Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Primates > Cercopithecoidea > Cercopithecidae > Macaca > Macaca radiata
 

Macaca radiata (bonnet macaque)

Wikipedia Abstract

The bonnet macaque (Macaca radiata) is a macaque endemic to southern India. Its distribution is limited by the Indian Ocean on three sides and the Godavari and Tapti Rivers along with a related competing species of rhesus macaque in the north. Land use changes in the last few decades have resulted in changes in its distribution boundaries with the rhesus macaque, raising concern for its status in the wild. This Old World monkey is a diurnal animal.It is 35–60 cm long plus a tail of 35–68 cm. Males weigh 5.5 to 9.0 kg, females 3.5 to 4.5 kg. Captive monkey can live up to 35 years.
View Wikipedia Record: Macaca radiata

Infraspecies

Macaca radiata diluta (Pale-bellied Bonnet Macaque)
Macaca radiata radiata (Dark-bellied Bonnet Macaque)

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
3
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
22
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 8.1
EDGE Score: 2.21

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  14.89 lbs (6.76 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  394 grams
Female Maturity [1]  3 years 6 months
Male Maturity [1]  4 years 11 months
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Frugivore, Granivore, Herbivore
Diet - Fruit [2]  30 %
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  10 %
Diet - Plants [2]  40 %
Diet - Seeds [2]  20 %
Forages - Scansorial [2]  100 %
Gestation [1]  5 months 11 days
Litter Size [1]  1
Litters / Year [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  30 years
Weaning [1]  10 months 4 days

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Central Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Deccan thorn scrub forests India, Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
East Deccan dry-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Goadavari-Krishna mangroves India Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Indus River Delta-Arabian Sea mangroves India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Malabar Coast moist forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Narmada Valley dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
North Western Ghats moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
North Western Ghats montane rain forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
South Western Ghats moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Western Ghats montane rain forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Eravikulam National Park II 39436 Kerala, India
Kudremukh National Park II 202772 Karnataka, India  
Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve 1364022 India  
Sanjay Gandhi National Park II 439343 Maharashtra, India
Tansa Wildlife Sanctuary IV 51099 Maharashtra, India  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Western Ghats and Sri Lanka India, Sri Lanka No

Prey / Diet

Azadirachta indica (neem)[3]
Dichrostachys cinerea (aroma)[3]
Diospyros compacta[3]
Ehretia bakeri[3]
Ficus benghalensis (Indian banyan)[4]
Ficus thonningii (Chinese banyan)[4]
Ficus tsjahela[4]
Flueggea leucopyrus[3]
Manihot esculenta (cassava)[3]
Senna siamea (Kassod Tree)[3]
Tamarindus indica (Tamarind)[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acridotheres fuscus (Jungle Myna)1
Acridotheres ginginianus (Bank Myna)1
Acridotheres tristis (Common Myna)3
Acritillas indica (Yellow-browed Bulbul)2
Alcippe poioicephala (Brown-cheeked Fulvetta)1
Anthracoceros albirostris (Oriental Pied Hornbill)1
Anthracoceros coronatus (Malabar Pied Hornbill)2
Axis axis (chital)3
Boselaphus tragocamelus (nilgai)1
Buceros bicornis (Great Hornbill)2
Callosciurus erythraeus (Pallas's squirrel)1
Chloropsis aurifrons (Golden-fronted Leafbird)1
Chloropsis cochinchinensis (Blue-winged Leafbird)2
Columba livia (Rock Pigeon)1
Copsychus saularis (Oriental Magpie-Robin)1
Coracina novaehollandiae (Black-faced Cuckooshrike)2
Corvus macrorhynchos (Large-billed Crow)2
Corvus splendens (House Crow)1
Cuculus varius (common hawk-cuckoo)1
Cynopterus sphinx (greater short-nosed fruit bat)5
Dendrocitta leucogastra (White-bellied Treepie)1
Dendrocitta vagabunda (Rufous Treepie)1
Dicaeum agile (Thick-billed Flowerpecker)1
Dicrurus adsimilis (Fork-tailed Drongo)1
Dicrurus hottentottus (Hair-crested Drongo)1
Dicrurus paradiseus (Greater Racket-tailed Drongo)1
Dinopium benghalense (Lesser Goldenback)1
Elephas maximus (Asiatic Elephant)2
Eudynamys scolopaceus (Asian Koel)3
Geokichla citrina (Orange-headed Thrush)1
Gracupica contra (Pied Myna)1
Hemixos flavala (Ashy Bulbul)1
Hoolock hoolock hoolock (hoolock gibbon)1
Irena puella (Asian Fairy-bluebird)2
Loriculus vernalis (Vernal Hanging Parrot)1
Macaca cyclopis (Taiwan macaque)1
Macaca mulatta (rhesus monkey)1
Macaca silenus (liontail macaque)1
Macroglossus minimus (lesser long-tongued fruit bat)1
Megalaima haemacephala (Coppersmith Barbet)3
Megalaima rubricapillus (Crimson-fronted Barbet)2
Megalaima viridis (White-cheeked Barbet)1
Megalaima zeylanica (Brown-headed Barbet)2
Melursus ursinus (Sloth Bear)1
Monticola solitarius (Blue Rock Thrush)1
Ocyceros birostris (Indian Grey Hornbill)1
Ocyceros griseus (Malabar Grey Hornbill)2
Oriolus oriolus (Eurasian Golden Oriole)2
Oriolus xanthornus (Black-hooded Oriole)2
Parus major (Great Tit)1
Passer domesticus (House Sparrow)1
Pastor roseus (Rosy Starling)1
Phalanger orientalis (Northern Common Cuscus)1
Pongo pygmaeus (orangutan)1
Psittacula columboides (Blue-winged Parakeet)2
Psittacula cyanocephala (Plum-headed Parakeet)2
Psittacula eupatria (Alexandrine Parakeet)1
Psittacula krameri (Rose-ringed Parakeet)2
Pteropus giganteus (Indian flying fox)3
Pycnonotus cafer (Red-vented Bulbul)2
Pycnonotus jocosus (Red-whiskered Bulbul)3
Pycnonotus luteolus (White-browed Bulbul)2
Pycnonotus melanicterus (Black-crested Bulbul)1
Pycnonotus xantholaemus (Yellow-throated Bulbul)1
Ratufa bicolor (black giant squirrel)1
Ratufa indica (Indian giant squirrel)1
Rhyticeros plicatus (Papuan Hornbill)1
Rousettus aegyptiacus (Egyptian rousette)1
Rousettus amplexicaudatus (Geoffroy's rousette)1
Rousettus leschenaultii (Leschenault's rousette)2
Semnopithecus entellus (Hanuman langur)1
Semnopithecus johnii (hooded leaf monkey)1
Streptopelia chinensis (Spotted Dove)1
Sturnia malabarica (Chestnut-tailed Starling)1
Sturnia pagodarum (Brahminy Starling)1
Sus scrofa (wild boar)1
Trachypithecus francoisi (François's leaf monkey)1
Trachypithecus pileatus (capped leaf monkey)1
Treron phoenicopterus (Yellow-footed Green Pigeon)1
Treron pompadora (Pompadour Green Pigeon)1
Turdoides striata (Bengal jungle babbler)2
Turdus merula (Eurasian Blackbird)1
Viverricula indica (Small Indian Civet)1
Vulpes bengalensis (Bengal Fox)2

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Bertiella studeri <Unverified Name>[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Al Ain Zoo
Auckland Zoological Park
Dr. Shivarama Karanth Pilikula Biol.Pk
Dubai Municipal Zoo
Giza Zoological Garden
Jawaharlal Nehru Biological Park
Lucknow Zoological Park
Sakkarbaugh Zoo, Junagadh
Tata Steel Zoological Park
Tierpark Hagenbeck GmbH
Usti nad Labem Zoo

Range Map

Southern Asia;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3DIET COMPOSITION OF THE BONNET MACAQUE (Macaca radiata) IN A TROPICAL DRY EVERGREEN FOREST OF SOUTHERN INDIA, R. Krishnamani, Tropical Biodiversity 2(2):285 (1994)
4"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Wikimedia Commons licensed under a Creative Commons License
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access