Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Rosales > Urticaceae > Cecropia > Cecropia polystachya

Cecropia polystachya (Trumpet tree; Pumpwood; Ameisenbaum; Faux-ricin; Pisse-roux; Yagrumo hembra)

Synonyms: Ambaiba klotzschiana; Ambaiba leucophaea; Ambaiba nivea; Ambaiba pinnatiloba; Ambaiba ruiziana; Cecropia boliviana; Cecropia flagellifera; Cecropia francisci; Cecropia klotzschiana; Cecropia leucophaea; Cecropia nivea; Cecropia peltata; Cecropia pinnatiloba; Cecropia ruiziana; Cecropia scabra

Invasive Species

Cecropia schreberiana is a neotropical pioneer tree native to the Antilles and northern South America. It is strongly associated with post-hurricane, or other disturbance, colonization. It has been reported introduced in Hawaii, West Africa, Malaysia, Madagascar, and French Polynesia. It is known to establish dense stands in the Luquillo Mountains, Puerto Rico and has invasive potential to reduce biodiversity and displace native species.
View ISSG Record: Cecropia polystachya


Height [1]  65 feet (19.8 m)
Screening - Summer [1]  Dense
Screening - Winter [1]  Porous
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 11 Low Temperature: 40 F° (4.4 C°) → 50 F° (10 C°)
Light Preference [1]  Full Sun
Soil Acidity [1]  Moderate Acid
Soil Fertility [1]  Infertile
Water Use [1]  Moderate
Flower Color [1]  Yellow
Foliage Color [1]  Green
Fruit Color [1]  Green
Flower Conspicuous [1]  Yes
Fruit Conspicuous [1]  Yes
Bloom Period [1]  Late Winter
Drought Tolerance [1]  Medium
Fire Tolerance [1]  High
Frost Free Days [1]  1 year
Fruit/Seed Abundance [1]  High
Fruit/Seed Begin [1]  Spring
Fruit/Seed End [1]  Summer
Growth Form [1]  Single Stem
Growth Period [1]  Spring, Summer, Fall
Growth Rate [1]  Rapid
Janka Hardness [3]  320 lbf (145 kgf) Very Soft
Leaf Type [2]  Evergreen
Lifespan [1]  Perennial
Propagation [1]  Bare Root, Container, Cutting, Seed
Root Depth [1]  20 inches (51 cm)
Seed Spread Rate [1]  Rapid
Seed Vigor [1]  High
Seeds Per [1]  1133998 / lb (2500039 / kg)
Shape/Orientation [1]  Erect
Specific Gravity [3]  0.352
Structure [2]  Tree
Vegetative Spread Rate [1]  Slow

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Buenavista Wetland Reserve 778949 Cuba    
Carara National Park II 12983 Costa Rica  
Ciénaga de Zapata National Park 1606900 Cuba  
Corcovado National Park 115845 Costa Rica  
Guanacaste National Park II 85819 Costa Rica  
Luquillo Biosphere Reserve 8617 Puerto Rico, United States  
Pico Mogote Ecological Reserve II 3698 Cuba  
Refugio de Vida Silvestre Reserva Karen Mogensen F. Nature Reserve 1866 Costa Rica  
Tuabaquey - Limones Ecological Reserve II 4859 Cuba  



Alouatta palliata (mantled howler monkey)[4]
Artibeus jamaicensis (Jamaican fruit-eating bat)[5]
Asterodiaspis pustulans <Unverified Name>[6]
Ateles geoffroyi (Central American spider monkey)[4]
Bradypus tridactylus (Pale-throated Three-toed Sloth)[7]
Carollia perspicillata (Seba's short-tailed bat)[7]
Cebus capucinus (white-faced capuchin)[4]
Chiropotes satanas (brown-bearded saki)[8]
Chlorophanes spiza (Green Honeycreeper)[9]
Coereba flaveola (Bananaquit)[9]
Colobura dirce (Zebra mosaic butterfly)[10]
Correbidia terminalis[10]
Cosmosoma auge[10]
Dacnis cayana (Blue Dacnis)[9]
Didelphis virginiana (Virginia Opossum)[4]
Dyops chromatophila[10]
Eulemur cinereiceps (Eulemur albocollaris)[11]
Euphonia affinis (Scrub Euphonia)[4]
Euphonia musica (Antillean Euphonia)[12]
Glossophaga soricina (Pallas's long-tongued bat)[4]
Heuretes picticornis[10]
Historis odius (Butterfly)[10]
Hypercompe icasia[10]
Hypsipyla grandella (Mahogany Shoot Borer)[10]
Loxigilla portoricensis (Puerto Rican Bullfinch)[12]
Margarops fuscatus (Pearly-eyed Thrasher)[12]
Nesospingus speculiferus (Puerto Rican Tanager)[12]
Paraputo rotundus <Unverified Name>[13]
Penelope purpurascens (Crested Guan)[4]
Phyllops falcatus (Cuban fig-eating bat)[14]
Phyllostomus discolor (pale spear-nosed bat)[15]
Platynota flavedana[10]
Potos flavus (Kinkajou)[4]
Ramphocelus carbo (Silver-beaked Tanager)[9]
Saguinus leucopus (silvery-brown bare-face tamarin)[16]
Spindalis portoricensis (Puerto Rican Spindalis)[12]
Sturnira lilium (little yellow-shouldered bat)[4]
Tachyphonus rufus (White-lined Tanager)[9]
Tangara guttata (Speckled Tanager)[9]
Tangara gyrola (Bay-headed Tanager)[9]
Tangara mexicana (Turquoise Tanager)[9]
Thraupis episcopus (Blue-grey Tanager)[9]
Thraupis palmarum (Palm Tanager)[9]
Turdus plumbeus (Red-legged Thrush)[12]
Vireo altiloquus (Black-whiskered Vireo)[12]


Pollinated by 
Carollia perspicillata (Seba's short-tailed bat)[7]





Attributes / relations provided by 1USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture 2Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935 3Wood Janka Hardness Scale/Chart J W Morlan's Unique Wood Gifts 4Phenology, seed dispersal, and recruitment in Cecropia peltata (Moraceae) in Cost Rican tropical dry forest, Theodore H. Fleming and Charles F. Williams, Journal of Tropical Ecology (1990) 6:163-178 5Folivory in Fruit-Eating Bats, with New Evidence from Artibeus jamaicensis (Chiroptera: Phyllostomidae), Thomas H. Kunz and Carlos A. Diaz, Biotropica, Vol. 27, No. 1 (Mar., 1995), pp. 106-120 6Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants 7Animals of the Rainforest 8Seasonal variation in the diets of white-faced and bearded sakis (Pithecia pithecia and Chiropotes satanas) in Guri Lake, Venezuela, Marilyn A. Norconk, Adaptive Radiations of Neotropical Primates 1996, pp 403-423 9The Feeding Ecology of Tanagers and Honeycreepers in Trinidad, Barbara K. Snow and D. W. Snow, The Auk Vol. 88, No. 2 (Apr., 1971), pp. 291-322 10HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández 11Behavior and diet of the Critically Endangered Eulemur cinereiceps in Manombo forest, southeast Madagascar, Fidimalala B. RalainasoloI, Jonah H. RatsimbazafyII and Nancy J. Stevens, MADAGASCAR CONSERVATION & DEVELOPMENT, VOLUME 3 ISSUE 1 — DECEMBER 2008, pp. 38 - 43 12Avian fruit preferences across a Puerto Rican forested landscape: pattern consistency and implications for seed removal, Tomás A. Carlo, Jaime A. Collazo and Martha J. Groom, Oecologia (2003) 134:119–131 13Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009 14Phyllops falcatus, Valéria da Cunha Tavares, Carlos A. Mancina, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 811:1-7 (2008) 15Phyllostomus discolor, Gary G. Kwiecinski, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 801, pp. 1–11 (2006) 16HABITAT USE BY THE WHITE-FOOTED TAMARIN, SAGUINUS LEUCOPUS: A COMPARISON BETWEEN A FOREST-DWELLING GROUP AND AN URBAN GROUP IN MARIQUITA, COLOMBIA, Katja Poveda, Pedro Sánchez-Palomino, Neotropical Primates 12(1), April 2004, pp. 6-9
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