Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Primates > Lemuroidea > Lemuridae > Eulemur > Eulemur fulvus
 

Eulemur fulvus (brown lemur)

Synonyms: Lemur bruneus; Lemur mayottensis

Wikipedia Abstract

The common brown lemur (Eulemur fulvus), or brown lemur, is a species of lemur in the family Lemuridae. It is found in Madagascar and Mayotte.
View Wikipedia Record: Eulemur fulvus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
2
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
30
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 6.7
EDGE Score: 2.73

Attributes

Adult Weight [2]  6.94 lbs (3.15 kg)
Birth Weight [2]  83 grams
Female Maturity [2]  1 year 8 months
Male Maturity [2]  1 year 6 months
Diet [3]  Frugivore, Herbivore
Diet - Fruit [3]  30 %
Diet - Plants [3]  70 %
Forages - Arboreal [3]  100 %
Arboreal [1]  Yes
Gestation [2]  3 months 28 days
Litter Size [2]  1
Litters / Year [2]  2
Maximum Longevity [2]  36 years
Weaning [2]  5 months 3 days

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Comoros forests Comoros Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Madagascar dry deciduous forests Madagascar Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Madagascar lowland forests Madagascar Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Madagascar subhumid forests Madagascar Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Isalo National Park II 215133 Madagascar
Kirindy Forest Reserve   Madagascar      
La Réserve Naturelle Intégrale d' Ankarafantsika National Park II 335701 Madagascar  
Mantadia National Park II 38395 Madagascar
Parc National de la Montagne d'Ambre National Park II 56324 Madagascar
Parc National de Marojejy National Park II 148550 Madagascar
Ranomafana National Park II 100646 Madagascar  
Réserve de Faune de Périnet Analamozaotra Special Reserve II 2204 Madagascar  
Réserve Naturelle Intégrale d'Andohahela National Park II 180522 Madagascar
Réserve Naturelle Intégrale d'Andringitra National Park II 76961 Madagascar
Réserve Naturelle Intégrale de Tsaratanana Strict Nature Reserve Ia 122363 Madagascar  
Réserve Naturelle Intégrale de Zahamena National Park II 102875 Madagascar
Réserve Spéciale Ankarana Special Reserve II 62972 Madagascar  
Reserve de la Biosphere du Mananara Nord Biosphere Reserve 345948 Madagascar  
Reserve Speciale d'Anjanaharibe-Sud Special Reserve IV 45390 Madagascar  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Madagascar and the Indian Ocean Islands Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius, Seychelles Yes

Prey / Diet

Albizia lebbeck (raom tree)[4]
Ancylobothrys petersiana[4]
Annona squamosa (sugar apple)[4]
Anthocleista longifolia[5]
Anthostema madagascariensis[5]
Apodytes dimidiata (White Pear)[5]
Asteropeia multiflora[5]
Bembicia uniflora[5]
Brochoneura acuminata[5]
Burasaia madagascariensis[5]
Campnosperma micranteium[5]
Canarium boivinii[5]
Canthium variistipula[5]
Cinnamosma madagascariensis[5]
Colea delphinensis[5]
Coptosperma supra-axillare[6]
Cordia myxa (Assyrian plum)[4]
Crataeva obovata[5]
Dypsis fibrosa[5]
Dypsis nodifera[5]
Dypsis prestoniana[5]
Dypsis saintelucei[5]
Dypsis scottiana[5]
Embelia incumbens[5]
Erythroxylum braxifolium[5]
Erythroxylum nitidilum[5]
Fenerivia capuronii[5]
Fenerivia madagascariensis[5]
Ficus assimilis[5]
Ficus baroni[5]
Ficus lutea (West African rubbertree)[7]
Ficus sycomorus (sycamore fig)[7]
Ficus tiliifolia[7]
Garcina chapelieri[5]
Gynochthodes rigida[5]
Heliotropium verdcourtii (Chiggery grapes)[4]
Jasminum kitchingii[5]
Lantana camara (lantana)[6]
Macaranga perrieri[5]
Macphersonia radlkoferi[5]
Malleastrum mandenense[5]
Mangifera indica (mango)[4]
Mimusops balata[5]
Mimusops comorensis[4]
Mystroxylon aethiopicum (Cape Cherry)[5]
Pandanus dauphinensis[5]
Pandanus rollotii[5]
Peponidium densiflorum[5]
Phyllarthron ilicifolium[5]
Polycardia phyllanthoides[5]
Poupartia chapelieri[5]
Psychotria aegialodes[5]
Pyrus pyrifolia (Chinese pear)[5]
Rhopalocarpus coriaceus[5]
Rothmannia mandenensis[5]
Salacia leptoclada (Lemon Rope)[4]
Salacia madagascariensis[5]
Saldinia littoralis[5]
Sarcolaena multiflora[5]
Schefflera rainaliana[5]
Schizolaena elongata[5]
Scolopia orientalis[5]
Smilax anceps[5]
Syderoxylon beguei[5]
Syzygium jambos[6]
Tacca leontopetaloides (Tacca)[5]
Tamarindus indica (Tamarind)[4]
Tambourissa castri-delphinii[5]
Tarenna thouarsiana[5]
Terminalia catappa (india almond)[6]
Terminalia fatraea[5]
Tina conjugata[5]
Tina thouarsiana[5]
Trilepisium madagascariense (Bastard Fig)[5]
Uapaca ferruginea[5]
Uapaca littoralis[5]
Uapaca thouarsii[5]
Vaccinium madagascariense[5]
Vepris fitoravina[5]
Vitex chrysomallum[5]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Aldabrachelys gigantea (Aldabra giant tortoise)1
Alectroenas madagascariensis (Madagascar Blue Pigeon)9
Bycanistes brevis (Silvery-cheeked Hornbill)1
Bycanistes bucinator (Trumpeter Hornbill)2
Bycanistes subcylindricus (Grey-cheeked Hornbill)1
Cephalophus adersi (Aders's duiker)1
Cephalophus natalensis (Natal duiker)2
Cercopithecus ascanius (black-cheeked white-nosed monkey)1
Cercopithecus mitis (blue monkey)2
Cheirogaleus major (greater dwarf lemur)8
Cheirogaleus medius (fat-tailed dwarf lemur)14
Chlorocebus aethiops (vervet monkey)1
Civettictis civetta (African Civet)1
Colobus guereza (Guereza)1
Coracopsis nigra (Lesser Vasa Parrot)20
Eidolon dupreanum (Madagascan fruit bat)1
Eidolon helvum (straw-colored fruit bat)1
Epomophorus gambianus (Gambian epauletted fruit bat)1
Epomophorus wahlbergi (Wahlberg's epauletted fruit bat)1
Eulemur macaco (black lemur)4
Eulemur rubriventer (red-bellied lemur)1
Hapalemur aureus (golden bamboo lemur)1
Hapalemur griseus (bamboo lemur)2
Hartlaubius auratus (Madagascar Starling)1
Hypsipetes madagascariensis (Malagasy Bulbul)12
Indri indri (indri)1
Lemur catta (ring-tailed lemur)2
Loxodonta africana (African Bush Elephant)3
Microcebus rufus (brown mouse lemur)18
Micropteropus pusillus (Peters's dwarf epauletted fruit bat)1
Neotragus moschatus (suni)2
Piliocolobus badius (western red colobus)1
Propithecus diadema (diademed sifaka)2
Propithecus verreauxi (Verreaux's sifaka)1
Pteropus livingstonii (Comoro black flying fox)2
Pteropus niger (greater mascarene flying fox)1
Pteropus rufus (Madagascan flying fox)19
Pteropus seychellensis (Seychelles flying fox)1
Pteropus voeltzkowi (Pemba flying fox)1
Streptopelia picturata (Malagasy Turtle Dove)7
Sylvicapra grimmia (bush duiker)2
Tauraco corythaix (Knysna Turaco)1
Tauraco porphyreolophus (Purple-crested Turaco)1
Treron australis (Madagascar Green Pigeon)4
Varecia variegata (ruffed lemur)2
Zosterops maderaspatanus (Madagascar White-eye)1

Predators

Acrantophis madagascariensis (Madagascar ground boa)[6]
Cryptoprocta ferox (Fossa)[8]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Acinetobacter lwoffii[9]
Enterobacter amnigenus[9]
Klebsiella pneumoniae (K. pneumoniae)[9]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
African Safarimayottensis
Al Ain Zoo
Alexandria Zoological Parkfulvus
Blair Drummond Safari Park
Central Florida Zoological Parkfulvus
Chiangmai Zoological Garden
Dept. of National Zoological Gardensfulvus
Domaine Zoologique de Pescheray
 mayottensis
Duke Lemur Centerfulvus
Espace Zoologique la Boissiere du Doremayottensis
Faunia (Parque Biologico De Madrid,SA)
Giza Zoological Garden
Hai Park Kiriat Motzkin
 fulvus
International Animal Exchange, Inc.fulvus
INTERZOO
Isle of Wight Zoo
Khao Kheow Open Zoo
Lemur Conservation Foundation
Louisiana Purchase Gardens & Zoofulvus
Magnetic Hill Zoofulvus
Miskolc Zoo/Állatkert és Kultúrparkmayottensis
Montecasino Bird Gardens
Nat'l Zoological Gardens of S. Africa
Nyíregyházi Állatpark Nonprofit KFTmayottensis
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoofulvus
Pana'ewa Rainforest Zoo & Gardensfulvus
Parc Merveilleuxfulvus
Parc Zoologique de Tregomeur
Parco Natura Vivamayottensis
Ragunan Zoological Park
Schmutzer Primate Centre, Ragunan Zoo
Singapore Zoological Gardens
Songkhla Zoo
Szeged Zoomayottensis
Taipei Zoofulvus
The Naples Zoo
The Tisch Family Zoological Gardens
 fulvus
Tiergarten der Stadt Nürnbergmayottensis
Ueno Zoological Gardens
Wingham Wildlife Park
Yorkshire Wildlife Park
Zoo Aquarium de Madrid (GRPR)mayottensis
Zoo d'Assonfulvus
 mayottensis
Zoo de la Bourbansais
Zoo Melaka
Zoo of Acadianafulvus
Zoo Santo Inácio Vila Nova de Gaiamayottensis
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzen
Zoopark Zajezd o.p.s.fulvus

Range Map

Africa;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org
2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4Plants Consumed by Eulemur fulvus in Comoros Islands (Mayotte) and Potential Effects on Intestinal Parasites, A. Nègre, L. Tarnaud, J. F. Roblot, J. C. Gantier and J. Guillot, International Journal of Primatology, Vol. 27, No. 6, December 2006
5Fruit-frugivore interactions in a Malagasy littoral forest: a community-wide approach of seed dispersal, An Bollen, UNIVERSITEIT ANTWERPEN 2003
6Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
7"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
8Predation on Milne-Edward's sifaka (Propithecus diadema edwardsi) by the fossa (Cryptoprocta ferox) in the rain forest of southeastern Madagascar, Patricia C. Wright, S. Kimberly Heckscher, Amy E. Dunham, Folia Primatol 1997;68:34-43
9Nunn, C. L., and S. Altizer. 2005. The Global Mammal Parasite Database: An Online Resource for Infectious Disease Records in Wild Primates. Evolutionary Anthroplogy 14:1-2.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access