Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Rodentia > Hystricidae > Hystrix > Hystrix africaeaustralis
 

Hystrix africaeaustralis (Cape porcupine)

Wikipedia Abstract

The Cape porcupine or South African porcupine, (Hystrix africaeaustralis), is a species of Old World porcupine native to central and southern Africa.
View Wikipedia Record: Hystrix africaeaustralis

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
3
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
22
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 8.2
EDGE Score: 2.22

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  52.91 lbs (24.00 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  351 grams
Female Maturity [1]  1 year
Male Maturity [1]  1 year
Diet [2]  Frugivore, Herbivore
Diet - Fruit [2]  20 %
Diet - Plants [2]  80 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Gestation [1]  3 months 4 days
Litter Size [1]  2
Litters / Year [1]  2
Maximum Longevity [1]  23 years
Nocturnal [3]  Yes
Weaning [1]  77 days

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Albany thickets South Africa Afrotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Angolan Miombo woodlands Angola, Democratic Republic of Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Angolan montane forest-grassland mosaic Angola Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Angolan Mopane woodlands Angola, Namibia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Angolan Scarp savanna and woodlands Angola Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Central Zambezian Miombo woodlands Tanzania, Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola, Zambia, Malawi Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Drakensberg alti-montane grasslands and woodlands South Africa Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Drakensberg montane grasslands, woodlands and forests South Africa, Swaziland, Lesotho Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
East African halophytics Tanzania Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Eastern Miombo woodlands Tanzania, Mozambique Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Zimbabwe montane forest-grassland mosaic Zimbabwe, Mozambique Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Etosha Pan halophytics Namibia Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Highveld grasslands South Africa Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Itigi-Sumbu thicket Tanzania, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kalahari Acacia-Baikiaea woodlands Botswana, Namibia, Zimbabwe, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kalahari xeric savanna Botswana, Namibia, South Africa Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Knysna-Amatole montane forests South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
KwaZulu-Cape coastal forest mosaic South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Lowland fynbos and renosterveld South Africa Afrotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Maputaland coastal forest mosaic Mozambique, Swaziland, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Maputaland-Pondoland bushland and thickets South Africa Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Montane fynbos and renosterveld South Africa Afrotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Nama Karoo Namibia, South Africa Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Namibian savanna woodlands Angola, Namibia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Northern Zanzibar-Inhambane coastal forest mosaic Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Serengeti volcanic grasslands Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
South Malawi montane forest-grassland mosaic Malawi, Mozambique Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Southern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Tanzania, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Africa bushveld Botswana, Zimbabwe, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Miombo woodlands Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Malawi, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Rift montane forest-grassland mosaic Malawi, Tanzania Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Southern Zanzibar-Inhambane coastal forest mosaic Mozambique, Tanzania, Malawi, Zimbabwe Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Succulent Karoo Namibia, South Africa Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Western Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Gabon, Congo, Democratic Rep of the Congo, Angola Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Western Zambezian grasslands Angola, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Zambezian and Mopane woodlands South Africa, Mozambique, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, Namibia, Malawi Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Zambezian Baikiaea woodlands Angola, Namibia, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Zambezian coastal flooded savanna Mozambique Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Zambezian Cryptosepalum dry forests Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Zambezian flooded grasslands Angola, Botswana, Democratic Republic of Congo, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Zambezian halophytics Mozambique, Botswana Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Bontebok National Park II 8315 Western Cape, South Africa
Cape West Coast Biosphere Reserve 934651 Western Cape, South Africa
Golden Gate Highlands National Park II 28689 Free State, South Africa
Kahuzi-Biéga National Park II 1647768 Democratic Republic of the Congo  
Kalahari Gemsbok National Park II 2382284 Northern Cape, South Africa
Kogelberg Biosphere Reserve II 256073 Western Cape, South Africa  
Kruger National Park II 4718115 Mpumalanga, South Africa
Kruger to Canyons Biosphere Reserve   Mpumalanga, South Africa  
Mahale Mountains National Park II 398414 Tanzania
Malolotja Nature Reserve IV 42044 Swaziland  
Mamili National Park II 83904 Namibia  
Mlawula Nature Reserve IV 46444 Swaziland  
Namib-Naukluft National Park II 12585619 Namibia  
Naute Dam Recreational Resort V 58352 Namibia  
Richtersveld National Park II 399195 Northern Cape, South Africa
Skeleton Coast Game Park II 4168395 Namibia  
Tsitsikamma National Park II 34343 Southern Cape, South Africa  
Weenen Nature Reserve   Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
West Caprivi Game Reserve Game Park VI 1448182 Namibia  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Cape Floristic Region South Africa No
Coastal Forests of Eastern Africa Kenya, Mozambique, Somalia, Tanzania No
Eastern Afromontane Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe No
Maputaland-Pondoland-Albany Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland No
Succulent Karoo Namibia, South Africa No

Prey / Diet

Burkea africana (Wild syringa)[4]
Cordyla africana (cordyla)[4]
Dombeya spectabilis subsp. spectabilis[4]
Melia azedarach (chinaberry)[4]
Pinus roxburghii (Long-leaved Indian pine)[4]

Predators

Panthera leo (Lion)[4]
Panthera pardus (Leopard)[4]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Ctenocephalides canis (Dog flea)[5]
Ctenocephalides felis strongylus[5]
Filaria bakerhugoti <Unverified Name>[6]
Pariodontis riggenbachi riggenbachi[5]
Xenopsylla cheopis (oriental rat flea)[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Adventure Aquarium
Africa Alive!
Alexandria Zoological Park
Auckland Zoological Park
Birmingham Nature Centre
Buffalo Zoological Gardens
Calgary Zoo, Garden & Prehistoric Park
Camperdown Wildlife Centre
Cango Wildlife Ranch
Cape May County Park Zoo
Central Florida Zoological Park
Charles Paddock Zoo
Chicago Zoological Park
City of Belfast Zoo
Dallas Zoo
Dartmoor Zoological Park
Denver Zoological Gardens
Detroit Zoological Society
Disney's Animal Kingdom
Drayton Manor Park Zoo
Drusillas Zoo Park
Dudley Zoological Gardens
Durrell Wildlife Conservation Trust
Ellen Trout Zoo
Emerald Safari Resort
Exmoor Zoological Park
Faunia (Parque Biologico De Madrid,SA)
Flamingo Land LTD
Fundacao Parque Zoologico de Sao Paulo
Granby Zoo / Zoo de Granby
Guadalajara Zoo
Henson Robinson Zoo
Honolulu Zoo
IAE - African Safari Wildlife Park
Indianapolis Zoo
Isle of Wight Zoo
Jesperhus Blomsterpark
Joboland Brandesgardshaven
Johannesburg Zoological Gardens
Linton Zoological Gardens
Lion Country Safari Inc - Florida
Longleat Safari Park
Marwell Wildlife
Maryland Zoo in Baltimore
Memphis Zoological Garden & Aquarium
Miami Metrozoo
Nashville Zoo at Grassmere
Nat'l Zoological Gardens of S. Africa
Noah's Ark Zoo Farm
 africaeaustralis
North of England Zoological Society
Oasys Parque del Desierto de Tabernas
Oklahoma City Zoological Park
Orana Wildlife Park
Paignton Zoo Environmental Park
Palm Beach Zoo at Dreher Park
Peoria Zoo in Glen Oak Park
Phoenix Zoo
Port Lympne Wild Animal Park
Pueblo Zoo
Reaseheath College Animal Centre
Riverside Zoo
Rodbaston College
Rotterdam Zoo
Sacramento Zoo
San Antonio Zoological Gardens & Aquar
San Diego Wild Animal Park
Shepreth Wildlife Park
Tampa's Lowry Park Zoo
The Naples Zoo
Topeka Zoological Park
Toronto Zoo
Trotter's World of Animals
Utah's Hogle Zoo
Valencia Bioparc, Rainforest S.A.
Valley Zoo & John Janzen Nature Center
Wellington Zoo Trust
Welsh Mountain Zoo
Wild Animal Park Mechelen Planckendael
Zoo Boise
Zoo de Fuengirola (Rain Forest SL)
Zoo de Pont-Scorff
Zoo New England, Stone Zooafricaeaustralis
Zoo of Acadiana
Zoobotanico de Jerez
Zoological Garden Prague
Zoological Society of London
Zoologischer Garten Basel

Range Map

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org
4Hystrix africaeaustralis, Erika L. Barthelmess, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 788, pp. 1-7 (2006)
5International Flea Database
6Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access