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Gorilla gorilla (gorilla)

Wikipedia Abstract

The western gorilla (Gorilla gorilla) is a great ape and the most populous species of the genus Gorilla.
View Wikipedia Record: Gorilla gorilla

Endangered Species

Status: Critically Endangered
View IUCN Record: Gorilla gorilla

EDGE Analysis

The gorilla is a heavily built primate and is the largest of the living apes. Western and eastern gorillas are more genetically distant from one another than are chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) and bonobos (Pan paniscus). Western gorillas live in lowland, swamp, and montane forests from sea level to 1600 m. Western lowland gorillas have the largest home ranges and travel the farthest of all gorilla subspecies because of their reliance on fruit. Despite being the more numerous and widespread gorilla species, the severe threats of hunting, infectious disease and habitat loss make western gorillas at a greater risk of a population collapse in 30 years.
Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
5
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
70
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 11.26
EDGE Score: 5.28
View EDGE Record: Gorilla gorilla

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  308.30 lbs (139.84 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  4.54 lbs (2.06 kg)
Female Maturity [1]  7 years 9 months
Male Maturity [1]  11 years
Diet [2]  Herbivore
Gestation [1]  8 months 16 days
Litter Size [1]  1
Litters / Year [1]  0
Maximum Longevity [1]  55 years
Weaning [1]  2 years 3 months

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Atlantic Equatorial coastal forests Cameroon, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northwestern Congolian lowland forests Cameroon, Central African Republic, Gabon, Democratic Republic of the Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Congolian swamp forests Democratic Republic of the Congo, Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Kahuzi-Biéga National Park II 1647768 Democratic Republic of the Congo  
Nouabalï-Ndoki National Park II 1013529 Congo  
Parc National d'Odzala National Park II 3423581 Congo  
Parc National des Volcans National Park II 45380 Rwanda  
Reserve de la Biosphere de Dimonika Biosphere Reserve   Congo      
Reserve Forestiere et de Faune du Dja Wildlife Reserve IV 1551322 Cameroon  
Takamanda National Park II 167041 Cameroon  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Guinean Forests of West Africa Benin, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, São Tomé and Príncipe, Sierra Leone, Togo No

Prey / Diet

Ficus artocarpoides[3]
Ficus barteri[3]
Ficus bubu (Swazi Fig)[3]
Ficus densistipulata[3]
Ficus dryepondtiana[3]
Ficus mucuso[3]
Ficus natalensis (Natal Fig)[3]
Ficus oreodryadum[3]
Ficus polita (Wild Rubber Fig)[3]
Ficus recurvata[3]
Ficus sansibarica (Knobbly fig)[3]
Ficus sur (Cape fig)[3]
Ficus thonningii (Chinese banyan)[3]
Ficus tremula (Quiver-leaf Fig)[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Arizelocichla tephrolaema (Western Greenbul)1
Buccanodon duchaillui (Yellow-spotted Barbet)1
Bycanistes brevis (Silvery-cheeked Hornbill)4
Bycanistes bucinator (Trumpeter Hornbill)5
Bycanistes subcylindricus (Grey-cheeked Hornbill)1
Cephalophus monticola (blue duiker)2
Ceratogymna atrata (Black-casqued Wattled Hornbill)1
Cercopithecus ascanius (black-cheeked white-nosed monkey)2
Cercopithecus mitis (blue monkey)6
Cercopithecus nictitans (white-nosed guenon)1
Cercopithecus pogonias (crowned guenon)2
Cinnyricinclus leucogaster (Violet-backed Starling)1
Colobus guereza (Guereza)1
Columba delegorguei (Eastern Bronze-naped Pigeon)2
Columba larvata (Lemon Dove)1
Coracina caesia (Grey Cuckooshrike)1
Corythaeola cristata (Great Blue Turaco)2
Dicrurus adsimilis (Fork-tailed Drongo)1
Eidolon helvum (straw-colored fruit bat)3
Epomops franqueti (Franquet's epauletted bat)1
Erythrocebus patas (patas monkey)1
Eulemur macaco (black lemur)1
Eurillas curvirostris (Plain Greenbul)1
Eurillas latirostris (Yellow-whiskered Greenbul)1
Gynaikothrips ficorum1
Heliosciurus rufobrachium (red-legged sun squirrel)1
Hypsignathus monstrosus (hammer-headed fruit bat)1
Lophocebus kipunji (highland mangabey)1
Loxodonta africana (African Bush Elephant)3
Micropteropus pusillus (Peters's dwarf epauletted fruit bat)1
Onychognathus morio (Red-winged Starling)1
Onychognathus walleri (Waller's Starling)2
Oriolus brachyrynchus (Western Oriole)1
Oriolus larvatus (Black-headed Oriole)1
Oriolus oriolus (Eurasian Golden Oriole)1
Pan troglodytes (chimpanzee)12
Paraxerus lucifer (black and red bush squirrel)1
Phylloscopus budongoensis (Uganda Woodland Warbler)1
Phylloscopus trochilus (Willow Warbler)1
Ploceus bicolor (Dark-backed Weaver)1
Ploceus nigricollis (Black-necked Weaver)1
Pogoniulus bilineatus (Yellow-rumped Tinkerbird)2
Potamochoerus porcus (red river hog)1
Psittacula krameri (Rose-ringed Parakeet)1
Pteropus voeltzkowi (Pemba flying fox)2
Pycnonotus barbatus (Common Bulbul)3
Rousettus egyptiacus (Egyptian rousette)3
Ruwenzorornis johnstoni (Ruwenzori Turaco)1
Sylvia atricapilla (Eurasian Blackcap)1
Tauraco corythaix (Knysna Turaco)2
Tauraco livingstonii (Livingstone's Turaco)1
Tauraco porphyreolophus (Purple-crested Turaco)1
Tauraco schalowi (Schalow's Turaco)3
Tauraco schuettii (Black-billed Turaco)1
Tockus alboterminatus (Crowned Hornbill)2
Tragelaphus scriptus (bushbuck)1
Treron calvus (African Green Pigeon)5
Turdus olivaceus (Olive Thrush)1
Zosterops senegalensis (African Yellow White-eye)2

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Anoplocephala gorillae <Unverified Name>[4]
Bacillus anthracis (Anthrax bacterium)[5]
Capillaria hepatica[4]
Cryptosporidium parvum[5]
Endolimax nana[5]
Entamoeba coli[5]
Entamoeba hartmanni[5]
Entamoeba histolytica[5]
Hyostrongylus kigeziensis <Unverified Name>[4]
Loa loa <Unverified Name>[4]
Mansonella perstans <Unverified Name>[4]
Mansonella streptocerca <Unverified Name>[4]
Mycoplasma pneumoniae[5]
Necator americanus (hookworm)[5]
Oesophagostomum stephanostomum <Unverified Name>[4]
Onchocerca volvulus <Unverified Name>[4]
Paralibyostrongylus kalinae <Unverified Name>[4]
Probstmayria gabonensis <Unverified Name>[4]
Probstmayria goodallae <Unverified Name>[4]
Rhipicephalus appendiculatus (Brown ear tick)[5]
Sarcoptes scabiei (itch mite)[5]
Shigella boydii[5]
Shigella sonnei[5]
Strongyloides fuelleborni <Unverified Name>[4]
Treponema pallidum (Syphilis)[5]
Treponema pertenue (Yaws)[5]
Trichostrongylus colubriformis[5]
Trichuris trichiura <Unverified Name>[4]
Tunga penetrans (Chigoe)[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Al Ain Zoogorilla
Albuquerque Biological Parkgorilla
Apenheul Primate Parkgorilla
Artis Zoogorilla
Audubon Zoogorilla
Birmingham Zoogorilla
Blackpool Zoogorilla
Bristol Zoo Gardensgorilla
Bronx Zoo/Wildlife Conservat'n Societygorilla
Budapest Zool.& Botanical Gardengorilla
Buffalo Zoological Gardensgorilla
Burger's Zoogorilla
Calgary Zoo, Garden & Prehistoric Parkgorilla
Chessington World of Adventures, Ltd.gorilla
Cheyenne Mtn Zoological Parkgorilla
Chicago Zoological Parkgorilla
Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Gardengorilla
City of Belfast Zoogorilla
Cleveland Metroparks Zoogorilla
Cologne Zoogorilla
Columbus Zoo and Aquariumgorilla
Dallas Zoogorilla
Denver Zoological Gardensgorilla
Detroit Zoological Societygorilla
Disney's Animal Kingdomgorilla
DSI Givskud Zoogorilla
Durrell Wildlife Conservation Trustgorilla
Erie Zoological Gardensgorilla
Espace Zoolog de St-Martin-la-Plainegorilla
Espace Zoologique la Boissiere du Doregorilla
Fort Worth Zoological Parkgorilla
Fundacao Zoo-Botan. de Belo Horizontegorilla
GaiaPark, Kerkrade Zoogorilla
Gladys Porter Zoogorilla
Granby Zoo / Zoo de Granbygorilla
Guadalajara Zoogorilla
Howletts Wild Animal Parkgorilla
Jacksonville Zoo and Gardensgorilla
Jardim Zoologico / Lisbon Zoogorilla
Johannesburg Zoological Gardensgorilla
Kansas City Zoogorilla
Knoxville Zoological Gardensgorilla
Kolmardens Djurpark ABgorilla
Kyiv Zoological Park
La Vallée des Singesgorilla
Lincoln Park Zoological Gardensgorilla
Little Rock Zoological Gardensgorilla
Longleat Safari Parkgorilla
Los Angeles Zoo & Botanical Gardensgorilla
Louisville Zoological Gardengorilla
Münchener Tierpark Hellabrunngorilla
Melbourne Zoogorilla
Memphis Zoological Garden & Aquariumgorilla
Miami Metrozoogorilla
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Warsawgorilla
Milwaukee County Zoological Gardensgorilla
Moscow Zoological Parkgorilla
Nat'l Zoological Gardens of S. Africagorilla
North Carolina Zoological Parkgorilla
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Opolu, Opolegorilla
Oklahoma City Zoological Parkgorilla
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoogorilla
Paignton Zoo Environmental Parkgorilla
Parc Zoologic de Barcelonagorilla
Parc Zoologique de La Palmyregorilla
Parque de la Naturaleza de Cabarcenogorilla
Pittsburgh Zoo & PPG Aquariumgorilla
Port Lympne Wild Animal Parkgorilla
Ragunan Zoological Parkgorilla
Riverbanks Zoo and Gardengorilla
Rostock Zoologischer Gartengorilla
Rotterdam Zoogorilla
Safaripark Beekse Bergengorilla
Saint Louis Zoological Parkgorilla
San Diego Wild Animal Parkgorilla
San Diego Zoogorilla
San Francisco Zoological Gardensgorilla
Santa Barbara Zoological Gardensgorilla
Schmutzer Primate Centre, Ragunan Zoogorilla
Sedgwick County Zoogorilla
Seoul Zoogorilla
Smithsonian National Zoological Parkgorilla
St. Paul's Como Zoogorilla
Taipei Zoogorilla
Taronga Zoogorilla
The Philadelphia Zoogorilla
Tiergarten der Stadt Nürnberggorilla
Tiergarten Heidelberggorilla
Toledo Zoological Gardensgorilla
Topeka Zoological Parkgorilla
Toronto Zoogorilla
Touroparcgorilla
Twycross Zoogorilla
Ueno Zoological Gardensgorilla
Utah's Hogle Zoogorilla
Valencia Bioparc, Rainforest S.A.gorilla
Westfalischer Zoologischer Gtn Munstergorilla
Wilhelma Zoogorilla
Woodland Park Zoological Gardensgorilla
Zoo Aquarium de Madrid (GRPR)gorilla
Zoo Atlantagorilla
Zoo de Fuengirola (Rain Forest SL)gorilla
Zoo Duisburg AGgorilla
Zoo Dvur Kralove, a.s.gorilla
Zoo Hannover GmbHgorilla
Zoo Krefeld GmbHgorilla
Zoo New England, Franklin Park Zoogorilla
Zoo of Antwerpgorilla
Zoo Parc de Beauvalgorilla
Zoo Zürichgorilla
Zoological Center Tel Aviv - Ramat Gangorilla
Zoological Garden Praguegorilla
Zoological Society of Ireland-Dublingorilla
Zoological Society of Londongorilla
Zoologicka Garden & Chateau Zlin-Lesnagorilla
Zoologischer Garten Baselgorilla
Zoologischer Garten Frankfurtgorilla
Zoologischer Garten Leipziggorilla
Zoologischer Garten Saarbrueckengorilla
Zoologischer Garten Schmidinggorilla
Zoologischer Garten Wuppertalgorilla

Range Map

Africa; Takamanda Forest Reserve;

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Groves C.P., 2002-07-30, in Catalog of Life 2011
Endangered Status provided by IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2 <www.iucnredlist.org> Downloaded on 11 April 2013.
Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 3"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572 4Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London 5Nunn, C. L., and S. Altizer. 2005. The Global Mammal Parasite Database: An Online Resource for Infectious Disease Records in Wild Primates. Evolutionary Anthroplogy 14:1-2.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Biodiversity Hotspots, Conservation International
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
EDGE analysis provided by EDGE of Existence programme, Zoological Society of London
Range map provided by IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature), Conservation International & NatureServe.
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011