Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Primates > Callitrichidae > Callithrix > Callithrix pygmaea

Callithrix pygmaea (pygmy marmoset)

Wikipedia Abstract

The pygmy marmoset (Cebuella pygmaea) is a quadrupedal New World monkey native to the rainforest understories of western Brazil, southeastern Colombia, eastern Ecuador, eastern Peru, and northern Bolivia, with an altitudinal range of 200 to 940 m. It is most common in river edge forests, but also can be found in secondary forest and moderately disturbed forest.
View Wikipedia Record: Callithrix pygmaea


Adult Weight [2]  124 grams
Birth Weight [2]  16 grams
Female Maturity [2]  1 year 10 months
Male Maturity [2]  1 year 9 months
Arboreal [1]  Yes
Diet [1]  Herbivore
Gestation [2]  4 months 5 days
Litter Size [2]  2
Maximum Longevity [2]  19 years
Weaning [2]  3 months 1 day


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Eastern Cordillera real montane forests Ecuador, Colombia, Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Iquitos varzea Brazil, Peru, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Juruá-Purus moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Monte Alegre varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Napo moist forests Colombia, Venezuela, Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Purus varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Purus-Madeira moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Solimões-Japurá moist forest Brazil, Colombia, Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southwest Amazon moist forests Peru, Brazil, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Ucayali moist forests Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Cayambe-Coca Ecological Reserve VI 921676 Ecuador  
Mamirauá Sustainable Development Reserve State Sustainable Development Reserve VI 3260792 Amazonas, Brazil  
Manú National Park II 4213523 Cusco, Peru  
Otishi National Park 760925 Peru  
Reserva de Vida Silvestre Tahuamanu   Bolivia      
Sierra del Divisor Reserve Zone 3652986 Peru      
Vale do Javari Indigenous Area 21113875 Amazonas, Brazil      

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Tropical Andes Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela No

Prey / Diet

Cheiloclinium cognatum[3]
Cnemidophorus flavissimus (Rainbow lizard)[3]
Gonatodes albogularis (Yellow-headed Gecko, White-throated Gecko)[3]
Parkia nitida (Visgueiro)[3]
Spondias mombin (hogplum)[3]
Vochysia lomatophylla[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Agouti paca (Paca)1
Ara macao (Scarlet Macaw)1
Artibeus jamaicensis (Jamaican fruit-eating bat)1
Ateles chamek (Chamek spider monkey)1
Ateles geoffroyi (Central American spider monkey)1
Brotogeris jugularis (Orange-chinned Parakeet)1
Chiropotes satanas (brown-bearded saki)1
Eira barbara (Tayra)1
Mionectes oleagineus (Ochre-bellied Flycatcher)1
Nasua narica (White-nosed Coati)1
Pithecia albicans (buffy saki)1
Saguinus fuscicollis (saddlebacked tamarin)2
Saguinus geoffroyi (Geoffroy's tamarin)1
Saguinus mystax (black-chested mustached tamarin)1
Saguinus oedipus (cotton-top tamarin)1


Leopardus pardalis (Ocelot)[3]
Leopardus tigrinus (Oncilla)[3]
Leopardus wiedii (Margay)[3]
Puma yagouaroundi (Jaguarundi)[3]


Parasitized by 
Strongyloides stercoralis (threadworm)[4]
Trypanosoma cruzi[3]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
AB Furuviksparken
Adelaide Zoo
Al-Wabra Wildlife Preservation
Amazon World
Apenheul Primate Park
Artis Zoo
Auckland Zoological Park
Banham Zoo Ltd.
Barranquilla Zoo
Blackpool Zoo
Brevard Zoo
Bronx Zoo/Wildlife Conservat'n Society
Budapest Zool.& Botanical Garden
Calgary Zoo, Garden & Prehistoric Park
Chessington World of Adventures, Ltd.
Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Garden
City of Belfast Zooniveiventris
Colchester Zoo
Connecticut's Beardsley Zoo
Copenhagen Zoopygmaea
Cotswold Wildlife Park and Gardens
Curraghs Wildlife Parkniveiventris
Dallas World Aquarium
Denver Zoological Gardens
Dierenpark 'De Vleut' (Zoo Best)
Dierenpark Wissel
Drusillas Zoo Park
Dudley Zoological Gardensniveiventris
Edinburgh Zoo-Scottish National Zooniveiventris
Exmoor Zoological Park
Faunia (Parque Biologico De Madrid,SA)
Fundacion Zoologica de Cali
Guadalajara Zoo
Hong Kong Zool. & Botanical Gardens
Houston Zoo, Inc.
Jacksonville Zoo and Gardens
Jardim Zoologico / Lisbon Zoo
Kazan Zoological & Botanical Garden
Kolmardens Djurpark AB
Kristiansand Dyrepark ASA
La Vallée des Singes
Lakeland Wildlife Oasis
Lincoln Childrens Zoo (former Folsom)
Marwell Wildlife
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny w Lodz
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Warsaw
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny, Plock
Mitchell Park Zoo
Mogo Zoo P/L
Moscow Zoological Park
Mulhouse Zoo
Museum de Besancon
Nakhon Ratchasima Zool. Park
National Aquarium in Baltimore Inc
Newquay Zoo (Cornwall Animal World)niveiventris
North of England Zoological Societyniveiventris
Novosibirsk Zoological Parkpygmaea
Ocean Park Corporation
Odense Zoologiske Have
Ogrod Zoobotaniczny Torun
Olmense Zoo
Paignton Zoo Environmental Park
Paradise Wildlife Park
Parc Merveilleux
Parc Zoologic de Barcelona
Parc Zoologique d'Amneville
Parc Zoologique de La Palmyre
Parken Zoo i Eskilstuna AB
Parque Zoologico Huachipa
Perth Zoological Gardens
Port Lympne Wild Animal Park
Randers Regnskov
Rare Species Conservatory
Ree Park - Ebeltoft Safari
Riga Zooniveiventris
Rodbaston College
Safari de Peaugres
Saint Louis Zoological Park
Saitama Children's Zoo
Salzburg Zoo Hellbrunn
San Diego Zoo
Santa Ana Zoo
Schoenbrunner Tiergarten GmbH
Shaldon Wildlife Trustniveiventris
Silver Springs Park
Singapore Zoological Gardenspygmaea
Skansen Akvariet
Sofia Zoological Gardens
St. Augustine Alligator Farm
Symbio Wildlife Gardens
Szeged Zoo
Tallinn Zoo
Terra Natura S.A.
The Living Rainforest
The Philadelphia Zoo
The Tisch Family Zoological Gardens
Thuringer Zoopark Erfurt
Tiergarten der Stadt Nürnberg
Tiergarten der Stadt Wels
Tiergarten Heidelberg
Toronto Zoo
Twycross Zoo
Usti nad Labem Zooniveiventris
Wellington Zoo Trust
Whipsnade Wild Animal Park
Wilhelma Zoo
Woburn Safari Parkpygmaea
Zagreb Zoo / Zooloski vrt Zagreb
Zoo and Aqua-Terrarium Ltd. Pécs
Zoo d'Asson
Zoo de Doue-la-Fontaine
Zoo de Santillana y Parque Cuaternario
Zoo Decin - Pastyrska Stena
Zoo des Sables d'Olonne
Zoo Dortmund
Zoo Duisburg AG
Zoo Dvur Kralove, a.s.niveiventris
Zoo Krefeld GmbH
Zoo Landau in der Pfalz
Zoo Melaka
Zoo of Antwerp
Zoo Osnabrück
Zoo Parc de Beauval
Zoo Santo Inácio Vila Nova de Gaia
Zoo Taiping & Night Safari
Zoo Zürichpygmaea
Zoological Society of Ireland-Dublinniveiventris
Zoologicka Garden & Chateau Zlin-Lesnapygmaea
Zoologicka zahrada Bojniceniveiventris
Zoologicka Zahrada Bratislava
Zoologicka Zahrada Jihlavaniveiventris
Zoologicka Zahrada Mesta Brnapygmaea
Zoologicka zahrada Olomouc
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzenpygmaea
Zoologico Nacional La Aurora
Zoologischer Garten Augsburg GmbH
Zoologischer Garten Frankfurt
Zoologischer Garten Leipzigniveiventris
Zoologischer Garten Saarbruecken
Zoopark Zajezd o.p.s.

Range Map

South America;



Species recognized by Groves C.P., 2002-07-30, in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at 2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 3Callithrix pygmaea, Wendy R. Townsend, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 665, pp. 1–6 (2001) 4Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators. Le Saout, S., Hoffmann, M., Shi, Y., Hughes, A., Bernard, C., Brooks, T.M., Bertzky, B., Butchart, S.H.M., Stuart, S.N., Badman, T. & Rodrigues, A.S.L. (2013) Protected areas and effective biodiversity conservation. Science, 342, 803–805
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Biodiversity Hotspots, Conservation International
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Range map provided by Patterson, B. D., G. Ceballos, W. Sechrest, M. F. Tognelli, T. Brooks, L. Luna, P. Ortega, I. Salazar, and B. E. Young. 2007. Digital Distribution Maps of the Mammals of the Western Hemisphere, version 3.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA.
Data provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Bruce Patterson, Wes Sechrest, Marcelo Tognelli, Gerardo Ceballos, The Nature Conservancy—Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International—CABS, World Wildlife Fund—US, and Environment Canada—WILDSPACE.
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011