Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Primates > Cercopithecoidea > Cercopithecidae > Erythrocebus > Erythrocebus patas

Erythrocebus patas (patas monkey)

Synonyms: Cercopithecus circumcinctus; Cercopithecus kerstingi; Cercopithecus patas albosignatus; Cercopithecus patas poliomystax; Cercopithecus patas sannio; Cercopithecus poliophaeus; Erythrocebus albigenus; Erythrocebus formosus; Erythrocebus langheldi; Erythrocebus patas villiersi; Erythrocebus whitei; Erythrocebus zechi; Simia ruber albo-fasciatus; Simia ruber albofasciatus; Simia ruber nigro-fasciatus; Simia ruber nigrofasciatus; Simia rubra; Simia rufa

Wikipedia Abstract

The patas monkey (Erythrocebus patas), also known as the wadi monkey or hussar monkey, is a ground-dwelling monkey distributed over semi-arid areas of West Africa, and into East Africa. It is the only species classified in the genus Erythrocebus. Recent phylogenetic evidence indicates that it is the closest relative of the vervet monkey (Chlorocebus aethiops), suggesting nomenclatural revision.
View Wikipedia Record: Erythrocebus patas


Erythrocebus patas baumstarki (Southern Patas Monkey)
Erythrocebus patas patas (Western Patas Monkey)
Erythrocebus patas pyrrhonotus (Eastern Patas Monkey)

Invasive Species

Erythrocebus patas is a medium sized terrestrial monkey, native to sub-saharan Africa. Wild populations only rarely come into contact with humans. Their shy behaviour, low densities, cryptic pelage, and large home ranges make it hard to observe them in many parts of their natural range. In some parts of their native range, mainly in west Africa, E. patas frequently invade farms, consume produce and are considered pests. The patas monkey is internationally a popular laboratory animal, used for biomedical and behavioural research. Patas monkeys were intentionally released to the Islands of Cueva and Guayacan in Puerto Rico between 1971 and 1981 by the La Parguera Primate Facility. Between 1974-1981 individuals have gradually migrated from the Islands to mainland Puerto Rico and formed free ranging population groups. They are reported to forage in gardens, destroy crops and disturb traffic. The Puerto Rican Department of Natural Resources traps and kills, or translocates individuals in an attempt to control their population.
View ISSG Record: Erythrocebus patas

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 7.25
EDGE Score: 2.11


Adult Weight [1]  17.09 lbs (7.75 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  1.11 lbs (505 g)
Female Maturity [1]  2 years 7 months
Male Maturity [1]  3 years 10 months
Diet [2]  Frugivore, Granivore, Herbivore
Diet - Fruit [2]  40 %
Diet - Plants [2]  40 %
Diet - Seeds [2]  20 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Gestation [1]  5 months 17 days
Litter Size [1]  1
Litters / Year [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  28 years
Weaning [1]  5 months 12 days


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
East Sudanian savanna Chad, Central African Republic, Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Guinean forest-savanna mosaic Nigeria, Benin, Togo, Ghana, Côte d'Ivoire, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Guinea-Bissau, Gambia, Senegal Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Inner Niger Delta flooded savanna Mali Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Lake Chad flooded savanna Nigeria, Chad, Niger Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Mandara Plateau mosaic Cameroon, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Saharan flooded grasslands Sudan Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Sahelian Acacia savanna Senegal, Mauritania, Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger, Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad, Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
South Saharan steppe and woodlands Mauritania, Mali, Algeria, Niger, Chad, Sudan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Southern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Tanzania, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
West Saharan montane xeric woodlands Algeria, Niger, Mali, Mauritania Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
West Sudanian savanna Senegal, Guinea, Mali, Côte d'Ivoire, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Niger, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Abuko Nature Reserve IV 264 Gambia
Bamingui-Bangoran Conservation Area National Park II 2783298 Central African Republic  
Diawling National Park II 163983 Mauritania  
Dinder National Park II 2088300 Sudan  
Foret Classee de la Mare Aux Hippopotames Bird Reserve IV 37906 Burkina Faso  
Foret Classee de Samba Dia Classified Forest VI   Senegal  
Parc National de la Benoue National Park II 414262 Cameroon  
Parc National de la Boucle du Baoule National Park II 977883 Mali  
Parc National de la Comoe National Park II 2902593 Côte d'Ivoire  
Parc National de Waza National Park II 349858 Cameroon  
Parc National du Niokolo-Koba National Park II 2046878 Senegal  
Queen Elizabeth National Park II 522052 Uganda
Radom National Park II   Sudan  
Reserve de la Biosphere de la Pendjari Biosphere Reserve 217453 Benin  

Prey / Diet

Crematogaster mimosae[3]
Crematogaster nigriceps (Ant)[3]
Ficus glumosa (Mountain fig)[4]
Ficus natalensis (Natal Fig)[4]
Tetraponera penzigi[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Andropadus importunus (Sombre Greenbul)1
Bycanistes bucinator (Trumpeter Hornbill)1
Cercopithecus mitis (blue monkey)1
Cercopithecus nictitans (white-nosed guenon)1
Chlorocichla flaviventris (Yellow-bellied Greenbul)1
Cinnyricinclus leucogaster (Violet-backed Starling)1
Eidolon helvum (straw-colored fruit bat)1
Gorilla gorilla (gorilla)1
Heterohyrax brucei (Yellow-spotted Rock Hyrax)1
Loxodonta africana (African Bush Elephant)1
Lybius torquatus (Black-collared Barbet)2
Notopholia corrusca (Black-bellied Starling)1
Onychognathus morio (Red-winged Starling)1
Pan troglodytes (chimpanzee)2
Philantomba monticola (blue duiker)1
Pogoniulus bilineatus (Yellow-rumped Tinkerbird)1
Pteropus voeltzkowi (Pemba flying fox)1
Pycnonotus barbatus (Common Bulbul)1
Stactolaema leucotis (White-eared Barbet)1
Tauraco porphyreolophus (Purple-crested Turaco)1
Treron calvus (African Green Pigeon)2


Parasitized by 
Entamoeba coli[5]
Pedicinus patas[6]
Taenia hydatigena <Unverified Name>[7]
Treponema pallidum (Syphilis)[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Africam Safari (Africam, S. A.)
Al Ain Zoo
Apenheul Primate Park
Bosphorus Zoo (Bogaziçi Hayvanat
Colchester Zoo
Denver Zoological Gardens
Dept. of National Zoological Gardens
Drayton Manor Park Zoo
Espace Zoolog de St-Martin-la-Plaine
Giza Zoological Garden
Granby Zoo / Zoo de Granby
Guadalajara Zoo
Houston Zoo, Inc.
Jardin Zoologico de Cdad.Buenos Aires
Jyllands Park Zoo
Khao Kheow Open Zoo
Kharkiv Zoo
Kittenberger Zoo
Leningrad Zoo - St. Petersburg
Louisville Zoological Garden
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Wybrzeza
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny, Plock
Miskolc Zoo/Állatkert és Kultúrpark
Nat'l Zoological Gardens of S. Africa
Nikolaev Zoo of Nikolaev-City Council
Parc Paysager Et Animalier Du Reynou
Parc Zoologic de Barcelona
Patronato del Parque Zoologico de Leon
Racine Zoological Gardens
Riga Zoo
Rosamond Gifford Zoo at Burnet Park
Rostock Zoologischer Garten
Safari West
San Diego Zoo
San Francisco Zoological Gardens
Santa Barbara Zoological Gardens
Silesian Zoological Garden
Singapore Zoological Gardens
Taipei Zoo
Tallinn Zoo
Tampa's Lowry Park Zoo
The Naples Zoo
Tierpark Berlin-Friedrichsfelde GmbH
Tygerberg Zoopark
University of California at Berkeley
Wildlife World Zoo
Woburn Safari Park
Woodland Park Zoological Gardens
Wroclaw Zoo, LLC
Xantus János Állatkert Kht.
Zoo Boise
Zoo Parc de Beauval
Zoologicka zahrada Olomouc

Range Map




Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Interspecific and Temporal Variation of Ant Species Within Acacia drepanolobium Ant Domatia, a Staple Food of Patas Monkeys (Erythrocebus patas) in Laikipia, Kenya, LYNNE A. ISBELL1 AND TRUMAN P. YOUNG, American Journal of Primatology 69:1387–1398 (2007)
4"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
5Nunn, C. L., and S. Altizer. 2005. The Global Mammal Parasite Database: An Online Resource for Infectious Disease Records in Wild Primates. Evolutionary Anthroplogy 14:1-2.
6Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
7Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access