Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Primates > Lemuroidea > Lemuridae > Lemur > Lemur catta

Lemur catta (ring-tailed lemur)

Synonyms: Maki mococo

Wikipedia Abstract

The ring-tailed lemur (Lemur catta) is a large strepsirrhine primate and the most recognized lemur due to its long, black and white ringed tail. It belongs to Lemuridae, one of five lemur families, and is the only member of the Lemur genus. Like all lemurs it is endemic to the island of Madagascar. Known locally in Malagasy as maky ([makʲ] , spelled maki in French) or hira, it inhabits gallery forests to spiny scrub in the southern regions of the island. It is omnivorous and the most terrestrial of extant lemurs. The animal is diurnal, being active exclusively in daylight hours.
View Wikipedia Record: Lemur catta

Endangered Species

Status: Endangered
View IUCN Record: Lemur catta

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 17.8
EDGE Score: 3.63


Adult Weight [2]  5.63 lbs (2.56 kg)
Birth Weight [2]  71 grams
Female Maturity [2]  1 year 7 months
Male Maturity [2]  2 years 6 months
Diet [3]  Frugivore, Herbivore
Diet - Fruit [3]  80 %
Diet - Plants [3]  20 %
Forages - Scansorial [3]  100 %
Arboreal [1]  Yes
Gestation [2]  4 months 15 days
Litter Size [2]  1
Litters / Year [2]  1
Maximum Longevity [2]  37 years
Weaning [2]  5 months 2 days


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Madagascar spiny thickets Madagascar Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Madagascar subhumid forests Madagascar Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Madagascar succulent woodlands Madagascar Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Isalo National Park II 215133 Madagascar
Réserve Naturelle Intégrale d'Andohahela National Park II 180522 Madagascar
Réserve Naturelle Intégrale d'Andringitra National Park II 76961 Madagascar

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Madagascar and the Indian Ocean Islands Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius, Seychelles Yes

Emblem of


Prey / Diet

Azadirachta indica (neem)[4]
Azima tetracantha (Needle Bush)[5]
Celtis bifida[4]
Celtis philipensis[4]
Combretum albiflorum[5]
Commicarpus plumbagineus[4]
Coptosperma nigrescens[4]
Cordia caffra (Septee Tree)[4]
Cordia sinensis (grey-leaved saucer berry)[4]
Ficus sycomorus (sycamore fig)[6]
Grewia leucophylla[5]
Marsdenia cordifolia[5]
Metaporana parvifolia[5]
Pentopetia grevei[5]
Quivisianthe papinae[5]
Tamarindus indica (Tamarind)[5]
Tina isoneura[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acridotheres tristis (Common Myna)1
Bycanistes bucinator (Trumpeter Hornbill)1
Cephalophus natalensis (Natal duiker)1
Chlorocebus aethiops (vervet monkey)1
Civettictis civetta (African Civet)1
Crinifer piscator (Western Plantain-eater)1
Epomophorus gambianus (Gambian epauletted fruit bat)1
Epomophorus wahlbergi (Wahlberg's epauletted fruit bat)1
Eulemur fulvus (brown lemur)2
Loxodonta africana (African Bush Elephant)1
Neotragus moschatus (suni)1
Propithecus verreauxi (Verreaux's sifaka)5
Sylvicapra grimmia (bush duiker)1
Tauraco porphyreolophus (Purple-crested Turaco)1


Parasitized by 
Acinetobacter lwoffii[7]
Escherichia coli (E. coli)[7]
Pseudomonas aeruginosa (Aeruginosa)[7]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Aalborg Zoo
AB Furuviksparken
Abilene Zoological Gardens
Adelaide Zoo
Africa Alive!
Africam Safari (Africam, S. A.)
Akron Zoological Park
Al Bustan Zoological Center
Alabama Gulf Coast Zoo
Alameda Park Zoo
Amazon World
America's Teaching Zoo
Apenheul Primate Park
Aqua Zoo Friesland
Ardastra Gardens & Conserv. Centre
Artis Zoo
Assiniboine Park Zoo
Attica Zoological Park S.A.
Auckland Zoological Park
Australia Zoo
Badoca Safari Park
Banham Zoo Ltd.
Beale Park
Bellewaerde Park
Bermuda Aquarium Museum and Zoo
Binder Park Zoo
Binghamton Zoo at Ross Park
Bird Park Marlow
Birmingham Nature Centre
Birmingham Zoo
Bishop Burton College
Blackbrook Zoological Park
Blackpool Zoo
Blair Drummond Safari Park
Blank Park Zoo of Des Moines
Bosphorus Zoo (Bogaziçi Hayvanat
Bowmanville Zoological Park
Bramble Park Zoo
Brevard Zoo
Bristol Zoo Gardens
Bronx Zoo/Wildlife Conservat'n Society
Budapest Zool.& Botanical Garden
Buffalo Zoological Gardens
Burger's Zoo
Caldwell Zoo
Calgary Zoo, Garden & Prehistoric Park
Cameron Park Zoo
Camperdown Wildlife Centre
Cango Wildlife Ranch
Cape May County Park Zoo
Capron Park Zoo
CERZA Centre d'Etude Rech Zool Augeron
Charles Paddock Zoo
Chehaw Wild Animal Park
Chessington World of Adventures, Ltd.
Cheyenne Mtn Zoological Park
Chicago Zoological Park
Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Garden
City of Belfast Zoo
Cleveland Metroparks Zoo
Colchester Zoo
Combe Martin Wildlife & Dinosaur Park
Copenhagen Zoo
Cotswold Wildlife Park and Gardens
Cougar Mountain Zoological Park
Curraghs Wildlife Park
Dallas Zoo
Denver Zoological Gardens
Dept. of National Zoological Gardens
Detroit Zoological Society
Dickerson Park Zoo
Dierenpark 'De Vleut' (Zoo Best)
Dierenpark Amersfoort
Dierenpark de Oliemeulen (Zoo Tilburg)
Dierenpark Emmen
Dierenpark Wissel
Drayton Manor Park Zoo
Drusillas Zoo Park
DSI Givskud Zoo
Dudley Zoological Gardens
Duke Lemur Center
Durrell Wildlife Conservation Trust
Dusit (Bangkok) Zoological Park
Ecodrome CV
Edinburgh Zoo-Scottish National Zoo
Endangered Madagascar
Espace Zoolog de St-Martin-la-Plaine
Espace Zoologique la Boissiere du Dore
Exmoor Zoological Park
Faunia (Parque Biologico De Madrid,SA)
Flamingo Land LTD
Folly Farm Leisure Ltd
Forest Park Zoological Society
Fort Wayne Children's Zoo
Fort Worth Zoological Park
Fota Wildlife Park
Fresno Chaffee Zoo
Galloway Wildlife Conservation Park
Gladys Porter Zoo
Granby Zoo / Zoo de Granby
Great Bend Zoo and Raptor Center
Great Plains Zoo
Greater Vancouver Zoo
Greenville Zoo
Guadalajara Zoo
Hai Park Kiriat Motzkin
Haifa Zoo & Biological Institute
Hamilton Zoo
Hansenberg Organia
Happy Hollow Zoo
Hattiesburg Zoo
Henry Vilas Zoo
Henson Robinson Zoo
HeverJardin d'Oiseaux Tropicaux
Hong Kong Zool. & Botanical Gardens
Honolulu Zoo
Houston Zoo, Inc.
Indianapolis Zoo
International Animal Exchange, Inc.
Isle of Wight Zoo
Jacksonville Zoo and Gardens
Jardim Zoologico / Lisbon Zoo
Jardin Zoologico de Cdad.Buenos Aires
Jardin Zoologique de la Ville de Lyon
Jászberény Zool.& Botanical Garden
Jesperhus Blomsterpark
Johannesburg Zoological Gardens
John Ball Zoological Garden
Jungle Cat World Wildlife Park Inc.
Jyllands Park Zoo
Kansas City Zoo
Khao Kheow Open Zoo
Kittenberger Zoo
Knuthenborg Safaripark
Kristiansand Dyrepark ASA
La Vallée des Singes
Lake Superior Zoological Gardens
Le Parc des Felins
Lemur Conservation Foundation
Lincoln Childrens Zoo (former Folsom)
Little Rock Zoological Gardens
Los Angeles Zoo & Botanical Gardens
Louisiana Purchase Gardens & Zoo
Louisville Zoological Garden
Magnetic Hill Zoo
Maktoum Wildlife Centre
Manor House Wildlife Park
Marwell Wildlife
Münchener Tierpark Hellabrunn
Melbourne Zoo
Mesker Park Zoo
Miami Metrozoo
Micke Grove Zoo
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Warsaw
Milwaukee County Zoological Gardens
Minnesota Zoological Garden
Miskolc Zoo/Állatkert és Kultúrpark
Mogo Zoo P/L
Mokopane Biodiversity Conservation Centre
Monde Sauvage Safari SPRL
Montecasino Bird Gardens
Moscow Zoological Park
Mountain View Conservation & Breeding
Mulhouse Zoo
Museum de Besancon
Nashville Zoo at Grassmere
Nat'l Zoological Gardens of S. Africa
Natural Science Center of Greensboro
Newquay Zoo (Cornwall Animal World)
Nikolaev Zoo of Nikolaev-City Council
North Carolina Zoological Park
North of England Zoological Society
Novosibirsk Zoological Park
Nyíregyházi Állatpark Nonprofit KFT
Oakland Zoo
Oasys Parque del Desierto de Tabernas
Odense Zoologiske Have
Odsherreds Zoo Dyrepark A/S
Oglebay's Good Children's Zoo
Ogrod Zoologiczny im. Stefana Milera
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Opolu, Opole
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Poznaniu
Oklahoma City Zoological Park
Olmense Zoo
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
Orana Wildlife Park
Out of Africa Wildlife Park
Ouwehand Zoo
Palm Beach Zoo at Dreher Park
Pana'ewa Rainforest Zoo & Gardens
Paradise Wildlife Park
Parc de la Haute Touche (MNHN)
Parc de Lunaret
Parc Merveilleux
Parc Paradisio S.A.
Parc Paysager Et Animalier Du Reynou
Parc Zoologic de Barcelona
Parc Zoologique d'Amneville
Parc Zoologique de Champrépus
Parc Zoologique De Cleres (MNHN)
Parc Zoologique de la Barben
Parc Zoologique de La Palmyre
Parc Zoologique de Lille
Parc Zoologique de Tregomeur
Parco Natura Viva
Parco Zoo di Falconara
Parco Zoo Punta Verde
Park i Ogrod Zoologiczny w Krakowie
Parque De Animales Silvestres Temaikèn
Patronato del Parque Zoologico de Leon
Peoria Zoo in Glen Oak Park
Permskii Zoologicheskii Sad
Perth Zoological Gardens
Phoenix Zoo
Pittsburgh Zoo & PPG Aquarium
Point Defiance Zoo & Aquarium
Port Lympne Wild Animal Park
Potawatomi Zoo
Potter Park Zoological Gardens
Primarily Primates Inc
Pueblo Zoo
Reaseheath College Animal Centre
Ree Park - Ebeltoft Safari
Riga Zoo
Riverbanks Zoo and Garden
Rodbaston College
Rolling Hills Wildlife Adventure
Rome Zoo-Fondazione Bioparco di Roma
Rosamond Gifford Zoo at Burnet Park
Rostock Zoologischer Garten
Rotterdam Zoo
Sacramento Zoo
Safari de Peaugres
Safari West
Safaripark Beekse Bergen
Saint Louis Zoological Park
Salzburg Zoo Hellbrunn
San Diego Wild Animal Park
San Diego Zoo
San Francisco Zoological Gardens
Santa Ana Zoo
Schoenbrunner Tiergarten GmbH
Scovill Zoo
Sedgwick County Zoo
Seoul Zoo
Shaldon Wildlife Trust
Shepreth Wildlife Park
Shuttleworth College Animal Centre
Silesian Zoological Garden
Silver Springs Park
Singapore Zoological Gardens
Skaerup Mini Zoo
Skansen Akvariet
Smithsonian National Zoological Park
Societa Zoologica Di Pistoia S.R.L
Songkhla Zoo
South Lakes Wild Animal Park
St. Catherine's Wildlife Center
Staten Island Zoo
STB Kanta - Friguia Zoo
Stichting Nederlands Opvang Papegaaien
Tampa's Lowry Park Zoo
Taronga Zoo
Tautphaus Park Zoo
Texas Zoo
The Naples Zoo
The Parrot Zoo
The Pheasant Foundation (OHBG)
The Philadelphia Zoo
The Tisch Family Zoological Gardens
Thoiry Zoological Park
Tiergarten Bernburg
Tiergarten der Stadt Wels
Tierpark Berlin-Friedrichsfelde GmbH
Tierpark Hagenbeck GmbH
Trevor Zoo at Millbrook School
Tropical World
Tropiquaria Wildlife Park
Trotter's World of Animals
Twycross Zoo
Tygerberg Zoopark
Ueno Zoological Gardens
Usti nad Labem Zoo
Utah's Hogle Zoo
Valencia Bioparc, Rainforest S.A.
Valley Zoo & John Janzen Nature Center
Virginia Safari Park & Preserv Ctr,Inc
Washington Park Zoological Gardens
West Midland Safari & Leisure Park Ltd
Western Plains Zoo
Westfalischer Zoologischer Gtn Munster
Whipsnade Wild Animal Park
Wildlife Safari Inc
Wildlife World Zoo
Wingham Wildlife Park
Wroclaw Zoo, LLC
Xantus János Állatkert Kht.
Yorkshire Wildlife Park
Zagreb Zoo / Zooloski vrt Zagreb
Zoo and Aqua-Terrarium Ltd. Pécs
Zoo Aquarium de Madrid (GRPR)
Zoo Atlanta
Zoo Boise
Zoo d'Asson
Zoo de Doue-la-Fontaine
Zoo de Fuengirola (Rain Forest SL)
Zoo de Jurques
Zoo de la Bourbansais
Zoo de La Fleche
Zoo de Pont-Scorff
Zoo de Santillana y Parque Cuaternario
Zoo Dresden GmbH
Zoo Duisburg AG
Zoo Dvur Kralove, a.s.
Zoo Hannover GmbH
Zoo Landau in der Pfalz
Zoo Melaka
Zoo New England, Franklin Park Zoo
Zoo of Acadiana
Zoo of Antwerp
Zoo Parc de Beauval
Zoo Parc Overloon
Zoo Santo Inácio Vila Nova de Gaia
Zoobotanico de Jerez
Zool.Nacional Parque Metro De Santiago
Zoological Center Tel Aviv - Ramat Gan
Zoological Garden of Polish Fauna
Zoological Garden Prague
Zoological Society of Ireland-Dublin
Zoological Society of London
Zoologicka zahrada Ostrava
Zoologicka Garden & Chateau Zlin-Lesna
Zoologicka Zahrada Bratislava
Zoologicka Zahrada Jihlava
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzen
Zoologischer Garten Augsburg GmbH
Zoologischer Garten Basel
Zoologischer Garten Frankfurt
Zoologischer Garten Leipzig
Zoologischer Garten Magdeburg
Zoologischer Garten Saarbruecken
Zoologischer Garten Schmiding
Zoopark Zajezd o.p.s.
ZooWorld Zoological Botanical Conserv.

Range Map




Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4Plant Species Fed on by Lemur catta in Gallery Forests of the Southern Domain of Madagascar, BRUNO SIMMEN, MICHELLE L. SAUTHER, TAKAYO SOMA, HANTANIRINA RASAMIMANANA, ROBERT.W. SUSSMAN, ALISON JOLLY, LAURENT TARNAUD, AND ANNETTE HLADIK, Ringtailed Lemur Biology Developments in Primatology: Progress and Prospects, 2006, Part II, 50-63
5Diets of Two Lemur Species in Different Microhabitats in Beza Mahafaly Special Reserve, Madagascar, Nayuta Yamashita, International Journal of Primatology, Vol. 23, No. 5, pp. 1025-1051, October 2002
6"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
7Nunn, C. L., and S. Altizer. 2005. The Global Mammal Parasite Database: An Online Resource for Infectious Disease Records in Wild Primates. Evolutionary Anthroplogy 14:1-2.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access