Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Rodentia > Bathyergidae > Heterocephalus > Heterocephalus glaber

Heterocephalus glaber (Naked mole-rat)

Synonyms: Heterocephalus ansorgei; Heterocephalus dunni; Heterocephalus phillipsi; Heterocephalus progrediens; Heterocephalus scortecci; Heterocephalus stygius

Wikipedia Abstract

The naked mole-rat (Heterocephalus glaber), also known as the sand puppy or desert mole rat, is a burrowing blesmol native to parts of East Africa and is the only species currently classified in the genus Heterocephalus. The naked mole-rat, the Damaraland mole-rat, and Mechow's mole-rat are eusocial mammals. It has a highly unusual set of physical traits that enable it to thrive in an otherwise harsh underground environment; it is the only mammalian thermoconformer.
View Wikipedia Record: Heterocephalus glaber

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 33.39
EDGE Score: 3.54


Adult Weight [1]  35 grams
Birth Weight [1]  2 grams
Female Maturity [1]  7 months 18 days
Male Maturity [3]  9 months
Diet [2]  Herbivore
Diet - Plants [2]  100 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Gestation [1]  70 days
Litter Size [1]  7
Litters / Year [1]  4
Maximum Longevity [1]  28 years
Weaning [1]  36 days


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Hobyo grasslands and shrublands Somalia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Masai xeric grasslands and shrublands Kenya Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Northern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern Zanzibar-Inhambane coastal forest mosaic Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Somali Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Somali montane xeric woodlands Somalia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Kora National Park II 409762 Kenya

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Coastal Forests of Eastern Africa Kenya, Mozambique, Somalia, Tanzania No
Horn of Africa Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Oman, Somalia, Yemen No

Prey / Diet

Chlorophytum cameronii var. grantii[3]
Coccinia microphylla[3]
Cyperus niveus[3]
Macrotyloma maranguense[3]
Pyrenacantha kaurabassana[3]
Talinum caffrum[3]
Tetrapogon roxburghiana[3]
Thunbergia guerkeana[3]
Vigna friesiorum[3]
Vigna membranacea[3]


Eryx colubrinus loveridgei (Sand Boa)[3]
Rhamphiophis rostratus (Rufous Beaked Snake)[3]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Albuquerque Biological Park
Birmingham Zoo
Brevard Zoo
Bristol Zoo Gardens
Cheyenne Mtn Zoological Park
Chicago Zoological Park
Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Garden
Cleveland Metroparks Zoo
Dakota Zoo
Dallas Zoo
Dierenpark Emmen
Disney's Animal Kingdom
Erie Zoological Gardens
Faunia (Parque Biologico De Madrid,SA)
Houston Zoo, Inc.
Jacksonville Zoo and Gardens
Knoxville Zoological Gardens
Lincoln Childrens Zoo (former Folsom)
Lincoln Park Zoological Gardens
Little Rock Zoological Gardens
Louisville Zoological Garden
Oglebay's Good Children's Zoo
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
Oregon Zoo
Pittsburgh Zoo & PPG Aquarium
Pueblo Zoo
Riverbanks Zoo and Garden
Riverside Zoo
Rosamond Gifford Zoo at Burnet Park
Saint Louis Zoological Park
Saitama Children's Zoo
San Antonio Zoological Gardens & Aquar
San Diego Zoo
Schoenbrunner Tiergarten GmbH
Singapore Zoological Gardens
Skansen Akvariet
Szeged Zoo
Tampa's Lowry Park Zoo
The Philadelphia Zoo
The Tisch Family Zoological Gardens
Toledo Zoological Gardens
Toronto Zoo
Ueno Zoological Gardens
Valencia Bioparc, Rainforest S.A.
Wildlife World Zoo
Zoo Atlanta
Zoo Dresden GmbH
Zoo Osnabrück
Zoological Society of London

Range Map



Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Heterocephalus glaber, Jennifer U. M. Jarvis and Paul W. Sherman, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 706, pp. 1–9 (2002)
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Wikimedia Commons licensed under a Creative Commons License
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access