Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Primates > Cebidae > Cebus > Cebus capucinus

Cebus capucinus (white-faced capuchin)

Synonyms: Cebus capucinus albulus; Cebus capucinus limitaneus; Cebus capucinus nigripectus; Cebus curtus; Cebus hypoleucus

Wikipedia Abstract

The white-headed capuchin (Cebus capucinus), also known as the white-faced capuchin or white-throated capuchin, is a medium-sized New World monkey of the family Cebidae, subfamily Cebinae. Native to the forests of Central America and the extreme north-western portion of South America, the white-headed capuchin is important to rainforest ecology for its role in dispersing seeds and pollen.
View Wikipedia Record: Cebus capucinus


Cebus capucinus capucinus (Colombian White-faced Capuchin)
Cebus capucinus curtus (Gorgona White-faced Capuchin)

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 6.4
EDGE Score: 2


Adult Weight [2]  5.85 lbs (2.66 kg)
Birth Weight [2]  230 grams
Female Maturity [2]  4 years 1 month
Male Maturity [2]  8 years
Arboreal [1]  Yes
Diet [1]  Omnivore
Gestation [2]  5 months 12 days
Litter Size [2]  1
Litters / Year [2]  1
Maximum Longevity [2]  54 years
Weaning [2]  1 year 5 months


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Central American Atlantic moist forests Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central American dry forests Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Central American montane forests Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central American pine-oak forests Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Chocó-Darién moist forests Colombia, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Costa Rican seasonal moist forests Costa Rica Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Panamanian montane forests Colombia, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guajira-Barranquilla xeric scrub Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Isthmian-Atlantic moist forests Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests    
Isthmian-Pacific moist forests Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Magdalena-Urabá moist forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mesoamerican Gulf-Caribbean mangroves Bahamas, United Kingdom Neotropic Mangroves
Miskito pine forests Honduras, Nicaragua Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Northwestern Andean montane forests Colombia, Ecuador Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Panamanian dry forests Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
South American Pacific mangroves Colombia, Panama, Ecuador Neotropic Mangroves    
Southern Mesoamerican Pacific mangroves Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Mangroves    
Talamancan montane forests Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Barro Colorado Island Natural Monument III   Panama  
Capiro - Calentura National Park II 13996 Honduras  
Corcovado National Park 115845 Costa Rica  
Cordillera Volcanica Central Forest Reserve VI 150571 Costa Rica  
Cuero y Salado Wildlife Refuge IV 19771 Honduras    
Cusuco National Park II 44047 Honduras  
Jardin Botánico Lancetilla Biological Reserve IV   Honduras  
Jeanette Kawas National Park 6379 Honduras    
La Amistad International Park National Park II 541617 Panama, Costa Rica  
La Muralla National Park II 36946 Honduras  
La Reserva de la Planada   Colombia      
La Selva Biological Station Protective Zone VI 6052 Costa Rica
Montaña de la Botija   Honduras      
Palo Verde National Park II 46190 Costa Rica  
Patuca National Park II 935848 Honduras  
Pico Bonito National Park II 138952 Honduras    
Pico Pijol National Park II 29599 Honduras  
Rara Avis Rainforest Reserve 3163 Costa Rica
Río Plátano Biosphere Reserve   Honduras      
Refugio de Vida Silvestre Reserva Karen Mogensen F. Nature Reserve 1866 Costa Rica  
Reserva de la Biosfera de la Amistad Biosphere Reserve II 493313 Costa Rica  
Rus Rus Biological Reserve   Honduras      
Santa Barbara Cloud Forest Site   Honduras      
Sierra de Agalta National Park II 128902 Honduras  
Tawahka Anthropological Reserve 626425 Honduras  
Texiguat Wildlife Refuge IV 39364 Honduras  
Warunta   Honduras      

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Mesoamerica Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama No
Tropical Andes Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela No
Tumbes-Choco-Magdalena Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Peru No

Prey / Diet

Aralia excelsa[3]
Cecropia insignis[4]
Cecropia polystachya (Trumpet tree)[5]
Cordia bicolor[4]
Desmopsis panamensis[4]
Ficus citrifolia (shortleaf fig)[6]
Ficus colubrinae[6]
Ficus costaricana[4]
Ficus cotinifolia[6]
Ficus insipida[6]
Ficus nymphaeifolia (amate)[6]
Ficus tonduzii[6]
Ficus yoponensis[6]
Hasseltia floribunda[4]
Laetia procera (cuero de rana)[4]
Luehea alternifolia (luehea)[3]
Miconia argentea[4]
Muntingia calabura (strawberrytree)[3]
Quercus oleoides[3]
Randia armata[4]
Sloanea terniflora[3]
Tetragastris panamensis[7]
Virola surinamensis (Baboonwood)[8]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Alouatta palliata (mantled howler monkey)8
Alouatta pigra (Mexican black howler monkey)5
Amazona albifrons (White-fronted Parrot)2
Amazona auropalliata (Yellow-naped Parrot)2
Amazona finschi (Lilac-crowned Parrot)3
Artibeus jamaicensis (Jamaican fruit-eating bat)7
Artibeus lituratus (great fruit-eating bat)3
Ateles geoffroyi (Central American spider monkey)9
Brotogeris jugularis (Orange-chinned Parakeet)2
Catharus ustulatus (Swainson's Thrush)2
Chiroderma villosum (hairy big-eyed bat)3
Chlorophanes spiza (Green Honeycreeper)2
Coereba flaveola (Bananaquit)3
Dacnis cayana (Blue Dacnis)3
Dasyprocta punctata (Central American agouti)2
Dermanura phaeotis (pygmy fruit-eating bat)3
Euphonia affinis (Scrub Euphonia)2
Euphonia violacea (Violaceous Euphonia)2
Geotrygon montana (Ruddy Quail-Dove)2
Nasua narica (White-nosed Coati)2
Nasua nasua (South American Coati)2
Penelope purpurascens (Crested Guan)4
Pharomachrus mocinno (Resplendent Quetzal)2
Platyrrhinus helleri (Heller's broad-nosed bat)3
Potos flavus (Kinkajou)7
Pteroglossus torquatus (Collared Aracari)3
Ramphastos sulfuratus (Keel-billed Toucan)3
Ramphastos swainsonii (Chestnut-mandibled Toucan)2
Ramphocelus carbo (Silver-beaked Tanager)3
Saguinus oedipus (cotton-top tamarin)3
Sapajus apella (brown capuchin)2
Sciurus granatensis (red-tailed squirrel)2
Sciurus variegatoides (variegated squirrel)3
Setophaga castanea (Bay-breasted Warbler)2
Setophaga tigrina (Cape May Warbler)2
Tachyphonus rufus (White-lined Tanager)3
Tangara gyrola (Bay-headed Tanager)4
Tangara mexicana (Turquoise Tanager)5
Tapirella bairdii (Baird's tapir)2
Thraupis episcopus (Blue-grey Tanager)3
Thraupis palmarum (Palm Tanager)3
Tiaris olivaceus (Yellow-faced Grassquit)2
Tityra semifasciata (Masked Tityra)2
Trogon massena (Slaty-tailed Trogon)2
Turdus grayi (Clay-colored Thrush)2
Tyrannus dominicensis (Grey Kingbird)2
Uroderma bilobatum (tent-making bat)4
Vampyressa pusilla (little yellow-eared bat)2
Vampyriscus nymphaea (striped yellow-eared bat)4
Vampyrodes caraccioli (great stripe-faced bat)3
Vireo altiloquus (Black-whiskered Vireo)2


Parasitized by 
Ascaris cebi <Unverified Name>[9]
Athesmia foxi <Unverified Name>[9]
Dipetalonema gracile <Unverified Name>[9]
Filariopsis barretoi <Unverified Name>[9]
Molineus torulosus <Unverified Name>[9]
Paragonimus mexicanus <Unverified Name>[9]
Prosthenorchis elegans[10]
Strongyloides cebus <Unverified Name>[9]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
America's Teaching Zoo
Apenheul Primate Park
Barranquilla Zoo
Bramble Park Zoo
Bronx Zoo/Wildlife Conservat'n Society
Children's Zoo at Celebration Square
Dept. of National Zoological Gardenscapucinus
Dickerson Park Zoo
Dierenpark de Oliemeulen (Zoo Tilburg)
Dusit (Bangkok) Zoological Park
Fort Wayne Children's Zoo
Fundacion Zoologica de Cali
Fundacion Zoologico Santacruz
Hope Zoo (Nature Preservation Found.)
Jardin Zoologique de la Ville de Lyon
La Vallée des Singes
Novosibirsk Zoological Park
Palm Beach Zoo at Dreher Park
Parc Paysager Et Animalier Du Reynou
Parc Zoologique d'Amiens
Parco Natura Viva
Parque Zoologico Jaime Duque - Bogota
Peace River Refuge & Ranch, Inc.
San Antonio Zoological Gardens & Aquar
Santa Fe CollegeTeaching Zoo
Wildlife World Zoo
Wroclaw Zoo, LLC
Zoo d'Asson
Zoologico Nacional La Aurora
Zoologico Nacional Simon Bolivar
ZooWorld Zoological Botanical Conserv.

Range Map

Middle America; South America;



Species recognized by Anthony B. Rylands, 2014-06-26, ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at 2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 3Flexibility in Diets of Three Species of Costa Rican Primates, Colin Chapman, Folia primatol. 49: 90-105 (1987) 4Seed dispersal patterns produced by white-faced monkeys: implications for the dispersal limitation of neotropical tree species, E. V. WEHNCKE, S. P. HUBBELL, R. B. FOSTER and J. W. DALLING, Journal of Ecology 2003 91, 677–685 5Phenology, seed dispersal, and recruitment in Cecropia peltata (Moraceae) in Cost Rican tropical dry forest, Theodore H. Fleming and Charles F. Williams, Journal of Tropical Ecology (1990) 6:163-178 6"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572 7MONKEY DISPERSAL AND WASTE OF A NEOTROPICAL FRUIT, Henry F. Howe, Ecology, 61(4), 1980, pp. 944-959 8Howe, HF, EW Schupp, and LC Westley. 1985. Early consequences of seed dispersal for a Neotropical tree (Virola surinamensis) Ecology 66:781-791 9Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London 10Nunn, C. L., and S. Altizer. 2005. The Global Mammal Parasite Database: An Online Resource for Infectious Disease Records in Wild Primates. Evolutionary Anthroplogy 14:1-2.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
EDGE analysis provided by EDGE of Existence programme, Zoological Society of London
Range map provided by Patterson, B. D., G. Ceballos, W. Sechrest, M. F. Tognelli, T. Brooks, L. Luna, P. Ortega, I. Salazar, and B. E. Young. 2007. Digital Distribution Maps of the Mammals of the Western Hemisphere, version 3.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA.
Data provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Bruce Patterson, Wes Sechrest, Marcelo Tognelli, Gerardo Ceballos, The Nature Conservancy—Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International—CABS, World Wildlife Fund—US, and Environment Canada—WILDSPACE.
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011