Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Primates > Callitrichidae > Leontopithecus > Leontopithecus rosalia

Leontopithecus rosalia (golden lion tamarin)

Synonyms: Jacchus rosalia brasiliensis; Jacchus rosalia guyannensis; Leontocebus leoninus; Leontopithecus aurora; Leontopithecus marikina

Wikipedia Abstract

The golden lion tamarin (Leontopithecus rosalia, Portuguese: mico-leão-dourado Brazilian Portuguese: [ˈmiku leˈɐ̃w̃ dowˈɾadu]), also known as the golden marmoset, is a small New World monkey of the family Callitrichidae. Native to the Atlantic coastal forests of Brazil, the golden lion tamarin is an endangered species with an estimated wild population of about 3,200 individuals spread between four places along southeastern Brazil, and a captive population maintained at about 490 individuals among 150 zoos.
View Wikipedia Record: Leontopithecus rosalia

Endangered Species

Status: Endangered
View IUCN Record: Leontopithecus rosalia

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 5.41
EDGE Score: 3.94


Adult Weight [2]  1.44 lbs (655 g)
Birth Weight [2]  55 grams
Female Maturity [2]  1 year 6 months
Male Maturity [2]  2 years
Diet [3]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Frugivore
Diet - Fruit [3]  50 %
Diet - Invertibrates [3]  50 %
Forages - Arboreal [3]  100 %
Arboreal [1]  Yes
Gestation [2]  4 months 8 days
Litter Size [2]  2
Litters / Year [2]  2
Maximum Longevity [2]  32 years
Weaning [2]  4 months 11 days


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Alta Paraná Atlantic forests Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Atlantic Coast restingas Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Bahia interior forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Serra do Mar coastal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Bacia do Rio São João - Mico-Leão-Dourado Environmental Protection Area 382482 Rio de Janeiro, Brazil  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Atlantic Forest Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay Yes

Prey / Diet

Annona dolabripetala[4]
Bactris setosa[4]
Casearia decandra (wild honeytree)[4]
Cecropia glaziovii[4]
Cecropia hololeuca[4]
Cecropia pachystachya (Ambay pumpwood)[4]
Ecclinusa ramiflora[4]
Faramea bracteata[4]
Garcinia brasiliensis[4]
Helicostylis tomentosa[4]
Inga edulis (icecreambean)[4]
Inga praegnans[4]
Inga thibaudiana (Guavo De Playa)[4]
Miconia cinnamomifolia[4]
Miconia latecrenata[4]
Micropholis guyanensis (wild balata)[4]
Pourouma guianensis[4]
Pouteria bangii[4]
Sarcaulus brasiliensis[4]
Simarouba amara (paradisetree)[4]
Sorocea hilarii[0]
Tapirira guianensis[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Aburria jacutinga (Black-fronted piping guan)2
Amazona farinosa (Mealy Parrot)1
Ara chloropterus (Red-and-green Macaw)1
Ara macao (Scarlet Macaw)1
Ateles chamek (Chamek spider monkey)1
Baillonius bailloni (saffron toucanet)1
Bassaricyon gabbii (Olingo)1
Brotogeris chiriri (Yellow-chevroned Parakeet)1
Brotogeris tirica (Plain Parakeet)1
Cacicus haemorrhous (Red-rumped Cacique)1
Callicebus nigrifrons (southern masked titi monkey)1
Callithrix kuhlii (Weid's black-tufted-ear marmoset)3
Callithrix penicillata (black-pencilled marmoset)1
Caluromys lanatus (Brown-eared Woolly Opossum)1
Chaetomys subspinosus (bristle-spined rat)2
Didelphis aurita (Big-eared Opossum)1
Euphonia chlorotica (Purple-throated Euphonia)1
Forpus xanthopterygius crassirostris (Amazon blue-winged parrotlet)1
Lipaugus lanioides (Cinnamon-vented Piha)1
Lutreolina crassicaudata (Lutrine Opossum)1
Micoureus demerarae (Woolly Mouse Opossum)1
Mimus gilvus (Tropical Mockingbird)1
Monodelphis sorex (Southern Red-sided Opossum)1
Myiopsitta monachus (Monk Parakeet)1
Oxyruncus cristatus (Sharpbill)1
Penelope superciliaris (Rusty-margined Guan)1
Pionus maximiliani (Scaly-headed Parrot)2
Pionus menstruus (Blue-headed Parrot)1
Pyroderus scutatus (Red-ruffed Fruitcrow)1
Pyrrhura frontalis (Reddish-bellied Parakeet)1
Pyrrhura leucotis (White-eared Parakeet)3
Ramphastos dicolorus (Green-billed Toucan)2
Ramphastos vitellinus (Channel-billed Toucan)1
Schistochlamys ruficapillus (Cinnamon Tanager)1
Selenidera maculirostris (Spot-billed Toucanet)1
Tangara cayana (Burnished-buff Tanager)1
Tapirus terrestris (South American tapir)2
Thraupis sayaca (Sayaca Tanager)1
Touit purpuratus (Sapphire-rumped Parrotlet)1


Parasitized by 
Amblyomma paulopunctatum[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Aalborg Zoo
Adelaide Zoo
Akron Zoological Park
Albuquerque Biological Park
Alexandria Zoological Park
Amazon World
Apenheul Primate Park
Artis Zoo
Auckland Zoological Park
Audubon Zoo
Banham Zoo Ltd.
Bergen County Zoological Park
Bermuda Aquarium Museum and Zoo
Binghamton Zoo at Ross Park
Biodome de Montreal
Bramble Park Zoo
Brandywine Zoo
BREC's Baton Rouge Zoo
Bristol Zoo Gardens
Bronx Zoo/Wildlife Conservat'n Society
Budapest Zool.& Botanical Garden
Buffalo Zoological Gardens
Cape May County Park Zoo
Capron Park Zoo
Cheyenne Mtn Zoological Park
Chicago Zoological Park
City of Belfast Zoo
Cleveland Metroparks Zoo
Colchester Zoo
Connecticut's Beardsley Zoo
Copenhagen Zoo
Dallas World Aquarium
Dallas Zoo
Denver Zoological Gardens
Dierenpark Emmen
Dierenpark Wissel
Disney's Animal Kingdom
Durrell Wildlife Conservation Trust
El Paso Zoo
Erie Zoological Gardens
Faunia (Parque Biologico De Madrid,SA)
Fort Worth Zoological Park
Fundacao Parque Zoologico de Sao Paulo
Fundacao Zoo-Botan. de Belo Horizonte
GaiaPark, Kerkrade Zoo
Granby Zoo / Zoo de Granby
Helsinki Zoo
Henry Vilas Zoo
Hong Kong Zool. & Botanical Gardens
Honolulu Zoo
Houston Zoo, Inc.
Jardim Zoologico / Lisbon Zoo
Jurong Birdpark, Singapore
Kansas City Zoo
Knuthenborg Safaripark
Kristiansand Dyrepark ASA
La Vallée des Singes
Lincoln Childrens Zoo (former Folsom)
Los Angeles Zoo & Botanical Gardens
Marwell Wildlife
Melbourne Zoo
Menagerie du Jardin des Plantes
Miami Metrozoo
Micke Grove Zoo
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny, Plock
Milwaukee County Zoological Gardens
Minnesota Zoological Garden
Mogo Zoo P/L
Montecasino Bird Gardens
Nat'l Zoological Gardens of S. Africa
National Aquarium in Baltimore Inc
Novosibirsk Zoological Park
Oglebay's Good Children's Zoo
Oklahoma City Zoological Park
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
Palm Beach Zoo at Dreher Park
Paradise Wildlife Park
Parc Zoologique de La Palmyre
Parco Zoo Punta Verde
Park i Ogrod Zoologiczny w Krakowie
Parken Zoo i Eskilstuna AB
Phoenix Zoo
Potawatomi Zoo
Potter Park Zoological Gardens
Prospect Park Zoo
Rare Species Conservatory
Riverbanks Zoo and Garden
Roger Williams Park Zoo
Rosamond Gifford Zoo at Burnet Park
Safari de Peaugres
San Antonio Zoological Gardens & Aquar
San Diego Zoo
Santa Ana Zoo
Santa Barbara Zoological Gardens
Scovill Zoo
Sedgwick County Zoo
Seneca Park Zoo
Skansen Akvariet
Smithsonian National Zoological Park
Szeged Zoo
Tampa's Lowry Park Zoo
The Philadelphia Zoo
The Tisch Family Zoological Gardens
Tiergarten Heidelberg
Toronto Zoo
Trevor Zoo at Millbrook School
Tropical World
Twycross Zoo
Usti nad Labem Zoo
Utah's Hogle Zoo
Utica Zoo
Westfalischer Zoologischer Gtn Munster
Wildlife World Zoo
Woodland Park Zoological Gardens
Zoo Atlanta
Zoo de Doue-la-Fontaine
Zoo de Santillana y Parque Cuaternario
Zoo Duisburg AG
Zoo Dvur Kralove, a.s.
Zoo Krefeld GmbH
Zoo Landau in der Pfalz
Zoo Parc de Beauval
Zoo Zürich
Zoological Society of Ireland-Dublin
Zoological Society of London
Zoologicka Zahrada Jihlava
Zoologicka zahrada Olomouc
Zoologischer Garten Basel
Zoologischer Garten Frankfurt
Zoologischer Garten Magdeburg
ZooWorld Zoological Botanical Conserv.

Range Map

South America;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4Fruit exploitation by Golden Lion Tamarins (Leontopithecus rosalia) in the União Biological Reserve, Rio das Ostras, RJ - Brazil, M.J. Lapenta, P. Procópio de Oliveira, M.C.M. Kierluff and J.C. Motta-Junior, Mammalia. Volume 67, Issue 1, Pages 41–46 (2003)
5Nunn, C. L., and S. Altizer. 2005. The Global Mammal Parasite Database: An Online Resource for Infectious Disease Records in Wild Primates. Evolutionary Anthroplogy 14:1-2.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Le Saout, S., Hoffmann, M., Shi, Y., Hughes, A., Bernard, C., Brooks, T.M., Bertzky, B., Butchart, S.H.M., Stuart, S.N., Badman, T. & Rodrigues, A.S.L. (2013) Protected areas and effective biodiversity conservation. Science, 342, 803–805
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access