphere Reserve 5696026 Tanzania  
Tsavo East National Park II 3232255 Kenya

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Amboseli National Park Kenya A3
Arbowerow Somalia A3, A4iii
Arero forest Ethiopia A1, A2, A3
Arusha National Park Tanzania A1, A2, A3, A4i, A4iii
Awash National Park Ethiopia A1, A2, A3
Babille Elephant Sanctuary Ethiopia A3
Balcad Nature Reserve Somalia A2, A3
Boorama plains Somalia A1, A2, A3
Buulobarde Somalia A1, A2, A3
Dawa: Wachile Ethiopia A1, A2, A3
Dida Galgalu desert Kenya A1, A2, A3
Gacan Libaax Somalia A1, A2, A3
Genale river Ethiopia A1, A2, A3
Imatong mountains Sudan A1, A3
Jasiira lagoon and Muqdisho islets Somalia A1, A2, A3, A4i
Kidepo Sudan A3
Kidepo Valley National Park Uganda A1, A2, A3
Konso: Segen Ethiopia A1, A3
Laag Badaana Somalia A1, A3
Lake Baringo Kenya A3
Lake Bogoria National Reserve Kenya A1, A4i, A4iii
Lake Elmenteita Kenya A1, A2, A4i, A4iii
Lake Eyasi Tanzania A1, A4i, A4iii
Lake Magadi Kenya A1, A4i, A4iii
Lake Manyara National Park Tanzania A1, A2, A3, A4i, A4iii
Lake Naivasha Kenya A1, A2, A4i, A4iii
Lake Nakuru National Park Kenya A1, A2, A4i, A4iii
Lake Natron and Engaruka basin Tanzania A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Lake Turkana Kenya A4i, A4iii
Longido Game Controlled Area Tanzania A1, A3, A4i
Machakos valleys Kenya A1, A2
Mankubsa: Welenso forest Ethiopia A1, A2, A3
Masai Mara Kenya A1, A2
Meru National Park Kenya A1, A2, A3
Mkomazi Game Reserve Tanzania A1, A3
Mount Moroto Forest Reserve Uganda A1, A2, A3
Mwea National Reserve Kenya A1, A2
Nairobi National Park Kenya A1, A2, A4ii
Ngorongoro Conservation Area Tanzania A1, A2, A3, A4i, A4ii, A4iii
Nyumba ya Mungu reservoir Tanzania A1, A3, A4i
Ruaha National Park Tanzania A3, A4i
Samburu and Buffalo Springs National Reserves Kenya A3
Serengeti National Park Tanzania A1, A2, A3, A4i, A4iii
Shaba National Reserve Kenya A1, A2, A3
South Nguruman Kenya A1, A2
Tana River Delta Kenya A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Tarangire National Park Tanzania A1, A2, A3, A4i
Tsavo East National Park Kenya A1, A3
Tsavo West National Park Kenya A1, A3
Usangu flats Tanzania A1, A3, A4i
Yabello Sanctuary Ethiopia A1, A2, A3

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Coastal Forests of Eastern Africa Kenya, Mozambique, Somalia, Tanzania No
Horn of Africa Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Oman, Somalia, Yemen No

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Cheyenne Mtn Zoological Park
Jurong Birdpark, Singapore
Newquay Zoo (Cornwall Animal World)
Oakland Zoo
Parc Merveilleux
Parc Paradisio S.A.
San Diego Zoo
Schoenbrunner Tiergarten GmbH
Thuringer Zoopark Erfurt
Tierpark Hagenbeck GmbH
Wilhelma Zoo
Zoo de Santillana y Parque Cuaternario

Range Map

Tsavo National Park;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access