Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Rodentia > Chinchillidae > Chinchilla > Chinchilla lanigera

Chinchilla lanigera (Chinchilla)

Synonyms: Chinchilla chincilla; Chinchilla velligera

Wikipedia Abstract

The long-tailed chinchilla (Chinchilla lanigera), also called the Chilean, coastal, common chinchilla, or lesser chinchilla, is one of two species of rodents from the genus Chinchilla, the other species being Chinchilla chinchilla. Wild populations of C. lanigera occur in Aucó, near Illapel, IV Región, Chile (31°38’S, 71°06’W), in Reserva Nacional Las Chinchillas and in La Higuera, about 100 km (62 mi) north of Coquimbo (29°33’S, 71°04’W)Chilean chinchillas were reported from Talca (35°30’S), Chile, reaching north to Peru and eastward from Chilean coastal hills throughout low mountains. By the mid-19th century, Chilean chinchillas were not found south of the Choapa River.
View Wikipedia Record: Chinchilla lanigera

Endangered Species

Status: Endangered
View IUCN Record: Chinchilla lanigera

EDGE Analysis

Chinchillas are best known for their plush, dense silky fur which has been highly prized by humans since the time of the ancient Incas. Some long-tailed chinchillas were brought into captivity in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century and today millions of their descendents are bred commercially throughout the world. However, wild populations have been decimated by hunting and subsequent trade in their pelts. Between 1895 and 1921 over three million chinchilla pelts including a small number of live animals were exported from Chile. Some authors report that more than 21 million chinchillas were actually killed between 1840 and 1916. The species was believed extinct until the rediscovery of a population in central Chile in the 1975. Although now protected by law the wild population continues to decline due to habitat destruction and degradation.
Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 12.49
EDGE Score: 5.37
View EDGE Record: Chinchilla lanigera


Adult Weight [1]  1.42 lbs (643 g)
Birth Weight [1]  35 grams
Female Maturity [1]  8 months
Male Maturity [1]  8 months
Diet [2]  Herbivore
Diet - Plants [2]  100 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Gestation [1]  3 months 21 days
Litter Size [1]  2
Litters / Year [1]  2
Maximum Longevity [1]  17 years
Weaning [1]  54 days


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Chilean matorral Chile Neotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Parque Nacional Fray Jorge National Park II 22266 Coquimbo, Chile  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Chilean Winter Rainfall-Valdivian Forests Chile Yes


Parasitized by 
Inermicapsifer madagascariensis <Unverified Name>[3]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Adventure Aquarium
Akron Zoological Park
Albuquerque Biological Park
Almaty State Zoo of Kazakhstan
Audubon Zoo
Bergen County Zoological Park
Binder Park Zoo
Binghamton Zoo at Ross Park
Birmingham Zoo
Blaavand Zoo
Bramble Park Zoo
Brandywine Zoo
Brevard Zoo
Bronx Children's Zoo
Bronx Zoo/Wildlife Conservat'n Society
Budapest Zool.& Botanical Garden
Caldwell Zoo
Central Florida Zoological Park
Central Park Zoo
Charles Paddock Zoo
Chicago Zoological Park
Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Garden
Cleveland Metroparks Zoo
Columbian Park Zoo
Columbus Zoo and Aquarium
Connecticut's Beardsley Zoo
Curraghs Wildlife Park
Dakota Zoo
Dallas Zoo
David Traylor Zoo of Emporia
Dickerson Park Zoo
Drusillas Zoo Park
Dudley Zoological Gardens
El Paso Zoo
Erie Zoological Gardens
Faunia (Parque Biologico De Madrid,SA)
Fresno Chaffee Zoo
Gladys Porter Zoo
Granby Zoo / Zoo de Granby
Great Plains Zoo
Greater Vancouver Zoo
Guadalajara Zoo
Hattiesburg Zoo
Henry Vilas Zoo
Henson Robinson Zoo
Houston Zoo, Inc.
Indianapolis Zoo
Jacksonville Zoo and Gardens
Kansas City Zoo
Kishinev Zoopark
Knoxville Zoological Gardens
Lake Superior Zoological Gardens
Lakeland Wildlife Oasis
Lee Richardson Zoo
Longleat Safari Park
Louisiana Purchase Gardens & Zoo
Louisville Zoological Garden
Maryland Zoo in Baltimore
Miami Metrozoo
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny w Lodz
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Wybrzeza
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny, Plock
Milwaukee County Zoological Gardens
Minnesota Zoological Garden
Miskolc Zoo/Állatkert és Kultúrpark
Moonridge Animal Park
Moscow Zoological Park
Moulton College
Nashville Zoo at Grassmere
Natural Science Center of Greensboro
NY State Zoo at Thompson Park
Oakland Zoo
Oglebay's Good Children's Zoo
Ogrod Zoologiczny im. Stefana Milera
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Opolu, Opole
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Poznaniu
Oklahoma City Zoological Park
Olmense Zoo
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
Paradise Wildlife Park
Peoria Zoo in Glen Oak Park
Permskii Zoologicheskii Sad
Pittsburgh Zoo & PPG Aquarium
Potawatomi Zoo
Prospect Park Zoo
Pueblo Zoo
Racine Zoological Gardens
Reaseheath College Animal Centre
Red River Zoo
Riga Zoo
Riverbanks Zoo and Garden
Rodbaston College
Rolling Hills Wildlife Adventure
Roosevelt Park Zoo
Saint Louis Zoological Park
Saitama Children's Zoo
Salisbury Zoological Park
San Diego Zoo
San Francisco Zoological Gardens
Scovill Zoo
Sedgwick County Zoo
Seneca Park Zoo
Shepreth Wildlife Park
Shuttleworth College Animal Centre
Sofia Zoological Gardens
St. Paul's Como Zoo
Staten Island Zoo
Szeged Zoo
Tallinn Zoo
Tampa's Lowry Park Zoo
Tautphaus Park Zoo
The Philadelphia Zoo
The Tisch Family Zoological Gardens
Tiergarten Bernburg
Tulsa Zoo & Living Museum
Turtle Back Zoo
Twycross Zoo
Ueno Zoological Gardens
Usti nad Labem Zoo
Utah's Hogle Zoo
Utica Zoo
Valley Zoo & John Janzen Nature Center
Virginia Zoological Park
Walford & North Shropshire College
Washington Park Zoological Gardens
West Midland Safari & Leisure Park Ltd
Wildlife Safari Inc
Wildlife World Zoo
Wilhelma Zoo
Woodland Park Zoological Gardens
Zoo Atlanta
Zoo Dresden GmbH
Zoo New England, Franklin Park Zoo
Zoo Santo Inácio Vila Nova de Gaia
Zoological Garden of Polish Fauna
Zoological Society of London
Zoologischer Garten Halle GmbH

Range Map



Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Wikimedia Commons licensed under a Creative Commons License
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access