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Alouatta pigra (Mexican black howler monkey)

Language: Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The Guatemalan black howler, or Yucatan black howler, (Alouatta pigra) is a species of howler monkey, a type of New World monkey, from Central America. It is found in Belize, Guatemala and Mexico, in and near the Yucatan Peninsula. It lives in evergreen, semi-deciduous and lowland rain forests. It is also known as the Baboon in Belize, although it is not closely related to the baboons that live in Africa.
View Wikipedia Record: Alouatta pigra

Endangered Species

Status: Endangered
View IUCN Record: Alouatta pigra

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
2
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
49
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 5.3
EDGE Score: 3.92

Attributes

Adult Weight [2]  15.43 lbs (7.00 kg)
Birth Weight [2]  1.06 lbs (480 g)
Arboreal [1]  Yes
Diet [1]  Herbivore
Gestation [2]  6 months 7 days
Litter Size [2]  1

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Map Climate Land
Use
Belizean pine forests Belize Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Mesoamerican Gulf-Caribbean mangroves Bahamas, United Kingdom Neotropic Mangroves
Pantanos de Centla Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Petén-Veracruz moist forests Mexico, Guatemala, Belize Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Yucatán moist forests Mexico, Guatemala, Belize Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Map Climate Land Use
Bladen Branch Nature Reserve Ia 100225 Belize  
Chiquibul Forest Reserve VI 148670 Belize  
Cockscomb Basin Wildlife Sanctuary IV 122962 Belize
Columbia River Forest Reserve VI 149053 Belize  
Maya UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 5221188 Petén, Guatemala  
Proyecto Ecologico Quetzal   Guatemala      
Reserva de la Biosfera de Sian Ka'an Biosphere Reserve VI 1312618 Mexico  
Sarstoon Temash National Park II 42082 Belize  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website Map
Mesoamerica Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama Yes

Prey / Diet

Albizia saman (Rain Tree)[3]
Andira inermis (cabbagebark tree)[3]
Brosimum alicastrum (breadnut)[3]
Coccoloba belizensis[3]
Coccoloba hondurensis[3]
Combretum fruticosum[3]
Ficus americana (Jamaican cherry fig)[4]
Ficus aurea (Florida strangler fig)[4]
Ficus costaricana[4]
Ficus insipida[4]
Ficus maxima[4]
Ficus nymphaeifolia (amate)[4]
Ficus pertusa[4]
Ficus popenoei[4]
Ficus trigonata (jaguey blanco)[4]
Ficus yoponensis[4]
Guazuma ulmifolia (bastardcedar)[3]
Inga vera (river koko)[3]
Miconia argentea[3]
Paullinia clavigera[3]
Pithecellobium lanceolatum[3]
Sapindus saponaria (western soapberry)[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Alouatta palliata (mantled howler monkey)5
Amazona albifrons (White-fronted Parrot)4
Amazona auropalliata (Yellow-naped Parrot)1
Amazona farinosa (Mealy Parrot)1
Amazona finschi (Lilac-crowned Parrot)3
Ara ambiguus (Great Green Macaw)1
Ara macao (Scarlet Macaw)1
Aratinga canicularis (Orange-fronted Parakeet)2
Artibeus jamaicensis (Jamaican fruit-eating bat)9
Artibeus lituratus (great fruit-eating bat)5
Artibeus phaeotis (pygmy fruit-eating bat)3
Artibeus toltecus (Toltec fruit-eating bat)2
Ateles geoffroyi (Central American spider monkey)5
Attila spadiceus (Bright-rumped Attila)1
Aulacorhynchus prasinus (Emerald Toucanet)1
Bassaricyon gabbii (Olingo)3
Brotogeris jugularis (Orange-chinned Parakeet)6
Carollia brevicauda (silky short-tailed bat)1
Catharus aurantiirostris (Orange-billed Nightingale-Thrush)1
Catharus mexicanus (Black-headed Nightingale-Thrush)1
Cebus capucinus (white-faced capuchin)5
Chiroderma trinitatum (little big-eyed bat)1
Chiroderma villosum (hairy big-eyed bat)5
Chiroxiphia linearis (Long-tailed Manakin)1
Chlorophanes spiza (Green Honeycreeper)2
Chlorophonia callophrys (Golden-browed Chlorophonia)1
Chlorophonia occipitalis (Blue-crowned Chlorophonia)1
Chlorospingus ophthalmicus (Common Bush-Tanager)1
Cotinga amabilis (Lovely Cotinga)1
Cyanerpes cyaneus (Red-legged Honeycreeper)1
Cyanocorax morio (Brown Jay)1
Dacnis cayana (Blue Dacnis)1
Dacnis venusta (Scarlet-thighed Dacnis)1
Dendroica castanea (Bay-breasted Warbler)2
Dendroica pensylvanica (Chestnut-sided Warbler)1
Dives dives (Melodious Blackbird)1
Dryocopus lineatus (Lineated Woodpecker)1
Eira barbara (Tayra)1
Elaenia flavogaster (Yellow-bellied Elaenia)1
Elaenia frantzii (Mountain Elaenia)1
Euphonia affinis (Scrub Euphonia)1
Euphonia hirundinacea (Yellow-throated Euphonia)1
Euphonia laniirostris (Thick-billed Euphonia)1
Euphonia luteicapilla (Yellow-crowned Euphonia)1
Euphonia minuta (White-vented Euphonia)1
Geotrygon montana (Ruddy Quail-Dove)1
Icterus galbula (Northern Oriole)1
Icterus gularis (Altamira Oriole)1
Lepidothrix coronata (Blue-crowned Manakin)1
Mazama americana (red brocket)1
Melanerpes hoffmannii (Hoffmann's Woodpecker)1
Melanerpes pygmaeus (Yucatan Woodpecker)1
Mimus polyglottos (Northern Mockingbird)1
Mionectes oleagineus (Ochre-bellied Flycatcher)1
Momotus momota (Blue-crowned Motmot)1
Myiarchus tuberculifer (Dusky-capped Flycatcher)1
Myiodynastes luteiventris (Sulphur-bellied Flycatcher)1
Myiozetetes similis (Social Flycatcher)1
Nasua narica (White-nosed Coati)1
Nasua nasua (South American Coati)4
Patagioenas leucocephala (White-crowned Pigeon)1
Pecari tajacu (collared peccary)2
Pharomachrus mocinno (Resplendent Quetzal)3
Pheucticus ludovicianus (Rose-breasted Grosbeak)2
Platyrrhinus helleri (Heller's broad-nosed bat)4
Potos flavus (Kinkajou)5
Procnias tricarunculatus (Three-wattled Bellbird)1
Pteroglossus torquatus (Collared Aracari)1
Pyrrhura picta (Painted Parakeet)1
Querula purpurata (Purple-throated Fruitcrow)1
Ramphastos sulfuratus (Keel-billed Toucan)1
Rhinoclemmys funerea (Black Wood Turtle)1
Saguinus oedipus (cotton-top tamarin)6
Saltator maximus (Buff-throated Saltator)1
Sciurus granatensis (red-tailed squirrel)1
Sciurus variegatoides (variegated squirrel)2
Sturnira ludovici (highland yellow-shouldered bat)1
Tachyphonus luctuosus (White-shouldered Tanager)1
Tangara inornata (Plain-colored Tanager)1
Tapirus bairdii (Baird's tapir)2
Tayassu pecari (white-lipped peccary)2
Thraupis episcopus (Blue-grey Tanager)1
Tityra semifasciata (Masked Tityra)1
Trogon citreolus (Citreoline Trogon)1
Trogon collaris (Collared Trogon)1
Trogon melanurus (Black-tailed Trogon)1
Turdus assimilis (White-throated Thrush)1
Turdus grayi (Clay-colored Thrush)1
Turdus plebejus (Mountain Thrush)1
Tyrannus dominicensis (Grey Kingbird)1
Tyrannus savana (Fork-tailed Flycatcher)1
Uroderma bilobatum (tent-making bat)6
Vampyressa nymphaea (striped yellow-eared bat)5
Vampyressa pusilla (little yellow-eared bat)3
Vampyrodes caraccioli (great stripe-faced bat)4
Vermivora peregrina (Tennessee Warbler)1
Vireo altiloquus (Black-whiskered Vireo)1
Vireo olivaceus (Red-eyed Vireo)1

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Cryptosporidium parvum[5]
Entamoeba coli[5]
Entamoeba histolytica[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Gladys Porter Zoo
Zoologico Nacional La Aurora

Range Map

Link to Map
Middle America;

Audio

Play / PauseVolume
Provided by eNature via Myxer Author: Dennis Hysom

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Groves C.P., 30-Jul-2002, ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System in Catalog of Life 2011
Endangered Status provided by IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2 <www.iucnredlist.org> Downloaded on 11 April 2013.
Attributes / relations provided by 1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 3Feeding Ecology of the Black Howler Monkey (Alouatta pigra) in Northern Belize, S.C. SILVER, L.E.T. OSTRO, C.P. YEAGER, AND R. HORWICH, American Journal of Primatology 45:263–279 (1998) 4"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572 5Nunn, C. L., and S. Altizer. 2005. The Global Mammal Parasite Database: An Online Resource for Infectious Disease Records in Wild Primates. Evolutionary Anthroplogy 14:1-2.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators. Le Saout, S., Hoffmann, M., Shi, Y., Hughes, A., Bernard, C., Brooks, T.M., Bertzky, B., Butchart, S.H.M., Stuart, S.N., Badman, T. & Rodrigues, A.S.L. (2013) Protected areas and effective biodiversity conservation. Science, 342, 803–805
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Biodiversity Hotspots, Conservation International
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
EDGE analysis provided by EDGE of Existence programme, Zoological Society of London
Range map provided by Patterson, B. D., G. Ceballos, W. Sechrest, M. F. Tognelli, T. Brooks, L. Luna, P. Ortega, I. Salazar, and B. E. Young. 2007. Digital Distribution Maps of the Mammals of the Western Hemisphere, version 3.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA.
Data provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Bruce Patterson, Wes Sechrest, Marcelo Tognelli, Gerardo Ceballos, The Nature Conservancy—Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International—CABS, World Wildlife Fund—US, and Environment Canada—WILDSPACE.
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011
Audio software provided by SoundManager 2