Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Primates > Callitrichidae > Callithrix > Callithrix penicillata

Callithrix penicillata (black-pencilled marmoset)

Synonyms: Callithrix penicillata jordani; Hapale trigonifer

Wikipedia Abstract

The black-tufted marmoset (Callithrix penicillata), also known as Mico-estrela in Portuguese, is a species of New World monkey that lives primarily in the Neo-tropical gallery forests of the Brazilian Central Plateau. It ranges from Bahia to Paraná, and as far inland as Goiás, between 14 and 25 degrees south of the equator, and can commonly be seen in the City of Rio de Janeiro. This marmoset typically resides in rainforests, living an arboreal life high in the trees, but below the canopy. They are only rarely spotted near the ground.
View Wikipedia Record: Callithrix penicillata

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 3.2
EDGE Score: 1.44


Adult Weight [2]  307 grams
Diet [3]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates), Frugivore, Nectarivore
Diet - Fruit [3]  30 %
Diet - Invertibrates [3]  20 %
Diet - Nectar [3]  40 %
Diet - Vertibrates [3]  10 %
Forages - Arboreal [3]  100 %
Arboreal [1]  Yes
Litter Size [2]  2
Maximum Longevity [2]  15 years


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Alta Paraná Atlantic forests Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Atlantic dry forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Bahia interior forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Caatinga Brazil Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Campos Rupestres montane savanna Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Cerrado Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Maranhao Babatu forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mato Grosso seasonal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northeastern Brazil restingas Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Reserve de Biosphere Cerrado Biosphere Reserve II 1812 Parana, Brazil  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Atlantic Forest Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay No
Cerrado Brazil No

Prey / Diet

Banisteriopsis laevifolia[4]
Banisteriopsis malifolia[4]
Byrsonima intermedia[4]
Caesalpinia pluviosa var. peltophoroides (Pirapitá)[4]
Caryocar brasiliense (pequi)[4]
Hypsiboas lundii[5]
Inga sessilis[4]
Mauritia flexuosa (muriti)[4]
Qualea grandiflora[4]
Qualea multiflora[4]
Qualea parviflora[4]
Salacia multiflora subsp. multiflora[4]
Syagrus romanzoffiana (Queen Palm)[4]
Tapirira guianensis[4]
Terminalia argentea[4]
Xylopia aromatica[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Aburria jacutinga (Black-fronted piping guan)2
Amazona aestiva (Turquoise-fronted Amazon)1
Amazona brasiliensis (Red-tailed Amazon)1
Amazona vinacea (Vinaceous-breasted Amazon)1
Amazona xanthops (Yellow-faced Amazon)2
Anoura geoffroyi (Geoffroy's tailless bat)1
Ara ararauna (Blue-and-yellow Macaw)1
Ara chloropterus (Red-and-green Macaw)1
Ara macao (Scarlet Macaw)1
Aratinga aurea (Peach-fronted Parakeet)2
Brachyteles arachnoides (muriqui)1
Brotogeris chiriri (Yellow-chevroned Parakeet)1
Callicebus nigrifrons (southern masked titi monkey)1
Callithrix kuhlii (Weid's black-tufted-ear marmoset)1
Caracara plancus (Southern Crested Caracara)1
Chaetomys subspinosus (bristle-spined rat)1
Chrysocyon brachyurus (Maned Wolf)1
Cyanocorax cristatellus (Curl-crested Jay)2
Daptrius ater (Black Caracara)1
Didelphis albiventris (White-eared Opossum)1
Didelphis aurita (Big-eared Opossum)1
Diopsittaca nobilis (Red-shouldered Macaw)1
Gnorimopsar chopi (Chopi Blackbird)1
Leontopithecus rosalia (golden lion tamarin)1
Lipaugus lanioides (Cinnamon-vented Piha)1
Myiopsitta monachus (Monk Parakeet)1
Orthopsittaca manilata (Red-bellied Macaw)1
Pecari tajacu (collared peccary)1
Pithecia albicans (buffy saki)1
Pithecia pithecia (Guianan saki)1
Pyroderus scutatus (Red-ruffed Fruitcrow)1
Pyrrhura leucotis (White-eared Parakeet)1
Ramphastos dicolorus (Green-billed Toucan)1
Schistochlamys melanopis (Black-faced Tanager)1
Tapirus terrestris (South American tapir)1
Tayassu pecari (white-lipped peccary)1
Thraupis palmarum (Palm Tanager)1
Touit purpuratus (Sapphire-rumped Parrotlet)1


Parasitized by 
Primasubulura jacchi <Unverified Name>[6]
Trichospirura leptostoma <Unverified Name>[6]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Amazon World
Aqua Zoo Friesland
Callitrichid Research Center
Dickerson Park Zoo
Dierenpark Wissel
Espace Zoolog de St-Martin-la-Plaine
Exmoor Zoological Park
Fundacao Parque Zoologico de Sao Paulo
Jardim Zoologico / Lisbon Zoo
Lincoln Childrens Zoo (former Folsom)
Mitchell Park Zoo
Nat'l Zoological Gardens of S. Africa
Palm Beach Zoo at Dreher Park
Safari de Peaugres
Singapore Zoological Gardens
Skaerup Mini Zoo
Twycross Zoo
Virginia Zoological Park
Zagreb Zoo / Zooloski vrt Zagreb
Zivalski vrt Ljubljana
Zoologicka Zahrada Jihlava

Range Map

South America;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4Feeding Behavior of the Black-Tufted-ear Marmoset (Callithrix penicillata) (Primata, Callitrichidae) in a Tropical Cerrado Savanna, Andréa Andrade Vilela & Kleber Del-Claro, Sociobiology Vol. 58, No. 2, 2011
5Anurans as prey: an exploratory analysis and size relationships between predators and their prey, L. F. Toledo, R. S. Ribeiro & C. F. B. Haddad, Journal of Zoology 271 (2007) 170–177
6Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access