Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Primates > Hominoidea > Hylobatidae > Hylobates > Hylobates pileatus

Hylobates pileatus (pileated gibbon)

Wikipedia Abstract

The pileated gibbon (Hylobates pileatus) is a primate in the gibbon family, Hylobatidae. The pileated gibbon has sexual dimorphism in fur coloration: males have a purely black fur, while the females have a white-grey colored fur with only the belly and head black. The white and often shaggy hair ring around the head is common to both sexes.The range of the pileated gibbon is eastern Thailand, western Cambodia and southwest Laos.
View Wikipedia Record: Hylobates pileatus

Endangered Species

Status: Endangered
View IUCN Record: Hylobates pileatus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 5.1
EDGE Score: 3.89


Adult Weight [2]  12.64 lbs (5.74 kg)
Diet [3]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Frugivore, Herbivore
Diet - Fruit [3]  70 %
Diet - Invertibrates [3]  10 %
Diet - Plants [3]  20 %
Forages - Arboreal [3]  100 %
Arboreal [1]  Yes
Gestation [2]  7 months 18 days
Litter Size [2]  1
Maximum Longevity [2]  38 years


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Cardamom Mountains rain forests Cambodia, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central Indochina dry forests Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Chao Phraya freshwater swamp forests Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Chao Phraya lowland moist deciduous forests Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Indochina mangroves Thailand, Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Southeastern Indochina dry evergreen forests Viet Nam, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Tonle Sap freshwater swamp forests Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tonle Sap-Mekong peat swamp forests Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Khao Ang Ru Nai Wildlife Sanctuary IV 248699 Thailand  
Khao Chamao-Khao Wong National Park II 20311 Thailand
Khao Khieo-Khao Chomphu Wildlife Sanctuary IV 36570 Thailand  
Khao Khitchakut National Park II 14722 Thailand
Khao Soi Dao Wildlife Sanctuary IV 182353 Thailand  
Khao Yai National Park II 542694 Thailand
Namdapha National Park II   Arunachal Pradesh, India
Namtok Phlew National Park II 29909 Thailand  
Pang Sida National Park II 211956 Thailand
Phu Chong - Na Yoi National Park II 171322 Thailand
Thap Lan National Park II 550979 Thailand
Yod Dom Wildlife Sanctuary IV 59912 Thailand  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam Yes

Prey / Diet

Ficus drupacea (brown-woolly fig)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Aceros corrugatus (Wrinkled Hornbill)1
Acridotheres fuscus (Jungle Myna)1
Acridotheres tristis (Common Myna)1
Aethopyga saturata (Black-throated Sunbird)1
Alcippe peracensis (Mountain Fulvetta)1
Anorrhinus tickelli (Brown Hornbill)1
Anthracoceros albirostris (Oriental Pied Hornbill)1
Anthracoceros malayanus (Black Hornbill)1
Buceros bicornis (Great Hornbill)1
Buceros rhinoceros (Rhinoceros Hornbill)1
Calyptomena viridis (Green Broadbill)1
Chloropsis aurifrons (Golden-fronted Leafbird)1
Chloropsis cochinchinensis (Blue-winged Leafbird)1
Chloropsis sonnerati (Greater Green Leafbird)1
Corvus macrorhynchos (Large-billed Crow)1
Corvus splendens (House Crow)1
Dendrocitta vagabunda (Rufous Treepie)1
Dicaeum agile (Thick-billed Flowerpecker)1
Dicaeum chrysorrheum (Yellow-vented Flowerpecker)1
Dicaeum concolor (Plain Flowerpecker)1
Dicaeum ignipectus (Fire-breasted Flowerpecker)1
Dinopium benghalense (Lesser Goldenback)1
Eudynamys scolopaceus (Asian Koel)1
Geokichla citrina (Orange-headed Thrush)1
Gracula religiosa (Hill Myna)1
Hylobates lar (white-handed gibbon)1
Iole propinqua (Grey-eyed Bulbul)1
Irena puella (Asian Fairy-bluebird)1
Lacedo pulchella (Banded Kingfisher)1
Lophura ignita (Crested Fireback)1
Loriculus vernalis (Vernal Hanging Parrot)1
Megalaima australis (Blue-eared Barbet)1
Megalaima chrysopogon (Golden-whiskered Barbet)1
Megalaima haemacephala (Coppersmith Barbet)1
Megalaima incognita (Moustached Barbet)1
Ocyceros griseus (Malabar Grey Hornbill)1
Pericrocotus flammeus (Scarlet Minivet)1
Pongo pygmaeus (orangutan)1
Prionochilus percussus (Crimson-breasted Flowerpecker)1
Psittacula krameri (Rose-ringed Parakeet)1
Pteropus giganteus (Indian flying fox)1
Pycnonotus cafer (Red-vented Bulbul)1
Pycnonotus jocosus (Red-whiskered Bulbul)1
Pycnonotus melanicterus (Black-crested Bulbul)1
Ratufa bicolor (black giant squirrel)1
Rhinoplax vigil (Helmeted Hornbill)1
Rhyticeros undulatus (Wreathed Hornbill)1
Sturnia malabarica (Chestnut-tailed Starling)1
Sus scrofa (wild boar)1
Symphalangus syndactylus (siamang)1
Treron capellei (Large Green Pigeon)1
Treron curvirostra (Thick-billed Green Pigeon)1
Treron pompadora (Pompadour Green Pigeon)1
Turdus merula (Eurasian Blackbird)1

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Almaty State Zoo of Kazakhstan
Blackpool Zoo
Chiangmai Zoological Garden
Colchester Zoo
Dusit (Bangkok) Zoological Park
Gibbon Conservation Center (GCC)
Gladys Porter Zoo
International Animal Exchange, Inc.
Jardim Zoologico / Lisbon Zoo
Khao Kheow Open Zoo
Mulhouse Zoo
Nakhon Ratchasima Zool. Park
Novosibirsk Zoological Park
Paignton Zoo Environmental Park
Randers Regnskov
Songkhla Zoo
Twycross Zoo
Yokohama Zool. Gardens
Zoo d'Asson
Zoo Zürich

Range Map

Southern Asia;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access