Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Primates > Hominoidea > Hominidae > Pan > Pan troglodytes
 

Pan troglodytes (chimpanzee)

Infraspecies

Pan troglodytes ellioti (Nigeria-Cameroon chimpanzee)
Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii (eastern chimpanzee)
Pan troglodytes troglodytes (central chimpanzee)
Pan troglodytes verus (western chimpanzee)

Endangered Species

Status: Endangered
View IUCN Record: Pan troglodytes

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
4
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
58
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 10.29
EDGE Score: 4.5

Attributes

Adult Weight [2]  98.66 lbs (44.75 kg)
Birth Weight [3]  4.01 lbs (1.82 kg)
Female Weight [2]  89.51 lbs (40.60 kg)
Male Weight [2]  107.81 lbs (48.90 kg)
Weight Dimorphism [2]  20.4 %
Female Maturity [3]  9 years 3 months
Male Maturity [3]  8 years
Arboreal [1]  Yes
Diet [1]  Omnivore
Gestation [3]  7 months 19 days
Litter Size [3]  1
Litters / Year [3]  0
Maximum Longevity [3]  59 years
Weaning [3]  3 years

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Albertine Rift montane forests Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi,Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Atlantic Equatorial coastal forests Cameroon, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cameroonian Highlands forests Cameroon, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cross-Sanaga-Bioko coastal forests Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Guinean forests Ghana, Côte d'Ivoire, Benin, Togo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guinean forest-savanna mosaic Nigeria, Benin, Togo, Ghana, Côte d'Ivoire, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Guinea-Bissau, Gambia, Senegal Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Guinean montane forests Guinea, Côte d'Ivoire, Liberia, Sierra Leone Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Nigerian lowland forests Nigeria, Benin Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northeastern Congolian lowland forests Cameroon, Central African Republic, Gabon, Republic of the Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sudan, Central African Republic, Cameroon Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northwestern Congolian lowland forests Cameroon, Central African Republic, Gabon, Democratic Republic of the Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Congolian swamp forests Democratic Republic of the Congo, Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Guinean lowland forests Guinea, Côte d'Ivoire, Liberia, Sierra Leone Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Basse-Lobaye Forest Biosphere Reserve 44196 Central African Republic  
Bia National Park II 76804 Ghana    
Garamba National Park II 1237963 Democratic Republic of the Congo  
Gombe National Park II 8799 Tanzania
Kahuzi-Biéga National Park II 1647768 Democratic Republic of the Congo  
Kibale National Park II 196202 Uganda
Korup National Park II 322100 Cameroon
Mahale Mountains National Park II 398414 Tanzania
Nouabalï-Ndoki National Park II 1013529 Congo  
Parc National d'Odzala National Park II 3423581 Congo  
Parc National de la Comoe National Park II 2902593 Côte d'Ivoire  
Parc National de Tai National Park II 1085310 Côte d'Ivoire  
Parc National du Niokolo-Koba National Park II 2046878 Senegal  
Queen Elizabeth National Park II 522052 Uganda
Reserve de la Biosphere de Dimonika Biosphere Reserve   Congo      
Reserve de la Biosphere des Monts Nimba Biosphere Reserve 358797 Guinea  
Reserve Forestiere et de Faune du Dja Wildlife Reserve IV 1551322 Cameroon  
Takamanda National Park II 167041 Cameroon  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Eastern Afromontane Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe No
Guinean Forests of West Africa Benin, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, São Tomé and Príncipe, Sierra Leone, Togo No

Prey / Diet

Anonidium mannii[4]
Antiaris toxicaria[4]
Broussonetia papyrifera (paper mulberry)[5]
Carica papaya (papaya)[4]
Celtis durandii (False White Stinkwood)[5]
Celtis mildbraedii (Natal White Stinkwood)[5]
Celtis zenkeri[4]
Chrysophyllum africanum (African star apple)[4]
Chrysophyllum albidum (white star apple)[4]
Chrysophyllum lacourtianum[4]
Cleistopholis patens[5]
Cordia millenii[5]
Croton macrostachyus[5]
Cynometra alexandri (Uganda Ironwood)[5]
Desplatsia dewevrei[5]
Diplorhynchus condylocarpon (Horn-Pod Tree)[4]
Elaeis guineensis (African oil palm)[4]
Ficus artocarpoides[6]
Ficus asperifolia[6]
Ficus barteri[6]
Ficus bubu (Swazi Fig)[6]
Ficus conraui[6]
Ficus craterostoma (Strangler fig)[6]
Ficus cyathistipula[6]
Ficus densistipulata[6]
Ficus dryepondtiana[6]
Ficus elastica (indian rubber fig)[6]
Ficus elasticoides[6]
Ficus exasperata[4]
Ficus glumosa (Mountain fig)[6]
Ficus ingens[6]
Ficus lingua[6]
Ficus mucuso[5]
Ficus natalensis (Natal Fig)[5]
Ficus oreodryadum[6]
Ficus ottoniifolia[6]
Ficus polita (Wild Rubber Fig)[6]
Ficus sansibarica (Knobbly fig)[5]
Ficus sarmentosa var. luducca[6]
Ficus saussureana[6]
Ficus sur (Cape fig)[5]
Ficus thonningii (Chinese banyan)[6]
Ficus trichopoda (Swamp Fig)[4]
Ficus vallis-choudae[6]
Ficus varifolia[5]
Ficus variifolia[6]
Ficus wildemaniana[6]
Gilbertiodendron dewevrei[4]
Harungana madagascariensis[4]
Hoslundia opposita[4]
Irvingia gabonensis (Bush mango)[4]
Khaya anthotheca (Nyasaland mahogany)[5]
Maesopsis eminii (umbrella-tree)[5]
Mammea africana (African mammyapple)[4]
Mangifera indica (mango)[4]
Milicia excelsa (african teak)[4]
Mimusops bagshawei[7]
Monodora myristica (calabash nutmeg)[4]
Musanga cecropioides (Musanga cecropioides)[4]
Papio anubis (olive baboon)[4]
Paullinia pinnata (bread and cheese)[4]
Pennisetum purpureum (elephant grass)[4]
Procolobus verus (olive colobus)[4]
Pseudospondias microcarpa[4]
Pseudosponias microcarpa[7]
Pycnanthus angolensis[4]
Pygeum africanum (Red Stinkwood)[4]
Raphia farinifera (raffia palm)[5]
Ricinodendron heudelotii[4]
Saba comorensis[4]
Strychnos mitis (Yellow Bitterberry)[4]
Treculia africana (African breadfruit)[4]
Uapaca nitida[4]
Vachellia sieberiana[4]
Vepris nobilis (Large-leaved Cherry-orange)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Andropadus importunus (Sombre Greenbul)3
Arizelocichla milanjensis (Stripe-cheeked Greenbul)2
Arizelocichla tephrolaema (Western Greenbul)1
Buccanodon duchaillui (Yellow-spotted Barbet)1
Bycanistes brevis (Silvery-cheeked Hornbill)4
Bycanistes bucinator (Trumpeter Hornbill)6
Bycanistes cylindricus (Brown-cheeked Hornbill)3
Bycanistes fistulator (Piping Hornbill)2
Bycanistes subcylindricus (Grey-cheeked Hornbill)2
Ceratogymna atrata (Black-casqued Wattled Hornbill)4
Cercopithecus ascanius (black-cheeked white-nosed monkey)3
Cercopithecus mitis (blue monkey)8
Cercopithecus nictitans (white-nosed guenon)1
Cercopithecus pogonias (crowned guenon)2
Chlorocichla flaviventris (Yellow-bellied Greenbul)1
Chlorocichla laetissima (Joyful Greenbul)1
Cinnyricinclus leucogaster (Violet-backed Starling)3
Colobus guereza (Guereza)2
Colobus polykomos (king colobus)1
Columba arquatrix (African Olive Pigeon)1
Columba delegorguei (Eastern Bronze-naped Pigeon)2
Columba larvata (Lemon Dove)1
Columba livia (Rock Pigeon)1
Coracina caesia (Grey Cuckooshrike)1
Corythaeola cristata (Great Blue Turaco)2
Dicrurus adsimilis (Fork-tailed Drongo)1
Eidolon helvum (straw-colored fruit bat)4
Epomops buettikoferi (Buettikofer's epauletted bat)1
Epomops franqueti (Franquet's epauletted bat)1
Erythrocebus patas (patas monkey)2
Eulemur macaco (black lemur)1
Eurillas curvirostris (Plain Greenbul)1
Eurillas latirostris (Yellow-whiskered Greenbul)1
Gorilla gorilla (gorilla)12
Gynaikothrips ficorum2
Heliosciurus rufobrachium (red-legged sun squirrel)1
Heterohyrax brucei (Yellow-spotted Rock Hyrax)2
Hypsignathus monstrosus (hammer-headed fruit bat)1
Lophocebus albigena (gray-cheeked mangabey)1
Loxodonta africana (African Bush Elephant)4
Lybius torquatus (Black-collared Barbet)6
Micropteropus pusillus (Peters's dwarf epauletted fruit bat)2
Notopholia corrusca (Black-bellied Starling)4
Onychognathus morio (Red-winged Starling)4
Onychognathus walleri (Waller's Starling)2
Oriolus brachyrynchus (Western Oriole)1
Oriolus larvatus (Black-headed Oriole)1
Oriolus oriolus (Eurasian Golden Oriole)1
Pan paniscus (pygmy chimpanzee)1
Paraxerus lucifer (black and red bush squirrel)1
Parus niger (Southern Black Tit)1
Passer domesticus (House Sparrow)1
Philantomba monticola (blue duiker)3
Phyllastrephus cabanisi (Cabanis's Greenbul)1
Phylloscopus budongoensis (Uganda Woodland Warbler)1
Phylloscopus trochilus (Willow Warbler)1
Pica pica (Eurasian Magpie)1
Ploceus bicolor (Dark-backed Weaver)1
Ploceus nigricollis (Black-necked Weaver)1
Pogoniulus bilineatus (Yellow-rumped Tinkerbird)2
Pogoniulus pusillus (Red-fronted Tinkerbird)1
Potamochoerus porcus (red river hog)1
Procavia capensis (Rock Hyrax)1
Psittacula krameri (Rose-ringed Parakeet)1
Psittacus erithacus (Grey Parrot)1
Pteropus voeltzkowi (Pemba flying fox)2
Pycnonotus barbatus (Common Bulbul)3
Pycnonotus goiavier (Yellow-vented Bulbul)1
Rousettus aegyptiacus (Egyptian rousette)3
Rungwecebus kipunji (highland mangabey)1
Ruwenzorornis johnstoni (Ruwenzori Turaco)1
Stactolaema leucotis (White-eared Barbet)2
Sylvia atricapilla (Eurasian Blackcap)1
Tauraco corythaix (Knysna Turaco)2
Tauraco livingstonii (Livingstone's Turaco)1
Tauraco persa (Guinea Turaco)1
Tauraco porphyreolophus (Purple-crested Turaco)1
Tauraco schalowi (Schalow's Turaco)4
Tauraco schuettii (Black-billed Turaco)3
Thamnolaea cinnamomeiventris (Mocking Cliff Chat)1
Tockus alboterminatus (Crowned Hornbill)2
Tragelaphus eurycerus (bongo)1
Tragelaphus scriptus (bushbuck)1
Treron calvus (African Green Pigeon)8
Treron waalia (Bruce's Green Pigeon)1
Turdus olivaceus (Olive Thrush)1
Zosterops senegalensis (African Yellow White-eye)2

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Ascaris lumbricoides <Unverified Name>[8]
Bacillus anthracis (Anthrax bacterium)[9]
Capillaria hepatica[8]
Clostridium perfringens (C. perfringens / Pulpy kidney disease)[9]
Conidiobolus coronatus[9]
Endolimax nana[9]
Entamoeba coli[9]
Entamoeba hartmanni[9]
Entamoeba histolytica[9]
Enterobius anthropopitheci <Unverified Name>[8]
Mansonella streptocerca <Unverified Name>[8]
Necator americanus (hookworm)[8]
Oesophagostomum stephanostomum <Unverified Name>[8]
Pediculus schaeffi[9]
Probstmayria gombensis <Unverified Name>[8]
Probstmayria inversa <Unverified Name>[8]
Sarcoptes scabiei (itch mite)[9]
Schistosoma mansoni[9]
Streptococcus pneumoniae (Pneumococcus)[9]
Streptococcus pyogenes (Scarlet fever)[9]
Strongyloides fuelleborni <Unverified Name>[8]
Strongyloides stercoralis (threadworm)[8]
Treponema pallidum (Syphilis)[9]
Trichuris trichiura <Unverified Name>[8]
Tunga penetrans (Chigoe)[9]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Aalborg Zooverus
AB Furuviksparken
Africa Alive!
Africam Safari (Africam, S. A.)
African Safari
Al Ain Zoo
Albuquerque Biological Park
Almaty State Zoo of Kazakhstan
 verus
Artis Zoo
Attica Zoological Park S.A.
Auckland Zoological Park
Badoca Safari Park
Barranquilla Zoo
Bioparc Valenciatroglodytes
Blair Drummond Safari Park
Boras Djurpark Zoo
Bosphorus Zoo (Bogaziçi Hayvanat
Burger's Zoo
 verus
Chattanooga Zoo at Warner Park
Chimpanzee Sanctuary Wldlf.Cons. Trust
City of Belfast Zoo
Colchester Zoo
Copenhagen Zoo
 verus
Dallas Zoo
Dept. of National Zoological Gardens
 troglodytes
Detroit Zoological Society
 verus
Dierenpark Amersfoort
 schweinfurthii
 verus
Drayton Manor Park Zoo
DSI Givskud Zoo
 verus
Dudley Zoological Gardens
Dusit (Bangkok) Zoological Park
Edinburgh Zoo-Scottish National Zoo
 troglodytes
 verus
Espace Zoolog de St-Martin-la-Plaine
 troglodytes
Flamingo Land LTD
Fort Worth Zoological Park
Fundacao Parque Zoologico de Sao Paulo
Fundacao Zoo-Botan. de Belo Horizonte
Giza Zoological Garden
Gladys Porter Zoo
Guadalajara Zoo
Hamilton Zoo
Henry Vilas Zoo
Honolulu Zoo
Houston Zoo, Inc.
Jackson Zoological Park
Jardim Zoologico / Lisbon Zoo
Jardin Zoologico de Cdad.Buenos Aires
Johannesburg Zoological Gardens
John Ball Zoological Garden
 verus
Kanpur Zoological Park
Kansas City Zoo
Khao Kheow Open Zoo
Kharkiv Zoo
Kittenberger Zoo
 verus
Knoxville Zoological Gardens
Kolmardens Djurpark AB
Kristiansand Dyrepark ASA
Kyiv Zoological Park
La Vallée des Singesverus
Le Pal, Parc Animalier
Lincoln Park Zoological Gardens
Lion Country Safari Inc - Florida
Little Rock Zoological Gardens
Los Angeles Zoo & Botanical Gardens
Lucknow Zoological Park
Maryland Zoo in Baltimore
Münchener Tierpark Hellabrunn
Miami Metrozoo
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Warsaw
 verus
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Wybrzeza
Mogo Zoo P/L
Monarto Zoological Park
Monde Sauvage Safari SPRL
Montgomery Zoo
 verus
Nakhon Ratchasima Zool. Park
Nat'l Zoological Gardens of S. Africa
Nehru Zoological Park
Nikolaev Zoo of Nikolaev-City Council
Nogeyama Zoological Gardens Yokohamaverus
North Carolina Zoological Park
North of England Zoological Society
Oakland Zoo
Odense Zoologiske Have
 verus
Oklahoma City Zoological Park
Olmense Zoo
Oregon Zoo
Osaka Municipal Tennoji Zool. Gdns.
 verus
Parc Safari / F.A.P.S.
Parc Zoologic de Barcelonatroglodytes
 verus
Parc Zoologique de Champrépus
Parc Zoologique de la Barben
Parc Zoologique de La Palmyre
Parco Natura Viva
 troglodytes
 verus
Park i Ogrod Zoologiczny w Krakowie
Parque Zoologico Nacional, ZOODOM
Patronato del Parque Zoologico de Leon
Ragunan Zoological Park
Riverside Zoo
Rolling Hills Wildlife Adventure
Rome Zoo-Fondazione Bioparco di Roma
 troglodytes
Sacramento Zoo
Safaripark Beekse Bergen
 verus
Saint Louis Zoological Park
 verus
San Francisco Zoological Gardens
Schmutzer Primate Centre, Ragunan Zoo
Sedgwick County Zoo
 troglodytes
Seoul Zoo
Shri Sayaji Baug Zoo
Singapore Zoological Gardens
Songkhla Zoo
Sunset Zoo
 verus
Taipei Zoo
Tallinn Zoo
Tama Zoological Park
 schweinfurthii
 troglodytes
 verus
Tampa's Lowry Park Zoo
Taronga Zoo
The Tisch Family Zoological Gardens
Tiergarten Heidelberg
 verus
Toledo Zoological Gardens
Touroparc
 troglodytes
Tulsa Zoo & Living Museum
Twycross Zoo
Tygerberg Zoopark
Valencia Bioparc, Rainforest S.A.
 troglodytes
Wellington Zoo Trust
Welsh Mountain Zoo
Westfalischer Zoologischer Gtn Munster
Whipsnade Wild Animal Park
Wroclaw Zoo, LLC
Xantus János Állatkert Kht.
 verus
Yerkes National Primate Research Ctr
Yokohama Zool. Gardensverus
Zagreb Zoo / Zooloski vrt Zagreb
 verus
Zivalski vrt Ljubljana
Zoo am Meer Bremerhaven GmbH
Zoo and Aqua-Terrarium Ltd. Pécs
Zoo Aquarium de Madrid (GRPR)troglodytes
Zoo de Fuengirola (Rain Forest SL)
Zoo de La Fleche
Zoo de Santillana y Parque Cuaternario
Zoo Dvur Kralove, a.s.
Zoo Hannover GmbH
Zoo Krefeld GmbHverus
Zoo Landau in der Pfalz
Zoo Melaka
Zoo of Antwerp
Zoo Osnabrück
 verus
Zoo Parc de Beauval
Zoo Taiping & Night Safari
Zoobotanico de Jerez
Zool.Nacional Parque Metro De Santiago
Zoological Center Tel Aviv - Ramat Gan
Zoological Society of Ireland-Dublin
 verus
Zoological Society of Trinidad &Tobago
Zoologicka zahrada Ostrava
Zoologicka Zahrada Bratislava
Zoologicka zahrada Liberec
Zoologicka Zahrada Mesta Brna
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzen
Zoologická zahrada Hodonín
Zoologico Nacional La Aurora
Zoologischer Garten Augsburg GmbH
 verus
Zoologischer Garten Basel
 verus
Zoologischer Garten Halle GmbH
 verus
Zoologischer Garten Leipzig
 verus
Zoologischer Garten Magdeburg
 verus
Zoologischer Garten Saarbruecken
Zoologischer Garten Wuppertal

Range Map

Africa; Takamanda Forest Reserve;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 2Pan troglodytes, Clyde Jones, Cheri A. Jones, J. Knox Jones, Jr., and Don E. Wilson, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 529, pp. –9 (1996) 3de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 5The diet of chimpanzees in the Budongo Forest Reserve, Uganda, NICHOLAS E. NEWTON-FISHER, Afr. J. Ecol. 1999, Volume 37, pages 344–354 6"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572 7Frugivory and the Fate of Dispersed and Non-Dispersed Seeds of Six African Tree Species, Colin A. Chapman and Lauren J. Chapman, Journal of Tropical Ecology Vol. 12, No. 4 (Jul., 1996), pp. 491-504 8Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London 9Nunn, C. L., and S. Altizer. 2005. The Global Mammal Parasite Database: An Online Resource for Infectious Disease Records in Wild Primates. Evolutionary Anthroplogy 14:1-2.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access