Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Rosales > Moraceae > Ficus > Ficus thonningii

Ficus thonningii (Chinese banyan)

Synonyms: Ficus annobonensis; Ficus basarensis; Ficus bequaerti; Ficus bongoensis; Ficus burkei; Ficus butaguensis; Ficus chlamydodora; Ficus cognata; Ficus crassipedicellata; Ficus crassipedicellata f. angustifolia; Ficus crassipedicellata f. boonei; Ficus crassipedicellata var. cuneata; Ficus cyphocarpa; Ficus dekdekena; Ficus dekdekena var. pubiceps; Ficus dinteri; Ficus dissocarpa; Ficus dusenii; Ficus erici-rosenii; Ficus eriocarpa; Ficus galpinii; Ficus goetzei; Ficus hochstetteri; Ficus hochstetteri var. glabrior; Ficus iteophylla; Ficus kagerensis; Ficus mammigera; Ficus medullaris; Ficus microcarpa; Ficus neriifolia; Ficus neurocarpa; Ficus persicifolia; Ficus persicifolia var. angustifolia; Ficus persicifolia var. glabripes; Ficus psilopoga; Ficus pubicosta; Ficus rhodesiaca; Ficus rokko; Ficus ruficeps; Ficus rupicola; Ficus ruspolii; Ficus schimperi var. hochstetteri; Ficus schinziana; Ficus spragueana; Ficus tjaela; Ficus tropophyton; Urostigma burkei; Urostigma dekdekena; Urostigma hochstetteri; Urostigma schimperi; Urostigma thonningii

Wikipedia Abstract

Ficus thonningii is a species of Ficus. It is native to Africa. Recent phylogenetic analysis suggests several distinct species may be classified as F. thonningii. The species has diverse economic and environmental uses across many faming and pastoral communities in Africa. In some dryland areas in Africa for example, it is a very good source of dry season livestock fodder, because it produces highly nutritious foliage in large amouns all year round. Parts of the plant edible for livestock include, leaves, twigs and barks, and their nutirional value varies with season
View Wikipedia Record: Ficus thonningii


Allergen Potential [1]  Low
Leaf Type [2]  Evergreen
Lifespan [3]  Perennial
Specific Gravity [4]  0.432
Structure [2]  Tree

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
East Usambara Biosphere Reserve 222395 Tanzania  
Everglades and Dry Tortugas Biosphere Reserve   Florida, United States  
Gombe National Park II 8799 Tanzania
Mahale Mountains National Park II 398414 Tanzania
Mount Kulal Biosphere Reserve 1729738 Kenya  


Acridotheres cristatellus (Crested Myna)[5]
Acridotheres tristis (Common Myna)[5]
Acritillas indica (Yellow-browed Bulbul)[5]
Africaspis fici[6]
Afrotachardina longisetosa[6]
Agropsar sturninus (Daurian Starling)[5]
Ailuroedus buccoides (White-eared Catbird)[5]
Alcippe poioicephala (Brown-cheeked Fulvetta)[5]
Alophogaster rubribasis[7]
Alophoixus bres (Grey-cheeked Bulbul)[5]
Alophoixus finschii (Finsch's Bulbul)[5]
Alophoixus pallidus (Puff-throated Bulbul)[5]
Alophoixus phaeocephalus (Yellow-bellied Bulbul)[5]
Ammalo helops[7]
Andropadus importunus (Sombre Greenbul)[5]
Antheraea paphia[7]
Anthracoceros albirostris (Oriental Pied Hornbill)[5]
Anthracoceros coronatus (Malabar Pied Hornbill)[5]
Anthreptes malacensis (Brown-throated Sunbird)[5]
Aonidia operta[6]
Aonidiella messengeri[6]
Aonidiella orientalis (Oriental Scale)[6]
Aonidiella sotetsu[6]
Aplonis cantoroides (Singing Starling)[5]
Aplonis panayensis (Asian Glossy Starling)[5]
Argina astrea (Crotalaria pod borer)[7]
Arizelocichla milanjensis (Stripe-cheeked Greenbul)[5]
Arizelocichla tephrolaema (Western Greenbul)[5]
Asota ficus[7]
Asota plaginota[7]
Aspidiotus dallonii[6]
Aspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)[6]
Automeris illustris[7]
Axis axis (chital)[5]
Bareia incidens[7]
Brotogeris versicolurus (White-winged Parakeet)[5]
Buceros bicornis (Great Hornbill)[5]
Bycanistes brevis (Silvery-cheeked Hornbill)[5]
Bycanistes bucinator (Trumpeter Hornbill)[5]
Cacatua sulphurea (Yellow-crested Cockatoo)[5]
Callosciurus erythraeus (Pallas's squirrel)[5]
Caloramphus fuliginosus (Brown Barbet)[5]
Calyptomena viridis (Green Broadbill)[5]
Campochaera sloetii (Golden Cuckooshrike)[5]
Cercopithecus mitis (blue monkey)[5]
Cercopithecus pogonias (crowned guenon)[5]
Cerococcus ficoides[6]
Ceroplastes ceriferus (Indian wax scale)[6]
Ceroplastes janeirensis[6]
Ceroplastes rusci (barnacle wax scale)[6]
Ceroplastes sinoiae[6]
Charmosyna placentis (Red-flanked Lorikeet)[5]
Chloropsis aurifrons (Golden-fronted Leafbird)[5]
Chloropsis cochinchinensis (Blue-winged Leafbird)[5]
Chloropsis cyanopogon (Lesser Green Leafbird)[5]
Chloropsis sonnerati (Greater Green Leafbird)[5]
Chrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)[8]
Cicinnurus regius (King Bird-of-Paradise)[5]
Cinnyricinclus leucogaster (Violet-backed Starling)[5]
Coccus cambodiensis[6]
Coccus longulus (long brown scale)[6]
Coereba flaveola (Bananaquit)[5]
Colaptes melanochloros (green-barred woodpecker)[5]
Columba larvata (Lemon Dove)[5]
Columba livia (Rock Pigeon)[5]
Columba vitiensis (Metallic Pigeon)[5]
Columbina talpacoti (Ruddy Ground-Dove)[5]
Copsychus saularis (Oriental Magpie-Robin)[5]
Coracina caesia (Grey Cuckooshrike)[5]
Coracina novaehollandiae (Black-faced Cuckooshrike)[5]
Corvus macrorhynchos (Large-billed Crow)[5]
Corythaeola cristata (Great Blue Turaco)[9]
Crotophaga ani (Smooth-billed Ani)[5]
Crypticerya montserratensis <Unverified Name>[6]
Cyanocorax cristatellus (Curl-crested Jay)[5]
Cyanopica cyanus (Azure-winged magpie)[5]
Cymbirhynchus macrorhynchos (Black-and-red Broadbill)[5]
Cynopterus sphinx (greater short-nosed fruit bat)[5]
Cyrestis thyodamas (Butterfly)[7]
Dacnis cayana (Blue Dacnis)[5]
Dasychira extorta[7]
Dendrocitta leucogastra (White-bellied Treepie)[5]
Dicaeum agile (Thick-billed Flowerpecker)[5]
Dicaeum chrysorrheum (Yellow-vented Flowerpecker)[5]
Dicaeum cruentatum (Scarlet-backed Flowerpecker)[5]
Dicaeum pectorale (Olive-crowned Flowerpecker)[5]
Dicaeum trigonostigma (Orange-bellied Flowerpecker)[5]
Dicrurus adsimilis (Fork-tailed Drongo)[5]
Dicrurus hottentottus (Hair-crested Drongo)[5]
Dicrurus paradiseus (Greater Racket-tailed Drongo)[5]
Dinopium benghalense (Lesser Goldenback)[5]
Dirphia avia[7]
Dobsonia minor (lesser naked-backed fruit bat)[5]
Dobsonia moluccensis (Moluccan naked-backed fruit bat)[5]
Drepanococcus chiton[6]
Drosicha maskelli[6]
Dryocopus lineatus (Lineated Woodpecker)[5]
Ducula bicolor (Pied Imperial Pigeon)[5]
Ducula pinon (Pinon Imperial Pigeon)[5]
Ducula rufigaster (Purple-tailed Imperial Pigeon)[5]
Ducula whartoni (Christmas Imperial Pigeon)[5]
Echymipera kalubu (Common Echymipera)[5]
Echymipera rufescens (Long-nosed Echymipera)[5]
Eidolon helvum (straw-colored fruit bat)[5]
Elaenia flavogaster (Yellow-bellied Elaenia)[5]
Empidonomus varius (Variegated Flycatcher)[5]
Eudynamys scolopaceus (Asian Koel)[5]
Euphonia chlorotica (Purple-throated Euphonia)[5]
Euploea core (Oleander butterfly)[7]
Euploea mulciber (Striped blue crow butterfly)[7]
Euploea nemertes[7]
Euploea sylvester (Double-branded Crow)[7]
Eurylaimus javanicus (Banded Broadbill)[5]
Eurylaimus ochromalus (Black-and-yellow Broadbill)[5]
Formicococcus macarangae <Unverified Name>[6]
Forpus xanthopterygius (Blue-winged Parrotlet)[5]
Garrulax perspicillatus (Masked Laughingthrush)[5]
Geokichla citrina (Orange-headed Thrush)[5]
Gorilla beringei graueri (Grauer's Gorilla)[10]
Gorilla gorilla (gorilla)[5]
Gracupica nigricollis (Black-collared Starling)[5]
Greenidea ficicola[11]
Gymnaspis ficus[6]
Gymnophaps albertisii (Papuan Mountain Pigeon)[5]
Gynaikothrips ficorum[11]
Hemixos flavala (Ashy Bulbul)[5]
Hypolimnas bolina (Great egg fly butterfly)[7]
Iole olivacea (Buff-vented Bulbul)[5]
Iole propinqua (Grey-eyed Bulbul)[5]
Irena puella (Asian Fairy-bluebird)[5]
Ischnaspis longirostris (black line scale)[6]
Ixos malaccensis (Streaked Bulbul)[5]
Lalage atrovirens (Black-browed Triller)[5]
Lamprotornis nitens (Cape Starling)[5]
Lichenostomus versicolor (Varied Honeyeater)[5]
Loriculus galgulus (Blue-crowned Hanging Parrot)[5]
Loriculus vernalis (Vernal Hanging Parrot)[5]
Lorius lory (Black-capped Lory)[5]
Lybius leucocephalus senex (Brown-and-white Barbet)[9]
Lybius torquatus (Black-collared Barbet)[5]
Lymantria serva[7]
Macaca cyclopis (Taiwan macaque)[5]
Macaca radiata (bonnet macaque)[5]
Macaca silenus (liontail macaque)[5]
Machetornis rixosa (Cattle Tyrant)[5]
Macroglossus minimus (lesser long-tongued fruit bat)[5]
Macropygia unchall (Barred Cuckoo-Dove)[5]
Malocampa punctata[7]
Manucodia comrii (Curl-crested Manucode)[5]
Marginaspis thevetiae[6]
Marpesia petreus (Ruddy daggerwing)[7]
Marsipococcus marsupialis[6]
Megalaima australis (Blue-eared Barbet)[5]
Megalaima chrysopogon (Golden-whiskered Barbet)[5]
Megalaima faiostricta (Green-eared Barbet)[5]
Megalaima haemacephala (Coppersmith Barbet)[5]
Megalaima henricii (Yellow-crowned Barbet)[5]
Megalaima lineata (Lineated Barbet)[5]
Megalaima mystacophanos (Red-throated Barbet)[5]
Megalaima oorti (Black-browed Barbet)[5]
Megalaima rafflesii (Red-crowned Barbet)[5]
Megalaima rubricapillus (Crimson-fronted Barbet)[5]
Megalaima viridis (White-cheeked Barbet)[5]
Megalaima zeylanica (Brown-headed Barbet)[5]
Megarynchus pitangua (Boat-billed Flycatcher)[5]
Meiglyptes tristis (Buff-rumped Woodpecker)[5]
Melanerpes candidus (white woodpecker)[5]
Melanocercops phractopa[7]
Melanocharis nigra (Black Berrypecker)[5]
Meliphaga aruensis (Puff-backed Honeyeater)[5]
Microparlatoria fici[6]
Mimus saturninus (Chalk-browed Mockingbird)[5]
Mino anais (Golden Myna)[5]
Mycetaspis personata (masked scale)[6]
Myiodynastes maculatus (Streaked Flycatcher)[5]
Myophonus caeruleus (Blue Whistling-Thrush)[5]
Myrina dermaptera (Lesser Fig-tree Blue)[7]
Naroma signifera[7]
Nemosia pileata (Hooded Tanager)[5]
Nephele accentifera[7]
Notopholia corrusca (Black-bellied Starling)[5]
Nyctimene albiventer (common tube-nosed fruit bat)[5]
Ocinara ficicola[7]
Octaspidiotus stauntoniae[6]
Ocyceros griseus (Malabar Grey Hornbill)[5]
Onychognathus morio (Red-winged Starling)[5]
Onychognathus walleri (Waller's Starling)[5]
Oriolus larvatus (Black-headed Oriole)[5]
Oriolus oriolus (Eurasian Golden Oriole)[5]
Oriolus szalayi (Brown Oriole)[5]
Oriolus xanthornus (Black-hooded Oriole)[5]
Pachylia ficus (Fig sphinx)[7]
Pachylia syces[7]
Pan troglodytes (chimpanzee)[5]
Paranyctimene raptor (unstriped tube-nosed bat)[5]
Paraselenaspidus madagascariensis[6]
Parlatoria camelliae (camellia parlatoria scale)[6]
Parlatoria pergandii (black parlatoria scale)[6]
Parlatoria proteus (common parlatoria scale)[6]
Parus major (Great Tit)[5]
Parus niger (Southern Black Tit)[5]
Passer domesticus (House Sparrow)[5]
Passer montanus (Eurasian Tree Sparrow)[5]
Patagioenas picazuro (Picazuro Pigeon)[5]
Perina nuda[7]
Peroryctes raffrayana (Raffray's Bandicoot)[5]
Phalanger orientalis (Northern Common Cuscus)[5]
Phalanger vestitus (Stein's Cuscus)[5]
Phauda flammans[7]
Phenacoccus fici[6]
Philemon buceroides (Helmeted Friarbird)[5]
Pica pica (Eurasian Magpie)[5]
Pipraeidea melanonota (Fawn-breasted Tanager)[5]
Piranga flava (Red Tanager)[5]
Pitangus sulphuratus (Great Kiskadee)[5]
Pitohui kirhocephalus (Variable Pitohui)[5]
Pogoniulus pusillus (Red-fronted Tinkerbird)[5]
Pongo pygmaeus (orangutan)[5]
Prionochilus percussus (Crimson-breasted Flowerpecker)[5]
Prionochilus thoracicus (Scarlet-breasted Flowerpecker)[5]
Protopulvinaria pyriformis (pyriform scale)[8]
Pseudaonidia trilobitiformis (gingging scale)[6]
Pseudaulacaspis ficicola[6]
Pseudeos fuscata (Dusky Lory)[5]
Pseudoclanis postica[7]
Pseudococcus kikuyuensis[6]
Psittacula columboides (Blue-winged Parakeet)[5]
Psittacula cyanocephala (Plum-headed Parakeet)[5]
Psittacula eupatria (Alexandrine Parakeet)[5]
Psittacula krameri (Rose-ringed Parakeet)[5]
Psittacula longicauda (Long-tailed Parakeet)[5]
Psittinus cyanurus (Blue-rumped Parrot)[5]
Pteropus dasymallus (Ryukyu flying fox)[5]
Pteropus giganteus (Indian flying fox)[5]
Pteropus mariannus (Marianas flying fox)[5]
Ptilinopus coronulatus (Coroneted Fruit Dove)[5]
Ptilinopus iozonus (Orange-bellied Fruit Dove)[5]
Ptilinopus magnificus (Wompoo Fruit Dove)[5]
Ptilinopus solomonensis (Yellow-bibbed Fruit Dove)[5]
Ptiloris magnificus (Magnificent Riflebird)[5]
Pulvinaria psidii (green shield scale)[6]
Pycnonotus atriceps (Black-headed Bulbul)[5]
Pycnonotus aurigaster (Sooty-headed Bulbul)[5]
Pycnonotus barbatus (Common Bulbul)[5]
Pycnonotus cafer (Red-vented Bulbul)[5]
Pycnonotus cyaniventris (Grey-bellied Bulbul)[5]
Pycnonotus erythropthalmos (Spectacled Bulbul)[5]
Pycnonotus eutilotus (Puff-backed Bulbul)[5]
Pycnonotus finlaysoni (Stripe-throated Bulbul)[5]
Pycnonotus goiavier (Yellow-vented Bulbul)[5]
Pycnonotus jocosus (Red-whiskered Bulbul)[5]
Pycnonotus luteolus (White-browed Bulbul)[5]
Pycnonotus melanicterus (Black-crested Bulbul)[5]
Pycnonotus plumosus (Olive-winged Bulbul)[5]
Pycnonotus simplex (Cream-vented Bulbul)[5]
Pycnonotus sinensis (Light-vented Bulbul)[5]
Pycnonotus squamatus (Scaly-breasted Bulbul)[5]
Pycnonotus zeylanicus (Straw-headed Bulbul)[5]
Rastrococcus invadens (Mango mealybug)[6]
Ratufa bicolor (black giant squirrel)[5]
Rhyticeros plicatus (Papuan Hornbill)[5]
Rousettus aegyptiacus (Egyptian rousette)[5]
Rousettus amplexicaudatus (Geoffroy's rousette)[5]
Rungwecebus kipunji (highland mangabey)[12]
Rutherfordia major (large snow-scale)[6]
Saissetia persimilis (black scale)[6]
Saissetia somereni[6]
Scythrops novaehollandiae (Channel-billed Cuckoo)[5]
Seleucidis melanoleucus (Twelve-wired bird-of-paradise)[5]
Sphecotheres viridis (Green Figbird)[5]
Spilocuscus maculatus (Common Spotted Cuscus)[5]
Spodiopsar sericeus (Red-billed Starling)[5]
Streptopelia chinensis (Spotted Dove)[5]
Syconycteris australis (southern blossom bat)[5]
Syssphinx molina[7]
Tangara cayana (Burnished-buff Tanager)[5]
Tauraco corythaix (Knysna Turaco)[5]
Tauraco livingstonii (Livingstone's Turaco)[5]
Tauraco schalowi (Schalow's Turaco)[5]
Tersina viridis (Swallow Tanager)[5]
Thraupis sayaca (Sayaca Tanager)[5]
Tockus erythrorhynchus (Red-billed Hornbill)[9]
Tockus fasciatus semifasciatus (West African Pied Hornbill)[9]
Trachypithecus delacouri (Delacour's Langur)[13]
Trachypithecus francoisi (François's leaf monkey)[14]
Treron calvus (African Green Pigeon)[5]
Treron capellei (Large Green Pigeon)[5]
Treron curvirostra (Thick-billed Green Pigeon)[5]
Treron olax (Little Green Pigeon)[5]
Treron pompadora (Pompadour Green Pigeon)[5]
Treron vernans (Pink-necked Green Pigeon)[5]
Trichoglossus haematodus (Coconut Lorikeet)[5]
Trilocha varians[7]
Turdoides striata (Bengal jungle babbler)[5]
Turdus amaurochalinus (Creamy-bellied Thrush)[5]
Turdus cardis (Japanese Thrush)[5]
Turdus hortulorum (Grey-backed Thrush)[5]
Turdus merula (Eurasian Blackbird)[5]
Turdus nigriceps (Andean Slaty Thrush)[5]
Turdus obscurus (Eyebrowed Thrush)[5]
Turdus olivaceus (Olive Thrush)[5]
Turdus pallidus (Pale Thrush)[5]
Tyrannus melancholicus (Tropical Kingbird)[5]
Tyrannus savana (Fork-tailed Flycatcher)[5]
Tyrannus tyrannus (Eastern Kingbird)[5]
Unaspis atricolor[6]
Urocissa erythroryncha (Red-billed Blue Magpie)[5]
Vireo olivaceus (Red-eyed Vireo)[5]
Zanclostomus curvirostris (chestnut-breasted malkoha)[5]
Zonotrichia capensis (Rufous-collared Sparrow)[5]
Zosterops japonicus (Japanese White-eye)[5]
Zosterops pallidus (Orange River White-eye)[5]
Zosterops senegalensis (African Yellow White-eye)[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Kew Millennium Seed Bank Partnership


Caribbean; North America; Oceania;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Derived from Allergy-Free Gardening OPALS™, Thomas Leo Ogren (2000)
2Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935
3USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
4Chave J, Coomes D, Jansen S, Lewis SL, Swenson NG, Zanne AE (2009) Towards a worldwide wood economics spectrum. Ecology Letters 12: 351-366. Zanne AE, Lopez-Gonzalez G, Coomes DA, Ilic J, Jansen S, Lewis SL, Miller RB, Swenson NG, Wiemann MC, Chave J (2009) Data from: Towards a worldwide wood economics spectrum. Dryad Digital Repository.
5"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
6Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
7HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
8Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
9del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
10Diet of Grauer’s Gorillas in the Montane Forest of Kahuzi, Democratic Republic of Congo; Juichi Yamagiwa, Augustin Kanyunyi Basabose, Kiswele Kaleme, and Takakazu Yumoto; International Journal of Primatology, Vol. 26, No. 6, December 2005, p. 1345-1373
11New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research Plant-SyNZ™ database
12Diet and feeding patterns in the kipunji (Rungwecebus kipunji) in Tanzania’s Southern Highlands: a first analysis, Tim R. B. Davenport, Daniela W. De Luca, Claire E. Bracebridge, Sophy J. Machaga, Noah E. Mpunga, Omari Kibure, Yahya S. Abeid, Primates (2010) 51:213–220
13The foraging ecology of the Delacour’s langur (Trachypithecus delacouri) in Van Long Nature Reserve, Vietnam, Catherine Workman, Department of Evolutionary Anthropology Dissertation, Duke University (2010)
14Factors Influencing Interannual and Intersite Variability in the Diet of Trachypithecus francoisi, Qihai Zhou & Zhonghao Huang & Xiansheng Wei & Fuwen Wei & Chengming Huang, Int J Primatol (2009) 30:583–599
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access