Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Zosteropidae > Zosterops > Zosterops senegalensis
 

Zosterops senegalensis (African Yellow White-eye)

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
0
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
5
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 1.28922
EDGE Score: 0.82821

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  8 grams
Birth Weight [1]  1.1 grams
Clutch Size [2]  2

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Map Climate Land
Use
Angolan Miombo woodlands Angola, Democratic Republic of Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Angolan montane forest-grassland mosaic Angola Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Cameroonian Highlands forests Cameroon, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central Zambezian Miombo woodlands Tanzania, Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola, Zambia, Malawi Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Cross-Sanaga-Bioko coastal forests Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
East African montane forests Sudan, Kenya, Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
East African montane moorlands Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
East Saharan montane xeric woodlands Chad, Sudan Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
East Sudanian savanna Chad, Central African Republic, Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Eastern Arc forests Tanzania, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Guinean forests Ghana, Côte d'Ivoire, Benin, Togo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Zimbabwe montane forest-grassland mosaic Zimbabwe, Mozambique Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Ethiopian montane forests Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia, Sudan Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guinean forest-savanna mosaic Nigeria, Benin, Togo, Ghana, Côte d'Ivoire, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Guinea-Bissau, Gambia, Senegal Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Guinean montane forests Guinea, Côte d'Ivoire, Liberia, Sierra Leone Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Kalahari Acacia-Baikiaea woodlands Botswana, Namibia, Zimbabwe, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Mandara Plateau mosaic Cameroon, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Maputaland coastal forest mosaic Mozambique, Swaziland, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northeastern Congolian lowland forests Cameroon, Central African Republic, Gabon, Republic of the Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sudan, Central African Republic, Cameroon Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Northern Zanzibar-Inhambane coastal forest mosaic Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northwestern Congolian lowland forests Cameroon, Central African Republic, Gabon, Democratic Republic of the Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Serengeti volcanic grasslands Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
South Malawi montane forest-grassland mosaic Malawi, Mozambique Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Southern Africa bushveld Botswana, Zimbabwe, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Southern Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Southern Miombo woodlands Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Malawi, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Southern Rift montane forest-grassland mosaic Malawi, Tanzania Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Southern Zanzibar-Inhambane coastal forest mosaic Mozambique, Tanzania, Malawi, Zimbabwe Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Victoria Basin forest-savanna mosaic Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
West Sudanian savanna Senegal, Guinea, Mali, Côte d'Ivoire, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Niger, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Western Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Gabon, Congo, Democratic Rep of the Congo, Angola Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Western Guinean lowland forests Guinea, Côte d'Ivoire, Liberia, Sierra Leone Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Zambezian grasslands Angola, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Zambezian and Mopane woodlands South Africa, Mozambique, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, Namibia, Malawi Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Zambezian Baikiaea woodlands Angola, Namibia, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Zambezian Cryptosepalum dry forests Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Map Climate Land Use
Abuko Nature Reserve IV 264 Gambia
Amboseli National Park National Reserve II 99624 Kenya
Bamingui-Bangoran Conservation Area National Park II 2783298 Central African Republic  
Chome Catchment Forest Reserve IV 34897 Tanzania  
Hwange National Park II 3651385 Zimbabwe  
Kahuzi-Biéga National Park II 1647768 Democratic Republic of the Congo  
Kakamega Forest Reseve Forest Reserve 44820 Kenya
Kibale National Park II 196202 Uganda
Korup National Park II 322100 Cameroon
Kruger National Park II 4718115 Mpumalanga, South Africa
Kruger to Canyons Biosphere Reserve   Mpumalanga, South Africa  
Lake Nakuru National Park II 46472 Kenya  
Liwonde National Park II 116740 Malawi  
Mahale Mountains National Park II 398414 Tanzania
Marahoue National Park II 293884 Côte d'Ivoire  
Mont Nimba Strict Nature Reserve Ia 11675 Côte d'Ivoire  
Mont Peko National Park II 77790 Côte d'Ivoire  
Mount Elgon National Park II 276135 Uganda
Mount Mulanje Forest Reserve 144452 Malawi  
Parc National de la Lopé National Park 1227419 Gabon  
Parc National du Niokolo-Koba National Park II 2046878 Senegal  
Queen Elizabeth National Park II 522052 Uganda
Reserve de la Biosphere de la Pendjari Biosphere Reserve 217453 Benin  
Rubondo National Park II 50330 Tanzania
Serengeti-Ngorongoro Biosphere Reserve 5696026 Tanzania  
Takamanda National Park II 167041 Cameroon  
The W Region National Park II 549843 Niger  
Uluguru Forest Reserves   Tanzania        
West Caprivi Game Reserve Game Park VI 1448182 Namibia  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website Map
Coastal Forests of Eastern Africa Kenya, Mozambique, Somalia, Tanzania No
Eastern Afromontane Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe No
Guinean Forests of West Africa Benin, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, São Tomé and Príncipe, Sierra Leone, Togo No
Maputaland-Pondoland-Albany Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland No

Prey / Diet

Antiaris toxicaria[3]
Blighia unijugata (Triangle Tops)[3]
Bridelia micrantha (Coastal Golden-leaf)[3]
Cissus oliveri[3]
Cyphostemma cyphopetalum subsp. cyphopetalum[3]
Ficus stuhlmannii (Lowveld Fig)[4]
Ficus sur (Cape fig)[3]
Ficus thonningii (Chinese banyan)[4]
Harungana madagascariensis[3]
Lantana camara (lantana)[3]
Manilkara butugi[3]
Polyscias fulva[3]
Pouteria altissima[5]
Rhamnus prinoides (Shiny-leaf Buckthorn)[3]
Solanum mauritianum (earleaf nightshade)[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Andropadus importunus (Sombre Greenbul)2
Arizelocichla masukuensis (Shelley's Greenbul)4
Arizelocichla milanjensis (Stripe-cheeked Greenbul)2
Buccanodon duchaillui (Yellow-spotted Barbet)3
Bycanistes brevis (Silvery-cheeked Hornbill)2
Bycanistes bucinator (Trumpeter Hornbill)3
Bycanistes fistulator (Piping Hornbill)2
Bycanistes subcylindricus (Grey-cheeked Hornbill)5
Cercopithecus ascanius (black-cheeked white-nosed monkey)5
Cercopithecus mitis (blue monkey)5
Cercopithecus nictitans (white-nosed guenon)2
Cercopithecus pogonias (crowned guenon)2
Chlorocichla laetissima (Joyful Greenbul)9
Cinnyricinclus leucogaster (Violet-backed Starling)2
Colius striatus (Speckled Mousebird)2
Colobus guereza (Guereza)5
Eurillas curvirostris (Plain Greenbul)2
Eurillas latirostris (Yellow-whiskered Greenbul)7
Funisciurus anerythrus (Thomas's rope squirrel)2
Gorilla gorilla (gorilla)2
Gymnobucco bonapartei (Grey-throated Barbet)2
Heliosciurus rufobrachium (red-legged sun squirrel)4
Lamprotornis nitens (Cape Starling)2
Lybius bidentatus (Double-toothed Barbet)2
Lybius torquatus (Black-collared Barbet)3
Musophaga rossae (Ross's Turaco)2
Notopholia corrusca (Black-bellied Starling)2
Oriolus brachyrynchus (Western Oriole)2
Pan troglodytes (chimpanzee)2
Phyllastrephus cabanisi (Cabanis's Greenbul)2
Phyllastrephus hypochloris (Toro Olive Greenbul)2
Phylloscopus budongoensis (Uganda Woodland Warbler)3
Phylloscopus trochilus (Willow Warbler)5
Ploceus bicolor (Dark-backed Weaver)5
Pogoniulus bilineatus (Yellow-rumped Tinkerbird)10
Pycnonotus barbatus (Common Bulbul)13
Rousettus egyptiacus (Egyptian rousette)2
Serinus mozambicus (Yellow-fronted Canary)3
Stelgidillas gracilirostris (Slender-billed Greenbul)2
Sylvia atricapilla (Eurasian Blackcap)12
Tauraco corythaix (Knysna Turaco)2
Trachylaemus purpuratus (yellow-billed barbet)3
Treron calvus (African Green Pigeon)6
Turdus pelios (African Thrush)3

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Toronto Zoo
Zoologischer Garten Leipzig

Distribution

Takamanda Forest Reserve;

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Peterson A.P., 2013-11-04, in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605 2Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 3Specialization and interaction strength in a tropical plant-frugivore network differ among forest strata, Matthias Schleuning, Nico Blüthgen, Martina Flörchinger, Julius Braun, H. Martin Schaefer, and Katrin Böhning-Gaese, Ecology, in press. 4"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572 5Guild of Frugivores on three fruit-producing tree species Polyscias fulva, Syzyguim guineensis subsp. bamensdae and Pouteria altissima) in Ngel Nyaki Forest Reserve, a Montane Forest Ecosystem in Nigeria, Ihuma Jerome, Hazel Chapman, Tella Iyiola, Akosim Calistus, Stephen Goldson, Journal of Research in Forestry, Wildlife and Environment, Vol. 3, No. 2 (2011)
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Biodiversity Hotspots, Conservation International
Images provided by Google Image Search
EDGE analysis provided by EDGE of Existence programme, Zoological Society of London
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011