Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Primates > Cercopithecoidea > Cercopithecidae > Pygathrix > Pygathrix nemaeus

Pygathrix nemaeus (Douc langur)

Wikipedia Abstract

The red-shanked douc (Pygathrix nemaeus) is a species of Old World monkey, among the most colourful of all primates. This monkey is sometimes called the "costumed ape" for its extravagant appearance. From its knees to its ankles it sports maroon-red "stockings", and it appears to wear white forearm length gloves. Its attire is finished with black hands and feet. The golden face is framed by a white ruff, which is considerably fluffier in males. The eyelids are a soft powder blue. The tail is white with a triangle of white hair at the base. Males of all ages have a white spot on both sides of the corners of the rump patch, and red and white genitals.
View Wikipedia Record: Pygathrix nemaeus

Endangered Species

Status: Endangered
View IUCN Record: Pygathrix nemaeus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 5.9
EDGE Score: 4.01


Adult Weight [2]  21.43 lbs (9.72 kg)
Birth Weight [2]  394 grams
Female Maturity [2]  4 years
Diet [3]  Frugivore, Herbivore
Diet - Fruit [3]  20 %
Diet - Plants [3]  80 %
Forages - Arboreal [3]  100 %
Arboreal [1]  Yes
Gestation [2]  5 months 21 days
Litter Size [2]  1
Litters / Year [2]  1
Maximum Longevity [2]  26 years
Weaning [2]  11 months


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Central Indochina dry forests Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Luang Prabang montane rain forests Laos, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Annamites rain forests Laos, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Indochina subtropical forests China, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Vietnam lowland rain forests Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Southeastern Indochina dry evergreen forests Viet Nam, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Southern Annamites montane rain forests Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southern Vietnam lowland dry forests Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Bach Ma National Park II 54733 Viet Nam
Cat Tien National Park II 188942 Viet Nam
Dong Ampham National Biodiversity Conservation Area VI 496673 Laos  
Hin Namno National Biodiversity Conservation Area VI 214373 Laos  
Nakai-Nam Theun National Biodiversity Conservation Area VI 878205 Laos  
Nam Kading National Biodiversity Conservation Area VI 419016 Laos  
Phou Xang He National Biodiversity Conservation Area VI 285962 Laos  
Xe Bang Nouane National Biodiversity Conservation Area VI 322522 Laos  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam Yes

Prey / Diet

Ficus hispida[4]
Ficus minahassae (clustertree)[4]
Ficus religiosa (peepul tree)[4]
Ficus vasculosa[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acridotheres cristatellus (Crested Myna)1
Acridotheres tristis (Common Myna)1
Anthracoceros coronatus (Malabar Pied Hornbill)1
Axis axis (chital)2
Axis porcinus (hog deer)1
Boselaphus tragocamelus (nilgai)2
Buceros bicornis (Great Hornbill)1
Coracina macei (Large Cuckooshrike)1
Corvus macrorhynchos (Large-billed Crow)1
Cynopterus brachyotis (lesser short-nosed fruit bat)1
Cynopterus horsfieldii (Horsfield's fruit bat)1
Cynopterus sphinx (greater short-nosed fruit bat)3
Dendrocitta formosae (Grey Treepie)1
Dendrocitta vagabunda (Rufous Treepie)1
Dicaeum agile (Thick-billed Flowerpecker)1
Dicaeum erythrorhynchos (Pale-billed Flowerpecker)1
Ducula bicolor (Pied Imperial Pigeon)1
Eudynamys scolopaceus (Asian Koel)1
Galloperdix spadicea (Red Spurfowl)1
Garrulax merulinus (Spot-breasted Laughingthrush)1
Heterophasia picaoides (Long-tailed Sibia)1
Hoolock hoolock hoolock (hoolock gibbon)3
Hylobates lar (white-handed gibbon)1
Hypsipetes leucocephalus (Black Bulbul)1
Irena puella (Asian Fairy-bluebird)1
Ixos mcclellandii (Mountain bulbul)1
Macaca fascicularis (long-tailed macaque)1
Macaca mulatta (rhesus monkey)2
Macaca nigra (Celebes crested macaque)1
Macaca silenus (liontail macaque)2
Macroglossus minimus (lesser long-tongued fruit bat)1
Macroglossus sobrinus (greater long-tongued fruit bat)1
Megalaima asiatica (Blue-throated Barbet)1
Megalaima haemacephala (Coppersmith Barbet)1
Megalaima zeylanica (Brown-headed Barbet)2
Melursus ursinus (Sloth Bear)2
Monticola solitarius (Blue Rock Thrush)1
Muntiacus muntjak (Indian muntjac)1
Ocyceros birostris (Indian Grey Hornbill)1
Ocyceros gingalensis (Sri Lankan Grey Hornbill)1
Paradoxurus hermaphroditus (Asian Palm Civet)1
Pavo cristatus (Indian Peafowl)1
Pongo pygmaeus (orangutan)1
Presbytis potenziani (Mentawai leaf monkey)1
Psilopogon pyrolophus (Fire-tufted Barbet)1
Pteropus alecto (black flying fox)1
Pteropus giganteus (Indian flying fox)2
Pycnonotus cafer (Red-vented Bulbul)2
Pycnonotus jocosus (Red-whiskered Bulbul)1
Rattus rattus (black rat)1
Ratufa indica (Indian giant squirrel)1
Rhinoceros unicornis (Indian rhinoceros)2
Rhyticeros narcondami (Narcondam Hornbill)1
Rhyticeros subruficollis (Plain-pouched Hornbill)1
Rousettus amplexicaudatus (Geoffroy's rousette)1
Rousettus leschenaultii (Leschenault's rousette)1
Rusa unicolor (sambar)1
Semnopithecus entellus (Hanuman langur)2
Semnopithecus vetulus (purple-faced leaf monkey)1
Sus scrofa (wild boar)1
Tephrodornis pondicerianus (Common Woodshrike)1
Trachypithecus pileatus (capped leaf monkey)1
Treron phoenicopterus (Yellow-footed Green Pigeon)1
Zosterops palpebrosus (Oriental White-eye)1


Homo sapiens (man)[5]


Parasitized by 
Bertiella studeri <Unverified Name>[6]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Cologne Zoonemaeus
Dusit (Bangkok) Zoological Park
Khao Kheow Open Zoo
San Diego Zoo
Singapore Zoological Gardensnemaeus
The Philadelphia Zoo
Yokohama Zool. Gardens

Range Map

Southern Asia;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
5Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
6Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access