> Alouatta pigra
Alouatta pigra (Mexican black howler monkey)
Synonyms: Alouatta palliata luctuosa; Mycetes villosus
The Guatemalan black howler, or Yucatan black howler, (Alouatta pigra) is a species of howler monkey, a type of New World monkey, from Central America. It is found in Belize, Guatemala and Mexico, in and near the Yucatan Peninsula. It lives in evergreen, semideciduous and lowland rain forests. It is also known as the baboon in Belize, although it is not closely related to the baboons in Africa.
Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0)
Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 5.3
EDGE Score: 3.92
|Adult Weight  ||15.43 lbs (7.00 kg)|
|Birth Weight  ||1.06 lbs (480 g)|
|Arboreal  ||Yes|
|Diet  ||Herbivore|
|Gestation  ||6 months 7 days|
|Litter Size  ||1|
Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama
Institutions (Zoos, etc.)
|Play / Pause||Volume|
Species recognized by Groves C.P., 2014-06-26, ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System in
Endangered Status provided by IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2 <www.iucnredlist.org
> Downloaded on 11 April 2013.
Attributes / relations provided by ♦ 1
Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org ♦ 2
de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits.
Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 ♦ 3Feeding Ecology of the Black Howler Monkey (Alouatta pigra) in Northern Belize
, S.C. SILVER, L.E.T. OSTRO, C.P. YEAGER, AND R. HORWICH, American Journal of Primatology 45:263279 (1998) ♦ 4
"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529572
Nunn, C. L., and S. Altizer. 2005. The Global Mammal Parasite Database
: An Online Resource for Infectious Disease Records in Wild Primates. Evolutionary Anthroplogy 14:1-2.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas
in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment
at the University of California, Davis
and numerous collaborators
Le Saout, S., Hoffmann, M., Shi, Y., Hughes, A., Bernard, C., Brooks, T.M., Bertzky, B., Butchart, S.H.M., Stuart, S.N., Badman, T. & Rodrigues, A.S.L. (2013) Protected areas and effective biodiversity conservation
. Science, 342, 803–805
Range map provided by Patterson, B. D., G. Ceballos, W. Sechrest, M. F. Tognelli, T. Brooks, L. Luna, P. Ortega, I. Salazar, and B. E. Young. 2007. Digital Distribution Maps of the Mammals of the Western Hemisphere, version 3.0. NatureServe
, Arlington, Virginia, USA.
Data provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Bruce Patterson, Wes Sechrest, Marcelo Tognelli, Gerardo Ceballos, The Nature ConservancyMigratory Bird Program, Conservation InternationalCABS, World Wildlife FundUS, and Environment CanadaWILDSPACE.