Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Rodentia > Castoridae > Castor > Castor fiber

Castor fiber (European beaver)

Synonyms: Castor fiber albicus; Castor fiber belorussicus; Castor fiber birulai; Castor fiber fiber; Castor fiber galliae; Castor fiber orientoeuropaeus; Castor fiber pohlei; Castor fiber tuvinicus; Castor fiber vistulanus

Wikipedia Abstract

The Eurasian beaver or European beaver (Castor fiber) is a species of beaver which was once widespread in Eurasia. It was hunted to near-extinction for both its fur and castoreum, and by 1900 only 1200 beavers survived in eight relict populations in Europe and Asia. Re-introduced through much of its former range, it now occurs from Great Britain to China and Mongolia, although it is absent from Italy, Portugal, the southern Balkans and the Middle East.
View Wikipedia Record: Castor fiber

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 40.64
EDGE Score: 3.73


Adult Weight [2]  55.12 lbs (25.00 kg)
Birth Weight [2]  1.17 lbs (530 g)
Female Maturity [2]  1 year 9 months
Male Maturity [2]  1 year 9 months
Diet [3]  Herbivore
Diet - Plants [3]  100 %
Forages - Ground [3]  100 %
Gestation [2]  3 months 15 days
Litter Size [2]  3
Litters / Year [2]  1
Nocturnal [1]  Yes
Water Biome [1]  Lakes and Ponds, Rivers and Streams
Weaning [2]  76 days


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Alps conifer and mixed forests Italy, France, Switzerland, Slovenia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Baltic mixed forests Germany, Denmark, Sweden, Poland Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Cantabric Coast - Languedoc France, Spain Palearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Central & Western Europe Austria, Belgium, Byelarus, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Germany, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Slovakia, Switzerland, Ukraine, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
Central European mixed forests Austria, Belarus, Czech Republic, Germany, Lithuania, Moldovia, Poland, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Dniester - Lower Danube Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Hungary, Moldova, Montenegro, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Turkey, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
East European forest steppe Bulgaria, Moldova, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
East Siberian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Kazakh forest steppe Russia, Kazakhstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kola Peninsula tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Northeastern Spain and Southern France Mediterranean forests France, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Northern Baltic Drainages Denmark, Finland, Norway, Russia, Sweden Palearctic Polar Freshwaters    
Norwegian Sea Drainages Norway, Sweden Palearctic Polar Freshwaters    
Pontic steppe Russia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Sarmatic mixed forests Belarus, Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Russia, Sweden Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Sayan Alpine meadows and tundra Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Sayan montane conifer forests Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Scandinavian and Russian taiga Norway, Sweden, Finland, Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Scandinavian Montane Birch forest and grasslands Norway, Sweden, Finland Palearctic Tundra
South Siberian forest steppe Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Baltic Lowlands Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Russia Palearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
Upper Danube Austria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia, Switzerland Palearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
Ural montane forests and tundra Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
West Siberian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Western European broadleaf forests Austria, Czech Republic, France, Germany Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Siberian hemiboreal forests Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Abavas senleja 36900 Latvia  
Alam-Pedja 85235 Estonia  
Augsdaugava 129298 Latvia  
Augszeme 51467 Latvia  
Azas Zapovednik Ia 742280 Tuva, Russia
Belovezhskaya Pushcha Biosphere Reserve National Park II 218515 Belarus
Berchtesgaden Alps National Park II 51433 Germany
Berezinskiy Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 209113 Belarus  
Beskid Niski 375518 Poland  
Bieszczady 275571 Poland  
Bodrogzug–Kopasz-hegy–Taktaköz 54874 Hungary  
Bory Tucholskie 797004 Poland  
Darvinsky Zapovednik Ia 278421 Yaroslavl, Vologda, Russia
Dolina Biebrzy 299507 Poland  
Dolina Dolnego Bugu 183624 Poland  
Dolina Dolnej Pilicy 78633 Poland  
Dolina Dolnej Wisly 82926 Poland  
Dolina Noteci 124867 Poland  
Dolina Pilicy 87367 Poland  
Dolina Ploni i Jezioro Miedwie 51289 Poland  
Dolina Srodkowej Warty 141108 Poland  
Dolna Odra 72985 Poland  
Dorzecze Parsety 68474 Poland  
Dunajské luhy 45462 Slovakia  
Eastern Beskid National Park II 68484 Poland  
Engures ezers 49401 Latvia    
Flusslandschaft Elbe Biosphere Reserve 925242 Germany  
Gaujas nacionalais parks 227982 Latvia  
Góry Kamienne 59550 Poland  
Hanság 33303 Hungary  
Hopersky State Nature Reserve 40031 Voronezh, Russia    
Horná Orava 145144 Slovakia  
Jeziora Pszczewskie i Dolina Obry 37821 Poland  
Jezioro Lubie i Dolina Drawy 37181 Poland  
Kemeru nacionalais parks 94308 Latvia  
Khakassia State Nature Reserve 661168 Khakassia, Russia
Khopersky Zapovednik Ia 47103 Russia  
Lahemaa 183898 Estonia  
Laplandskiy Biosphere Reserve 757114 Russia  
Lasy Ilawskie 62316 Poland  
Legi Odrzanskie 44477 Poland  
Luberon Regional Nature Park V 406572 France  
Luitemaa 31929 Estonia  
Malaya Sozva Zapovednik Ia 557376 Khanty-Mansiysk, Russia
Malé Karpaty 125118 Slovakia  
Mont Ventoux Biosphere Reserve 198594 France  
Morava 70129 Slovakia  
Mordovsky Zapovednik Ia 79439 Mordovia, Russia
Nadnoteckie Legi 39680 Poland  
Okskiy Biosphere Reserve 190748 Russia  
Orenburg State Nature Reserve 53506 Orenburg, Russia
Ostoja Augustowska 264573 Poland  
Ostoja Borecka 62617 Poland  
Ostoja Inska 216738 Poland  
Ostoja Jasliska 72369 Poland  
Ostoja Knyszynska 336272 Poland  
Ostoja Nadbuzanska 113759 Poland  
Ostoja Nadwarcianska 65861 Poland  
Ostoja Nidzianska 68254 Poland  
Ostoja Popradzka 143151 Poland  
Ostoja Przedborska 28677 Poland  
Ostoja Przemyska 97994 Poland  
Ostoja Slowinska 79446 Poland    
Ostoja Wigierska 39715 Poland  
Ostoja nad Barycza 202692 Poland  
Ostoja w Dolinie Górnej Narwi 50179 Poland  
Otepää 56325 Estonia  
Pape 127946 Latvia      
Pechoro-Ilychskiy Biosphere Reserve 3098091 Russia  
Przelom Wisly w Malopolsce 37353 Poland  
Przelomowa Dolina Narwi 45974 Poland  
Puszcza Bialowieska 156041 Poland  
Puszcza Kampinoska Biosphere Reserve 188373 Poland  
Puszcza Romincka 36459 Poland  
Puszcza Solska 196076 Poland  
Razna 147312 Latvia  
Reserve Nationale de Camargue Biosphere Reserve 32232 France  
Rogalinska Dolina Warty 36457 Poland  
Schorfheide-Chorin Biosphere Reserve 319164 Germany
Sebezhsky National Park 123605 Pskov, Russia
Sliteres nacionalais parks 39895 Latvia  
Soomaa 98925 Estonia  
Szigetköz 42447 Hungary  
Teicu dabas rezervats 48554 Latvia  
Tsentral'no-Lesnoy Biosphere Reserve Ia 62630 Russia  
US-Truppenübungsplatz Grafenwöhr 47639 Germany  
Ujscie Odry i Zalew Szczecinski 130007 Poland  
Ujscie Warty 82280 Poland  
Uroczyska Puszczy Drawskiej 183887 Poland  
Veclaicene 51625 Latvia  
Vestiena 67089 Latvia  
Vihorlat 133079 Slovakia  
Visimskiy Zapovednik Biosphere Reserve 443816 Russia  
Voronezhskiy Biosphere Reserve 95835 Russia  
Wielki Sandr Brdy 91691 Poland  
Wolin i Uznam 76089 Poland    
Zalew Wislany i Mierzeja Wislana 100974 Poland  
Zbiornik Jeziorsko 25170 Poland  
Ziemelgauja 53743 Latvia  
Õrség 117301 Hungary  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No


Parasitized by 
Alveococcus multilocularis <Unverified Name>[4]
Ascaris castoris <Unverified Name>[4]
Ascaris lumbricoides <Unverified Name>[4]
Capillaria hepatica[4]
Echinococcus granulosus[4]
Echinococcus multilocularis[4]
Fasciola hepatica (common liver fluke)[4]
Opisthorchis felineus <Unverified Name>[4]
Plagiorchis massino <Unverified Name>[4]
Stichorchis subtriquetrus[4]
Taenia hydatigena <Unverified Name>[4]
Taenia martis <Unverified Name>[4]
Travassosius rufus <Unverified Name>[4]
Trichuris suis <Unverified Name>[4]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Curraghs Wildlife Park
Edinburgh Zoo-Scottish National Zoo
Highland Wildlife Park
Kharkiv Zoo
Leningrad Zoo - St. Petersburg
Martin Mere Wildfowl & Wetlands Trust
Moscow Zoological Park
Municipal Independent Org. Roev Ruchei
Niedersächsische Landesforsten
Parc Animalier de Sainte Croix
Parc Zoologique Fort Mardyck
Podkrusnohorsky Zoopark Chomutov
Riga Zoo
Skaerup Mini Zoo
Slimbridge New Grounds W&WTrust
Tiergarten der Stadt Nürnberg
Tierpark Dählhölzli
Wild Animal Park Mechelen Planckendaelalbicus
Zoological Garden of Polish Fauna
Zoologischer Garten Wuppertal

Range Map



Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Specially protected natural territories of the Russian Federation, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment of the Russian Federation
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access