Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Primates > Cebidae > Cebus > Cebus apella
 

Cebus apella (brown capuchin; Tufted Capuchin; Black-capped Capuchin)

Wikipedia Abstract

The tufted capuchin (Sapajus apella), also known as brown capuchin, black-capped capuchin, or pin monkey is a New World primate from South America. As traditionally defined, it is one of the most widespread primates in the Neotropics, but it has recently been recommended considering the black-striped, black and Golden-bellied Capuchins as separate species, thereby effectively limiting the tufted capuchin to the Amazon Basin and nearby regions.
View Wikipedia Record: Cebus apella

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
2
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
20
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 6.93
EDGE Score: 2.07

Attributes

Adult Weight [2]  5.83 lbs (2.64 kg)
Birth Weight [2]  240 grams
Female Maturity [2]  4 years 8 months
Arboreal [1]  Yes
Diet [1]  Omnivore
Gestation [2]  5 months 8 days
Litter Size [2]  2
Litters / Year [2]  1
Maximum Longevity [2]  46 years
Weaning [2]  10 months 7 days

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Map Climate Land
Use
Alta Paraná Atlantic forests Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Amazon-Orinoco-Southern Caribbean mangroves Brazil, Columbia, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela Neotropic Mangroves  
Apure-Villavicencio dry forests Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Araucaria moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Atlantic Coast restingas Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Atlantic dry forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Bahia coastal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Bahia interior forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Beni savanna Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Bolivian Yungas Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Caatinga Brazil Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Caatinga Enclaves moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Campos Rupestres montane savanna Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Caqueta moist forests Brazil, Columbia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cerrado Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Chiquitano dry forests Bolivia, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Cordillera Oriental montane forests Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Dry Chaco Bolivia, Paraguay, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Cordillera real montane forests Ecuador, Colombia, Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan Freshwater swamp forests Suriname, Guyana, French Guiana Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan Highlands moist forests Venezuela, Brazil, Guyana, Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan moist forests Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Brazil, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan piedmont and lowland moist forests Brazil, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Guianan savanna Brazil, Guyana, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Gurupa varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Humid Chaco Argentina, Paraguay, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Iquitos varzea Brazil, Peru, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Japurá-Solimoes-Negro moist forests Brazil, Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Juruá-Purus moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Llanos Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Madeira-Tapajós moist forests Brazil, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Marajó varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Maranhao Babatu forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mato Grosso seasonal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Monte Alegre varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Napo moist forests Colombia, Venezuela, Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Negro-Branco moist forests Colombia, Venezuela, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northeastern Brazil restingas Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Pantanal Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Pantepuis Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Pernambuco coastal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Pernambuco interior forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Peruvian Yungas Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Purus varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Purus-Madeira moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Rio Negro campinarana Brazil, Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Serra do Mar coastal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Solimões-Japurá moist forest Brazil, Colombia, Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southern Andean Yungas Bolivia, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southern Atlantic mangroves Brazil Neotropic Mangroves  
Southwest Amazon moist forests Peru, Brazil, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tapajós-Xingu moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tocantins/Pindare moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Uatuma-Trombetas moist forests Brazil, Guyana, Suriname Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Ucayali moist forests Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Xingu-Tocantins-Araguaia moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Map Climate Land Use
Bahuaja-Sonene National Park II 2716956 Madre de Dios (Puerto Maldonado), Peru  
Bosque Mbaracayú Biosphere Reserve V 691895 Paraguay  
Caaguazú National Park II 33073 Paraguay  
Cayambe-Coca Ecological Reserve VI 921676 Ecuador  
Cerro Corá National Park II 31326 Paraguay  
Cinturon Andino Cluster Biosphere Reserve 433176 Colombia  
El Rey National Park II 110298 Salta, Argentina
Estacion Biologica Beni Biosphere Reserve VI 335178 Bolivia  
Estancia Sombrero Private Reserve   Paraguay        
Itabó Biological Reserve IV 34092 Paraguay  
Madidi National Park II 3194501 Bolivia  
Mamirauá Sustainable Development Reserve State Sustainable Development Reserve VI 3260792 Amazonas, Brazil  
Manú National Park II 4213523 Cusco, Peru  
Maracá Ecological Reserve Ia 257554 Roraima, Brazil  
Morombi Private Reserve Natural Private Reserve IV 68152 Paraguay  
Noel Kempff Mercado National Park II 4006523 Bolivia  
Otishi National Park 760925 Peru  
Parque Nacional Canaima National Park II 7542183 Venezuela  
Parque Nacional Iguazú National Park II 115949 Argentina  
Parque Nacional Serranía San Luis National Park II 29816 Paraguay  
Río Negro National Park II 73775 Paraguay  
Río Pilcomayo National Park II 123699 Formosa, Argentina
Reserva Cuzco Amazonico   Peru        
Reserva de Vida Silvestre Tahuamanu   Bolivia        
Reserve de Biosphere Cerrado Biosphere Reserve II 1812 Parana, Brazil  
San Rafael, Reserva de Recursos Manejados Managed Resource Reserve VI 165840 Paraguay  
Sierra del Divisor Reserve Zone 3652986 Peru      
Ybycu'í National Park II 13915 Paraguay  

Ecosystems

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website Map
Cerrado Brazil No
Tropical Andes Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela No

Prey / Diet

Astrocaryum chambira (Chambira palm)[3]
Cariniana micrantha[4]
Ceiba pentandra (kapoktree)[5]
Clitoria javitensis[3]
Elytrostachys typica[3]
Enterolobium schomburgkii (Guanacaste)[3]
Erythrina falcata (Seibo De Jujuy)[6]
Ficus amazonica[7]
Ficus americana (Jamaican cherry fig)[7]
Ficus americana subsp. guianensis[7]
Ficus casapiensis[7]
Ficus citrifolia (shortleaf fig)[5]
Ficus coerulescens[7]
Ficus dugandii[7]
Ficus enormis[7]
Ficus eximia[7]
Ficus insipida[7]
Ficus luschnathiana[7]
Ficus maxima[7]
Ficus pertusa[7]
Ficus sphenophylla[7]
Ficus trigona[7]
Grias haughtii[3]
Guadua angustifolia[3]
Gustavia superba[3]
Oenocarpus bataua var. bataua[3]
Parkia velutina (parkia tree)[5]
Pharus lappulaceus (Cape Francais stalkgrass)[3]
Phenakospermum guyannense[3]
Pseudolmedia laevis[3]
Socratea exorrhiza (Walking Palm)[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Alouatta fusca (brown howler monkey)3
Alouatta seniculus (red howler monkey)4
Ara macao (Scarlet Macaw)2
Artibeus jamaicensis (Jamaican fruit-eating bat)6
Artibeus lituratus (great fruit-eating bat)5
Artibeus phaeotis (pygmy fruit-eating bat)2
Ateles belzebuth (white-bellied spider monkey)4
Ateles chamek (Chamek spider monkey)3
Ateles paniscus (black spider monkey)5
Brotogeris chiriri (Yellow-chevroned Parakeet)2
Brotogeris jugularis (Orange-chinned Parakeet)3
Brotogeris tirica (Plain Parakeet)2
Callicebus moloch (red-bellied titi monkey)3
Cebus albifrons (white-fronted capuchin)9
Cebus capucinus (white-faced capuchin)2
Chiroderma villosum (hairy big-eyed bat)3
Chlorophanes spiza (Green Honeycreeper)2
Coereba flaveola (Bananaquit)3
Cyanerpes cyaneus (Red-legged Honeycreeper)2
Dacnis cayana (Blue Dacnis)3
Euphonia violacea (Violaceous Euphonia)2
Forpus xanthopterygius (Blue-winged Parrotlet)3
Geotrygon montana (Ruddy Quail-Dove)2
Lagothrix lagotricha (Humboldt's woolly monkey)5
Myiopsitta monachus (Monk Parakeet)2
Nasua nasua (South American Coati)5
Pionus maximiliani (Scaly-headed Parrot)2
Pithecia albicans (buffy saki)3
Platyrrhinus lineatus (white-lined broad-nosed bat)2
Potos flavus (Kinkajou)3
Pyrrhura frontalis (Reddish-bellied Parakeet)3
Ramphastos toco (Toco Toucan)2
Saguinus fuscicollis (saddlebacked tamarin)2
Saguinus imperator (emperor tamarin)3
Saguinus mystax (black-chested mustached tamarin)2
Saimiri sciureus (South American squirrel monkey)10
Tachyphonus rufus (White-lined Tanager)2
Tangara gyrola (Bay-headed Tanager)2
Tangara mexicana (Turquoise Tanager)3
Tapirus terrestris (South American tapir)4
Thraupis episcopus (Blue-grey Tanager)2
Tyrannus dominicensis (Grey Kingbird)3
Uroderma bilobatum (tent-making bat)3
Vireo olivaceus (Red-eyed Vireo)2

Predators

Harpia harpyja (Harpy Eagle)[5]
Panthera onca (Jaguar)[5]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Dipetalonema gracile <Unverified Name>[8]
Filariopsis barretoi <Unverified Name>[8]
Molineus torulosus <Unverified Name>[8]
Trichostrongylus cesticillus <Unverified Name>[8]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Aalborg Zoo
Africam Safari (Africam, S. A.)
African Safari
Al Ain Zoo
Alameda Park Zoo
America's Teaching Zoo
Attica Zoological Park S.A.
Barranquilla Zoo
 macrocephalus
Bellewaerde Park
Bioparc Valencia
Blaavand Zoo
Bosphorus Zoo (Bogaziçi Hayvanat
Brooklands Zoo
Buffalo Zoological Gardens
Chicago Zoological Park
Combe Martin Wildlife & Dinosaur Park
Dierenpark 'De Vleut' (Zoo Best)
Drusillas Zoo Park
Edinburgh Zoo-Scottish National Zooapella
Espace Zoolog de St-Martin-la-Plaineapella
Espace Zoologique la Boissiere du Dore
Faunia (Parque Biologico De Madrid,SA)
Folly Farm Leisure Ltd
Fundacao Parque Zoologico de Sao Paulo
Fundacion Zoológica del Ecuador
Fundacion Zoologica de Cali
Fundacion Zoologico Santacruz
Giza Zoological Garden
Guadalajara Zoo
Guldborgsund Zoo & Botanical Garden
Hai Park Kiriat Motzkin
Haifa Zoo & Biological Institute
Hamilton Zoo
Happy Hollow Zoo
Hope Zoo (Nature Preservation Found.)apella
International Animal Exchange, Inc.
Isle of Wight Zoo
Jardim Zoologico / Lisbon Zoo
Jardin Zoologico de Cdad.Buenos Aires
Joboland Brandesgardshaven
Khao Kheow Open Zoo
Kharkiv Zoo
Kishinev Zoopark
Kittenberger Zoo
Kyiv Zoological Park
La Vallée des Singes
Leningrad Zoo - St. Petersburg
Lietuvos Zoologijos Sodas
Little Rock Zoological Gardens
Melbourne Zoo
Micke Grove Zoo
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny w Lodz
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Warsaw
Mundomar
Museum de Besanconapella
Nagyerdei Kultúrpark KHT.
National Zoo & Aquarium
Natureland Zoological Park
Nikolaev Zoo of Nikolaev-City Council
Nogeyama Zoological Gardens Yokohama
Nyíregyházi Állatpark Nonprofit KFT
Odsherreds Zoo Dyrepark A/S
Ogrod Zoologiczny im. Stefana Milera
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Opolu, Opole
Olmense Zoo
 apella
Opel-Zoo von Opel HessischeZoostiftung
Osaka Municipal Tennoji Zool. Gdns.
Palm Beach Zoo at Dreher Park
Pana'ewa Rainforest Zoo & Gardens
Parc Zoologique d'Amiens
Parc Zoologique d'Amneville
Parc Zoologique de la Barbenapella
Parc Zoologique de Lille
Parque Recreativo y Zool. Piscilago
Parque Zoologico Huachipa
Parque Zoologico Jaime Duque - Bogota
Parque Zoologico Nacional, ZOODOMapella
Parque Zoologico Santa Fe
Patronato del Parque Zoologico de Leon
Peace River Refuge & Ranch, Inc.apella
Perth Zoological Gardens
Port Lympne Wild Animal Park
Ragunan Zoological Park
Ree Park - Ebeltoft Safariapella
Rodbaston College
Rolling Hills Wildlife Adventure
Rostock Zoologischer Garten
Salzburg Zoo Hellbrunn
Santa Ana Zoo
Silesian Zoological Garden
Singapore Zoological Gardens
Societa Zoologica Di Pistoia S.R.L
Sofia Zoological Gardens
South Lakes Wild Animal Park
Terra Natura S.A.apella
Tiergarten der Stadt Wels
Trotter's World of Animals
Tygerberg Zoopark
Utah's Hogle Zoo
Wellington Zoo Trust
Westfalischer Zoologischer Gtn Munster
Wildlife World Zoo
Willow Park Zoo
Wingham Wildlife Park
Xantus János Állatkert Kht.
Zagreb Zoo / Zooloski vrt Zagrebapella
Zoo and Aqua-Terrarium Ltd. Pécs
Zoo Aquarium de Madrid (GRPR)
Zoo de Jurques
Zoo de la Bourbansais
Zoo Decin - Pastyrska Stena
Zoo Melaka
Zoo of Acadiana
Zoo Osnabrück
Zoo Taiping & Night Safariapella
Zool.Nacional Parque Metro De Santiago
Zoological Society of Trinidad &Tobago
Zoologicka Garden & Chateau Zlin-Lesna
Zoologicka Zahrada Jihlavaapella
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzen

Range Map

Link to Map
South America;

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Groves C.P., 2002-07-30, in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 3Foods and Feeding Behavior of Wild Black-capped Capuchin (Cebus apella), KOSEI IZAWA, PRIMATES, 20(1): 57-76, January 1979 4SEED PREDATION OF COURATARI GUIANENSIS (LECYTHIDACEAE) BY MACAWS IN CENTRAL AMAZONIA, BRAZIL, Torbjørn Haugaasen, ORNITOLOGIA NEOTROPICAL 19: 321–328, 2008 5Animals of the Rainforest 6Diet of the Scaly-headed Parrot (Pionus maximiliani) in a Semideciduous Forest in Southeastern Brazil, Mauro Galetti, BIOTROPICA 25(4): 419-425 1993 7"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572 8Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Biodiversity Hotspots, Conservation International
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
EDGE analysis provided by EDGE of Existence programme, Zoological Society of London
Range map provided by Patterson, B. D., G. Ceballos, W. Sechrest, M. F. Tognelli, T. Brooks, L. Luna, P. Ortega, I. Salazar, and B. E. Young. 2007. Digital Distribution Maps of the Mammals of the Western Hemisphere, version 3.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA.
Data provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Bruce Patterson, Wes Sechrest, Marcelo Tognelli, Gerardo Ceballos, The Nature Conservancy—Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International—CABS, World Wildlife Fund—US, and Environment Canada—WILDSPACE.
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011