Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Primates > Cercopithecoidea > Cercopithecidae > Macaca > Macaca sylvanus

Macaca sylvanus (Barbary macaque)

Synonyms: Inuus ecaudatus; Pithecus pygmaeus; Simia inuus; Simia pithecus

Wikipedia Abstract

The Barbary macaque (Macaca sylvanus), Barbary ape, or magot is a species of macaque unique for its distribution outside Asia and for its vestigial tail. Found in the Atlas Mountains of Algeria and Morocco along with a small population that were introduced from Morocco to Gibraltar, the Barbary macaque is one of the best-known Old World monkey species. The Barbary macaque population of Gibraltar is the only such population outside of Northern Africa and the only population of wild monkeys in Europe. The Rock of Gibraltar is populated by approximately 230 macaques.
View Wikipedia Record: Macaca sylvanus

Endangered Species

Status: Endangered
View IUCN Record: Macaca sylvanus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 7.98
EDGE Score: 4.27


Adult Weight [1]  29.21 lbs (13.25 kg)
Birth Weight [2]  450 grams
Female Weight [1]  23.15 lbs (10.50 kg)
Male Weight [1]  35.27 lbs (16.00 kg)
Weight Dimorphism [1]  52.4 %
Female Maturity [2]  3 years 10 months
Male Maturity [2]  5 years 6 months
Diet [3]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Frugivore, Granivore, Herbivore
Diet - Fruit [3]  30 %
Diet - Invertibrates [3]  10 %
Diet - Plants [3]  40 %
Diet - Seeds [3]  20 %
Forages - Scansorial [3]  100 %
Gestation [2]  5 months 14 days
Litter Size [2]  2
Litters / Year [2]  1
Maximum Longevity [2]  29 years
Weaning [2]  7 months 3 days


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Mediterranean conifer and mixed forests Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Mediterranean woodlands and forests Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey Yes

Emblem of



Homo sapiens (man)[4]


Parasitized by 
Pedicinus albidus[4]
Trichophyton simii[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Apenheul Primate Park
Attica Zoological Park S.A.
Blaavand Zoo
Budapest Zool.& Botanical Garden
Dierenrijk Europa
Domaine Zoologique de Pescheray
DSI Givskud Zoo
Edinburgh Zoo-Scottish National Zoo
Espace Zoolog de St-Martin-la-Plaine
Folly Farm Leisure Ltd
Kittenberger Zoo
La Vallée des Singes
Leningrad Zoo - St. Petersburg
Moscow Zoological Park
Ouwehand Zoo
Parc de Lunaret
Parc Zoologic de Barcelona
Parc Zoologique de Paris (MNHN)
Parco Natura Viva
Parque de la Naturaleza de Cabarceno
Podkrusnohorsky Zoopark Chomutov
Schoenbrunner Tiergarten GmbH
Thuringer Zoopark Erfurt
Tiergarten der Stadt Nürnberg
Tierpark Berlin-Friedrichsfelde GmbH
Toronto Zoo
Wingham Wildlife Park
Woburn Safari Park
Wroclaw Zoo, LLC
Zoo Aquarium de Madrid (GRPR)
Zoo de Jurques
Zoo de Pont-Scorff
Zoo Parc de Beauval
Zoo Safari Swierkocin
Zoobotanico de Jerez
Zoological Garden Prague
Zoologicka Zahrada Bratislava
Zoologicka Zahrada Kosice

Range Map




Attributes / relations provided by
1Wildlife As Canon Sees It
2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
5Nunn, C. L., and S. Altizer. 2005. The Global Mammal Parasite Database: An Online Resource for Infectious Disease Records in Wild Primates. Evolutionary Anthroplogy 14:1-2.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access