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Tupaia minor (Pygmy Treeshrew; Pygmy Tree Shrew)

Wikipedia Abstract

The pygmy treeshrew (Tupaia minor) is a species of treeshrew in the family Tupaiidae. It is found in Indonesia, Malaysia, and Thailand.The generic name is derived from the Malay word tupai meaning squirrel or small animals that resemble squirrels.
View Wikipedia Record: Tupaia minor

Infraspecies

Tupaia minor humeralis (Pygmy tree shrew)
Tupaia minor malaccana (Pygmy tree shrew)
Tupaia minor minor (Pygmy tree shrew)
Tupaia minor sincipis (Pygmy tree shrew)

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
6
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
29
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 13.21
EDGE Score: 2.65

Attributes

Adult Weight [2]  59 grams
Diet [3]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Herbivore
Diet - Invertibrates [3]  90 %
Diet - Plants [3]  10 %
Forages - Ground [3]  100 %
Arboreal [1]  Yes
Litter Size [2]  2
Maximum Longevity [2]  12 years

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Borneo lowland rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Borneo montane rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Borneo peat swamp forests Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Indochina mangroves Thailand, Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Kinabalu montane alpine meadows Malaysia Indo-Malayan Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Myanmar Coast mangroves India, Myanmar, Malaysia, Thailand Indo-Malayan Mangroves  
Peninsular Malaysian montane rain forests Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Peninsular Malaysian peat swamp forests Malaysia, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Peninsular Malaysian rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southwest Borneo freshwater swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran freshwater swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran lowland rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran montane rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran peat swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran tropical pine forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sunda Shelf mangroves Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Sundaland heath forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tenasserim-South Thailand semi-evergreen rain forests Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Berbak National Park II 423927 Sumatra, Indonesia
Bukit Kutu Wildlife Reserve IV 4602 Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Khao Lam Pi - Hat Thai Muang National Marine Park II 17646 Thailand
Krau Wildlife Reserve IV 149823 Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Tabin Wildlife Reserve IV 275051 Sabah, Malaysia  
Taman Negara National Park II 1122273 Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Ulu Temburong National Park II 123279 Brunei Darussalam  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Sundaland Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand No

Prey / Diet

Ficus acamptophylla[4]
Ficus benjamina (weeping fig)[4]
Ficus consociata[4]
Ficus crassiramea subsp. stupenda[4]
Ficus dubia[4]
Ficus fulva[4]
Ficus kerkhoveni[4]
Ficus pisocarpa[4]
Ficus stricta[4]
Ficus subgelderi[4]
Ficus sumatrana[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Aceros corrugatus (Wrinkled Hornbill)4
Aegithina viridissima (Green Iora)2
Alcippe brunneicauda (Brown Fulvetta)2
Alophoixus bres (Grey-cheeked Bulbul)8
Alophoixus phaeocephalus (Yellow-bellied Bulbul)6
Anorrhinus galeritus (Bushy-crested Hornbill)7
Anthracoceros albirostris (Oriental Pied Hornbill)3
Anthracoceros malayanus (Black Hornbill)10
Arctictis binturong (Binturong)3
Berenicornis comatus (White-crowned Hornbill)2
Buceros rhinoceros (Rhinoceros Hornbill)8
Callosciurus adamsi (ear-spot squirrel)6
Callosciurus nigrovittatus (black-striped squirrel)4
Callosciurus notatus (plantain squirrel)7
Callosciurus prevostii (Prevost's squirrel)9
Caloramphus fuliginosus (Brown Barbet)9
Calyptomena viridis (Green Broadbill)8
Chalcophaps indica (Common Emerald Dove)3
Chloropsis cochinchinensis (Blue-winged Leafbird)4
Chloropsis cyanopogon (Lesser Green Leafbird)8
Chloropsis sonnerati (Greater Green Leafbird)9
Cynopterus sphinx (greater short-nosed fruit bat)2
Dicaeum agile (Thick-billed Flowerpecker)2
Dicaeum chrysorrheum (Yellow-vented Flowerpecker)3
Dicaeum concolor (Plain Flowerpecker)2
Dicaeum trigonostigma (Orange-bellied Flowerpecker)6
Eudynamys scolopaceus (Asian Koel)3
Gracula religiosa (Hill Myna)7
Helarctos malayanus (Sun bear)2
Hylobates agilis (agile gibbon)2
Hylobates lar (white-handed gibbon)7
Hylobates moloch (silvery gibbon)2
Iole olivacea (Buff-vented Bulbul)6
Irena puella (Asian Fairy-bluebird)10
Ixos malaccensis (Streaked Bulbul)6
Loriculus galgulus (Blue-crowned Hanging Parrot)3
Macaca fascicularis (long-tailed macaque)8
Macaca nemestrina (pigtail macaque)2
Megalaima australis (Blue-eared Barbet)8
Megalaima chrysopogon (Golden-whiskered Barbet)7
Megalaima henricii (Yellow-crowned Barbet)7
Megalaima mystacophanos (Red-throated Barbet)9
Megalaima rafflesii (Red-crowned Barbet)8
Muntiacus atherodes (Bornean yellow muntjac)2
Oriolus chinensis (Black-naped Oriole)2
Oriolus xanthonotus (Dark-throated Oriole)2
Platysmurus leucopterus (Black Magpie)2
Pongo pygmaeus (orangutan)7
Prionochilus maculatus (Yellow-breasted Flowerpecker)5
Prionochilus percussus (Crimson-breasted Flowerpecker)6
Prionochilus thoracicus (Scarlet-breasted Flowerpecker)5
Prionochilus xanthopygius (Yellow-rumped Flowerpecker)7
Psittacula longicauda (Long-tailed Parakeet)3
Ptilinopus jambu (Jambu Fruit Dove)2
Pycnonotus atriceps (Black-headed Bulbul)5
Pycnonotus brunneus (Asian Red-eyed Bulbul)11
Pycnonotus cyaniventris (Grey-bellied Bulbul)4
Pycnonotus erythropthalmos (Spectacled Bulbul)7
Pycnonotus eutilotus (Puff-backed Bulbul)7
Pycnonotus goiavier (Yellow-vented Bulbul)4
Pycnonotus plumosus (Olive-winged Bulbul)6
Pycnonotus simplex (Cream-vented Bulbul)3
Ratufa affinis (pale giant squirrel)5
Ratufa bicolor (black giant squirrel)6
Rhinoplax vigil (Helmeted Hornbill)4
Rhyticeros undulatus (Wreathed Hornbill)6
Rusa unicolor (sambar)2
Sus barbatus (bearded pig)2
Symphalangus syndactylus (siamang)5
Trachypithecus obscurus (dusky leaf monkey)3
Treron capellei (Large Green Pigeon)7
Treron curvirostra (Thick-billed Green Pigeon)9
Treron olax (Little Green Pigeon)3
Tricholestes criniger (Hairy-backed Bulbul)5
Tupaia glis (Common Treeshrew)6

Range Map

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org
2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access