Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Primates > Lemuroidea > Lemuridae > Prolemur > Prolemur simus
 

Prolemur simus (greater bamboo lemur)

Synonyms: Hapalemur gallieni; Hapalemur simus

Wikipedia Abstract

The greater bamboo lemur (Prolemur simus), also known as the broad-nosed bamboo lemur and the broad-nosed gentle lemur, is the largest bamboo lemur, at over five pounds or nearly 2.5 kilograms. It has greyish brown fur and white ear tufts, and has a head-body length of around one and a half feet, or forty to fifty centimeters. They have relatively long tails and long back legs for leaping vertically amongst the trees of their forest habitat . It feeds almost exclusively on the bamboo species of Cathariostachys madagascariensis, preferring the shoots but also eating the pith and leaves. It is unknown how their metabolism deals with the cyanide found in the shoots. The typical daily dose would be enough to kill humans. Greater bamboo lemurs occasionally consume fungi, flowers, and fruit. Its
View Wikipedia Record: Prolemur simus

Endangered Species

Status: Critically Endangered
View IUCN Record: Prolemur simus

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  3.83 lbs (1.74 kg)
Diet [2]  Frugivore, Herbivore
Diet - Fruit [2]  10 %
Diet - Plants [2]  90 %
Forages - Arboreal [2]  100 %
Gestation [1]  4 months 22 days
Litter Size [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  18 years
Top 100 Endangered [3]  Yes

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Rainforests of the Atsinanana World Heritage Site 1185268 Toamasina, Madagascar  
Ranomafana National Park II 100646 Madagascar  
Réserve Naturelle Intégrale d'Andringitra National Park II 76961 Madagascar
Reserve de la Biosphere du Mananara Nord Biosphere Reserve 345948 Madagascar  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Madagascar and the Indian Ocean Islands Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius, Seychelles Yes

Prey / Diet

Cathariostachys madagascariensis (Madagascar giant bamboo)[4]
Nastus elongatus[4]
Streblus dimepate[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Hapalemur aureus (golden bamboo lemur)3
Hapalemur griseus (bamboo lemur)3

Distribution

Africa;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Baillie, J.E.M. & Butcher, E. R. (2012) Priceless or Worthless? The world’s most threatened species. Zoological Society of London, United Kingdom.
4Group Composition, Home Range Size, and Diet of Three Sympatric Bamboo Lemur Species (Genus Hapalemur) in Ranomafana National Park, Madagascar, Chia L. Tan, International Journal of Primatology, Vol.20, No. 4, 1999, pp. 547-566
Protected Areas provided by Le Saout, S., Hoffmann, M., Shi, Y., Hughes, A., Bernard, C., Brooks, T.M., Bertzky, B., Butchart, S.H.M., Stuart, S.N., Badman, T. & Rodrigues, A.S.L. (2013) Protected areas and effective biodiversity conservation. Science, 342, 803–805
Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access