Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Primates > Cercopithecoidea > Cercopithecidae > Presbytis > Presbytis comata
 

Presbytis comata (grizzled leaf monkey)

Wikipedia Abstract

The Javan surili (Presbytis comata) is an endangered species of Old World monkey endemic to the western half of Java, Indonesia, a biodiversity hotspot.
View Wikipedia Record: Presbytis comata

Infraspecies

Presbytis comata comata (Javan Grizzled Langur)
Presbytis comata fredericae (Javan Fuscous Langur)

Endangered Species

Status: Endangered
View IUCN Record: Presbytis comata

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
1
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
43
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 3.37
EDGE Score: 3.55

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  14.76 lbs (6.70 kg)
Diet [2]  Frugivore, Granivore, Herbivore
Diet - Fruit [2]  40 %
Diet - Plants [2]  20 %
Diet - Seeds [2]  40 %
Forages - Arboreal [2]  100 %
Litter Size [1]  1

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Western Java montane rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Java rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Cibodas Biosphere Reserve (Gunung Gede-Pangrango) 142165 Java, Indonesia      
Ujung Kulon National Park II 313466 Java, Indonesia    

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Sundaland Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand Yes

Prey / Diet

Antidesma tetrandrum[3]
Artocarpus elasticus (artocarpus)[3]
Calliandra callothyrsus[3]
Camellia sinensis (tea)[3]
Castanopsis tungurrut[3]
Chilocarpus suaveolens[3]
Chisocheton patens[3]
Dysoxylum mollissimum subsp. molle[3]
Engelhardia serrata[3]
Eurya cerasifolia[3]
Falcataria moluccana (peacocksplume)[3]
Ficus annulata[4]
Ficus grossularioides (Punjab fig)[3]
Ficus inaequifolia[4]
Ficus padana[3]
Ficus ribes[3]
Ficus schwarzii[4]
Ficus septica[3]
Ficus sumatrana[4]
Flacourtia rukam (rukam)[3]
Freycinetia insignis[3]
Garcinia lateriflora (garcinia)[3]
Hypolepis rugosula subsp. rudis (swordfern)[3]
Knema cinerea[3]
Liquidambar excelsa[3]
Lithocarpus pseudomoluccus[3]
Litsea cubeba (litsea)[3]
Macaranga rhizinoides[3]
Magnolia montana[3]
Medinilla eximia[3]
Melastoma malabathricum (Malabar melastome)[3]
Musa acuminata (edible banana)[3]
Nageia wallichiana (Brown podocarp)[3]
Nyssa javanica[3]
Ostodes paniculata[3]
Pandanus tectorius (Tahitian screwpine)[3]
Piper aduncum (higuillo de hoja menuda)[3]
Platea latifolia[3]
Poikilospermum suaveolens[3]
Quercus gemelliflora[3]
Schefflera aromatica[3]
Smilax macrocarpa[3]
Smilax zeylanica[3]
Symplocos cochinchinensis[3]
Trachypithecus auratus (Javan langur)[3]
Trevesia sundaica[3]
Weinmannia fraxinea[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Aegithina viridissima (Green Iora)1
Alophoixus phaeocephalus (Yellow-bellied Bulbul)2
Anorrhinus galeritus (Bushy-crested Hornbill)1
Anthracoceros malayanus (Black Hornbill)1
Arctictis binturong (Binturong)2
Balionycteris maculata (spotted-winged fruit bat)1
Buceros rhinoceros (Rhinoceros Hornbill)1
Callosciurus adamsi (ear-spot squirrel)1
Callosciurus melanogaster (Mentawai squirrel)1
Callosciurus nigrovittatus (black-striped squirrel)1
Callosciurus notatus (plantain squirrel)1
Callosciurus prevostii (Prevost's squirrel)1
Calyptomena viridis (Green Broadbill)1
Chloropsis cochinchinensis (Blue-winged Leafbird)2
Chloropsis cyanopogon (Lesser Green Leafbird)1
Chloropsis sonnerati (Greater Green Leafbird)2
Cynopterus brachyotis (lesser short-nosed fruit bat)2
Cynopterus horsfieldii (Horsfield's fruit bat)1
Cynopterus sphinx (greater short-nosed fruit bat)2
Cynopterus titthaecheilus (Indonesian short-nosed fruit bat)2
Dicaeum trigonostigma (Orange-bellied Flowerpecker)1
Eudynamys scolopaceus (Asian Koel)1
Gracula religiosa (Hill Myna)1
Hemixos flavala (Ashy Bulbul)1
Hylobates lar (white-handed gibbon)6
Hylobates moloch (silvery gibbon)26
Iole olivacea (Buff-vented Bulbul)1
Iole virescens (Olive Bulbul)1
Irena puella (Asian Fairy-bluebird)1
Ixos virescens (Sumatran bulbul)1
Macaca cyclopis (Taiwan macaque)1
Macaca fascicularis (long-tailed macaque)3
Macaca nigra (Celebes crested macaque)2
Macroglossus minimus (lesser long-tongued fruit bat)1
Macroglossus sobrinus (greater long-tongued fruit bat)1
Megalaima australis (Blue-eared Barbet)1
Megalaima chrysopogon (Golden-whiskered Barbet)1
Megalaima henricii (Yellow-crowned Barbet)1
Megalaima mystacophanos (Red-throated Barbet)2
Megalaima rafflesii (Red-crowned Barbet)3
Oriolus chinensis (Black-naped Oriole)1
Pericrocotus flammeus (Scarlet Minivet)1
Pericrocotus igneus (Fiery Minivet)1
Phalanger orientalis (Northern Common Cuscus)1
Pomatorhinus montanus (Chestnut-backed Scimitar Babbler)1
Pongo pygmaeus (orangutan)3
Presbytis melalophos (mitred leaf monkey)1
Presbytis potenziani (Mentawai leaf monkey)1
Prionochilus maculatus (Yellow-breasted Flowerpecker)1
Prionochilus xanthopygius (Yellow-rumped Flowerpecker)2
Ptenochirus jagori (greater musky fruit bat)1
Pteropus vampyrus (large flying fox)1
Pycnonotus atriceps (Black-headed Bulbul)1
Pycnonotus brunneus (Asian Red-eyed Bulbul)1
Pycnonotus cyaniventris (Grey-bellied Bulbul)1
Pycnonotus eutilotus (Puff-backed Bulbul)2
Pycnonotus goiavier (Yellow-vented Bulbul)1
Pycnonotus squamatus (Scaly-breasted Bulbul)1
Rattus rattus (black rat)1
Ratufa affinis (pale giant squirrel)1
Ratufa bicolor (black giant squirrel)1
Rousettus amplexicaudatus (Geoffroy's rousette)1
Symphalangus syndactylus (siamang)1
Trachypithecus auratus (Javan langur)31
Trachypithecus obscurus (dusky leaf monkey)1
Treron capellei (Large Green Pigeon)1
Treron curvirostra (Thick-billed Green Pigeon)1
Tupaia glis (Common Treeshrew)1
Tupaia minor (Pygmy Treeshrew)1

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Howletts Wild Animal Park
 comata
Ragunan Zoological Park
Schmutzer Primate Centre, Ragunan Zoo

Range Map

Southern Asia;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3The Diversity of Plants as Feed Resources for the Java Gibbon (Hylobates moloch), Grizzled Langur (Presbytis cornata), and Silver Langur (Trachypithecus auratus) In Gunung Halimun National Park, Wartika Rosa Farida and Harun, Jurnal Primatologi Indonesia, Vol. 3, No. 2, Desember 2000, p.:55-61
4"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access