Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Primates > Hominoidea > Hylobatidae > Hylobates > Hylobates agilis

Hylobates agilis (agile gibbon)

Synonyms: Hylobates albo griseus; Hylobates albo nigrescens; Hylobates rafflei; Hylobates unko

Wikipedia Abstract

The agile gibbon (Hylobates agilis), also known as the black-handed gibbon, is an Old World primate in the gibbon family. It is found in Indonesia on the island of Sumatra, Malaysia, and southern Thailand. The species is listed as endangered on the IUCN Red List due to habitat destruction and the pet trade.
View Wikipedia Record: Hylobates agilis

Endangered Species

Status: Endangered
View IUCN Record: Hylobates agilis

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 5.16
EDGE Score: 3.9


Adult Weight [2]  13.06 lbs (5.93 kg)
Diet [3]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Frugivore, Herbivore
Diet - Fruit [3]  70 %
Diet - Invertibrates [3]  10 %
Diet - Plants [3]  20 %
Forages - Arboreal [3]  100 %
Arboreal [1]  Yes
Litter Size [2]  1
Litters / Year [2]  0
Maximum Longevity [2]  49 years
Weaning [2]  1 year 11 months


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Peninsular Malaysian montane rain forests Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Peninsular Malaysian rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran freshwater swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran lowland rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran montane rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran peat swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran tropical pine forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sunda Shelf mangroves Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei Indo-Malayan Mangroves

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Berbak National Park II 423927 Sumatra, Indonesia
Budo-Sungai Padi National Park II 84766 Thailand  
Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park II 836773 Sumatra, Indonesia  
Gunung Leuser National Park II 2203368 Sumatra, Indonesia
Gunung Palung National Park II 271203 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Kerinci Seblat National Park II 3463483 Sumatra, Indonesia  
Tanjung Puting National Park II 987160 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Way Kambas National Park II 306926 Sumatra, Indonesia

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Sundaland Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand Yes

Prey / Diet

Ficus crassiramea subsp. crassiramea[4]
Ficus crassiramea subsp. stupenda[4]
Ficus dubia[4]
Ficus xylophylla[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Aceros corrugatus (Wrinkled Hornbill)4
Aceros waldeni (Walden's Hornbill)3
Alophoixus phaeocephalus (Yellow-bellied Bulbul)1
Anorrhinus galeritus (Bushy-crested Hornbill)4
Anthracoceros malayanus (Black Hornbill)4
Arctictis binturong (Binturong)1
Arctogalidia trivirgata (Small-toothed Palm Civet)1
Berenicornis comatus (White-crowned Hornbill)1
Buceros rhinoceros (Rhinoceros Hornbill)4
Callosciurus adamsi (ear-spot squirrel)2
Callosciurus nigrovittatus (black-striped squirrel)2
Callosciurus notatus (plantain squirrel)2
Callosciurus prevostii (Prevost's squirrel)4
Caloramphus fuliginosus (Brown Barbet)4
Calyptomena viridis (Green Broadbill)2
Chloropsis cochinchinensis (Blue-winged Leafbird)1
Chloropsis cyanopogon (Lesser Green Leafbird)3
Chloropsis sonnerati (Greater Green Leafbird)4
Corvus enca (Slender-billed Crow)1
Dicaeum agile (Thick-billed Flowerpecker)1
Dicaeum concolor (Nilgiri Flowerpecker)3
Dicaeum everetti (Brown-backed Flowerpecker)2
Dicaeum trigonostigma (Orange-bellied Flowerpecker)3
Ducula aenea (Green Imperial Pigeon)2
Geokichla interpres (Chestnut-capped Thrush)1
Gracula religiosa (Hill Myna)2
Helarctos malayanus (Sun bear)1
Hylobates lar (white-handed gibbon)2
Iole olivacea (Buff-vented Bulbul)1
Irena puella (Asian Fairy-bluebird)4
Ixos malaccensis (Streaked Bulbul)1
Loriculus galgulus (Blue-crowned Hanging Parrot)1
Macaca fascicularis (long-tailed macaque)4
Macaca nemestrina (pigtail macaque)1
Martes flavigula (Yellow-throated Marten)1
Megalaima australis (Blue-eared Barbet)4
Megalaima chrysopogon (Golden-whiskered Barbet)4
Megalaima henricii (Yellow-crowned Barbet)4
Megalaima mystacophanos (Red-throated Barbet)4
Megalaima rafflesii (Red-crowned Barbet)4
Muntiacus atherodes (Bornean yellow muntjac)1
Platysmurus leucopterus (Black Magpie)2
Pongo pygmaeus (orangutan)3
Presbytis rubicunda (red leaf monkey)2
Prionochilus maculatus (Yellow-breasted Flowerpecker)2
Prionochilus percussus (Crimson-breasted Flowerpecker)4
Prionochilus thoracicus (Scarlet-breasted Flowerpecker)3
Prionochilus xanthopygius (Yellow-rumped Flowerpecker)2
Ptilinopus jambu (Jambu Fruit Dove)2
Pycnonotus brunneus (Asian Red-eyed Bulbul)3
Pycnonotus erythropthalmos (Spectacled Bulbul)1
Pycnonotus eutilotus (Puff-backed Bulbul)1
Pycnonotus squamatus (Scaly-breasted Bulbul)1
Ratufa affinis (pale giant squirrel)3
Ratufa bicolor (black giant squirrel)2
Rhinoplax vigil (Helmeted Hornbill)4
Rhyticeros undulatus (Wreathed Hornbill)3
Sus barbatus (bearded pig)2
Symphalangus syndactylus (siamang)2
Trachypithecus obscurus (dusky leaf monkey)1
Treron capellei (Large Green Pigeon)2
Treron curvirostra (Thick-billed Green Pigeon)4
Treron vernans (Pink-necked Green Pigeon)1
Tupaia glis (Common Treeshrew)2
Tupaia minor (Pygmy Treeshrew)2
Turdus obscurus (Eyebrowed Thrush)1

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Bowmanville Zoological Park
Bristol Zoo Gardens
Chiangmai Zoological Garden
Fota Wildlife Park
Gibbon Conservation Center (GCC)
Houston Zoo, Inc.
Jardin Zoologique de la Ville de Lyon
Louisiana Purchase Gardens & Zoo
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny, Plock
Moscow Zoological Park
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
Ragunan Zoological Parkagilis
Schmutzer Primate Centre, Ragunan Zooagilis
Singapore Zoological Gardens
Songkhla Zoo
Taipei Zoo
Twycross Zoo
Tygerberg Zoopark
Wildlife World Zoo
Zoo Duisburg AG
Zoo Taiping & Night Safari

Range Map

Southern Asia;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Wikimedia Commons licensed under a Creative Commons License
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access