Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Primates > Atelidae > Ateles > Ateles paniscus

Ateles paniscus (black spider monkey)

Synonyms: Ateles ater; Ateles pentadactylus; Ateles subpentadactylus; Cebus paniscus cayennensis; Cebus paniscus surinamensis

Wikipedia Abstract

The red-faced spider monkey (Ateles paniscus) also known as the Guiana spider monkey or red-faced black spider monkey, is a species of spider monkey found in the rain forests in northern South America. The species faces issues with hunting and habitat loss, so is listed as Vulnerable on the IUCN Redlist.
View Wikipedia Record: Ateles paniscus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 10.69
EDGE Score: 3.85


Adult Weight [1]  17.39 lbs (7.89 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  453 grams
Female Maturity [1]  4 years 1 month
Male Maturity [1]  3 years 6 months
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates), Frugivore, Granivore, Herbivore
Diet - Fruit [2]  60 %
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  10 %
Diet - Plants [2]  10 %
Diet - Seeds [2]  10 %
Diet - Vertibrates [2]  10 %
Forages - Arboreal [2]  100 %
Gestation [1]  7 months 19 days
Litter Size [1]  1
Litters / Year [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  46 years
Weaning [1]  2 years 2 months


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Guianan Freshwater swamp forests Suriname, Guyana, French Guiana Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan Highlands moist forests Venezuela, Brazil, Guyana, Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan moist forests Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Brazil, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan savanna Brazil, Guyana, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Marajó varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Monte Alegre varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Rio Negro campinarana Brazil, Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Uatuma-Trombetas moist forests Brazil, Guyana, Suriname Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Estacion Biologica Beni Biosphere Reserve VI 335178 Bolivia  
Mamirauá Sustainable Development Reserve State Sustainable Development Reserve VI 3260792 Amazonas, Brazil  
Manú National Park II 4213523 Cusco, Peru  
Otishi National Park 760925 Peru  
Reserva de Vida Silvestre Tahuamanu   Bolivia      


Prey / Diet

Ceiba pentandra (kapoktree)[3]
Ficus americana (Jamaican cherry fig)[4]
Ficus citrifolia (shortleaf fig)[3]
Ficus pertusa[5]
Parkia velutina (parkia tree)[3]
Virola calophylla (virola)[6]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Aburria pipile (Trinidad piping guan)2
Alouatta seniculus (red howler monkey)1
Ara macao (Scarlet Macaw)1
Artibeus jamaicensis (Jamaican fruit-eating bat)3
Artibeus lituratus (great fruit-eating bat)1
Ateles belzebuth (white-bellied spider monkey)1
Ateles chamek (Chamek spider monkey)1
Attila spadiceus (Bright-rumped Attila)1
Aulacorhynchus prasinus (Emerald Toucanet)1
Brotogeris cyanoptera (Cobalt-winged Parakeet)1
Callimico goeldii (Goeldi's monkey)1
Cebus albifrons (white-fronted capuchin)2
Cebus capucinus (white-faced capuchin)1
Chiroderma villosum (hairy big-eyed bat)2
Chlorophanes spiza (Green Honeycreeper)1
Chlorophonia cyanea (Blue-naped Chlorophonia)1
Coereba flaveola (Bananaquit)1
Cyanerpes cyaneus (Red-legged Honeycreeper)1
Dacnis lineata (Black-faced Dacnis)1
Dryocopus lineatus (Lineated Woodpecker)1
Elaenia flavogaster (Yellow-bellied Elaenia)1
Euphonia chrysopasta (White-lored Euphonia)1
Euphonia laniirostris (Thick-billed Euphonia)1
Euphonia minuta (White-vented Euphonia)1
Euphonia rufiventris (Rufous-bellied Euphonia)1
Euphonia violacea (Violaceous Euphonia)1
Euphonia xanthogaster (Orange-bellied Euphonia)1
Geotrygon montana (Ruddy Quail-Dove)2
Iodopleura isabellae (White-browed Purpletuft)1
Lagothrix lagothricha (Humboldt's woolly monkey)2
Lanio versicolor (White-winged Shrike-Tanager)1
Lepidothrix coronata (Blue-crowned Manakin)1
Leptonycteris curasoae (southern long-nosed bat)1
Lipaugus vociferans (Screaming Piha)1
Mionectes oleagineus (Ochre-bellied Flycatcher)1
Momotus momota (Blue-crowned Motmot)1
Myiarchus tuberculifer (Dusky-capped Flycatcher)1
Myiodynastes luteiventris (Sulphur-bellied Flycatcher)1
Myiopagis gaimardii (Forest Elaenia)1
Myiozetetes similis (Social Flycatcher)1
Nasua nasua (South American Coati)2
Patagioenas plumbea (Plumbeous Pigeon)1
Penelope jacquacu (Spix's Guan)1
Phyllostomus hastatus (greater spear-nosed bat)1
Pipra fasciicauda (Band-tailed Manakin)1
Pipra pipra (White-crowned Manakin)1
Plecturocebus moloch (red-bellied titi monkey)2
Psarocolius decumanus (Crested Oropendola)1
Psophia leucoptera (Pale-winged Trumpeter)1
Pteroglossus azara (Ivory-billed Aracari)1
Pteroglossus beauharnaesii (Curl-crested Aracari)2
Pyrrhura picta (Painted Parakeet)1
Pyrrhura rupicola (Black-capped Parakeet)1
Querula purpurata (Purple-throated Fruitcrow)1
Ramphastos toco (Toco Toucan)1
Ramphastos tucanus cuvieri (Cuvier's Toucan)1
Saguinus imperator (emperor tamarin)1
Saguinus oedipus (cotton-top tamarin)1
Saimiri sciureus (South American squirrel monkey)3
Saltator maximus (Buff-throated Saltator)1
Sapajus apella (brown capuchin)5
Selenidera reinwardtii (Golden-collared Toucanet)1
Setophaga ruticilla (American Redstart)1
Tachyphonus rufiventer (Yellow-crested Tanager)1
Tachyphonus rufus (White-lined Tanager)1
Tachyphonus surinamus (Fulvous-crested Tanager)1
Tangara callophrys (Opal-crowned Tanager)1
Tangara chilensis (Paradise Tanager)1
Tangara gyrola (Bay-headed Tanager)1
Tangara mexicana (Turquoise Tanager)2
Tangara nigrocincta (Masked Tanager)1
Tangara schrankii (Green-and-gold Tanager)1
Thraupis episcopus (Blue-grey Tanager)1
Tiaris olivaceus (Yellow-faced Grassquit)1
Tityra semifasciata (Masked Tityra)1
Trogon collaris (Collared Trogon)1
Trogon melanurus (Black-tailed Trogon)2
Turdus albicollis (White-necked Thrush)1
Turdus hauxwelli (Hauxwell's Thrush)1
Turdus ignobilis (Black-billed Thrush)1
Tyranneutes stolzmanni (Dwarf Tyranneutes)1
Tyrannus dominicensis (Grey Kingbird)2
Tyrannus savana (Fork-tailed Flycatcher)1
Uroderma bilobatum (tent-making bat)2
Vampyressa pusilla (little yellow-eared bat)1
Vireo altiloquus (Black-whiskered Vireo)1
Vireo olivaceus (Red-eyed Vireo)1


Harpia harpyja (Harpy Eagle)[3]
Panthera onca (Jaguar)[3]


Parasitized by 
Dipetalonema caudispina <Unverified Name>[7]
Dipetalonema gracile <Unverified Name>[7]
Histoplasma capsulatum[8]
Leptospira interrogans[8]
Pediculus mjobergi[8]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Apenheul Primate Park
Artis Zoo
Chicago Zoological Park
Fundacao Parque Zoologico de Sao Paulo
GaiaPark, Kerkrade Zoo
Isle of Wight Zoo
La Vallée des Singes
Nagyerdei Kultúrpark KHT.
Parque Zoologico Santa Fe
Taipei Zoo
Twycross Zoo
Tygerberg Zoopark
Welsh Mountain Zoo
Zool.Nacional Parque Metro De Santiago
Zoological Society of London

Range Map

South America;



Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Animals of the Rainforest
4"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
5Frugivores at a fruiting Ficus in south-eastern Peru, Jose G. Tello, Journal of Tropical Ecology (2003) 19:717–721.
6Russo, SE 2003. Responses of dispersal agents to tree and fruit traits in Virola calophylla (Myristicaceae): Implications for selection Oecologia 136:80–87
7Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
8Nunn, C. L., and S. Altizer. 2005. The Global Mammal Parasite Database: An Online Resource for Infectious Disease Records in Wild Primates. Evolutionary Anthroplogy 14:1-2.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
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