Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Primates > Cercopithecoidea > Cercopithecidae > Macaca > Macaca silenus

Macaca silenus (liontail macaque)

Synonyms: Cercopithecus vetulus; Simia ferox; Simia silenus albibarbatus

Wikipedia Abstract

The lion-tailed macaque (Macaca silenus), or the wanderoo, is an Old World monkey endemic to the Western Ghats of South India.
View Wikipedia Record: Macaca silenus

Endangered Species

Status: Endangered
View IUCN Record: Macaca silenus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 4.88
EDGE Score: 3.85


Adult Weight [2]  17.36 lbs (7.88 kg)
Birth Weight [2]  407 grams
Female Maturity [2]  3 years 11 months
Male Maturity [2]  6 years 10 months
Diet [3]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Frugivore, Granivore, Herbivore
Diet - Fruit [3]  30 %
Diet - Invertibrates [3]  10 %
Diet - Plants [3]  40 %
Diet - Seeds [3]  20 %
Forages - Scansorial [3]  100 %
Arboreal [1]  Yes
Gestation [2]  5 months 26 days
Litter Size [2]  1
Litters / Year [2]  1
Maximum Longevity [2]  40 years
Weaning [2]  1 year


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Deccan thorn scrub forests India, Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
North Western Ghats moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
South Western Ghats moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Western Ghats montane rain forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Eravikulam National Park II 39436 Kerala, India
Kudremukh National Park II 202772 Karnataka, India  
Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve 1364022 India  
Western Ghats World Heritage Site 1965266 Kerala, India  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Western Ghats and Sri Lanka India, Sri Lanka No

Prey / Diet

Ficus crassiramea[4]
Ficus glaberrima[4]
Ficus hispida[4]
Ficus magnoliifolia[4]
Ficus minahassae (clustertree)[4]
Ficus thonningii (Chinese banyan)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Anthracoceros coronatus (Malabar Pied Hornbill)2
Axis axis (chital)2
Buceros bicornis (Great Hornbill)2
Chloropsis aurifrons (Golden-fronted Leafbird)2
Chloropsis cochinchinensis (Blue-winged Leafbird)3
Cynopterus sphinx (greater short-nosed fruit bat)3
Ducula badia (Mountain Imperial Pigeon)2
Gracula religiosa (Hill Myna)2
Hoolock hoolock hoolock (hoolock gibbon)2
Hylobates lar (white-handed gibbon)3
Irena puella (Asian Fairy-bluebird)4
Loriculus vernalis (Vernal Hanging Parrot)2
Macaca cyclopis (Taiwan macaque)2
Macaca fascicularis (long-tailed macaque)2
Macroglossus minimus (lesser long-tongued fruit bat)2
Megalaima viridis (White-cheeked Barbet)2
Megalaima zeylanica (Brown-headed Barbet)2
Pongo pygmaeus (orangutan)3
Pteropus giganteus (Indian flying fox)2
Pycnonotus cafer (Red-vented Bulbul)2
Pycnonotus luteolus (White-browed Bulbul)2
Pycnonotus melanicterus (Black-crested Bulbul)3
Pygathrix nemaeus (Douc langur)2
Ratufa bicolor (black giant squirrel)3
Rousettus amplexicaudatus (Geoffroy's rousette)2
Trachypithecus francoisi (François's leaf monkey)3


Parasitized by 
Pedicinus eurygaster[5]
Pedicinus obtusus[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Alexandria Zoological Park
Apenheul Primate Park
Arignar Anna Zool. Park, Chennai
Assiniboine Park Zoo
Bannerghatta Biological Park
Birmingham Zoo
BREC's Baton Rouge Zoo
Bristol Zoo Gardens
CERZA Centre d'Etude Rech Zool Augeron
Cheyenne Mtn Zoological Park
Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Garden
City of Belfast Zoo
Colchester Zoo
Cologne Zoo
Detroit Zoological Society
El Paso Zoo
Fota Wildlife Park
Guadalajara Zoo
Hai Park Kiriat Motzkin
Hong Kong Zool. & Botanical Gardens
Howletts Wild Animal Park
Jackson Zoological Park
Jardim Zoologico / Lisbon Zoo
Kanpur Zoological Park
Lee Richardson Zoo
Leningrad Zoo - St. Petersburg
Louisiana Purchase Gardens & Zoo
Maryland Zoo in Baltimore
Memphis Zoological Garden & Aquarium
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny w Lodz
Monde Sauvage Safari SPRL
Moscow Zoological Park
Nat'l Zoological Gardens of S. Africa
Nehru Zoological Park
Nikolaev Zoo of Nikolaev-City Council
North of England Zoological Society
Osaka Municipal Tennoji Zool. Gdns.
Parc Zoologic de Barcelona
Prospect Park Zoo
Reid Park Zoo
Riverbanks Zoo and Garden
Rostock Zoologischer Garten
Rotterdam Zoo
Saint Louis Zoological Park
San Diego Wild Animal Park
San Diego Zoo
San Francisco Zoological Gardens
Sanjay Gandhi Biological Park
Shri Sayaji Baug Zoo
Singapore Zoological Gardens
Skaerup Mini Zoo
Smithsonian National Zoological Park
Sri Chamarajendra Zoo (Mysore Zoo)
State Museum and Zoo
Szeged Zoo
Tiergarten der Stadt Wels
Toronto Zoo
Veermata Jijabai Bhosle Udyan & Zoo
Westfalischer Zoologischer Gtn Munster
Woodland Park Zoological Gardens
Yokohama Zool. Gardens
Zoo de Doue-la-Fontaine
Zoo de Santillana y Parque Cuaternario
Zoo Dresden GmbH
Zoo Duisburg AG
Zoo of Acadiana
Zoo Parc de Beauval
Zoo Parc Overloon
Zoological Center Tel Aviv - Ramat Gan
Zoologicka zahrada Ostrava
Zoologicka zahrada Liberec
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzen
Zoologischer Garten Leipzig
Zoologischer Garten Wuppertal

Range Map

Southern Asia;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
5Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Le Saout, S., Hoffmann, M., Shi, Y., Hughes, A., Bernard, C., Brooks, T.M., Bertzky, B., Butchart, S.H.M., Stuart, S.N., Badman, T. & Rodrigues, A.S.L. (2013) Protected areas and effective biodiversity conservation. Science, 342, 803–805
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access