Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Primates > Cercopithecoidea > Cercopithecidae > Mandrillus > Mandrillus sphinx

Mandrillus sphinx (mandrill)

Synonyms: Maimon burlacei; Mandrillus escherichi; Mandrillus hagenbecki; Mandrillus insularis; Mandrillus schreberi; Mandrillus tessmanni; Mandrillus zenkeri; Mandrillus zenkeri ebolowae; Papio planirostris; Simia latidens; Simia madarogaster; Simia maimon; Simia mormon; Simia pennanti; Simia suilla

Wikipedia Abstract

The mandrill (Mandrillus sphinx) is a primate of the Old World monkey (Cercopithecidae) family. It is one of two species assigned to the genus Mandrillus, along with the drill. Both the mandrill and the drill were once classified as baboons in the genus Papio, but they now have their own genus, Mandrillus. Although they look superficially like baboons, they are more closely related to Cerocebus mangabeys. Mandrills are found in southern Cameroon, Gabon, Equatorial Guinea, and Congo. Mandrills mostly live in tropical rainforests. They live in very large groups. Mandrills have an omnivorous diet consisting mostly of fruits and insects. Their mating season peaks in July to September, with a corresponding birth peak in December to April.
View Wikipedia Record: Mandrillus sphinx

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 4.94
EDGE Score: 3.17


Adult Weight [2]  50.71 lbs (23.00 kg)
Birth Weight [2]  1.35 lbs (613 g)
Female Maturity [2]  3 years 3 months
Diet [3]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates), Frugivore, Granivore, Herbivore
Diet - Fruit [3]  40 %
Diet - Invertibrates [3]  10 %
Diet - Plants [3]  10 %
Diet - Seeds [3]  30 %
Diet - Vertibrates [3]  10 %
Forages - Scansorial [3]  100 %
Arboreal [1]  Yes
Gestation [2]  5 months 23 days
Litter Size [2]  1
Litters / Year [2]  1
Maximum Longevity [2]  40 years
Weaning [2]  11 months 24 days


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Atlantic Equatorial coastal forests Cameroon, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northwestern Congolian lowland forests Cameroon, Central African Republic, Gabon, Democratic Republic of the Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Reserve Forestiere et de Faune du Dja Wildlife Reserve IV 1551322 Cameroon  

Prey / Diet

Annickia affinis[4]
Anthonotha macrophylla[4]
Caloncoba glauca[4]
Duguetia staudtii[4]
Greenwayodendron suaveolens[4]
Grewia laevigata[4]
Haumania danckelmaniana[4]
Hexalobus crispiflorus[4]
Hypselodelphys violacea[4]
Pachylobus trimerus[4]
Sacoglottis gabonensis[4]
Scorodophloeus zenkeri (Divida)[4]
Uapaca staudtii[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Bycanistes cylindricus (Brown-cheeked Hornbill)2
Bycanistes fistulator (Piping Hornbill)2
Ceratogymna atrata (Black-casqued Wattled Hornbill)3
Lophocebus albigena (gray-cheeked mangabey)2
Loxodonta africana (African Bush Elephant)4
Mandrillus leucophaeus (drill)1
Otolemur crassicaudatus (greater galago)1


Parasitized by 
Endolimax nana[5]
Entamoeba coli[5]
Entamoeba histolytica[5]
Watsonius deschiensi <Unverified Name>[6]
Watsonius watsoni <Unverified Name>[6]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Adelaide Zoo
Africam Safari (Africam, S. A.)
African Safari
Alabama Gulf Coast Zoo
Artis Zoo
Bosphorus Zoo (Bogaziçi Hayvanat
BREC's Baton Rouge Zoo
Bronx Zoo/Wildlife Conservat'n Society
Budapest Zool.& Botanical Garden
Buffalo Zoological Gardens
Chicago Zoological Park
Colchester Zoo
Columbus Zoo and Aquarium
Dallas Zoo
Denver Zoological Gardens
Dept. of National Zoological Gardens
Disney's Animal Kingdom
Fort Worth Zoological Park
Fundacao Zoo-Botan. de Belo Horizonte
Gladys Porter Zoo
Granby Zoo / Zoo de Granby
Guadalajara Zoo
Houston Zoo, Inc.
International Animal Exchange, Inc.
Jacksonville Zoo and Gardens
Jardin Zoologico de Cdad.Buenos Aires
Johannesburg Zoological Gardens
La Vallée des Singes
Le Pal, Parc Animalier
Leningrad Zoo - St. Petersburg
Los Angeles Zoo & Botanical Gardens
Münchener Tierpark Hellabrunn
Melbourne Zoo
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Wybrzeza
Milwaukee County Zoological Gardens
Moscow Zoological Park
Nakhon Ratchasima Zool. Park
Nikolaev Zoo of Nikolaev-City Council
North of England Zoological Society
Novosibirsk Zoological Park
Nyíregyházi Állatpark Nonprofit KFT
Ogrod Zoologiczny im. Stefana Milera
Oregon Zoo
Osaka Municipal Tennoji Zool. Gdns.
Ouwehand Zoo
Paignton Zoo Environmental Park
Parc Paysager Et Animalier Du Reynou
Parc Zoologic de Barcelona
Parc Zoologique d'Amneville
Parc Zoologique de la Barben
Parc Zoologique de La Palmyre
Park i Ogrod Zoologiczny w Krakowie
Parque Zoologico Benito Juarez
Peoria Zoo in Glen Oak Park
Phoenix Zoo
Pittsburgh Zoo & PPG Aquarium
Potter Park Zoological Gardens
Primarily Primates Inc
Reid Park Zoo
Rolling Hills Wildlife Adventure
Rome Zoo-Fondazione Bioparco di Roma
Rosamond Gifford Zoo at Burnet Park
Rostock Zoologischer Garten
Safari de Peaugres
San Diego Zoo
San Francisco Zoological Gardens
Silesian Zoological Garden
Singapore Zoological Gardens
South Lakes Wild Animal Park
Taipei Zoo
Tampa's Lowry Park Zoo
The Tisch Family Zoological Gardens
Tierpark Hagenbeck GmbH
Tierwelt Herberstein
Toronto Zoo
Trotter's World of Animals
Usti nad Labem Zoo
Utah's Hogle Zoo
Virginia Zoological Park
Westfalischer Zoologischer Gtn Munster
Zoo Aquarium de Madrid (GRPR)
Zoo de Jurques
Zoo de La Fleche
Zoo de Santillana y Parque Cuaternario
Zoo Dresden GmbH
Zoo Duisburg AG
Zoo Melaka
Zoo New England, Franklin Park Zoo
Zoo of Antwerp
Zoobotanico de Jerez
Zoological Center Tel Aviv - Ramat Gan
Zoological Society of Trinidad &Tobago
Zoologicka zahrada Ostrava
Zoologicka Zahrada Bratislava
Zoologicka Zahrada Mesta Brna
Zoologischer Garten Augsburg GmbH
Zoologischer Garten Saarbruecken
ZooWorld Zoological Botanical Conserv.

Range Map




Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4Feeding Ecology of Mandrills (Mandrillus sphinx) in Campo Animal Reserve, Cameroon, JIRO HOSHINO, PRIMATES, 26(3): 248-273, July 1985
5Nunn, C. L., and S. Altizer. 2005. The Global Mammal Parasite Database: An Online Resource for Infectious Disease Records in Wild Primates. Evolutionary Anthroplogy 14:1-2.
6Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access