Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Scandentia > Tupaiidae > Tupaia > Tupaia glis

Tupaia glis (Common Treeshrew; Common Tree Shrew)

Wikipedia Abstract

The common treeshrew (Tupaia glis) is a small mammal in the treeshrew family Tupaiidae, and is native to Thailand, Malaysia, and Indonesia. It has been listed as Least Concern by IUCN as it remains common and displays some adaptability to ongoing habitat loss.
View Wikipedia Record: Tupaia glis

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 13.21
EDGE Score: 2.65


Adult Weight [2]  200 grams
Birth Weight [2]  13 grams
Female Maturity [2]  90 days
Male Maturity [2]  90 days
Diet [3]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Herbivore
Diet - Invertibrates [3]  90 %
Diet - Plants [3]  10 %
Forages - Ground [3]  100 %
Arboreal [1]  Yes
Gestation [2]  46 days
Litter Size [2]  2
Litters / Year [2]  3
Maximum Longevity [2]  12 years
Weaning [2]  36 days


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Eastern Java-Bali montane rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Java-Bali rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Indochina mangroves Thailand, Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Mentawai Islands rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Myanmar Coast mangroves India, Myanmar, Malaysia, Thailand Indo-Malayan Mangroves  
Peninsular Malaysian montane rain forests Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Peninsular Malaysian peat swamp forests Malaysia, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Peninsular Malaysian rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran freshwater swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran lowland rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran montane rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran peat swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran tropical pine forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sunda Shelf mangroves Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Sundaland heath forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tenasserim-South Thailand semi-evergreen rain forests Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Java montane rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Java rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Ao Phang Nga National Park Marine National Park II 103730 Thailand
Bach Ma National Park II 54733 Viet Nam
Batang Ai National Park II 62638 Sarawak, Malaysia
Berbak National Park II 423927 Sumatra, Indonesia
Bukit Kutu Wildlife Reserve IV 4602 Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Bukit Timah Nature Reserve II 411 Singapore
Bung Kroeng Kavia Non-hunting Area   Thailand      
Chae Son National Park II 194441 Thailand
Chaloem Rattanakosin National Park II 14328 Thailand  
Doi Ang Khang Nature Reserve   Thailand      
Doi Chiang Dao Wildlife Sanctuary   Thailand      
Doi Inthanon National Park II 115326 Thailand  
Doi Khun Tan National Park II 61680 Thailand  
Doi Pha Chang Wildlife Sanctuary IV 144177 Thailand  
Doi Pha Hom Pok Watershed Area National Park II 133848 Thailand  
Doi Pha Muang Wildlife Sanctuary IV 146468 Thailand  
Doi Suthep-pui National Park II 70007 Thailand  
Erawan National Park II 131204 Thailand
Gunung Leuser National Park II 2203368 Sumatra, Indonesia
Hat Chao Mai National Park Marine National Park II 61367 Thailand
Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuary IV 699629 Thailand  
Huai Tak Teak Reserve Biosphere Reserve 11614 Thailand  
Khao Ang Ru Nai Wildlife Sanctuary IV 248699 Thailand  
Khao Banthat Wildlife Sanctuary IV 309428 Thailand  
Khao Chamao-Khao Wong National Park II 20311 Thailand
Khao Khieo-Khao Chomphu Wildlife Sanctuary IV 36570 Thailand  
Khao Khitchakut National Park II 14722 Thailand
Khao Laem Ya - Mu Ko Samet National Park Marine National Park II 31421 Thailand
Khao Lam Pi - Hat Thai Muang National Marine Park II 17646 Thailand
Khao Luang National Park II 143331 Thailand
Khao Nam Phrai Non-hunting Area No or Non Hunting Area   Thailand      
Khao Phanom Bencha National Park II 12840 Thailand
Khao Pra Bang Kram Wildlife Sanctuary IV 30009 Thailand  
Khao Pu - Khao Ya National Park II 176398 Thailand
Khao Sanam Phriang Wildlife Sanctuary IV 26820 Thailand  
Khao Soi Dao Wildlife Sanctuary IV 182353 Thailand  
Khao Sok National Park II 159284 Thailand
Khao Tha Phet Non-hunting Area No or Non Hunting Area   Thailand      
Khao Yai National Park II 542694 Thailand
Khaoen Si Nakarin National Park II 459154 Thailand
Khlong Lan National Park II 104466 Thailand
Khlong Nakha Wildlife Sanctuary IV 117887 Thailand  
Khlong Phraya Wildlife Sanctuary IV 36624 Thailand  
Khlong Saeng Wildlife Sanctuary IV 243425 Thailand  
Krau Wildlife Reserve IV 149823 Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Lan Sang National Park II 26007 Thailand
Lum Nam Pai Wildlife Sanctuary IV 298416 Thailand  
Mae Sa-Kog Ma Reserve   Thailand      
Mae Tuen Wildlife Sanctuary IV 307947 Thailand  
Mae Wong National Park II 221459 Thailand
Mae Yom National Park II 123569 Thailand
Mae Yuam Wildlife Sanctuary   Thailand      
Manas National Park II 135025 Assam, India
Mu Ko Lanta National Park Marine National Park II 33637 Thailand
Nam Nao National Park II 240993 Thailand
Namtok Mae Surin National Park II 104414 Thailand
Namtok Phlew National Park II 29909 Thailand  
Om Koi Wildlife Sanctuary IV 299357 Thailand  
Pang Sida National Park II 211956 Thailand
Phra Budda Chaya National Park II 11157 Thailand  
Phu Chong - Na Yoi National Park II 171322 Thailand
Phu Khieo Wildlife Sanctuary IV 391278 Thailand  
Phu Kradung National Park II 63197 Thailand
Phu Luang Wildlife Sanctuary IV 227671 Thailand  
Phu Phan National Park II 176082 Thailand
Phu Rua National Park II 29733 Thailand
Phu Wua Wildlife Sanctuary IV 46934 Thailand  
Prince Chumphon Park (North) Wildlife Sanctuary IV 152683 Thailand  
Ramkhamhaeng National Park II 71016 Thailand
Sai Thong National Park II 82313 Thailand
Sai Yok National Park II 235556 Thailand
Sakaerat Environmental Research Station Biosphere Reserve 19294 Thailand  
Salak Phra Wildlife Sanctuary IV 241622 Thailand  
Salawin National Park II 400497 Thailand
Sub-lungka Wildlife Sanctuary IV 35543 Thailand  
Sungai Lalang Forest Reserve Virgin Jungle Reserve Ia   Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Tabin Wildlife Reserve IV 275051 Sabah, Malaysia  
Taksin Maharat National Park II 63523 Thailand
Taman Negara National Park II 1122273 Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Thaleban National Park Marine National Park II 49715 Thailand
Tham Pha Tha Phon Non-hunting Area No or Non Hunting Area   Thailand      
Thap Lan National Park II 550979 Thailand
Thung Salaeng Luang National Park II 315222 Thailand
Thung Yai Naresuan Wildlife Sanctuary IV 918234 Thailand  
Ton Nga Chang Wildlife Sanctuary IV 45094 Thailand  
Ujung Kulon National Park II 313466 Java, Indonesia    
Ulu Temburong National Park II 123279 Brunei Darussalam  
Umphang Wildlife Sanctuary IV 619152 Thailand  
Wiang Kosai National Park II 108737 Thailand
Yod Dom Wildlife Sanctuary IV 59912 Thailand  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Sundaland Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand No

Prey / Diet

Ficus consociata[4]
Ficus crassiramea subsp. stupenda[4]
Ficus dubia[4]
Ficus kerkhoveni[4]
Ficus obscura[4]
Ficus pisocarpa[4]
Ficus sumatrana[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Aceros corrugatus (Wrinkled Hornbill)4
Aegithina viridissima (Green Iora)1
Alcippe brunneicauda (Brown Fulvetta)1
Alophoixus bres (Grey-cheeked Bulbul)4
Alophoixus finschii (Finsch's Bulbul)1
Alophoixus phaeocephalus (Yellow-bellied Bulbul)5
Anorrhinus galeritus (Bushy-crested Hornbill)6
Anthracoceros albirostris (Oriental Pied Hornbill)2
Anthracoceros malayanus (Black Hornbill)6
Arctictis binturong (Binturong)2
Arctogalidia trivirgata (Small-toothed Palm Civet)1
Berenicornis comatus (White-crowned Hornbill)1
Buceros rhinoceros (Rhinoceros Hornbill)5
Callosciurus adamsi (ear-spot squirrel)5
Callosciurus nigrovittatus (black-striped squirrel)4
Callosciurus notatus (plantain squirrel)3
Callosciurus prevostii (Prevost's squirrel)7
Caloramphus fuliginosus (Brown Barbet)7
Calyptomena viridis (Green Broadbill)7
Chalcophaps indica (Common Emerald Dove)2
Chloropsis cochinchinensis (Blue-winged Leafbird)3
Chloropsis cyanopogon (Lesser Green Leafbird)5
Chloropsis sonnerati (Greater Green Leafbird)6
Copsychus saularis (Oriental Magpie-Robin)1
Coracina striata (Bar-bellied Cuckooshrike)1
Corvus enca (Slender-billed Crow)1
Dicaeum agile (Thick-billed Flowerpecker)2
Dicaeum chrysorrheum (Yellow-vented Flowerpecker)3
Dicaeum concolor (Nilgiri Flowerpecker)1
Dicaeum ignipectus (Fire-breasted Flowerpecker)1
Dicaeum trigonostigma (Orange-bellied Flowerpecker)4
Ducula aenea (Green Imperial Pigeon)1
Eudynamys scolopaceus (Asian Koel)2
Geokichla interpres (Chestnut-capped Thrush)1
Gracula religiosa (Hill Myna)5
Helarctos malayanus (Sun bear)2
Hemixos flavala (Ashy Bulbul)1
Hylobates agilis (agile gibbon)2
Hylobates lar (white-handed gibbon)6
Hylobates moloch (silvery gibbon)1
Iole olivacea (Buff-vented Bulbul)6
Iole virescens (Olive Bulbul)1
Irena puella (Asian Fairy-bluebird)7
Ixos malaccensis (Streaked Bulbul)4
Ixos virescens (Sumatran bulbul)1
Loriculus galgulus (Blue-crowned Hanging Parrot)3
Macaca fascicularis (long-tailed macaque)7
Macaca nemestrina (pigtail macaque)1
Martes flavigula (Yellow-throated Marten)1
Megalaima australis (Blue-eared Barbet)6
Megalaima chrysopogon (Golden-whiskered Barbet)7
Megalaima henricii (Yellow-crowned Barbet)6
Megalaima mystacophanos (Red-throated Barbet)7
Megalaima rafflesii (Red-crowned Barbet)5
Melanochlora sultanea (Sultan Tit)1
Muntiacus atherodes (Bornean yellow muntjac)2
Oriolus xanthonotus (Dark-throated Oriole)2
Pericrocotus flammeus (Scarlet Minivet)1
Pericrocotus igneus (Fiery Minivet)1
Petaurista petaurista (red giant flying squirrel)1
Platysmurus leucopterus (Black Magpie)2
Pomatorhinus montanus (Chestnut-backed Scimitar Babbler)1
Pongo pygmaeus (orangutan)5
Presbytis comata (grizzled leaf monkey)1
Presbytis melalophos (mitred leaf monkey)1
Presbytis rubicunda (red leaf monkey)1
Prionochilus maculatus (Yellow-breasted Flowerpecker)5
Prionochilus percussus (Crimson-breasted Flowerpecker)6
Prionochilus thoracicus (Scarlet-breasted Flowerpecker)3
Prionochilus xanthopygius (Yellow-rumped Flowerpecker)4
Psittacula longicauda (Long-tailed Parakeet)1
Ptilinopus jambu (Jambu Fruit Dove)2
Pycnonotus atriceps (Black-headed Bulbul)4
Pycnonotus brunneus (Asian Red-eyed Bulbul)7
Pycnonotus cyaniventris (Grey-bellied Bulbul)4
Pycnonotus erythropthalmos (Spectacled Bulbul)4
Pycnonotus eutilotus (Puff-backed Bulbul)5
Pycnonotus goiavier (Yellow-vented Bulbul)2
Pycnonotus melanoleucos (black-and-white bulbul)1
Pycnonotus plumosus (Olive-winged Bulbul)3
Pycnonotus simplex (Cream-vented Bulbul)3
Pycnonotus squamatus (Scaly-breasted Bulbul)1
Ratufa affinis (pale giant squirrel)5
Ratufa bicolor (black giant squirrel)4
Rhinoplax vigil (Helmeted Hornbill)3
Rhyticeros undulatus (Wreathed Hornbill)3
Sundasciurus lowii (Low's squirrel)1
Sundasciurus tenuis (slender squirrel)1
Sus barbatus (bearded pig)2
Symphalangus syndactylus (siamang)5
Trachypithecus obscurus (dusky leaf monkey)2
Treron capellei (Large Green Pigeon)5
Treron curvirostra (Thick-billed Green Pigeon)7
Treron olax (Little Green Pigeon)3
Tricholestes criniger (Hairy-backed Bulbul)2
Trichys fasciculata (Asian long-tailed porcupine)1
Tupaia minor (Pygmy Treeshrew)6
Turdus obscurus (Eyebrowed Thrush)1


Parasitized by 
Aviostivalius klossi bispiniformis[5]
Ceratophyllus anisus <Unverified Name>[5]
Ctenocephalides felis felis[5]
Lyperosomum oswaldoi <Unverified Name>[6]
Macrostylophora euteles[5]
Macrostylophora hastata menghaiensis[5]
Medwayella cambodia[5]
Medwayella limi[5]
Medwayella phangi phangi[5]
Medwayella robinsoni tiomanica[5]
Medwayella thurmani[5]
Moniliformis moniliformis[6]
Neopsylla specialis specialis[5]
Paradoxopsyllus custodis[5]
Sathrax durus[7]
Spirura malayensis <Unverified Name>[6]
Stenischia humilis[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Adelaide Zoo
Bronx Zoo/Wildlife Conservat'n Society
Denver Zoological Gardens
El Paso Zoo
Kyiv Zoological Park
Leningrad Zoo - St. Petersburg
Lincoln Childrens Zoo (former Folsom)
Melbourne Zoo
Memphis Zoological Garden & Aquarium
Moscow Zoological Park
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
Oregon Zoo
Societa Zoologica Di Pistoia S.R.L
The Philadelphia Zoo
Toronto Zoo
Zagreb Zoo / Zooloski vrt Zagreb

Range Map



Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
5International Flea Database
6Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
7Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access